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Bing Crosby Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (5) | Mini Bio (1) | Spouse (2) | Trade Mark (5) | Trivia (85) | Personal Quotes (20)

Overview (5)

Date of Birth 2 May 1903Tacoma, Washington, USA
Date of Death 14 October 1977Madrid, Spain  (heart attack)
Birth NameHarry Lillis Crosby
Nicknames Der Bingle
The old groaner
Height 5' 7" (1.7 m)

Mini Bio (1)

Bing Crosby was the fourth of seven children of Tacoma, Washington, brewery bookkeeper Harry Lowe Crosby and Kate Harrigan Crosby. He studied law at Gonzaga University in Spokane but was more interested in playing the drums and singing with a local band. Bing and the band's piano player, Al Rinker, left Spokane for Los Angeles in 1925. In the early 1930s Bing's brother Everett sent a record of Bing singing "I Surrender, Dear" to the president of CBS. His live performances from New York were carried over the national radio network for 20 consecutive weeks in 1932. His radio success led Paramount Pictures to include him in The Big Broadcast (1932), a film featuring radio favorites. His songs about not needing a bundle of money to make life happy was the right message for the decade of the Great Depression. His relaxed, low-key style carried over into the series of "Road" comedies he made with pal Bob Hope. He won the best actor Oscar for playing an easygoing priest in Going My Way (1944). He showed that he was indeed an actor as well as a performer when he played an alcoholic actor down on his luck opposite Grace Kelly in The Country Girl (1954). Playing golf was what he liked to do best. He died at age 74 playing golf at a course outside Madrid, Spain, after completing a tour of England that had included a sold-out engagement at the London Palladium.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Dale O'Connor < daleoc@worldnet.att.net>

Spouse (2)

Kathryn Grant (24 October 1957 - 14 October 1977) (his death) (3 children)
Dixie Lee (29 September 1930 - 1 November 1952) (her death) (4 children)

Trade Mark (5)

Often played what he referred to as "happy go-lucky fellas" in his movies
Signature Song: "White Christmas"
Often worked with Bob Hope
"Crooned" most of the songs he sang.
Baritone voice

Trivia (85)

