Irving Berlin was one of the most important songwriters in the USA. He was self-taught, but almost everything he wrote was a success. His breakthrough was during WWI with the song "Alexander's Ragtime Band" and one of the battle songs written for his all-soldier show Yip, Yip, Yaphank in 1917: "We're on our way to France". During the twenties he wrote music for Tin Pan Alley and Broadway, and after the rise of the film musical he also wrote for Hollywood. His songs were sung by Fred Astaire, Al Jolson, Judy Garland, Bing Crosby, Dick Powell, Alice Faye and many others. During WWII he wrote "Any Bonds Today" for the government and wrote the songs for another all-soldier show, "This is the Army". In the early 60s he retired.IMDb Mini Biography By: Stephan Eichenberg < email@example.com>
Towering composer, songwriter, ("God Bless America", "Always", "Blue Skies", "White Christmas") author and publisher, he came to the United States at age 5 and was educated in New York's public schools. His earliest musical education was from his father, a cantor. He earned Honorary degrees from Bucknell University and Temple University. Beginning his career as a song-plugger for publisher Harry von Tilzer, Berlin worked as a singing waiter in Chinatown. In 1909, he was hired as a staff lyricist by the Ted Snyder Company, and became a partner to that firm four years later.
In 1910, he began doing vaudeville appearances in the USA and abroad, and also appeared with Snyder in the Broadway musical "Up and Down Broadway", that ran for 72 performances. He joined ASCAP as a charter member in 1914, and served on its first board of directors between 1914-1918. Berlin enlisted the US Army infantry in WWI, and was a sergeant at Camp Upton, NY. After the war, he established his own public-relations firm, and in 1921 he built the 1025-seat Music Box Theatre (at 239 W. 45th St., New York) with Sam H. Harris. After Harris' death in 1941, Berlin assumed full ownership and the theatre remains a Broadway institution to this day.
Among his many awards was the Medal for Merit for his 1942 all-soldier show "This Is the Army," which toured the USA, Europe, and South Pacific battle zones; all proceeds were assigned to Army Emergency Relief and other service agencies. Irving Berlin was also a member of the French Legion of Honor and held the Congressional Medal of Honor for "God Bless America", the proceeds from which went to the God Bless America Fund.
|Ellin Mackay||(4 January 1926 - 29 July 1988) (her death) 4 children|
|Dorothy Goetz||(February 1912 - 17 July 1912) (her death)|
Died of natural causes at age 101.
When Berlin married Ellin Mackay, the Comstock Lode heiress, the bride's father wrote her out of his will for marrying a Jew. Berlin then assigned the copyright of his popular song, "Always", to her, which yielded very handsome royalties as the years went by. And true to the sentiments of the song, Berlin devoted himself to his lovely wife for the rest of her long life.
Sang "Oh How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning" in This Is the Army (1943).
Could not read music.
Only played on the set of black keys. He had a special piano built with pedals that could change the set from F sharp into other keys.
Interred at Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York, USA.
Sent a letter to major radio stations requesting that they not play Elvis Presley's version of "White Christmas" because it had been drastically revamped.
During the filming of his singing his composition "Oh How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning" in This Is the Army (1943), one of the backstage crew was heard to have whispered to another crew worker, "If the guy who wrote this song could hear this guy singing it, he'd roll over in his grave!".
Was denied a Kennedy Center Honor. By the time he was considered for one, he was too ill to fulfill the requirement that an honoree must attend the award ceremony.
Although Berlin wrote what is arguably the most popular secular Christmas song ever written, "White Christmas," Christmas was always a bittersweet time for the Berlin family. Irving and Eileen Berlin's only son, Irving, Jr., died at only a few weeks old, of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, on Christmas Day, 1928. Every year, on Christmas Day, the Berlins would lay a Christmas wreath on his grave, a tradition their heirs carry on today.
Despite the fact that he was one of America's most prolific songwriters, Berlin suffered frequent attacks of writer's block, which could last anywhere from several days to several months.
Wrote his first ballad hit, "When I Lost You," in his grief over the death of his first wife, Dorothy Goetz. She had died of typhoid, contracted on her honeymoon, just four months after their marriage in 1912.
