Figures of Literature

Writers books, transfered to movies
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Tennessee Williams
Tennesse Williams won two Pulitzer Prizes, for "A Streetcar Named Desire" (1947) and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" (1955). His other major plays include "Summer and Smoke" (1948), "The Rose Tattoo" (1951), "Camino Real" (1953), "Sweet Bird of Youth" (1959), and "The Night of the Iguana" (1961). In addition to his two Pulitzers...
“ Wrote many plays which have been transfered to cinema: The Roman Spring of Mrs Stone, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, A street car named desire, Suddenly Last Summer, Sweet Bird of Youth etc. - US ” - angelikafauve
Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer, the Brooklyn-born and -bred writer who fought for what he characterized as the "heavyweight championship" of American letters after the 1961 death of Ernest Hemingway, never came close to his dream of writing the Great American novel, but he was a colossus of American culture and literature in the 1960s...
“ US ” - angelikafauve
Arthur Miller
Writer, The Crucible
Arthur Asher Miller was born on October 17, 1915, in New York City, to Augusta (Barnett) and Isidore Miller. His family was of Austrian Jewish descent. His father manufactured women's coats, but his business was devastated by the Depression, seeding his son's disillusionment with the American Dream...
“ The Mishifts 1961 by John Huston, The Death of a Salesman 1985, Everybody Wins 1990 The Crusible 1996 by Nicholas Hytner - US ” - angelikafauve
“ "Quite Days in Clichy" - US ” - angelikafauve
D.H. Lawrence
David Herbert Lawrence was born in Nottinghamshire, England, 11 September 1885. His father was a coal miner, his mother a genteel woman who sought education and refinement for her son. Lawrence earned a university degree and taught school for a short time. While still a student he began to publish his poems and short stories...
“ "Sons and Lovers" UK ” - angelikafauve
John Steinbeck
John Steinbeck was the third of four children and the only son born to John Ernst and Olive Hamilton Steinbeck. His father was County Treasurer and his mother, a former schoolteacher. John graduated from Salinas High School in 1919 and attended classes at Stanford University, leaving in 1925 without a degree...
“ "Grapes of Rage" 1940 by John Ford - US ” - angelikafauve
“ Dame aux Camelias, My Fair Lady - FR ” - angelikafauve
Gustave Flaubert
Gustave Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821, in Rouen, Seine-Inférieure, France. His father was a Medical Doctor and practiced surgery in Rouen, in Hôtel-Dieu (where Flaubert was born). His mother was from an aristocratic Norman family. Young Flaubert received a good private education with emphasis on literature...
“ Mme Bovary FR ” - angelikafauve
Erich Maria Remarque
German novelist Remarque was born in Osnabruck in 1898. His first novel, the anti-war All Quiet on the Western Front, was written in response to his experiences as a soldier in WWI, and published in 1929. He moved to Switzerland until 1939, when he emigrated to the U.S., where he lived and wrote until his death in 1970.
“ "Arc de Triomphe", "Promissed Land", "Bobby Deerfield" by Sydney Pollack (1977): ” - angelikafauve
Writer, Gigi
“ Chéri FR ” - angelikafauve
“ Breakfast at Tiffany's 1961, In Cold Blood 1964, by Alfred Hitchcock, Truman Capote 2005 (his life) by Benett Millier - New Orleans, Louisiana, US ” - angelikafauve
William Inge
William (Motter) Inge brought small-town life in the American Midwest to Broadway with four successive dramatic triumphs: "Come Back Little Sheba" (1950), "Picnic" (1953; Pulitzer Prize), "Bus Stop" (1955) and "The Dark at the Top of the Stairs" (1957). With the exception of his Academy Award-winning screenplay for Splendor in the Grass...
“ US ” - angelikafauve
“ The English Patient 1996, by Anthony Minghella (won Oscar), The Cinnamon Pealer (short) (poem) - Colombo, Sri Lanka ” - angelikafauve
A foremost French writer of the Romantic era, Stendhal was born Marie-Henri Beyle in Grenoble, France in 1783. A loyal Bonapartist he followed Napoleon closely during his military campaigns Stendhal's novels reflect his intense love of Italy, his political convictions and the moral and philosophical dilemmas of his time...
“ "Le Rouge et le Noir", "Parma's Monastery" FR ” - angelikafauve
Emily Brontë
The dreamiest of the talented Brontë clan, Emily Jane Brontë was born in 1818. Her mother died when she was barely more than a toddler, and Emily and her younger sister, Anne, became very close. Along with their other siblings, 'Charlotte Bronte' and Branwell Bronte, they invented the make-believe kingdoms of Angria and Gondal, which occupied their lonely childhoods...
“ "Weathering Heights" UK ” - angelikafauve
“ "Gone with the Wind" US ” - angelikafauve
Vladimir Nabokov
Writer, Lolita
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov was born on April 22, 1899, the eldest of five children in a wealthy aristocratic family in St. Petersburg, Russia. His grandfather was a Justice Minister to the Czar Alexander II. His father, named Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, was a liberal political leader, the editor of a liberal newspaper...
