|Classic Images (USA)||September 1994, Iss. 231, pg. 48, by: George Katchmer, "Remembering the Great Silents"|
|Moving Picture World (USA)||13 August 1927, pg. 456, ill, "Otto Lederer"|
|Moving Picture World (USA)||14 June 1919, pg. 1632, "Six Years with Vitagraph [as of 1 June]"|
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