Rudyard Kipling Poster


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Overview (3)

Born in Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India
Died in London, England, UK  (cerebral hemorrhage)
Birth NameJoseph Rudyard Kipling

Mini Bio (1)

Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India, the son of John Lockwood Kipling, a museum director and author and illustrator. This was at the height of the "British Raj", so he was brought up by Indian nurses ("ayahs"), who taught him something of the beliefs and tongues of India. He was sent "home" to England at the age of six to live with a foster mother, who treated him very cruelly. He then spent five formative years at a minor public school, the United Services College at Westward Ho! which inspired "Stalky & Co.". He returned to India as a journalist in 1882. By 1890 he had published, in India, a major volume of verse, "Departmental Ditties", and over 70 Indian tales in English, including "Plain Tales from the Hills" and the six volumes of the "Indian Railway Library". When he arrived in London in October 1889, at the age of 23, he was already a literary celebrity. In 1892 he married Caroline Balestier, the daughter of an American lawyer, and set up house with her in Brattleboro, Vermont, where they lived for four years. While in Vermont he wrote the two "Jungle Books" and "Captains Courageous". In 1901 he wrote "Kim" and in 1902 "The Just So Stories" that explained things like "How the Camel Got Its Hump". From 1902 they made their home in Sussex, England. He subsequently published many collections of stories, including "A Diversity of Creatures", "Debits and Credits" (1926) and "Limits and Renewals" (1932). These are now thought by many to contain some of his finest writing, although his introspection may well have been influenced by the death of their only son in the First World War. Although vilified by some as "the poet of British imperialism" in the past, nowadays he may be regarded as a great story-teller with an extraordinary gift for writing of peoples of many cultures and classes and backgrounds from the inside.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Steve Crook <steve@brainstorm.co.uk>

Spouse (1)

Caroline Balestier (18 January 1892 - 18 January 1936) (his death) (3 children)

Trivia (18)

After his son John was killed in battle during World War I, he worked for the War Graves Commission and created the inscription "A soldier of the Great War - Known Unto God" for the graves of soldiers who could not be identified.
Born at 4:53pm-LMT
In 1995 his poem "If ..". was voted England's favorite poem.
Notable poems include "If ...", "The White Man's Burden" and "Tommy Atkins"
His widow left their house, "Batemans", in Burwash, Sussex, as a gift to the nation. It is now open to the public.
Awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907. He was both the youngest (42) and the first English-speaking writer to win the prize.
According to his widow, the name of the "Jungle Book" character "Mowgli" is pronounced "MAU-glee", not "MOH-glee".
Wrote two short stories, "With the Night Mail" and "As Easy As A.B.C.", which are considered two of the earliest works of contemporary science fiction.
He declined the Poet Laureateship, the Order of Merit and a knighthood.
Children: Josephine Kipling, born December 1892; Elsie Kipling, born 1896; and John Kipling, born 1897.
He spoke Hindi as his first language, having been taught the tongue from the cradle by his Indian ayah.
Rector of St Andrews University, 1922-25.
Became friends with a French soldier whose life had been saved when a copy of "Kim" he was carrying stopped a bullet.
Called his son John "Jack".
He was originally a strong supporter of Britain's involvement in World War I, but his attitude changed completely after his son John, a soldier in the British army, was killed in the Battle of Loos.
He was the first Briton to win the Pulitzer Prize for Literature.
Was a huge fan of Mark Twain and went out of his way to meet him when in America.
Used connections to get his son Jack a place in the army after he was rejected due to being severely short-sighted.

Personal Quotes (11)

Oh East is East and West is West and never the twain shall meet
The female of the species is more deadly than the male
Our England is a garden ...
He travels fastest who travels alone.
I keep six honest serving men (they taught me all I knew); their names are What and Why and When and How and Where and Who.
Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind.
Most amusements only mean trying to win another person's money.
Every one is more or less mad on one point.
A woman is only a woman, but a good cigar is a smoke.
The silliest woman can manage a clever man; but it needs a very clever woman to manage a fool.
One of the hardest things to realize, especially for a young man, is that our forefathers were living men who really knew something.

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