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Humphrey Bogart Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (5) | Mini Bio (1) | Spouse (4) | Trade Mark (5) | Trivia (73) | Personal Quotes (39) | Salary (12)

Overview (5)

Date of Birth 25 December 1899New York City, New York, USA
Date of Death 14 January 1957Los Angeles, California, USA  (cancer of the esophagus)
Birth NameHumphrey DeForest Bogart
Nickname Bogie
Height 5' 8" (1.73 m)

Mini Bio (1)

The son of a moderately wealthy Manhattan surgeon (who was secretly addicted to opium) and a famed magazine illustrator, Humphrey Bogart was educated at Trinity School, New York City, sent to Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, in preparation for medical studies at Yale. He was expelled from Phillips and joined the U.S. Naval Reserve. From 1920 to 1922, he managed a stage company owned by family friend William A. Brady (the father of actress Alice Brady), performing a variety of tasks at Brady's film studio in New York. He then began regular stage performances. Alexander Woollcott described his acting in a 1922 play as inadequate. In 1930, he gained a contract with Fox, his feature film debut in a ten-minute short, Broadway's Like That (1930), co-starring Ruth Etting and Joan Blondell. Fox released him after two years. After five years of stage and minor film roles, he had his breakthrough role in The Petrified Forest (1936) from Warner Bros. He won the part over Edward G. Robinson only after the star, Leslie Howard, threatened Warner Bros. that he would quit unless Bogart was given the key role of Duke Mantee, which he had played in the Broadway production with Howard. The film was a major success and led to a long-term contract with Warner Bros. From 1936 to 1940, Bogart appeared in 28 films, usually as a gangster, twice in Westerns and even a horror film. His landmark year was 1941 (often capitalizing on parts George Raft had stupidly rejected) with roles in classics such as High Sierra (1941) and as Sam Spade in one of his most fondly remembered films, The Maltese Falcon (1941). These were followed by Casablanca (1942), The Big Sleep (1946), and Key Largo (1948). Bogart, despite his erratic education, was incredibly well-read and he favored writers and intellectuals within his small circle of friends. In 1947, he joined wife Lauren Bacall and other actors protesting the House Un-American Activities Committee witch hunts. He also formed his own production company, and the next year made The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948). Bogie won the best actor Academy Award for The African Queen (1951) and was nominated for Casablanca (1942) and as Captain Queeg in The Caine Mutiny (1954), a film made when he was already seriously ill. He died in his sleep at his Hollywood home following surgeries and a battle with throat cancer.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Ed Stephan stephan@cc.wwu.edu

Spouse (4)

Lauren Bacall (21 May 1945 - 14 January 1957) (his death) (2 children)
Mayo Methot (21 August 1938 - 10 May 1945) (divorced)
Mary Philips (3 April 1928 - 11 August 1938) (divorced)
Helen Menken (20 May 1926 - 18 November 1927) (divorced)

Trade Mark (5)

Typically played smart, playful, courageous, tough, occasionally reckless characters who lived in a corrupt world, anchored by a hidden moral code.
Almost always played a hard-boiled cynic who ultimately shows his noble side.
Low-key, distinctive nasal voice
Often wore bow ties
Roles in film noirs

Trivia (73)