His eldest son Gary Crosby was vocal in criticizing Bing's violent ways as a father. He wrote a sensationalist tell-all biography titled "Going My Own Way" in 1983 which was touted as a "Daddy Dearest" about Bing. Though Lindsay Crosby and Dennis Crosby fluctuated between agreeing and disagreeing with Gary's criticisms of their father, Phillip Crosby defended Bing after the book was published. Two of the sons suffered bouts of depression, much as their mother Dixie Lee had, throughout their lives and committed suicide(Lindsay and Dennis, in 1989 and 1991, respectively). Gary died of lung cancer in 1995. Phillip died of a heart attack in 2004, having defended his father to the end. Bing's children from his second marriage, including daughter and actress Mary Crosby, praised him as a kind and loving father in later life.
Father, with singer Dixie Lee, of sons Gary Crosby, Phillip Crosby & Dennis Crosby (twins) and Lindsay Crosby. All 4 deceased. Both Dennis and Lindsay died due to suicide.
Father, with actress Kathryn Grant, of sons Harry Crosby and Nathaniel Crosby, and of actress Mary Crosby.
Older brother of bandleader Bob Crosby.
His large ears were pinned back during his early films, until partway through She Loves Me Not (1934).
From the 1940s to the 1960s he owned 15% of the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team. His cameo in Angels in the Outfield (1951) was as part-owner of the team.
Three things about Bing were frequent sources of jokes in Hollywood: His inability to sire a daughter, prior to the birth of Mary Crosby; his investment in racehorses that rarely won; and his rather bad, almost colorblind, taste in casual clothes. These jokes often made their way into radio and TV shows, movies and, most often, into the comedy routines of Bob Hope.
Interred at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California, USA, in the Grotto section, L119, #1.
Left a clause in his will stating that his sons could not collect their inheritance money until they were 65. They had already been amply taken care of by a trust fund set up by their mother, Dixie Lee, which is truth was totally funded by Bing. All four sons continued to collect monies from that fund until their deaths.
Was nicknamed "Bing" after a character named "Bingo" in a comic strip titled "Bingville Bugle."
Was the first choice of "Columbo" creators Richard Levinson and William Link to portray the famed detective.
Opened the Del Mar racetrack in Del Mar, California in 1937 and collected tickets at the turnstile on opening day. Before the start of every day of racing his song "Where the Turf Meets the Surf" is played. This song was written for Del Mar and never sold commercially.
Inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame in 1998.
He was the 20th century's first multi-media entertainer: a star on radio, in movies and in chart-topping recordings. He had 38 No. 1 singles, which surpassed even Elvis Presley and The Beatles.
When he married his first wife actress/singer Dixie Lee in 1930, her fame at the time was greater than his. One headline actually read: "Well Known Fox Movie Star Marries Bing Croveny." Dixie eventually retired to raise four sons.
One of his early inspirations was Louis Armstrong, who returned the admiration. Louis once described Bing's mellow voice as "like gold being poured out of a cup."
Sang on radio at least once a week from 1931 to 1962.
As a young adult he enjoyed carousing and drinking and actually received another nickname: "Binge" Crosby. He once spent two months in jail (weekends only) for DUI after a minor car accident, and surprised and shocked interviewers by advocating that pot be decriminalized.
The balding actor hated having to wear a toupee during filming and specifically looked for scripts that had outdoor scenes where he could wear a hat or bed scenes in which he could wear a nightcap.
"White Christmas" became the bestselling single for more than 50 years until overtaken in 1997 by "Candle in the Wind", Elton John's tribute to the late Princess Diana.
During the Vietnam War, a secret code was to have been broadcast informing all US personnel that an immediate evacuation had been ordered. The code was the playing of Crosby's "White Christmas" twice on the Armed Forces Vietnam Network (AFVN), followed by the announcement "The temperature in Hanoi is 105 and rising.".
Star of NBC Radio's "Kraft Music Hall" (1935-1946).
Star of ABC Radio's "Philco Radio Time" (1946-1949).
Star of CBS Radio's "The Bing Crosby Show" (1954-1956).
In March of 1950, he had his appendix removed.
Star of CBS Radio's "The Bing Crosby Chesterfield Show" (1949-1952). When Chesterfield left, General Electric took over as sponsor for 1953 and 1954.
Refused the role of Columbo due to the fact that he felt that it would interfere with his golf game.
He and his second wife and younger children did TV commercials for Minute Maid orange juice, because he owned considerable stock in the company.
On October 13, 1977, the day before Crosby's death, independent producer Lew Grade announced that he was reuniting Crosby, Bob Hope and Dorothy Lamour onscreen for the film "Road to the Fountain of Youth," ending several years of speculation at to whether the trio would reunite professionally or not.
Biography in: "Who's Who in Comedy" by Ronald L. Smith, pg. 122-124. New York: Facts on File, 1992. ISBN 0816023387
Phil Crosby, Jr., Bing's grandson, formed a jazz quartet in the Los Angeles area and is bringing a semi-resurgence of interest in Bing and his music.
