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Heinz Rühmann Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (3) | Mini Bio (1) | Spouse (3) | Trade Mark (1) | Trivia (30) | Salary (2)

Overview (3)

Born in Essen, Germany
Died in Aufkirchen, Bavaria, Germany
Birth NameHeinrich Wilhelm Rühmann

Mini Bio (1)

Heinz Rühmann was born on March 7, 1902 in Essen, Germany as Heinrich Wilhelm Rühmann. He was an actor and producer, known for The Captain from Köpenick (1956), Ein Mann geht durch die Wand (1959) and It Happened in Broad Daylight (1958). He was married to Hertha Droemer, Hertha Feiler and Maria Herbot. He died on October 3, 1994 in Aufkirchen, Bavaria, Germany.

Spouse (3)

Hertha Droemer (9 October 1974 - 3 October 1994) (his death)
Hertha Feiler (1 July 1939 - 2 November 1970) (her death)
Maria Herbot (9 August 1924 - Autumn 1938) (divorced)

Trade Mark (1)

Often played comedic everymans

Trivia (30)

Although he was a German and stayed in Nazi Germany during World War II, one of his biggest fans was Anne Frank, writer of the famous "The Diary of a Young Girl". She even posted Heinz Rühmann's picture above her bed in the Secret Annex in Amsterdam, where it can still be seen today.
Father of Peter Rühmann (mother: Hertha Feiler) and grandfather of Melanie Rühmann.
Honory Member of the International Lodge of Artists (1955)
1940 "Staatsschauspieler"
The administration of Neukölln, a Berlin district, gave out a silver coin with his head on it remembering The Captain from Köpenick (1956) (1977).
Received several notable awards: Germany's Cross of Merit (1966), Germany's Great Cross of Merit with star and shoulder ribbon (1972), Munich's Cultural Honorary Prize (1977), Bavaria's Maximilianorden for Science and Art (1982), Munich's Golden Honorary Coin (1990) and the Golden Berolina (1991).
He was born as one of three children (he had two sisters) to Hermann and Margarethe Rühmann. After his parents had divorced in 1916, his father committed suicide.
Had the doubtful honor to make a short film on the occasion of Joseph Goebbels's birthday, in which he portrayed the minister's children and his wife Magda Goebbels.
Was forced to witness the rape of his wife Hertha Feiler by Russian soldiers in his Berlin villa (May 1945).
Ensemble member at the famous Vienna Burgtheater from 1960 to 1962.
The street in the Bavarian village of Berg, where he had lived until his death, was named "Heinz-Rühmann-Weg".
Being good friends with pilot Ernst Udet, he learned flying and had a pilot's license until his 80th birthday.
Ranked #1 in a survey by network ZDF searching Germany's all-time favorite actor (24 November 2006).
Though he had a considerable talent for mimicry, Rühmann often struggled with regional dialects. The Bavarian dialect, in particular, eluded him and he never attempted it either on the stage or in films.
His first weekly salary as an actor was 80 Marks per month. By 1927/28, he had established his presence on the Berlin stage and was earning 80 Marks a day.
Though he was usually associated with extrovert comedy roles, he was an extremely serious, even shy person in private life. This became even more accentuated following the death of his beloved wife Hertha Feiler in 1970. Rühmann became increasingly introverted and was not seen laughing or being in any way lighthearted unless on stage or in front of the camera.
Rühmann was taught flying by a Bavarian World War I fighter ace, the highly decorated Eduard Ritter von Schleich (1888-1947). He later formed a close friendship with the legendary pilot Ernst Udet (1896-1941).
Made his theatrical debut in Breslau in 1920, appearing in the plays "Rose Bernd" by Hauptmann and "Pandora's Box" by Wedekind.
Stepfather of Erik Droemer.
First wife Maria Herbot aka Maria Bernheim (1897-1957) later married actor Rolf von Nauckhoff.
His career began in 1919 when Heinz Rühmann decided to take acting lessons. Already six months after this important step he got his first theater engagement at the Lobe and Thalia theater. It followed stages in Hannover, Bremen, Munich and Berlin.
In the 30s Heinz Rühmann shot one movie after the other and found ideal complementing film partners in the actor Hans Albers and comedians Theo Lingen and Hans Moser.
The actor Heinz Rühmann achieved a career in German film history which is unique till today. As a short man he became one of the greatest stars and banished the audience for more than 40 years with his predominant comedy movies.
Even the great Heinz Rühman wasn't spared from the political confusions in Germany. In 1938 he had get a divorce from his Jewish wife Maria. She got married with the Swedish actor Rolf von Nauckhoff and got by it the departure permission to Sweden. There she was financially supported by Heinz Rühmann during the war.
He carried out a gradual change from a comedian to a pensive character actor in the 60's.
When producer Gyula Trebitsch helped the failed Heinz Rühmann to get a comeback, this was the begin of his second career. With "Keine Angst vor grossen Tieren" (1953) he found the kind of role which was accepted and rewarded by the public.
He played at theaters before he founded together with Alf Teichs the film company Comedia in 1947. From 1948 he was working in front of the camera again and had a succès d'estime with "Berliner Ballade" (48). But the other movies didn't attract the interest of the audience and the film company went bankrupt. This failure had a great effect on Heinz Rühmann's life whose fees were seized to 50 % till 1959.
Only few are aware today that Heinz Rühmann began his film career in the silent movie era. But the two movies "Das deutsche Mutterherz" (1926) and "Das Mädchen mit den fünf Nullen" (1927) didn't mean the breakthrough but merely a short excursion to a new medium.
When Erich Pommer engaged the young actor Rühmann for the movie "Die Drei von der Tankstelle" (30) at the side of the dream couple Willy Fritsch and Lilian Harvey, it was the starting shot for a unique career. Heinr Rühmann was signed on by the Ufa and he became one of the most popular comedians who conquered the heart of the audience with his pert appearance and his cheeky and cheerful way to act.
After the war he was confronted with a working prohibition by the Allies.

Salary (2)

Das deutsche Mutterherz (1926) 500 Mark
Der Pauker (1958) 160.000 DEM (+10% on ticket sales)

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