The older of two children with Lauren Bacall, Stephen H. Bogart, discussed his relationship with Bogie in 1996 book, "Bogart: In Search of My Father".
New York Times reported on 12/25/2000 that "Humphrey Bogart was born on 23 January 1899, but Warner Brothers publicity decided that a Christmas birthday would be far more advantageous because 'a guy born on Christmas can't be all bad.'" However, copies of two 1900 census forms prove this to be incorrect.
Ranked #9 in Empire (UK) magazine's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. [October 1997]
Bogart's speech defect (lisping) does not appear in the German dubbings of his voice, which is also lower.
There is some dispute as to how Bogey's lip injury occurred. One story is that when Bogart was in the Navy, a prisoner he was escorting attempted to escape and hit Bogart in the face with his shackles. Bogart, fearing that he would lose his position and be severely punished for letting a prisoner escape, chased down the man and brought him successfully to the Portsmouth Naval Prison. However, because the surgeon who stitched up his face did not do a very good job, Bogart was left with his trademark lisp. Another version has it that he caught a large wood splinter in his lip at the age of 12, but the combat story is more exciting - a legend, indeed.
Named his daughter, Leslie Bogart, "Leslie" to show his gratitude to Leslie Howard, who got him his big break in The Petrified Forest (1936).
Interred at Forest Lawn, Glendale, CA, in the Garden of Memory, Columbarium of Eternal Light (not accessible to the general public).
Played chess by mail with GIs during WWII.
In Key Largo (1948), Bogie takes the helm of a boat called the Santana. In real life, Santana was the name of Bogie's yacht, which he purchased from June Allyson and Dick Powell.
His coffin contains a small, gold whistle, put there by his wife, Lauren Bacall.
Was nicknamed "The Last Century Man" because he was born on Christmas Day 1899 (based on the popular belief that the 19th Century ended in 1899, not 1900 as it really was).
Decades after his death, Bogie made a guest appearance on the TV horror series Tales from the Crypt (1989). Footage from several movies were computer enhanced and combined with a voice and body double to allow Bogart to receive top billing for the episode "You, Murderer." Guest starring with "Bogie" were John Lithgow and Isabella Rossellini, performing an eerie (and hilarious) parody of her mother, Ingrid Bergman.
Related to screenwriter Adela Rogers St. Johns; his grandfather and her grandmother were brother and sister.
Distantly related to the late Princess Diana, Princess of Wales, through her American relations.
Ranked #1 on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest screen actors.
Maud Bogart's drawing of her baby Humphrey appeared in a national advertising campaign for Mellin's Baby Food, not as often erroneously reported, for Gerber.
Pictured on a 32ยข US commemorative postage stamp in the Legends of Hollywood series, issued 31 July 1997.
Co-starred not only in Casablanca (1942), the film rated No. 1 on American Film Institute's list of Top 100 U.S. love stories (2002), but in four other films on AFI romance list: The African Queen (1951), ranked at #xx; Dark Victory (1939), ranked at #32; Sabrina (1954),ranked at #54; and To Have and Have Not (1944), ranked at #60.
Starred with his wife Lauren Bacall in the syndicated radio program "Bold Venture" (1951-1952). His character's name was Slate Shannon.
He was of English, along with Dutch, some French, and remote Belgian (Walloon), ancestry.
His preferred brand of cigarettes was Chesterfield.
Although usually considered a quiet and accommodating actor by most of his collaborators, he became disliked by William Holden and Billy Wilder during the filming of Sabrina (1954). A good friend before they made the film, Wilder later said that Bogart, near the end of his life, apologized for his behavior on the set and said it was due to his personal problems. Even so, Audrey Hepburn got along with him despite his criticism of her.
At 5'8", he was almost exactly the same height as his beloved wife Lauren Bacall.
He had just turned 57 and weighed only 80 pounds when he died on January 14, 1957.
Off the set, he and Ingrid Bergman hardly spoke during the filming of Casablanca (1942). She said later, "I kissed him, but I never knew him." Years later, after Ingrid Bergman had become involved with Italian director Roberto Rossellini, and borne him a child, he bawled her out for it. "You used to be a great star," he said. "What are you now?" "A happy woman," she replied. Bogart's coolness towards Bergman was later revealed to have been caused by the violent jealousy of his wife at the time, Mayo Methot, whose fears were realized when Bogart entered an affair with future wife Lauren Bacall.
Though a poor student, he was a lifelong reader, and could quote Plato, Pope, Ralph Waldo Emerson and over a thousand lines of Shakespeare. He admired writers, and some of his best friends, including Richard Brooks, who directed him in _Deadline--USA (1952), were screenwriters.
He was voted the Greatest Movie Star of all time by Entertainment Weekly.