Brother-in-law of E. Ray Goetz.
Stepson-in-law of Anna Case.
In 1963, won a Special Tony Award "for his distinguished contribution to the musical theatre for these many years."
Father of Mary Ellen Barrett.
First artist to actually present himself with an Oscar when he won for song "White Christmas" from Holiday Inn (1942).
Inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.
Biography in: "The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives". Volume Two, 1986-1990, pages 87-91. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1999.
One of his most popular songs "Easter Parade"(1933) had been published earlier as "Smile and Show Your Dimple".
Daughter, Linda, was named after Cole Porter's wife.
Is a character in the musical "Turn of the Century.".
He had nine grandchildren: Edward Watson Emmet (born circa 1968), Ellin Emmet, and Caroline Emmet from daughter Linda; Elizabeth Matson (born in 1954), Irving Barrett (born in 1955), Mary Ellin Barrett Lerner (born in 1956), and Katherine Swett (born in 1960), from daughter Mary Ellin; and Emily Anstice Fisher (born circa 1966) and Rachel, from daughter Elizabeth.
His first wife, Dorothy, was born in March, 1892. She died of typhoid fever and pneumonia.
His second wife, Ellin, was born March 22, 1903. Her father, Clarence H. Mackay was the son of John W. Mackay (1831-1902), one of the principal owner/operators of the Comstock Lode (Consolidated Virginia and California Mine in Nevada, also Bonanza Firm - a four-way partnership worth some $190,000,000 by 1877), one of the major silver discoveries in 1870s. A devout conservative Roman Catholic Irishman, Clarence was horrified his daughter was engaged to a Jew and disowned her. They would later reconcile in the early 1930s.
He had four children: Mary Ellin Berlin (born November 25, 1926), Irving Berlin, Jr. (December 1-December 25, 1928), Linda Louise Berlin (born February 21, 1932), and Elizabeth Iris Berlin (born June 16, 1936).
His daughter Elizabeth married Edmund Boyd Fisher in London in September, 1963. They later divorced.
His infant son, Irving Berlin, Jr., died Christmas morning, 1928. He was suffering from typhoid fever at the time of his death. Berlin's wife, Ellin, who was estranged from her father, heard from him for the first time when he sent her a letter of condolence. They fully reconciled in 1931.
Daughter Linda lives in Paris with husband Edouard C. Emmet.
Daughter Elizabeth married second husband Alton E. Peters and now goes by Elizabeth Irving Peters.
His great-grandchildren include: Peter and James Matson; Benjamin Lerner; Rachel, Nicholas and William Swett; and granddaughter Emily's daughters Madeleine and Isobel Fletcher.
He was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Recording at 7095 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California.
Won a 1963 Special Tony Award (New York City) for his many years of distinguished contribution to the American musical.
Won a 1978 Lawrence Langner Tony Award (New York City) and for a distinguished life in the American theater.
Never hate a song that's sold a half million copies
The song has ended, but the melody lingers on.
The toughest thing about success is that you've got to keep on being a success.
About his wife's lavish Christmas spending, to his daughter, "I gave up trying to get your mother to economize. It was easier just to make more money."
[on Fred Astaire] Fred knew the value of a song and his heart was in it before his feet took over.
[on Alice Faye] I'd rather have Alice Faye introduce my songs than anyone else.
[on facing a hostile public's reaction to his controversial marriage] For nearly two weeks I have had to protect my wife from insults too bitter for me to speak of. We have lived in a nightmare of lies. When we were going to board a train one reporter was so insulting that my poor wife burst out crying. Then a Chicago newspaper printed in large type 'Berlin's bride in tears regrets step'. If you see an interview printed, except this one, it will be lies.
[on writing songs for Ethel Merman] I guess it's like a dress designer getting that extra kick when when he dreams up a gown for a beautiful woman with a perfect figure.You give her a bad song and she'll make it sound good. You give her a good song and she'll make it sound great. And you better write her a good lyric because, when she sings a word, the guy up in the last row of the second balcony is going to hear every syllable of it.
The toughest thing about success is that you've got to keep on being successful.
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