“ "Lolita" RUS ” - angelikafauve
Albert Camus
Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria. His parents were Spanish-French-Algerian (pied noir) colonists. His father, named Lucien Camus died in the Battle of Marne (1914) during WWI. His mother, named Catherine Helene Sintes was of Spanish origin, she was a mute deaf, due to a stroke...
“ La Peste 1992 - 1913 - 1960 ALG ” - angelikafauve
Oscar Wilde
Writer, Dorian Gray
A gifted poet, playwright and wit, Oscar Wilde was a phenomenon in 19th-century England. He was illustrious for preaching the importance of style in life and art, and of attacking Victorian narrow-mindedness. Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1854. He studied at Trinity College in Dublin before leaving the country to study at Oxford University in England when he was in his early 20s...
“ "The Portrait of Dorian Gray" 2009, by Oliver Parker, The Importence of being Earnest 2002, by Oliver Parker, "An Ideal Husband" 1999, by Oliver Parker (Direction, Screenplay) - UK ” - angelikafauve
Bertolt Brecht
Bertolt Brecht was born on 10 February 1898 in Augsburg, Germany and one of the country's most influential poets, playwrights and screenwriters. His most famous work was the musical "The Threepenny Opera" (with Kurt Weill), but his dramas such as "Mother Courage and Her Children" or "The Good Person of Sezuan" were equally successful...
“ "The circle with the writing chalk" DE ” - angelikafauve
Leo Tolstoy
Count Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy was born on September 9, 1828, in his ancestral estate Yasnaya Polyana, South of Moscow, Russia. He was the fourth of five children in a wealthy family of Russian landed Gentry. His parents died when he was a child, and he was brought up by his elder brothers and relatives...
“ Anna Karenina 1967 - RUS ” - angelikafauve
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Writer, The Double
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was born on November 11, 1821, in Moscow, Russia. He was the second of seven children of Mikhail Andreevich and Maria Dostoevsky. His father, a doctor, was a member of the Russian nobility, owned serfs and had a considerable estate near Moscow where he lived with his family...
“ "The Gambler" 1997, "The Idiot" 1958 by Ivan Pyryev - (Prince Myshkin), "Karamazof Brothers" 1958, "Crime and Punishment" - RUS ” - angelikafauve
Émile Zola
Writer, Thirst
Émile Zola was born on April 2, 1840, in Paris, France. His father was an Italian engineer. Young Zola studied at the Collége Bourbon in Provence, where his schoolmate and friend was Paul Cezanne. In 1858 Zola returned to Paris and became a student at the Lycée Saint-Louis, from which he graduated in 1862...
“ Nana FR ” - angelikafauve
“ "Bonjour Tristesse", "La Chamade", "Aimez-vous Brahms?" - FR ” - angelikafauve
Marguerite Duras
Ms. Duras was born in southern Vietnam and lost her father at age 4. The family savings of 20 years bought the family a small plot in Cambodia, but everything was lost in a single season's flooding. The disaster killed her mother as a result. After high school in Saigon, Ms. Duras left Indochina to study law in Paris...
“ 'Indochine' 1992, "L' Amant" 1992 - FR ” - angelikafauve
Federico García Lorca
Writer, La novia
Federíco Garcia Lorca was born in the south of Spain (Andalusia) in 1898 and soon became the region's most famous artist. A poet, playwright, artist, musician and lecturer, he wrote groundbreaking plays such as 'Blood Wedding' and 'Yerma'. His support of the Spanish Republic in the 1930s led to his execution in 1936.
“ ES ” - angelikafauve
“ "La Noia" 1963, Il Conformista 1970, Ieri Oggi Domani 1963, Le Mépris (Contempt) 1963, Two Women (La Ciociara) 1960 - IT ” - angelikafauve
“ FR ” - angelikafauve
Honoré de Balzac
Honoré de Balzac was a French writer whose works have been made into films, such as, Cousin Bette starring Jessica Lange, and television serials, such as, _Cousin Bette (1971 TV mini-series)_, starring Margaret Tyzack and Helen Mirren. He was born on March 20, 1799, in Tours, France. His father...
“ FR ” - angelikafauve
“ FR ” - angelikafauve
Eugène Ionesco
In 1909, Eugen Ionescu was born in Slatina, Romania to a lawyer, Eugen Ionescu Sr. and a French lady by the name of Therese Zicard. In 1913 they moved to France, but in 1924 when his parents divorced, he returned with his father to Romania. He studied in Craiova and in 1929 he attended the University of Bucharest to study Literature and Philosophy...
“ RO ” - angelikafauve
Jane Austen
Jane Austen was born on December 16th, 1775, to the local rector, Rev. George Austen (1731-1805), and Cassandra Leigh (1739-1827). She was the seventh of eight children. She had one older sister, Cassandra. In 1783 she went to Southampton to be taught by a relative, Mrs. Cawley, but was brought home due to a local outbreak of disease...
