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Nelson Mandela Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (5) | Mini Bio (1) | Spouse (3) | Trade Mark (1) | Trivia (24) | Personal Quotes (79)

Overview (5)

Date of Birth 18 July 1918Mvezo, Union of South Africa [now South Africa]
Date of Death 5 December 2013Johannesburg, South Africa
Birth NameRolihlahla Mandela
Nickname Madiba
Height 6' 1" (1.85 m)

Mini Bio (1)

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013) was the former leader of the African National Congress (ANC). He was known for his lifelong struggle against apartheid (enforced racial separation), which was instituted in South Africa in 1948. The ANC was soon declared a terrorist organization and banned by the South African government. Mandela was arrested in 1962 and imprisoned for life on "terrorist" charges, but in 1990, he was freed by South African president F.W. de Klerk. In 1994, Mandela was elected president of South Africa.

Two biographical films were made and Mandela and de Klerk (1997) focused on Mandela's life's struggles.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: realndn06

Spouse (3)

Graça Machel (18 July 1998 - 5 December 2013) (his death)
Winnie Mandela (14 June 1958 - 20 March 1996) (divorced) (2 children)
Evelyn Ntoko Mase (15 July 1944 - 19 March 1958) (divorced) (4 children)

Trade Mark (1)

Often wore colourful batik shirts.

Trivia (24)

First black president of the Republic of South Africa (1994 - 1999)
Mandela, along with Walter Sisulu et.al., were found guilty by a South African judge in 1963, and sentenced to life imprisonment.
Imprisoned at Robben Island Prison (1963 - 1980s). The prison is now a tourist attraction after Mandela's release.
During his imprisonment, violence between the minority white rulers and Blacks was rampant (e.g Soweto), until the 1994 elections. This event would make the African National Congress (banned since 1948) a part of the political forum.
He is an honorary member of the British Labour Party.
Granted honorary Canadian citizenship. He is only the second person to receive this honour, the first being Raoul Wallenberg of Sweden who was awarded posthumously. [November 2001]
The name Nelson was given to him on his first day of primary school; the name Rolihlahla means "tree-shaker" but is also a Xhosa slang for "troublemaker."
On 11 June 1988, while he was still imprisoned, actors and comedians joined many of the biggest names in music for a concert at Wembley Stadium, London, to celebrate his 70th birthday.
In the late 60s, while imprisoned at the South African prison, Robben Island, he volunteered, and was cast, to play the role of King Creon, in the prison's Christmas play selection, Antigone (by Sophocles).
Subject of the Simple Minds song "Mandela Day" (from their 1989 album "Street Fighting Years").
Subject of the Specials song "Nelson Mandela", which was a number nine hit single in the UK chart in 1984.
May 2004: Embarked on Unite Against Hunger, a two-day event in South Africa with Australian pop star Dannii Minogue. Unite Against Hunger is a food crisis relief program, headed by food and health care giant Tigar Brands. The charity ensures that more than 10,000 children across South Africa get much needed food every month.
He was awarded the C.C. (Companion of the Order of Canada) on September 3, 1998 for his services to democracy in South Africa.
Son of Henry Gadla Mandela and Nosekeni.
Father, with Evelyn, of two boys named Madiba Thembekile (1946-1969), Makgatho (1950-2005) and a girl named Makazime (1953).
Father, with Winnie, of two girls named Zanani (1958) and Zindziswa (1960).
He was awarded an honorary A.C. (Companion of the Order of Australia) in the 1999 Queen's Birthday Honors List for his services to Australian-South African relations.
Co-founded, with Peter Gabriel and Richard Branson, world human rights advocacy group The Elders in July 2007.
His third wife, Graça Machel, holds the distinction of being the only woman in history to hold the title of first lady of two independent nations. She was first lady of Mozambique from June 25, 1975 to October 19, 1986 when her first husband, Samora Machel, served as president. She became first lady of South Africa July 18, 1998 to June 14, 1999, when she married President Nelson Mandela.
Came out against the US invasion of Iraq in 2003.
His nickname, Madiba, is a sign of respect within his extended family and within his Xhosa community, or tribe, and which was adopted by the nation as the ultimate expression of respect and love. He also had another, lesser used, nickname, Tata, meaning Father, as he is considered the the father of the modern nation of South Africa.
During his life, he received more than 250 international awards and honors, not the least of which included the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize, the United States Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2002, and one of the last recipients of the Soviet Union's Order of Lenin before the award was discontinued in December 1991.
Father of daughters Zindzi Mandela and Zenani Mandela from his marriage to Winnie Mandela.
A large statue built to honor him in South Africa was later found to have in its ear a small statue of a rabbit. The rabbit was later removed.

