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Guru Dutt Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (3) | Mini Bio (1) | Spouse (1) | Trade Mark (1) | Trivia (20) | Personal Quotes (1)

Overview (3)

Born in Bangalore, Kingdom of Mysore, British India
Died in Bombay, Maharashtra, India  (suicide by overdose)
Birth NameVasanth Kumar Shivsankar Padukone

Mini Bio (1)

Considered to be a man ahead of his time, Guru Dutt was one of the greatest icons of commercial Indian cinema. Although he made less than fifty films, they are believed to be the best to come from Bollywood's Golden Age, known both for their ability to reach out to the common man and for their artistic and lyrical content, and they went on to become trend-setters that have influenced Bollywood ever since. But for all his genius, there was a shroud of tragedy that overshadowed his career and life.

Dutt was born in Mysore on July ninth, 1925, the eldest son of a headmaster and a housewife who was a part-time writer. As a child, he had to deal with a strained relationship between his parents, hostility from his mother's family, and the death of a close relative. He received his early education in Calcutta, and in 1941, he joined the Uday Shankar India Culture Center, where he received basic training in the performing arts under dance maestro Uday Shankar. Afterward, in 1944, he had a short stint as a telephone operator.

Dutt entered the Indian film industry in 1944, working as a choreographer in Prabhat Studios. There, he became friends with Dev Anand (whom he met when they worked on the film Hum Ek Hain (1946)) and Rehman. These early friendships helped ease his way into Bollywood. After Prabhat went under in 1947, Dutt moved to Mumbai, where he worked with the leading directors of the time: Amiya Chakrabarty in Girls' School (1949) and Gyan Mukherjee in Sangram (1946).

He got his big break when Dev Anand invited him to direct a film in his newly formed company Navketan Films. Dutt made his directorial debut with Baazi (1951), which starred Dev Anand. The film was an urban crime thriller that paid homage to classic film noir. However, it also carried its own elements that ensured it was not a remake of a Hollywood film: notably, songs were used to further the story's narrative, and close-up shots were used frequently. The film was a success and became a trend-setter for future crime films. On the personal front, Dutt met his wife, playback singer Geeta Dutt (née Roy), during the song-recording sessions of Baazi (1951), and they married May twenty-sixth, 1953.

Dutt's next releases were Jaal (1952) and Baaz (1953). Dutt made his acting debut in the latter film, which he also directed. But while they were average successes, he finally tasted success with Aar-Paar (1954), another crime thriller, but with a far more polished story and look. Then came Mr. & Mrs. '55 (1955), a frothy romantic comedy focusing on women's' rights; and C.I.D. (1956), yet another crime thriller in which Waheeda Rehman made her debut.

His next films, Pyaasa (1957) and Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959), are regarded as his best work. Pyaasa (1957) was his masterpiece, about a poet trying to achieve success in a hypocritical, uncaring world. It was a box-office hit and is ranked as his greatest film ever. In contrast, Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959) was a miserable flop at the box office: the semi-autobiographical story of a tragic love affair set against the backdrop of the film industry was deemed too morbid for the audience to swallow and went right over audience's heads. Although in later years the film received critical acclaim for its cinematography and has gained a cult following, Dutt, who had put his soul into the film, was devastated over its failure and never directed another film.

Although he had sworn off directing, Dutt continued to produce and act in films, notably the period dramas Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1961) and Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962). The latter film, interestingly, is controversial because it is debated whether Dutt had ghost-directed the film. Dutt's personal life had become complicated: he had gotten romantically involved with his protégé Waheeda Rehman and his wife Geeta Dutt had separated from him as a result. Rehman too had distanced herself from him. Also, Dutt, an ambitious person, felt he had achieved too much too soon professionally - there was nothing better to be achieved, and this caused a vacuum in his life. Unable to cope with all the trauma and emptiness, he took to heavy drinking.

