Born the fourth of six children to Austrian customs officer Alois Hitler--who had been married twice before--and the former Klara Polzl, Adolf Hitler grew up in a small Austrian town in the late 19th century. He was a slow learner and did poorly in school. He was frequently beaten by his authoritarian father. Things got worse when Adolf's older brother, Alois Jr., ran away from home. His mild-mannered mother occasionally tried to shield him, but was ineffectual. Adolf's attempt to run away at 11 was unsuccessful. At the age of 14 he was freed when his hated father died - an event that he did not mourn.
Hitler dropped out of high school at age 16 and went to Vienna, where he strove to become an artist, but was refused twice by the Vienna Art Academy. By this time Hitler had become an ardent German nationalist--although he was not German but Austria--and when World War I broke out, he crossed into Germany and and joined a Bavarian regiment in the German army. He was assigned as a message runner but also saw combat. Temporarily blinded after a gas attack in Flanders in 1918, he received the Iron Cross 2nd Class and was promoted from private to corporal. In 1918, when the war ended, Hitler stayed in the army and was posted to the Intelligence division. He was assigned to spy on several radical political parties that were considered a threat to the German government. One such organization was the German Workers Party. Hitler was drawn by party founder Dietrich Eckart, a morphine addict who propagated doctrines of mysticism and anti-Semitism. Hitler soon joined the party with the help of his military intelligence ties. He became party spokesman in 1919, renamed it the National Socalist German Workers Party (NSDAP/NAZI) and declared himself its Fuhrer (leader) one year later. In 1920 Hitler's intelligence handler, Munich-based colonel named Karl Haushofer, introduced the swastika insignia. In 1921 Haushofer founded the paramilitary Storm Troopers ("Sturmabteiling", or SA), composed of German veterans of WWI and undercover military intelligence officers. They helped Hitler to organize a coup attempt--the infamous "beer hall putsch"--against the Bavarian government in Munich in 1923, but it failed. The "rebels" marched on Munich's city hall, which was cordoned off by police. Hitler's men fired at the police and missed; the police fired back and didn't, resulting in several of Hitler's fellow Nazis being shot dead. Hitler himself was arrested, convicted of treason and sent to prison. During his prison time he was coached by his advisers and dictated his book "Mein Kampf" ("My Struggle") to his deputy Rudolf Hess. He only served several months in prison before being released. By 1925 the Nazi party was in much better straits both organizationally and financially, as it had secured the backing of a large group of wealthy conservative German industrialists, who funneled huge amounts of money into the organization. Hitler was provided with a personal bodyguard unit named the "Schutzstaffel", better known as the SS. The Nazis began to gain considerable support in Germany through their network of army and WWI veterans, and Hitler ran for President in 1931. Defeated by the incumbent 'Paul Von Hindenburg', Hitler next attempted to become Chancellor of Germany. Through under-the-table deals with powerful conservative businessmen and right-wing politicians, Hitler was appointed Chancellor in January 1933. One month later, a mysterious fire--which the Nazis claimed had been started by "terrorists" but was later discovered to have been set by the Nazis themselves--destroyed the Reichstag (the building housing the German parliament). Then Hitler's machine began to issue a series of emergency decrees that gave the office of Chancellor more and more power.
In March of 1933 Hitler persuaded the German parliament to pass the Enabling Act, which made the Chancellor dictator of Germany and gave him more power than the President. Two months later Hitler began "cleaning house"; he abolished trade unions and ordered mass arrests of members of rival political groups. By the end of 1933 the Nazi Party was the only one allowed in Germany. In June of 1934 Hitler turned on his own and ordered the purge of the now radical SA--that he now saw as a potential threat to his power--which was led by one of his oldest friends, a thug and street brawler named Ernst Röhm. Rohm's ties to Hitler counted for nothing, as Hitler ordered him assassinated. Soon President Hindenburg died, and Hitler merged the office of President with the office of Chancellor. In 1935 the anti-Jewish Nuremburg laws were passed on Hitler's authorization. A year later, with Germany now under his total control, he sent troops into the Rhineland, which was a violation of the World War I Treaty of Versailles. In 1938 he forced the union of Austria with Germany and also took the Sudetenland, a region of Czechoslovakia near the German border with a large ethnic German population, on the pretext of "protecting" the German population from the Czechs. In the summer of 1939 Hitler sent his military to occupy Czechoslovakia, and narrowly averted a war with Britain, France and other European powers. At that time Hitler and Joseph Stalin made a non-aggression treaty which was later unilaterally broken by Hitler. In September of 1939 Hitler ordered the invasion of Poland. England and France at once declared war on Germany. In 1940 Germany occupied Denmark, Norway and the Low Countries, and launched a major offensive against France. Paris fell and France surrendered, after which Hitler considered invading Great Britain. However, after the German Air Force was defeated in its bombing campaign over England during what became known as the Battle of Britain, the invasion was canceled. In 1941 German troops assisted Italy, which under dictator Benito Mussolini was a German ally, in its takeover of Yugoslavia and Greece. Meanwhile, in Germany and the occupied countries, Hitler had ordered a program of mass extermination of Jews.
