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Biography

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Overview (4)

Born in Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, UK
Died in Montreux, Switzerland  (acute bronchitis)
Birth NameArchibald Joseph Cronin
Height 6' 2" (1.88 m)

Mini Bio (1)

British novelist A.J. Cronin was born in Dumbartonshire, Scotland, in 1896. In 1914 he entered Glasgow University to study medicine, but his studies were interrupted by World War I, in which he served in the British Navy as a surgeon sublieutenant. He received his M.B. and Ch.B. in 1919, and took a job as a ship's surgeon on a passenger liner. He afterwards took positions at several hospitals, and in 1921 he married and moved to south Wales to start a medical practice. He received his MD degree in 1925 from the University of Glasgow, and he moved to London to start a practice there.

In 1930 he began to have health problems, and while recuperating in the Scottish Highlands he wrote a story called "Hatter's Castle", which was published in 1931. It was a best-seller, was translated into five languages and later became a film (A.J. Cronin's Hatter's Castle (1942)). The book's success convinced Cronin to pursue writing full-time. Probably his most famous novel, "The Citadel", which was written in 1937, has been made into several theatrical films and a few television series. His other best-known work, "Keys of the Kingdom", was a story about a priest helping Chinese villagers survive under the brutal Japanese occupation of their country during World War II. It was also a best-seller and was made into a successful film starring Gregory Peck, The Keys of the Kingdom (1944).

- IMDb Mini Biography By: frankfob2@yahoo.com

Spouse (1)

Agnes Mary "May" Gibson (31 August 1921 - 6 January 1981) (her death) (3 children)

Trivia (11)

Godfather of Sean Hepburn Ferrer, the son of Audrey Hepburn and Mel Ferrer.
In the late 1950s, Cronin and his wife moved to Switzerland, and lived first in Lucerne, Switzerland, and finally in Montreux, Switzerland.
Studied Medicine at the University of Glasgow in Glasgow, Scotland, UK, beginning 1914, graduating, with highest honors, with the degree of MB, ChB, becoming a doctor in 1919.
While many of his novels were adapted and produced as films, only one of his works, "Jupiter Laughs," was produced on Broadway.
Won the National Book Award (U.S.), Favorite Novel of 1937, for "The Citadel," his best known work.
When they moved to the United States, Cronin and his family first lived in Bel Air, California; but later also lived in Nantucket, Massachusetts; Greenwich, Connecticut; and Blue Hill, Maine. After a trip back to the UK at the end of World War II, they resided at the Carlyle Hotel, Manhattan, New York City, New York; and then briefly in Deerfield, Massachusetts; before settling in New Canaan, Connecticut in 1947. Cronin was a true nomad, and also owned homes in Bermuda and Cap-d'Ail, France, where they spent most summers after 1950.
Continued his studies, earning additional degrees, including a Diploma in Public Health in 1923, and earned his Membership, Royal College of Physicians in 1924.
Lifelong fan and supporter of Dumbarton F.C., West Dumbartonshire, Scotland, UK, the fourth oldest club in Scotland.
When Hollywood studios started optioning his novels for movie adaptations, Cronin and his family moved to the United States in 1939.
In 1930 he was diagnosed with an ulcer, and ordered to take six months complete rest on a milk diet. On an estate by Loch Fyne, Scotland, he was finally able to indulge his lifelong desire to write a novel, resulting three months later with "Hatter's Castle," which was accepted by the first publisher he submitted it to, chosen by his wife by sticking a pin on a list of publishers. So began his prolific writing career.
With his wife, Agnes Mary, known as "May," he had three sons. Vincent, the eldest, was born in Tredegar, England, UK in 1924. Patrick, the middle son, was born in London, England, UK in 1926. Their youngest son, Andrew, was born in London, England, UK in 1937.

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