One of the most natural beauties of the 1960's with a gentle voice and personality to match, blonde Hope Lange was born in Redding Ridge, Connecticut, and performed on stage from the age of nine. She studied both drama and dance under Martha Graham, did some modeling and then worked in stock companies and on television, dancing on Jackie Gleason shows. She acted in just a handful of motion pictures, garnered an Academy Award nomination for one and later won two Emmy's for her best-loved role on television.
Hope was one of four children of an actress mother, upon whose shoulders fell the responsibility of supporting the family after the premature death of her father, the composer/arranger John Lange, in 1942. Along with her other siblings, she worked as a waitress in the family's Greenwich Village restaurant, 'Minette's of Washington Square'. By chance, she made the acquaintance of Eleanor Roosevelt, who owned an apartment in the village, and ended up walking the former First Lady's prized Scotch terrier, Fala. This got her photo into a newspaper, which, in turn, led to an advertising job with pictures on the 1949 cover of 'Radio-Electronics', sporting the futuristic red 'Man from Mars' pith helmet with in-built radio. Still just fifteen years old, Hope spent the next two years at college in Oregon and New York, then found her first job in television and was subsequently signed by 20th Century Fox.
After successful screen tests (Barbara Eden was one of her competitors for the part), Lange made her motion picture debut in Bus Stop (1956), opposite Marilyn Monroe and husband-to-be Don Murray. Even the great Marilyn was said to have felt a little threatened by another blonde who was not only beautiful, but five years younger, and could act as well. After playing the wife of the titular character in The True Story of Jesse James (1957), a picture, which she later referred to as a 'turkey' , Lange was cast as the fragile Selena Cross in the melodramatic, but good-looking soap opera Peyton Place (1957). This movie was regarded as risqué and controversial at the time, dealing with previously taboo subjects such as rape and incest. For her part of the abused girl, raped by her alcoholic stepfather whom she finally kills in self-defense, Lange received an Academy Award nomination.
The glossy production values of The Best of Everything (1959), a film about ambitious New York career women working in a magazine publishing house, overshadowed most of the character development. However, Lange (who was billed above the established star Joan Crawford) was dealt with most favorably by the critics. According to Bosley Crowther of The New York Times: "Simply because she has the most to do, and does it gracefully, Miss Lange comes off best' (October 9,1959). The following decade was to be a period of mixed fortunes for Hope Lange.
In 1961, Lange began a long-standing relationship with fellow actor Glenn Ford and left husband Don Murray. Ford, in his dual role of star and associate producer, put pressure on director Frank Capra into casting Lange as the female lead of his next motion picture, the whimsical Damon Runyon-inspired comedy Pocketful of Miracles (1961), even though Shirley Jones had already been assigned to the role. In the event, Capra reluctantly gave way, though Hope Lange was likely miscast as the wisecracking showgirl. Lange again co-starred with Ford in the glossy romantic melodrama, Love Is a Ball (1963), where acting took backstage to sumptuous costumes and the French Riviera. On the negative side of the ledger, Lange had unsuccessfully auditioned for the part of Maria in West Side Story (1961), which ultimately went to Natalie Wood. Instead, she was cast as Elvis Presley's psychiatrist in Wild in the Country (1961), which was generally panned by critics, except for Variety singling out her performance above the rest as 'intelligent' and 'sensitive'. Lange was also slated to appear as love interest to George Peppard in How the West Was Won (1962), but her scenes ended up on the cutting room floor.
Turning increasingly towards television, Hope Lange achieved her most lasting fame as the popular star of the amiable sitcom "The Ghost & Mrs. Muir" (1968), as a widow who (with two kids and a housekeeper) takes up residence in a quaint cottage, also inhabited by the cantankerous ghost of a sea captain (Edward Mulhare). The show ran for three seasons and Lange won two Emmy Awards for Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Comedy Series (1969 and 1970). In her only other recurring TV role, she played Dick Van Dyke's wife in "The New Dick Van Dyke Show" (1971), but with less rewarding Results. She received good notices for portraying Charles Bronson's dying wife, the victim of the original Death Wish (1974) and its raison d'etre. She then acted primarily on television, with few exceptions, including Blue Velvet (1986) and Clear and Present Danger (1994), as a U.S. senator. In 1977, she replaced Tony Award-winning Ellen Burstyn in the starring role of Doris in 'Same Time, Next Year' on Broadway.
In the early 90's, Lange underwent surgery for a brain tumour. While the operation was successful, her health remained precarious and she limited her screen appearances, retiring altogether in 1998. She died of an intestinal infection in December 2003, aged 72.
|Charles Hollerith, Jr.||(29 January 1986 - 19 December 2003) (her death)|
|Alan J. Pakula||(19 October 1963 - 26 July 1971) (divorced)|
|Don Murray||(14 April 1956 - 7 July 1961) (divorced) 2 children|
In 1968, Lange turned to television, taking on the role of Carolyn Muir in the popular series "The Ghost & Mrs. Muir" (1968). She won two consecutive Emmys for that role in 1969 and 1970.
Lange earned the only Oscar nomination of her career for her supporting role in the provocative film Peyton Place (1957) in which she murders her rapist stepfather.
Made her acting debut on Broadway at the age of 11 in Sidney Kingsley's play "The Patriots".
When she co-starred with Marilyn Monroe on Bus Stop (1956), Monroe disliked the presence of a younger blonde and sent a series of memos to producers and the director, even suggesting that Lange be made to dye her hair brown.
For two years, Lange lived in a sparsely furnished home with crates for coffee tables and only a box spring and mattress for her bed. "She put all her money into the refugee project because that is the kind of person she was", Don Murray said.
She delivered a stirring eulogy at the funeral for her close friend, Natalie Wood.
Biography in: "The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives". Volume 7, 2003-2005, pages 323-324. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale, 2007.
Dated Don Hastings during high school.
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