Through the electronics lab he funded, he was heavily involved in the initial development of both audio and video tape recording in the late '40s and early '50s, primarily for use on his own TV and radio projects. One of the very first commercial uses of audio tape in the USA, in fact, was the recording and editing of his radio program on the ABC network around 1946-1948. His early videotape format, however, was quickly obscured by Ampex's industry-standard Quadruplex format.
Pictured on a 29 cent U.S. commemorative postage stamp in the "Legends of American Music" series, issued September 1st 1994.
Became seriously ill around Christmas 1973, with chest pains and respiratory problems. Both Bing and wife Kathryn Grant thought he had lung cancer. In January 1974 he felt so ill he consented to be hospitalized, and a large tumor was found in his left lung. The tumor and three-fifths of the lung were removed, and over the next months he slowly recovered. Since the tumor was benign, it was believed his illness was caused by a fungal infection from a recent safari in Africa.
At the time of his death in 1977, he was the biggest selling recording artist of all time.
Uncle of Chris Crosby and Cathy Crosby
He is only one of five actors to be nominated for an Oscar twice for playing the same role in two separate films. He played "Father O'Malley" in Going My Way (1944) (for which he won the Oscar) and The Bells of St. Mary's (1945). The others are Paul Newman as "Fast Eddie Felson" in The Hustler (1961) and The Color of Money (1986), Peter O'Toole as "Henry II" in Becket (1964) and The Lion in Winter (1968), Al Pacino as "Michael Corleone" for The Godfather (1972) and The Godfather: Part II (1974) and Cate Blanchett as "Elizabeth I" in Elizabeth (1998) and Elizabeth: The Golden Age (2007).
His father was of English descent, with many family lines tracing back to New England of the 1600s. His mother's family, which was from New Brunswick, Canada, was of Irish descent.
Until the late 1970s he had been listed in the Guinness Book Of World Records as having sold more recordings than any other entertainer.
Is one of only five actors/actresses to have a #1 single and an Oscar for best actor/actress. The others are Barbra Streisand, Frank Sinatra, Cher and Jamie Foxx.
He received 23 gold records and was awarded platinum discs for his two biggest selling singles, "White Christmas" in 1960 and "Silent Night" in 1970.
According to the Guinness Book of Records, his "White Christmas" has sold over 100 million copies around the world, with at least 50 million sales as singles.
According to ticket sales Crosby is, at 1,077,900,000 tickets sold, the third most popular actor of all time after Clark Gable and John Wayne. He is also, according to Quigley Publishing Company's International Motion Picture Almanac, tied for second on the "All Time Number One Stars List" with three other actors - Clint Eastwood, Tom Hanks and Burt Reynolds. Crosby was the #1 box office attraction for five years, beaten only by Tom Cruise who was #1 for seven years.
In 1960 he received a platinum record as First Citizen of the Record Industry for having sold 200 million discs, a number that doubled by 1980.
Between 1915 and 1980 he was the only motion-picture star to rank as the #1 box-office attraction five times (1944-1948). Between 1934 and 1954 he scored in the top ten 15 times.
On the day of his death he played a full 18 holes of golf, where he scored a respectable 85 and won the match. Walking off the 18th green of the La Moraleja Golf Club, in a suburb of Madrid, Spain, he suffered a massive heart attack. His last words were reported as, "That was a great game of golf, fellas." However, according to the Summer 2001 issue of Club Crosby's BINGANG magazine, he then said, "Let's go have a Coca-Cola." According to his biographer Gary Giddens, Crosby's last words were, "Let's go get a Coke.".
He appeared on approximately 4,000 radio broadcasts, nearly 3,400 of them his own programs, and single-handedly changed radio from a live-performance to a canned or recorded medium by presenting, in 1946, the first transcribed network show on ABC, thereby making that also-ran network a major force.
In a great many of his films, he played lighthearted comedy and musical roles as a singer or songwriter. His usual casual approach belied the fact that Crosby was a fine dramatic actor, as witnessed by his portrayals in Little Boy Lost (1953), The Country Girl (1954), Man on Fire (1957), and his last major film Stagecoach (1966). He also starred in the television movie Dr. Cook's Garden (1971) and won much critical acclaim for his performance.
His last TV appearance was in Bing Crosby's Merrie Olde Christmas (1977) which was taped in London and broadcast, after his death, in the USA on 30 November 1977, and in the United Kingdom on 24 December 1977. This show has also been made available on commercial video. It is memorable for Crosby and David Bowie singing a duet.
He sang on 4,000 radio shows from 1931 to 1962 and was the top-rated radio star for eighteen of those years.
A longtime supporter of the Republican Party, Crosby campaigned for Wendell Willkie in the 1940 Presidential election, because he strongly believed President Franklin D. Roosevelt should only serve two terms of office. When Roosevelt was easily re-elected, Crosby vowed never to become publicly involved in partisan politics again.