On June 22, 1941, German forces invaded the Soviet Union. In addition to ore than 4,000,000 German troops, there were additional forces from German allies Romania, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Spain and Finland, among others. Hitler used multinational forces in order to save Germans for the future colonization of the Russian lands. Following the detailed Nazi plan, code-named "Barbarossa," Hitler was utilizing resources of entire Europe under Nazi control to feed the invasion of Russia. Three groups of Nazi armies invaded Russia: Army Group North besieged Leningrad for 900 days, Army Group Center reached Moscow and Army Group South occupied Ukraine, reached Caucasus and Stalingrad. After a series of initial successes, however, the German Armies were stopped at Moscow, Leningrad and Stalingrad. Leningrad was besieged by the Nazis for 900 days until the city of 4,000,000 virtually starved itself to death. Only in January of 1944 was Marshal Georgi Zhukov able to finally defeat the German forces and liberate the city, finally lifting the siege after a cost of some 2,000,000 lives. In 1943 several major battles occurred at Kursk (which became the largest tank battle in history), Kharkov and Stalingrad, all of which the Germans lost. The battle for Stalingrad was one of the largest in the history of mankind. At Stalingrad alone the Germans lost 360,000 troops, in addition to the losses suffered by Italian, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Croatian and other forces, but the Russians lost over one million men. By 1944--the same year the Western allies invaded occupied Europe--Germany was retreating on both fronts and its forces in Africa had been completely defeated, resulting in the deaths and/or surrender of several hundred thousand troops. Total human losses during the six years of war sdfd estimated at 60,000,000. of which 27,000,000 were Russians, Ukrainians, Jews and other people in Soviet territory. Germany lost over 11,000,000 soldiers and civilians. Poland and Yugoslavia lost over 3,000,000 people each. Italy and France lost over 1,000,000 each. Most nations of Central and Eastern Europe suffered severe--and in some cases total--economic destruction.
Hitler's ability to act as a figurehead of the Nazi machine was long gone by late 1944. Many of his closest advisers advisers and handlers had already fled to other countries, been imprisoned and/or executed by the SS for offenses both real--several assassination attempts on Hitler--and imagined, or had otherwise absented themselves from Hitler's inner circle. For many years Hitler was kept on drugs by his medical personnel. In 1944 a group of German army officers and civilians pulled off an almost successful assassination attempt on Hitler, but he survived. Hitler, by the beginning of 1945, was a frail, shaken man who had almost totally lost touch with reality. The Russians reached Berlin in April of that year and began a punishing assault on the city. As their forces approached the bunker where Hitler and the last vestiges of his government were holed up, Hitler killed himself. Just a day earlier he had married his longtime mistress Eva Braun. Hitler's corpse was taken to Moscow and later shown to Allied Army Commanders and diplomats. Joseph Stalin showed Hitler's personal items to Winston Churchill and Harry S. Truman at the Potsdam Conference after the victory. Hitler's personal gun was donated to the museum of the West Point Military Academy in New York. Some of his personal items are now part of the permanent collection at the National History Museum in Moscow, Russia.
|Eva Braun||(29 April 1945 - 30 April 1945) (mutual suicide)|
Fierce, loud, energetic speeches
Party Salute with extended arm (inspired by Ancient Rome salute)
Dramatic hand gestures
Small moustache, charisma, powerful speeches
After his suicide in April, 1945, the corpse was imperfectly cremated, and some remains were not burned away. Pieces of the skull (including one with a bullet hole) and leg bones were recovered by the Russians, and now reside in the Russian National Archives.
