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Biography

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Overview (3)

Date of Birth 22 July 1896Altleiningen, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Date of Death 1 May 1946Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Birth NamePhilipp Jutzi

Spouse (1)

Emmy Philippine (1923 - 1 May 1946) (his death) (1 child)

Trivia (20)

Already directed his first movie in 1913 with "Fieska" (1913) but only after World War I he was able to gain a foothold in the film business.
He only realised sporadically feature movies.
In 1919 he was an administrator of the Internationale Film-Industrie company in Heidelberg, which specialized in detective movies and westerns.
Phil Jutzi often wrote the script to his movies.
Jutzi was self-educated. (He seems to have been generally known by the Palatinate dialect form of his given name, Piel, but a lawsuit by Harry Piel forced him to go by "Phil," though many journalists continued to use "Piel."[.
During the 1940s his health worsened and he became unfit for work. After the end of World War II he returned to his native Altleiningen; he died the following year in Neustadt an der Weinstraße.
His short movies were also influenced by his political engagement but this time in terms of the NSDAP. Despite his commitment to the NSDAP he still could direct feature movies seldom because of his political history.
The director, cinematographer and writer Phil Jutzi joined an education at the arts and crafts school and he began his professional career as a poster artist. In this function he came in contact with the cinema when he created posters for it to show the actual program of the cinema.
From 1933 to 1941 directing 49 short films (he was rarely allowed to make feature movies because of his political past).
Already since 1927 he shot short movies by the majority which continued in the 30s.
In 1925 Jutzi moved to Berlin, where he worked as a documentary cameraman for the Communist film company Welt-Film.
In 1916 he made posters for a small movie theater in the Black Forest.
After the completion of Berlin Alexanderplatz: the story of Franz Biberkopfs (1931), based on the Alfred Döblin novel, his political orientation changed drastically.
From 1926 he worked as a director for the leftist Prometheus Film, and on the basis of such films as Mutter Krausens Fahrt ins Glück (Mother Krause's Journey to Happiness) (1929) became known as a leading director of proletarian films.
From 1921 Phil Jutzi was also active as a cinematographer for several productions.
He was not by any means a renowned director, and continued to have financial difficulties until the end of his life.
From the middle of the 20s he realised other movies as a director, among them "Die rote Front marschiert" (1927), "Kindertragödie" (1928), and "Mutter Krausens Fahrt ins Glück"19 (29). Many of his short movies of those years were influenced by his communist engagement but in 1929 he left the KPD.
He was rejected by the military during World War I because of a physical disability.
Because Phil Jutzi was in poor health he only died one year after the end of World War II.
In 1923 he married Emmy Philippine Zimmermann, the sister of the actor Holmes Zimmermann (born Johannes Zimmermann, 1900-1957), who acted in seven of his films; in May 1926 a daughter, Gisela, was born.

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