Mary Carlisle, who worked with him in films, noticed he was self-conscious about his height, and he wore lifts. Crosby once told Alan Ladd how pleased he was that Ladd was shorter than him at 5'5". Bing maintained he was 5' 9", but an office secretary named Nancy Briggs recalled a visit to his home when he wore slippers and she realized he was her height - 5' 7".
He is estimated to have sold between 600 million and 900 million records worldwide. Most of these sales were singles.
In 1962 Crosby was the first recipient of the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
Was the first person to sing "White Christmas".
Inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1978.
Delayed his marriage to Kathryn Grant until 1957 due to his long affair with Grace Kelly.
Four songs Crosby sang in movies - "Sweet Leilani" (1937), "White Christmas" (1942), "Swinging on a Star" (1944), and "In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening" (1951) - won Oscars.
Named eldest son Gary Crosby after his close friend Gary Cooper.
The Met Theater in downtown Spokane, Washington, where he was raised and performed (with the Musicaladers) as a young man in 1925, was renamed the Bing Crosby Theater on December 8, 2006. The Met was built in 1915. Bing was also a giving donor to the city's Gonzaga University.
He is the most electronically recorded voice in history.
In 1948 a poll declared Crosby the most admired man in the world, ahead of President Harry S. Truman, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII.
His estate was valued at $150 million, making him one of the wealthiest entertainers in Hollywood, along with his friends Bob Hope and Fred MacMurray.
Is portrayed by Alex Fallis in Dash and Lilly (1999).
In the autumn of 1974, having recovered from major lung surgery, Crosby performed a series of concerts at the London Palladium. This was the first time he had sung before a live audience since World War II. He repeated this engagement in 1975, 1976 and 1977. He also began recording new albums at a faster rate than he had since the early 1950s.
At the time of his death he was considering buying an eighteen hole golf course in Kent, England.
In 1969, it was reported that he was worth an estimated $75 million.
Stagecoach (1966) was his last major film. Though it did not get good reviews, his performance as the drunken doctor was praised. Crosby felt the movies had changed a lot since his heyday, although he let it be known that he was still open to offers.
Nearly filed for divorce from his first wife in 1948 because he wanted to marry Joan Caulfield.
Inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame in 2007.
In March 1977, after videotaping a concert for CBS to commemorate his 50th anniversary in show business, Crosby backed off the stage into an orchestra pit, rupturing a disc in his back that required a month of hospitalization.
Has a street named after him in Iowa City, Iowa.
After Judy Garland was fired from MGM about 1950, he was one of the first to offer her work on his radio show to help her out of her financial woes. The two had marvelous chemistry as a comedy duo, and many of these audio recordings still survive today.
He was awarded 3 Stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Motion Pictures at 1611 Vine Street, for Radio at 6769 Hollywood Boulevard, and for Recording at 6751 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California.
Introduced three Oscar-winning songs: "White Christmas" from Holiday Inn (1942) (Music and Lyrics: Irving Berlin); "Swinging on a Star" from Going My Way (1944) (Music: James Van Heusen. Lyrics: Johnny Burke) and "In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening" from Here Comes the Groom (1951) (Music: Hoagy Carmichael. Lyrics: Johnny Mercer).
His favorite performer was Al Jolson.
His son, Gary Crosby, accused him of domestic violence.
Caricatured in the Warner Bros. cartoons "I've Got to Sing a Torch Song", "Hollywood Steps Out", and "What's Up, Doc?" (all as himself), and in "Curtain Razor", "Swooner Crooner" and "The Woods Are Full of Cuckoos" and "Bingo Crosbyana" (all as a bird). Due to the unflattering depiction of him in the last one, he sued Warner Bros.
Crosby named his first son, Gary Crosby, after friend and fellow Paramount contractee, Gary Cooper.
As early as 1932, Crosby made the list of Top Ten box office stars, which included Mae West, Will Rogers, Wallace Beery, etc.
In 1968, Crosby considered doing another "Road" picture, "The Road to Christmas", with Bob Hope and Hayley Mills.
According to "Films in Review's" 1968 career article on the star, Paul Whiteman wanted Crosby to sing "Song of the Dawn" in King of Jazz (1930), but just before filming was to take place, the singer crashed his car on Hollywood Boulevard near the Roosevelt Hotel while driving a "starlet" home, and although no one was hurt, he was sentenced to 60 days for DWI. In his absence, Whiteman had John Boles sing the solo.
Great-grandfather of Luke Gregory Crosby.
Is one of 8 actors who have received an Oscar nomination for their performance as a priest. The others, in chronological order, are: Spencer Tracy for San Francisco (1936) and Boys Town (1938); Charles Bickford for The Song of Bernadette (1943); Barry Fitzgerald for Going My Way (1944); Gregory Peck for The Keys of the Kingdom (1944); Karl Malden for On the Waterfront (1954); Jason Miller for The Exorcist (1973); and Philip Seymour Hoffman for Doubt (2008). Tracy, Crosby and Fitzgerald all won Oscars for their performances.