Arm was paralyzed during an assassination attempt by a group of Wehrmacht generals in 1944.
Responsible for the deaths of over 11 million people in concentration camps during WWII. Most were Jewish, but others included communists, homosexuals, the retarded (the experiments conducted upon them convinced Nazi officials that mass extermination of people was feasible), Christians, and Roma and Sinti gypsies.
Ruler of Nazi Germany (The Third Reich) 1933-1945.
Was Time Magazine's 1938 "Man of the Year". Time's definition of "Man of the Year": "The person who most influenced the news" in the indicated year, *no matter whether for good or bad*.
After his death his corpse was never officially discovered.
There were unconfirmed sightings of him in Denmark and Argentina after his death.
Served as an army messenger in World War I (he was initially deemed "unfit" and "unable to bear arms" after being arrested for attempting to avoid military service), and won two Iron Crosses for bravery.
Was taking 92 different drugs towards the end of his life.
The Boys from Brazil (1978) was based on a theory that Hitler wanted to clone himself.
Has been spoofed by Mel Blanc, Mel Brooks, Christopher Carroll, Charles Chaplin, Eric Idle, Adrian Edmondson, Gilbert Gottfried, Benny Hill, Spike Jones, Michael Moriarty, Peter Sellers, and The Three Stooges .
Has been portrayed by Richard Basehart, Alec Guinness, Anthony Hopkins, Derek Jacobi, Udo Kier, Martin Landau, Ian McKellen, Armin Mueller-Stahl, Robert Vaughn, Bobby Watson, Steven Berkoff, Robert Carlyle, and Bruno Ganz.
Contracted Parkinson's Disease in the later years of his life. Recently discovered newsreel footage shows Hitler addressing members of the Hitler Youth (the last footage taken of him alive), with his left hand visibly trembling.
In 1930 Hitler was involved in a scandal following the apparent suicide of his half-niece, Angela Geli Rabaul. Originally deemed a suicide by Munich police, present-day theories indicate that Hitler had a love affair with and might have murdered his niece. She was living in his apartment and had become a subject of gossip within the ranks of the Nazi Party, giving Hitler a very bad image.
Hitler's last command post, the Berlin "Führerbunker," was also his 13th.
One story regarding Hitler's death is that when Soviet troops reached Berlin and located the "Führerbunker", the body of a man was found amid the rubble. He had died from a gunshot to the forehead and resembled Hitler so closely he was mistakenly identified as him. His body was even filmed by newsreel photographers with the Soviet soldiers who found the body. A servant from the Führerbunker identified the man as Gustav Weler, one of Hitler's personal cooks. Supposedly he had been used as a decoy for "security reasons". The sensationalist book "The Bush Connection" by Eric Onion claims that SS-Obersturmbannführer Otto Skorzeny shot Weler to distract invading forces. Weler's body was taken to Moscow for identification and buried at Lefortovo Prison.
While many insist that Hitler was a lifelong vegetarian, medical and historical records prove that he adopted a vegetarian diet only in the last 12 years of his life, due to medical complications.
His favorite opera was Richard Wagner's "Reinzi," which he claimed to have seen at least 40 times. In his younger years, he befriended the Wagner family and even twice proposed to Wagner's daughter in-law, Winifred, after her first husband died (she turned him down because he didn't have "an important position"). He was known to her children as "Uncle Wolf," and members of the Wagner family affectionately referred to Hitler as "Wolf," even after he became Germany's dictator.
He held membership card number 555 of the NSDAP, but the Nazi Party started numbering from 500 to make themselves appear larger
From 1925 to 1945, Hitler held the official title of SS Member #1, a title which he gave to himself upon the group's creation in 1925.
Did not drink or smoke.
In his book "50 Things You're Not Suppposed To Know," Russ Kick claims that four paternal descendants (all male) of Hitler were born between 1949 and 1965 in New York. The children, Adolf's great-nephews, are the sons of Irish-born William Patrick Hitler (who later changed his last name), himself the son of Alois Hitler Jr., Adolph's older half-brother. One of the four died in an auto accident in 1989. Two of them have vowed never to have children. Another is presently childless and describes his ancestry as "a pain in the ass." They are the only living descendants of Hitler's paternal line of the family and are, quite literally, the last of the Hitlers.
While serving in WWI, he found a terrier he named "Little Fox." He taught the dog many tricks to entertain his fellow soldiers.