Almost all of the roles that made him a star (after a decade of toiling in minor films) were roles he got because George Raft had turned them down, from High Sierra (1941), in which Bogie was first noticed as a viable box office draw, to Casablanca (1942), which made him a true international star. Ironically, after having been overshadowed by Raft the whole first half of his career, Bogart remains a legend while Raft is all-but-forgotten.
His marriage to Lauren Bacall occurred at the Pleasant Valley area of Richland County, Ohio, known as Malabar Farm, the home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author Louis Bromfield (4 miles southeast of Lucas within Monroe Township). The home is now an Ohio State Park.
He had many famous visitors as he grew ill from cancer during the year before he died, including but not limited to Katharine Hepburn, Spencer Tracy, Marilyn Monroe, George Cukor, Judy Garland, Clark Gable, Bette Davis, Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Ustinov, Billy Wilder, Dean Martin, and Kirk Douglas.
Frank Sinatra's friends, known as The Clan, were originally a group of Bogart friends who enjoyed drinking heavily. They referred to themselves as 'The Holmby Hills Rat Pack', since Bogart lived in the Holmby Hills section of Hollywood. The Rat Pack name had originated one morning, after a night of heavy boozing, when Bogart's wife Lauren Bacall came upon the sodden group and flatly stated, 'You look like a God-damned rat pack.' Bogart enjoyed the term, and a legend was born. But Sinatra stopped using the "Rat Pack" name after Bogie died in 1957, and he and his friends hated it when others continued to label them that way (Source: Robert Osborne, Turner Classic Movies).
He was voted the 13th Greatest Movie Star of all time by Premiere Magazine.
So as to not look short next to co-stars like Ingrid Bergman and Paul Henreid, through most of the shooting of Casablanca (1942) (and in a few of his other films) Bogart wore platforms under his shoes that added nearly 5 inches of height to his frame.
Is mentioned, along with wife Lauren Bacall, in the hit 1980s song "Key Largo" ("We had it all, just like Bogie and Bacall").
Father: Belmont Bogart (1867-1934), mother: Maud Humphrey (March 30, 1865 in Rochester, NY-1940), sisters: Frances Bogart (1901-?) and Catherine "Kay" Bogart (1903-?).
His performance as Fred C. Dobbs in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948) is ranked #24 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Performances of All Time (2006).
His performance as Sam Spade in The Maltese Falcon (1941) is ranked #50 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Performances of All Time (2006).
Thomasville Furniture launched a line of classic furniture which draws inspiration from Bogart's films, known as The Bogart Collection.
His performance as Sam Spade in The Maltese Falcon (1941) is ranked #80 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.
His performance as Rick Blaine in Casablanca (1942) was ranked #19 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time. However, according to Orson Welles, during 'Casablanca' 's filming, Bogart complained it was the worst movie he'd been in.
Has three films on the American Film Institute's 100 Most Inspiring Movies of All Time. They are: Dark Victory (1939) at #72, The African Queen (1951) at #48, and Casablanca (1942) at #32.
On June 24th, 2006, a section of West 103rd Street in the Upper West Side of New York City was renamed "Humphrey Bogart Place" in his honor. He had grown up at 245 W. 103rd Street (which is now public housing), and a plaque was put there to commemorate the event.
Is portrayed by Kevin O'Connor in Bogie (1980).
Is portrayed by Jerry Lacy in Play It Again, Sam (1972).
For years, a 16mm print of the Janet Gaynor/Fredric March version of A Star Is Born (1937) would be screened at the Bogart household each and every Christmas Day (Bogart's birthday) while Bogart would sit watching the film and weeping. Finally, one year, director Richard Brooks, a long-time friend of Bogart's asked him why. "Because," Bogart explained, "I expected a lot more of myself. And I'm never going to get it.".
Like his friends John Huston and Spencer Tracy, Bogart was a heavy smoker and a heavy drinker, allegedly sustaining two packs of Chesterfields a day.
He was involved in a serious automobile accident late in the production of Beat the Devil (1953). Several of his teeth were knocked out in the accident, hindering his ability to speak clearly. Director John Huston hired a young British actor noted for his mimicry skills to re-record some of Bogart's dialog during post-production looping. And although the talent of the young impersonator is such that the difference is undetectable while viewing the film today, it is a young Peter Sellers who provides Bogart's voice during some of the scenes.
He was a friend of the English actor Jack Hawkins, who also suffered from throat cancer nine years after Bogart's death.
In her essay "Humphrey and Bogie," Louise Brooks, who knew Bogart early in his career, said that the role she felt most closely personified Bogart's personality was Dixon "Dix" Steele in In a Lonely Place (1950): "In a film whose title perfectly defined Humphrey's own isolation among people, In a Lonely Place (1950) gave him a role that he could play with complexity because the film character's, the screenwriter's, pride in his art, his selfishness, his drunkenness, his lack of energy stabbed with lightning strokes of violence, were shared equally by the real Bogart.".