Personal Quotes (20)

[on Frank Sinatra] Frank is a singer who comes along once in a lifetime, but why did he have to come in mine?
I think popular music in this country is one of the few things in the 20th century that have made great strides in reverse.
Everyone knows I'm just a big, good-natured slob.
[about Elvis Presley] He helped to kill off the influence of me and my contemporaries, but I respect him for that. Because music always has to progress, and no-one could have opened the door to the future like he did.
Honestly, I think I've stretched a talent which is so thin it's almost transparent over a quite unbelievable term of years.
[his own epitaph] He was an average guy who could carry a tune.
Once or twice I've been described as a light comedian. I consider this the most accurate description of my abilities I've ever seen.
[on his phenomenally successful single "White Christmas"] A jackdaw with a cleft palate could have sung it successfully.
[in 1954] I don't sing anywhere as good as I used to, and I feel sincerely that it's getting worse. I don't see any purpose in trying to stretch something out that was once acceptable and that now is merely adequate, if that. I don't know what the reason for this condition is, unless it's apathy. I just don't have the interest in singing. I am not keen about it any more. Songs all sound alike to me, and some of them so shoddy and trivial. I don't mean I didn't sing some cheap songs in the old days, but I had such a tremendous interest in singing and was so wrapped up in the work that it didn't matter. I don't know how to diagnose the condition, but it seems to me that possibly this apathy, this lack of desire, when I have to go to a recording session, transmits itself into nervous exhaustion and fatigue.
[on Frank Sinatra] He has this tense Sicilian quality while I don't have any tenseness at all and I just hang in there with what I call a dead ass. But Frank gets picked on by people who want to see how tough he is and he usually obliges them with a demonstration. Like all Sicilians, if he is a friend he will always be a friend -- and if he is an enemy, go on hating.
[on Bob Hope] Hope? He's got more money on him than I have.
[on Judy Garland] The most talented woman I ever knew was Judy Garland. She was a great, great comedienne and she could do more things than any girl I ever knew. Act, sing, dance, make you laugh. She was everything. I had a great affection for her. Such a tragedy. Too much work, too much pressure, the wrong kind of people as husbands.
[on Judy Garland] There wasn't a thing that gal couldn't do -- except look after herself.
[on W.C. Fields] His comedy routines appeared spontaneous and improvised, but he spent much time perfecting them. He knew exactly what he was doing every moment, and what each prop was supposed to do. That My Little Chickadee (1940) way of talking of his was natural.
[on Fred Astaire] But when you're in a picture with Astaire, you've got rocks in your head if you do much dancing. He's so quick-footed and so light that it's impossible not to look like a hay-digger compared with him.
[on Grace Kelly] She's a great lady, with great talent and kind, considerate, friendly with everybody. She was great with the crew and they all loved her.
[on John Boles singing his solo in King of Jazz (1930)] I have often wondered what might have happened to me if I had sung "The Song of the Dawn". It certainly helped Boles - on the strength of it, he got a lot of pictures. I must say, he had a bigger voice and a better delivery for that kind of song than I had. My crooning style wouldn't have been good for such a number, which was supposed to have been delivered a la breve, like "The Vagabond Song". I might have flopped with it. I might have been cut out of "The King of Jazz". I might never have been given another crack at a song in any picture.
[accepting his Oscar] This is the only country in the world where an old broken-down crooner can win an Oscar for acting. It shows that everybody in this country has a chance to succeed. I was just lucky enough to have Leo McCarey take me by the hand and lead me through the picture.
[at the start of his career] If I'm going to get by in pictures, it's going to be as a singer, with about as much acting as you would expect from a guy standing in front of a microphone.
[after Hedda Hopper asked if he was considering retirement] Every day, but I'm sure I'll never get caught up with my work in time to do it.

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