Was the first child of his mother's to survive past infancy.
Was a talented painter, but was rejected by the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts twice, allegedly because of unfitness for painting and was told that his abilities lay instead in the field of architecture.
After World War II, Soviet forces bulldozed the location of the "Führerbunker" (Hitler's last command post and site of his suicide), and paved over it, fearing it would become a shrine for Nazi sympathizers.
Recently discovered medical records show that he was receiving doses of methamphetamine as often as six times a day.
According to Leni Riefenstahl , he was anything but happy about hosting the 1936 XI. Olympic Games in Berlin and just agreed because it could have been a great publicity event for his "superior German race". Even though the German team indeed won most of the medals, probably the biggest disaster for the Nazis was the black so-called "subhuman" Jesse Owens not only winning four gold medals, but becoming the audience's hero of the games, too.
Forensic pathologists have determined, from both historical records and what little remains of Hitler that still exist, that he probably committed suicide by simultaniously biting into a glass capsule filled with potassium cyanide and shooting himself in the head.
The only American favorably mentioned in his magnum opus "Mein Kampf" was industrialist Henry Ford.
Had a Mercedes touring car with a special seat which could be raised up so that he could be more easily seen when he rode through the streets. This touring car was at the Lars Anderson Auto Museum in Boston until 1994.
He emigrated to Germany to escape service in the Austro-Hungarian army. He was not opposed to military service per se, however, and when war broke out in 1914 he immediately enlisted in a Bavarian regiment.
He suffered from many illnesses and medical conditions, including hypertension, headaches and heart trouble. Being gassed during World War I harmed his vision. After suffering from two episodes of blindness (one of which may have been hysterical), Hitler later suffered from pain in his eyes and blurred vision, as if "viewing objects through a thin veil.'' Beginning in the 1930s, he suffered from tinnitus. Towards the end of his life, Hitler was afflicted with Parkinson's syndrome.
According to his valet, Hitler's vision was so bad, that he read speeches that were printed with inch-high type.
His mother died of breast cancer.
Although Hitler went to great lengths to stress his humble beginnings, it has been suggested that his family was quite well off by the standards of the time and that when his father died, he actually inherited a small fortune, which he spent in less than a year in a frivolous lifestyle. Other reports state that he did not inherit a fortune and gave his share of orphan's benefits to his sister.
Was reportedly a member of the Thule Society (Thule-Gesellschaft), though this is disputed. The Thule Society was a group originally dedicated to articulating and preserving a genuinely German heritage (and was linked to the study of the hermetic arts) that was founded on August 17, 1918, by Rudolf von Sebottendorff, a Freemason who also was a student of Islamic mysticism, alchemy, Rosicrucianism and other occult disciplines. The original name of the Thule Society was Studiengruppe für germanisches Altertum (Study Group for German Antiquity), and it was closely connected to if not an offshoot of the Germanenorden secret society. Formed by prominent German occultists in 1912, Germanenorden secret society -- whose symbol was a swastika -- had a hierarchical fraternal structure similar to freemasonry. Its ideology included nationalism and the idea of the superiority of the "Nordic" race, as well as anti-Semitism in addition to its witch's brew of occult and magical philosophies. The Thule Society soon started to disseminate anti-republican and anti-Semitic propaganda among the urban proletariat to counter the doctrinaire Marxism of the communists and the socialist and republican ideals of the Social Democrats. It gave birth to the Workers' Political Circle, which was founded contemporaneously in August 1918 with Thulist Karl Harrer as chairman, that in turn became the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (German Workers' Party) in 1919. Working as an agent of military intelligence, Cpl. Adolf Hitler was assigned to the task of infiltrating the German Workers Party, but soon became a convert. One year later the German Workers' Party became the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, or Nazi Party) and was soon under the leadership of Herr Hitler. Other top Nazi leaders, including Rudolf Hess and Alfred Rosenberg, were members of the Thule Society, though Hitler likely was not. However, Serbottendorff stated, "Thule members were the people to whom Hitler first turned and who first allied themselves with Hitler." There has long been speculation that Hitler was involved in the occult and was an initiate into the so-called "Nuremburg Mysteries", but nothing has ever been proven to any degree of certainty. What is undeniable is that, after the political victory of the Nazi Party in 1933, the occult tradition rooted in the Thule Society and other secret societies was carried over into Hitler's Third Reich, mainly by the SS, whose Reichsfuhrer, Heinrich Himmler, was an avid student of the occult. An SS occult research department, the Ahnernerbe (Ancestral Heritage), was established in 1935 with SS Col. Wolfram Sievers at its head. Occult research took SS researchers as far afield as Tibet (the department's activities were reflected in the plot of Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)). Sievers had the Tantrik prayer, the Bardo Thodol, read over his body after his execution at Nuremberg. Thus, the Third Reich can be seen as an attempt by occultist "adepts" to establish a brave new world based on their twisted ideas of the "Laws of Nature." Similarly (in scope if not kind), the American republic was founded by Masonic adepts 150 years before, but as it was rooted in Enlightenment ideals and democracy rather than unsound fables, it managed to flourish for two centuries rather than engender its own destruction in less than a generation.