On October tenth, 1964, Dutt was found dead in his bed. The cause of death was deemed a combination of alcohol and sleeping pills, although a debate still lingers over whether his death was by accident or a successful suicide attempt. Geeta Dutt suffered a nervous break-down as a result of his death and also took to alcohol, eventually drinking herself to death, dying in 1972 as a result of cirrhosis of the liver.

His death was an irreplaceable loss to Indian cinema. And it was a tragic twist of fate that his films, most of which were discounted in his life-time, would be regarded as cult classics after his death. Guru Dutt would always be known, even if posthumously, as the Guru of Bollywood's Golden Age and one of the world's most important international auteurs.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Q. Leo Rahman

Spouse (1)

Geeta Dutt (26 May 1953 - 10 October 1964) (his death)

Trade Mark (1)

Revolutionized the close-up shot and used it in all of his films.

Trivia (20)

One of India's most respected directors working in commercial films. Pyaasa (1957), Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959) and Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962) are classics and masterpieces of Hindi cinema.
He had two younger brothers, Atmaram and Devidas, and a younger sister, Lalitha Lajmi (whose daughter is the Indian film director, Kalpana Lajmi). He had a younger brother, Shashidhar, who died at the age of seven months old.
Credited with giving writer Abrar Alvi, cinematographer V.K. Murthy, choreographer/actress Zohra Segal, director Raj Khosla, and most famously the actors Johnny Walker and Waheeda Rehman their big breaks. They all made their debuts in his films, and they all went on to become big names in Bollywood.
If not completely satisfied with the results in the film he was making, he scrapped the project, irrespective of the amount of money and time gone into it. This explains the large number of incomplete films he left behind at his death.
He had a short-lived career in writing short stories for The Illustrated Weekly, a local weekly English magazine, in 1947.
He was a good student, but he never went to college because of financial problems. Instead, he joined the performing arts troupe of Uday Shankar, the older brother of the better-known singer Ravi Shankar.
He persuaded his uncle Benegal to photograph him performing a snake dance. The dance was later performed at a gathering of Saraswat Brahmins in Calcutta, for which he was given a prize of five rupees in cash.
According to his sister Lalitha, at the age of fourteen years, Dutt would use his fingers to shape images on a wall lit by the flickering light of their grandmother's lamp as she performed the evening prayers.
In childhood, he spent a great deal of time with his mother's cousin, Balakrishna B. Benegal (known to the family as "Bakutmama") who painted cinema posters. Bakutmama's nephew is the Indian film director Shyam Benegal.
Initially named Vasanth Kumar on his birth, at the suggestion of his mother's elder brother; but after a childhood accident, he was renamed Guru Dutt, which was felt to be a more auspicious name.
Father of director Arun Dutt.
Grandaughter Gauri Dutt (Daughter of Arun Dutt) is a upcoming Bollywood actress who has assisted film director Anurag Kashyap. Her sister Karuna Dutt also works with Anurag Kashyap and is a upcoming Bollywood director.
Director Atma Ram is his younger brother.
Second cousin twice removed of Amrita Rao. Her grandfather and Guru Dutt were second cousins.
Father of director Tarun Dutt.
Daughter Neena is married to director Ismail Memon and Shano ( Mehmood' s sister) son Naushad Memon.
Guru Dutt's daughter Nina Memon is a pop singer. She debuted her album titled "Pal" in 2006. Nina sung cover versions of her mother Geeta Dutt's songs "Babu ji Dheere Chalna" and "Mera Naam Chin Chin Chu". Guru Dutt's granddaughter Nafeesa Memon starred in the video "Mera Naam Chin Chin Chu".
Sister Lalita Lamji starred in Taare Zameen Par as herself.
Grandson named Aman Memon. Daughter Nina's son.
In 1964, he was going to direct a film titled " Sheesha E Dil" starring Himself, Mala Sinha and wife Geeta Dutt's sister Amrita Bose. He was going to launch her in films. The movie was shelves once he passed away.

Personal Quotes (1)

About Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959): It was good in patches. It was too slow and it went over the head of audiences.

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