He was a close friend of Richard Burton, and once confessed to the Welsh actor that his ambition had always been to act in a Shakespearean play on stage. He regretted that the public probably would not be able to take him seriously in such a role, due to his screen image as the tough guy.
Salary for 1942: $114,125.
In 1952, he campaigned for Democratic Presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson after initially supporting Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower.
All four of his wives were actresses.
Was an outstanding chess player. At a time when many stores had a professional chess player who could be challenged by anyone, Bogie would challenge and win almost every game. The challenger would pay 50 cents. If he won, he got $1.00. Many stores wanted Bogie to turn pro, but he declined because he was making more money as a non-pro. Eventually he did turn pro and would beat 40 or more people a day. (Source: Paul Harvey, Jr.'s, "The Rest of the Story.").
In late 1947, was to be a partner with producer Mark Hellinger in a proposed new company, Mark Hellinger Productions. Bogart invested $25,000 and was contracted to do two films a year. Hellinger owned the rights to Willard Motley's best selling novel "Knock on Any Door". However, Hellinger died in Dec. 1947. The rights to the novel passed to Bogart, and it became the first film of his own new independent production company, Santana Pictures Corporation: Knock on Any Door (1949).
Lauren Bacall once recalled that while John Wayne and Fred Astaire hardly knew her husband Humphrey Bogart at all, they were the first to send flowers and good wishes after Bogart was diagnosed with esophageal cancer in January 1956.
After undergoing a nine-and-a-half hour operation for esophageal cancer on 1 March 1956, Bogart began smoking filtered cigarettes for the first time in his life.
Although he and wife Lauren Bacall initially protested the House Un-American Activities Committee, they both eventually succumbed to pressure and distanced themselves from the Hollywood Ten in a March 1948 Photoplay Magazine article penned by Bogart titled "I'm No Communist".
Was best friends with John Huston.
Is mentioned in the Bon Jovi song "Captain Crash and the Beauty Queen of Mars" along with his wife Lauren Bacall.
In the episode of The Simpsons (1989) entitled "Sideshow Bob Roberts", Bogart's name is spoofed when Lisa mentions a famous snake named 'Humphrey Boa-Gart".
While he was married to fiery actress Mayo Methot he discovered that she suspected him of cheating on her - he wasn't - and had hired a private detective to follow him. Bogart found out the name of the agency the PI worked for, and called them up. When he reached the man's boss he said, "You got a man on my tail. Would you check with him and find out where I am?".
He and Lauren Bacall are immortalized in Suzanne Vega's song "Freeze Tag".
The "Bogart Lisp" has been the subject of much speculation. However, it is now believed that it was natural and not the result of a combat injury (other stories attribute it to a drunken bar fight or an attack by a prisoner he was transporting while serving as a Shore Patrolman) during his US Navy service in WW I. His son, Steve Bogart, has the same speech impediment as his father.
Was producer Hal B. Wallis' first choice as Burt Lancaster's co-star in Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957). The role was eventually played by Kirk Douglas.
Clifton Webb once said about Bogart, "Humphrey was not a tough guy, He was not at all. He was about as tough as Little Lord Fauntleroy".
According to "The Fifty Year Decline and Fall of Hollywood" by Ezra Goodman, Bogart would often strategically disappear from his table at the Hollywood landmark restaurant Romanoff's--a favorite Bogart hangout--when the check was brought to the table, especially after he had invited a magazine writer to dinner and drinks. Often the writer would wind up having to put on his expense account the bill that Bogart had run up for himself and his friends.
Bogart's father, a wealthy surgeon, was friends with famed Broadway and film producer William A. Brady and the families lived near each other in New York City. It was through Brady that Bogart got his first acting job on Broadway, and he in fact worked for a while as the manager of Brady's film studio, World Films.
Bogart's friend, journalist Joe Hyams, wrote an authorized biography, "Bogie: The Definitive Biography of Humphrey Bogart" with an introduction by Lauren Bacall published by the New American Libtary in 1966.
Bogart often played sailors in films such as 'The African Queen', 'The Caine Mutiny' and 'Action in the North Atlantic'. In real life Bogart joined the US Navy during the the First World War and served on the troopship USS Leviathan in the North Atlantic.
Has a street named after him in Hallstead, Pennsylvania.
Became a father for the 1st time at age 49 when his 4th wife Lauren Bacall gave birth to their son Stephen H. Bogart on January 6, 1949.
Became a father for the 2nd time at age 52 when his 4th wife Lauren Bacall gave birth to their daughter Leslie Bogart on August 23, 1952.