Learned of the armistice ending WW I (1918) while in a hospital from a sobbing pastor.
His original title for Mein Kampf was "My Struggle for Five Years Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice".
Was reputed to have been a big fan of American football.
Almost froze to death while sleeping on the streets in Austria. He was saved, ironically enough, by a Jewish charity group.
Allegedly, after the failed Beer Hall Putsch he retreated to the attic of a building and tried to shoot himself in the head. A policeman wrestled the gun away from him.
In 1943 conspirators placed a bomb on his private plane but the timer was faulty and it failed to detonate.
Allegedly, Rudolf Hess, his private secretary, complained that Hitler's grammar was terrible, and that much time was spent correcting his papers before they could be published.
Allegedly, at the Munich conference, British Foreign Minister Lord Halifax actually mistook Hitler for a servant.
Actually wrote a sequel to "Mein Kampf", but then, perversely, refused to allow it to be published.
Allegedly suffered from insomnia, depression, and urolagnia.
Born in Austria, he did not become a German citizen until 1932. German citizenship was necessary to run for the parliamentary elections of the same year, which resulted in Hitler being appointed German Chancellor on January 30, 1933.
Was possibly the first media-driven politician in history to understand the power of film. All his public appearances were carefully choreographed.
From the moment of his ascension to power in 1933 to his death in 1945, there were 17 attempts on his life.
Allegedly, his medical records revealed that he was afflicted with monorchism (having only one testicle descended into the scrotum).
German industrial titan Fitz Thyssen, an early supporter of Hitler and the Nazi Party who turned against them, was instrumental in propagating the myth that Hitler was partly Jewish. In his 1941 book "I Paid Hitler", he wrote: "According to the published records, Hitler's grandmother had an illegitimate son, and this son was to become the father of Germany's present leader. But an inquiry once ordered by the late Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss disclosed that the Fuhrer's grandmother became pregnant during her employment as a servant in a Viennese family . . . And the family . . . was none other than that of Baron Rothschild." Thyssen was the scion of the family who owned the Thyssen mining and steel works. After taking over the company upon the death of his father, he formed and headed a conglomerate that dominated the vital steel industry. A conservative stung by Germany's loss in World War I and the Allies' brutal policy of reparations, he turned to nationalism and thus was attracted, initially, to Nazism and Hitler. He became a member of the Council of State after the Nazis rose to power, but grew disillusioned with Nazism and Hitler in the antebellum years of the 1930s. Of the man he once supported, Thyssen wrote in the introduction to his 1941 book, "If human civilization is not to perish, everything that is possible must be done to make war impossible in Europe. But the violent solution dreamed of by Hitler, a primitive person obsessed by ill-digested historical memories, is a romantic folly and a barbarous and bloody anachronism". In November of 1938 Thyssen resigned from the Council of State in protest over the Nazis' brutal Kristallnacht pogrom against the Jews. With the outbreak of World War II, he emigrated to Switzerland. After moving to France, Thyssen eventually was apprehended by the Nazis after they took over France and he wound up in the notorious Dachau concentration camp, which he survived. The man who financed Hitler and later broke with him outlived him by nearly six years, dying in February 1951.
In 1983, Stern Magazin bought and published what it purported to be Hitler's diaries. When it was revealed that the 61 volumes were fakes by forger Konrad Kujau, he and the Stern reporter he sold them to were arrested.
He was born four days after Charles Chaplin.
Was close friends with German film actress Lil Dagover.
His mother Klara had three children before Adolf, all of whom died in infancy. Klara was always fearful that Adolf would die, too.
