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Biography

Jump to: Overview (3) | Mini Bio (1) | Spouse (1) | Trade Mark (1) | Trivia (8) | Personal Quotes (4)

Overview (3)

Date of Birth 2 February 1882Dublin, Ireland
Date of Death 13 January 1941Zurich, Switzerland  (ulcer)
Birth NameJames Augustine Aloysius Joyce

Mini Bio (1)

Joyce was born at 41 Brighton Square, Rathgar, Dublin, on 2 February 1882. His father invested unwisely, and the family's fortunes declined steadily. Joyce graduated from University College, Dublin, in 1902; he briefly studied medicine in Paris, but his mother's impending death brought him back to Dublin. In 1904, Joyce began Stephen Hero, which he later re-worked as A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. He also met Nora Barnacle, a chambermaid, and on 16 June 1904 they went walking at Ringsend, at the Liffey's mouth; Joyce later chose that date for the events recorded in Ulysses. Having briefly shared a Martello tower at Sandycove, Co Dublin, with Oliver StJohn Gogarty, he sailed from Dublin with Nora in October 1904. Joyce found work in a language school in Trieste. In 1909, he made two trips to Dublin, to arrange publication of Dubliners, and to open a short-lived cinema. His last visit was in 1912, when he failed to overcome his publisher's doubts about Dubliners. In 1914 the book was published in England, and A Portrait was serialised in a London magazine. With the outbreak of World War I, Joyce moved to Zurich in neutral Switzerland, where in 1917 he underwent the first of many operations for glaucoma. Ulysses, his masterpiece, was serialised in New York in 1918-20, but was eventually halted by a court action. Joyce returned to Trieste in 1919, then moved to Paris, where in 1922 Ulysses was published by Sylvia Beach, owner of a celebrated bookshop. Its portrait of Dublin, and of the Jewish advertisement canvasser Leopold Bloom, revolutionised the novel with its 'stream of consciousness' technique; it was not published in Britain until 1936. In 1923, Joyce began the almost impenetrable Finnegans Wake, which was published in 1939. Joyce and Nora finally married in 1931, and in 1940 returned to Zurich, where he died on 13 January 1941.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Ciaran O'Shea

Spouse (1)

Nora Barnacle (4 July 1931 - 13 January 1941) (his death)

Trade Mark (1)

Complex stream-of-consciousness writing style, multilingual puns, non-use of hyphens.

Trivia (8)

The name of the cinema was 'The Volta'.
Opened the first movie theater in Dublin, Ireland.
He was an accomplished Tenor.
The character of Leopold Bloom was based on Alfred H Hunter, a friend of Joyce's father who had once helped him recover after an alcohol fueled fight.
Graduated from the University College of Dublin.
He was the eldest of 10 children.
Is lampooned in Noel Fielding's "Luxury Comedy", for his agonizingly slow writing process.
A fan once asked Joyce if he could "shake the hand that wrote Ulysses." Joyce refused, saying "It's done other things as well.".

Personal Quotes (4)

I confess that I do not see what good it does to fulminate against the English tyranny while the Roman tyranny occupies the palace of the soul. [lecture, 27 April 1907]
There is no heresy or no philosophy which is so abhorrent to the church as a human being. [from a letter, 22 Nov. 1902, in which Joyce declared his intention of leaving Ireland for good]
[Upon meeting William Butler Yeats]: "We have met too late; you are too old to be influenced by me."
A man of genius makes no mistakes. His errors are volitional and are the portals of discovery.

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