Personal Quotes (39)

The trouble with the world is that it's always one drink behind.
Acting is experience with something sweet behind it.
It's been misspelt a lot. He decided on it. It's not Bog-ey. He signed with an -ie. And that's good enough for me. -
[on Lauren Bacall] "She's a real Joe. You'll fall in love with her like everybody else."
[attributed last words] "I should never have switched from scotch to martinis."
[on the House Un-American Activities Committee] "They'll nail anyone who ever scratched his ass during the National Anthem."
I came out here with one suit and everybody said I looked like a bum. Twenty years later Marlon Brando came out with only a sweatshirt and the town drooled over him. That shows how much Hollywood has progressed.
A hotdog at the ballpark is better than a steak at the Ritz.
When the heavy, full of crime and bitterness, grabs his wounds and talks about death and taxes in a husky voice, the audience is his and his alone.
[about himself] "Democrat in politics, Episcopalian by upbringing, dissenter by disposition."
I can't say I ever loved my mother, I admired her.
I don't approve of the John Waynes and the Gary Coopers saying 'Shucks, I ain't no actor -- I'm just a bridge builder or a gas station attendant.' If they aren't actors, what the hell are they getting paid for? I have respect for my profession. I worked hard at it.
The only good reason to have money is this: so that you can tell any SOB in the world to go to hell.
I hate funerals. They aren't for the guy who's dead. They're for the guys who are left alive and enjoy mourning.
The whole world is three drinks behind. If everybody in the world would take three drinks, we would have no trouble.
Acting is like sex: you either do it and don't talk about it, or you talk about it and don't do it. That's why I'm always suspicious of people who talk too much about either.
The only thing you owe the public is a good performance.
You're not a star until they can spell your name in Karachi.
I made more lousy pictures than any actor in history.
[on the untrained beefcake stars of the early 1950s, many of them picked up for screen tests from sidewalks and gas stations] "Shout 'gas' around the studios today, and half the young male stars will come running."
Do I subscribe to the [Laurence Olivier] school of acting? Ah, nuts. I'm an actor. I just do what comes naturally.
I don't hurt the industry. The industry hurts itself, by making so many lousy movies - as if General Motors deliberately put out a bad car.
[on Ingrid Bergman] "I didn't do anything I've never done before, but when the camera moves in on that Bergman face, and she's saying she loves you, it would make anybody feel romantic."
[on Warner Brothers] This studio has more suspensions than the Golden Gate Bridge.
[on Katharine Hepburn] She talks at you as though you were a microphone. She lectured the hell out of me on temperance and the evils of drink. She doesn't give a damn how she looks. I don't think she tries to be a character. I think she is one.
[on Bette Davis] Even when I was carrying a gun, she scared the be-jesus out of me.
It is at least worth arguing that there is a modicum of the creative novelist in all of us, and that this absorption with how men get out of difficulties, single-handedly and alone if possible, is the stuff of which we weave the warp and woof of our own better dramatic imaginings.
[while visiting the set of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951)] This guy [Marlon Brando] - he'll be doing Hamlet when the rest of us are selling potatoes.
[on publicity] As long as they spell your name right and you are not accused of dope or rape, you are all right.
[on screen love] I have absolutely no interest in who gets the girl. I don't care. I don't see any reason to spend two hours to see who gets the girl especially since you know who's going to get her from the beginning - usually the actor who gets the most money.
I'm not good-looking. I used to be but not any more. Not like Robert Taylor. What I have got is I have character in my face. it's taken an awful lot of late nights and drinking to put it there. When I go to work in a picture, I say, 'Don't take the lines out of my face. Leave them there.'
[on movie fan magazines] They are the damnedest bilge. They distort everything. I can't stand them. They build up an audience of people who read fan magazines.
[on Katharine Hepburn, during the filming of The African Queen (1951) on location in the Congo] You could argue with her, but she was tough. When Jack [cinematographer Jack Cardiff] saw her striding into the jungle alone one morning, he thought, "God help the jungle".
[After viewing 'In Which We Serve' (1942)] Obviously, Noel Coward is the guy Orson Welles thinks he is.
[on Academy Awards] The only honest way to find the best actor would be to let everybody play Hamlet and let the best man win. Of course, you'd get some pretty funny Hamlets that way.
[on working with Rod Steiger in The Harder They Fall (1956)] These Actor's Studio types - they mumble their lines. I can't hear their words. I miss the cues. This scratch-your-ass-and-mumble school of acting doesn't please me.
[on the 1952 Oscars] I don't think I have a chance. For one thing, I don't have a big studio behind me to do the campaigning. And there are some pretty sharp boys in the race.
I think Marlon Brando is one of the best young actors in the business, and I think he'll be great as soon as he gets that potato out of his mouth.
I'm no Communist, just an American dope.

Salary (12)

Up the River (1930) $400 /week
Three on a Match (1932) $750 /week
The Petrified Forest (1936) $750 /week
Swing Your Lady (1938) $1,000 /week
Men Are Such Fools (1938) $1,100 /week
Casablanca (1942) $2,200 /week
To Have and Have Not (1944) $2,750 /week
Two Guys from Milwaukee (1946) $5,000
Sirocco (1951) $133,000 + % of gross
The African Queen (1951) $125,000 + 30% of gross
Deadline - U.S.A. (1952) $17,500 /week
Sabrina (1954) $300,000

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