The reason that the Vienna art school turned Hitler down was because he could not draw the human form.
German historian and biographer Werner Maser claimed Adolf Hitler had an 18-month love affair with a French peasant girl named Charlotte while he was stationed as a German army corporal in the village of Wavrin, France, during World War I. In 1918, while in a military hospital, Hitler learned that Charlotte had given birth to his son, whom she named Jean Marie. When the Germans occupied France in 1940, Hitler had the Gestapo locate Jean Marie Loret, and gave him a high-ranking position in the French police administration. Jean Marie Loret died in 1985.
Forced French officials to sign the treaty of surrender in the same train carriage the Armistice had been signed in.
What luck for the rulers that men don't think.
Success is the sole earthly judge of right and wrong.
Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer. [One people, one empire, one leader]
When we have won the war, who will question our methods?
[Regarding the invasion of the USSR] We must forget the concept of comradeship between soldiers. A Communist is no comrade before or after this battle. This is a war of annihilation.
[Comparing himself with British prime minister Neville Chamberlain] Mr. Chamberlain likes to take weekends in the country; I shall take countries in the weekend!
Art is the most endearing investment.
The family is the smallest but most precious unit in the building of a State.
The Jews are definitely a race, but they are not human.
Strength lies not in defense but in attack.
I cannot be mistaken - what I say and do is historical.
I follow my life with the precision and security of a sleepwalker.
My father I respected, my mother I loved.
We don't say to the rich 'Give to the poor', we say 'German people, help each other'. Rich or poor, each one must help thinking, there's someone even poorer than I am, and I want to help them as a fellow countryman.
When a man is starving in the streets he is not thinking of bread and water, but of caviar and champagne!
Terrorism is the best political weapon for for nothing drives people harder than a fear of sudden death.
Society's needs come before the individual's needs.
The most foolish mistake we could possibly make would be to allow the subject races to possess arms. History shows that all conquerors who have allowed who have allowed their subject races to carry arms have prepared their own downfall by so doing.
The great time has just begun. Germany has awoken. We have won power in Germany, now we have to win over the German people. I know, my comrades, that it must have been difficult at times when you desired change that never came, so again and again the appeal had to be made to continue the struggle. You mustn't act yourself, you must obey, you must give in, you must submit to the overwhelming need to obey.
A new community is being built in Germany and it is our most beautiful goal and aim. Those who can not see past their own nose deserve our pity more than anything else. It is the luck to help which rewards those who commit themselves to this socialist state, and this commitment must happen every new winter. Our social welfare system is so much more than just charity because we do not say to the rich people "Please, give something to the poor." Instead we say "German people, help yourself!" Everyone must help, whether you are rich or poor. Everyone must have the belief that there's always someone in a much worse situation than I am, and this person I want to help as a comrade. If one should say, "Yes, but do I have to sacrifice a lot?" That is the glory of giving! When you sacrifice for your community, then you can walk with your head held up high.
What we dreamed for years has become a reality. The symbol of the unification of all classes of German people has become the symbol of the new Reich, and thus it has become the standard of the German people. The most precious possession you have in the world is your own people. And for this people, and for the sake of this people, we will struggle and fight, and never slacken, never tire, never lose courage, and never lose faith.
The struggle against Marxism has for the first time evolved into a united struggle. For the first time, I allow myself as an unknown man to start a war, and not rest until this plague has been removed from the German way of life.
We don't have their colonies. We don't have the opportunities of international world connections which these states and peoples possess. Our Reich, which is so crammed and which has so few of the necessities for life needs to be carefully and thoughtfully cultivated and managed. We cannot succeed without planning.
My German youth... just as we're gathered here, my young comrades, as part of the life of the people, so must the rest of the people. It was not always so. In the past, people did not want to understand each other. Each thought only of themselves. At best, their class alone. We have been witnesses to the consequences of this aberration of the spirit. In your youth you must safeguard that which you possess -- the great feeling of comradeship of being part of the group. If you hold on to this, then there is no force in the world who can take it from you. You will be one people bound together as tightly as you are now. As German youth, our only hope, the courage and faith of our people. You, my youth, are indeed the living guarantee of the living future of Germany, not an empty idea, not an empty formalism, or an insipid plan. No! You are the blood of our blood, the flesh of our flesh, and the spirit of our spirit. You are the continuation of our people. May Germany live and may her future which lives in you be praised.
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