Personal Quotes (79)

If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.
It is better to lead from behind and to put others in front, especially when you celebrate victory when nice things occur. You take the front line when there is danger. Then people will appreciate your leadership.
I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.
A good head and a good heart are always a formidable combination.
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.
Give a child love, laughter and peace, not AIDS.
I have always regarded myself, in the first place, as an African patriot.
I can't pretend that I'm brave and that I can beat the whole world.
Only free men can negotiate; prisoners cannot enter into contracts. Your freedom and mine cannot be separated.
For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.
If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.
There is no passion to be found playing small - in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.
After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.
It always seems impossible until it's done.
Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another.
There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires.
If the United States of America or Britain is having elections, they don't ask for observers from Africa or from Asia. But when we have elections, they want observers.
There can be no keener revelation of a society's soul than the way in which it treats its children.
In my country we go to prison first and then become President.
We must use time wisely and forever realize that the time is always ripe to do right.
Does anybody really think that they didn't get what they had because they didn't have the talent or the strength or the endurance or the commitment?
I detest racialism, because I regard it as a barbaric thing, whether it comes from a black man or a white man.
Let there be work, bread, water and salt for all.
I dream of an Africa which is in peace with itself.
A good leader can engage in a debate frankly and thoroughly, knowing that at the end he and the other side must be closer, and thus emerge stronger. You don't have that idea when you are arrogant, superficial, and uninformed.
Money won't create success, the freedom to make it will.
Let freedom reign. The sun never set on so glorious a human achievement.
If there are dreams about a beautiful South Africa, there are also roads that lead to their goal. Two of these roads could be named Goodness and Forgiveness.
There is nothing like returning to a place that remains unchanged to find the ways in which you yourself have altered.
I dream of the realization of the unity of Africa, whereby its leaders combine in their efforts to solve the problems of this continent. I dream of our vast deserts, of our forests, of all our great wildernesses.
To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity.
Any man or institution that tries to rob me of my dignity will lose.
Courageous people do not fear forgiving, for the sake of peace.
When the water starts boiling it is foolish to turn off the heat.
No country can really develop unless its citizens are educated.
Communists have always played an active role in the fight by colonial countries for their freedom, because the short-term objects of Communism would always correspond with the long-term objects of freedom movements.
There is no such thing as part freedom.
Unlike some politicians, I can admit to a mistake.
I cannot conceive of Israel withdrawing if Arab states do not recognize Israel, within secure borders.
We can't afford to be killing one another.
If there is a country that has committed unspeakable atrocities in the world, it is the United States of America.
Our human compassion binds us the one to the other - not in pity or patronizingly, but as human beings who have learnt how to turn our common suffering into hope for the future.
In countries where innocent people are dying, the leaders are following their blood rather than their brains.
I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.
Where globalization means, as it so often does, that the rich and powerful now have new means to further enrich and empower themselves at the cost of the poorer and weaker, we have a responsibility to protest in the name of universal freedom.
Leaders in all spheres who are living with HIV should be encouraged, not coerced, to lead by example and disclose their HIV status.
I was called a terrorist yesterday, but when I came out of jail, many people embraced me, including my enemies, and that is what I normally tell other people who say those who are struggling for liberation in their country are terrorists.
Sometimes, I feel like one who is on the sidelines, who has missed life itself.
I should tie myself to no particular system of society other than of socialism.
I made a mistake by being ejected from the presidency. Next time, I will choose a Cabinet which will allow me to be life President.
Only free men can negotiate. A prisoner cannot enter into contracts.
By ancestry, I was born to rule.
Forget the past.
I was not a messiah, but an ordinary man who had become a leader because of extraordinary circumstances.
Intervention only works when the people concerned seem to be keen for peace.
I am confident that nobody... will accuse me of selfishness if I ask to spend time, while I am still in good health, with my family, my friends and also with myself.
I have retired, but if there's anything that would kill me it is to wake up in the morning not knowing what to do.
It is wise to persuade people to do things and make them think it was their own idea.
I really wanted to retire and rest and spend more time with my children, my grandchildren and of course with my wife.
I have been influenced in my thinking by both west and east.
I stand here before you not as a prophet, but as a humble servant of you, the people.
If you are poor, you are not likely to live long.
Nonviolence is a good policy when the conditions permit.
You know, you can only lead them from behind.
Africans require, want, the franchise on the basis of one man one vote. They want political independence.
My son has died of AIDS.
Let us give publicity to H.I.V./AIDS and not hide it, because the only way to make it appear like a normal illness like TB, like cancer, is always to come out and say somebody has died because of H.I.V./AIDS, and people will stop regarding it as something extraordinary.
There is nothing I fear more than waking up without a program that will help me bring a little happiness to those with no resources, those who are poor, illiterate, and ridden with terminal disease.
There are many people in South Africa who are rich and who can share those riches with those not so fortunate who have not been able to conquer poverty.
I do not deny that I planned sabotage. I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness nor because I have any love of violence. I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitation and oppression of my people by the whites.
Our single most important challenge is therefore to help establish a social order in which the freedom of the individual will truly mean the freedom of the individual.
There are many people who feel that it is useless and futile to continue talking about peace and non-violence against a government whose only reply is savage attacks on an unarmed and defenseless people.
The titanic effort that has brought liberation to South Africa, and ensured the total liberation of Africa, constitutes an act of redemption for the black people of the world.
I started to make a study of the art of war and revolution and, whilst abroad, underwent a course in military training. If there was to be guerrilla warfare, I wanted to be able to stand and fight with my people and to share the hazards of war with them.
The United States has made serious mistakes in the conduct of its foreign affairs, which have had unfortunate repercussions long after the decisions were taken.
Before I went to jail, I was active in politics as a member of South Africa's leading organization - and I was generally busy from 7 A.M. until midnight. I never had time to sit and think.
Special Olympians face prejudice with the injustice of apartheid.
[on Steve Biko, who was murdered in 1977] They had to kill him to prolong the life of apartheid.
During my lifetime, I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the idea of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.

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