“ "Pride and Prejudice" - UK ” - angelikafauve
James Agee
James Agee, Pulitzer Prize winning author, was born in Knoxville in 1909. The intense writer was to enjoy little real success in his lifetime, but after death won accolades. In 1958 he won the Pulitzer Prize in fiction for his uncompleted biographical novel A Death in the Family. Agee also wrote the...
“ "Splendor in the Grass", by Elias Kazan US ” - angelikafauve
F. Scott Fitzgerald
"There are no second acts in American lives," wrote F. Scott Fitzgerald, who himself went from being the high priest of the Jazz Age to a down-and-out alcoholic within the space of 20 years, but not before giving the world several literary masterpieces, the most famous of which is "The Great Gatsby" (1924)...
“ "The Great Gatsby" 1974 - US ” - angelikafauve
W. Somerset Maugham
Popular British novelist, playwright, short-story writer and the highest-paid author in the world in the 1930s, Somerset Maugham graduated in 1897 from St. Thomas' Medical School and qualified as a doctor, but abandoned medicine after the success of his first novels and plays. During World War I he worked as a secret agent and in 1928 settled in Cap Ferrat in France...
“ "Razor's Edge" 1984 - UK ” - angelikafauve
“ "Howards End" (1910): "Dear Helen it is not what we expected. It's old, little but marvelous - all in red brick..." - UK ” - angelikafauve
Nikos Kazantzakis
Nikos Kazantzakis was born in Heraklion, Crete (Greece). He studied Law in Athens and in Paris, but soon he studied philosophy and literature. He travelled almost everywhere; he learnt many foreign languages and left his scientific research for Nitsche. At philosophy: "Ascetics" (Salvatores Dei, 1927)...
“ "Zorba" ” - angelikafauve
Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Hemingway was an American writer who won the Pulitzer Prize (1953) and the Nobel Prize in Literature (1954) for his novel The Old Man and the Sea, which was made into a 1958 film The Old Man and the Sea. He was born into the hands of his physician father. He was the second of six children of Dr. Clarence Hemingway and Grace Hemingway (the daughter of English immigrants)...
“ "For whom the Bell Tolls" 1943, "To have or have not" 1944, "A Farewell to Arms" 1957, "The Old man and the Sea" 1958 - Illinois US (1899-1961) Idaho, US ” - angelikafauve
“ Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf - US ” - angelikafauve
Harold Pinter
Writer, Sleuth
Harold Pinter, the 2005 Nobel Laureate for Literature, was born October 10, 1930, in London's working-class Hackney district to Hyman and Frances Pinter, Eastern European Jews who had immigrated to the United Kingdom from Portugal. Hyman (known as "Jack") was a tailor specializing in women's clothing and Frances was a homemaker...
“ "The Servant" - UK ” - angelikafauve
Paul Bowles
Composer and author, educated at the University of Virginia, he studied with Aaron Copland and Virgil Thomson, and received Guggenheim and Rockefeller grants. Paul Bowles joined ASCAP in 1945, and he researched folk music in Spain, North Africa, the Antilles, and South and Central America. He lived 52 years in Tangier...
“ "Sheltering Sky" 1990, by B. Bertolucci - UK ” - angelikafauve
“ UK ” - angelikafauve
Virginia Woolf
Writer, Orlando
London-born Virginia Woolf came from a wealthy family and, unlike her brothers, received her education at home, an unusual step for the times. Her parents had both had children from previous marriages, so she grew up with a variety of siblings, stepbrothers and stepsisters. Her father was a well-respected editor and author and the former son-in-law of William Makepeace Thackeray...
“ Hours - US ” - angelikafauve
“ UK ” - angelikafauve
Henry James
Henry James was born 15 April 1843, to a wealthy family. He was born in New York, New York USA. His parents were Henry James Sr. and Mary Robertson Walsh; He had one brother William James (January 11 1842-August 26 1910) and one sister Alice James. When Henry James was a young boy he would enjoy reading the classics of English...
“ UK ” - angelikafauve
Daphne Du Maurier
Writer, The Birds
Daphne Du Maurier was one of the most popular English writers of the 20th Century, when middle-brow genre fiction was accorded a higher level of respect in a more broadly literate age. For her services to literature, she was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1969, the female equivalent of a knighthood...
“ "Rebecca" - UK ” - angelikafauve
Agatha Christie
Agatha was born as "Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller" in 1890 to Frederick Alvah Miller and Clara Boehmer. Agatha was of American and British descent, her father being American and her mother British. Her father was a relatively affluent stockbroker. Agatha received home education from early childhood to when she turned 12-years-old in 1902...
“ Death on the Nile 1978, Ten Little Indians 1965, Witness for the Procecusion 1957 #85, by Billy Wilder - Uk ” - angelikafauve
Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill, the winner of four Pulitzer Prizes for Drama and the 1936 Nobel Prize for Literature, is widely considered the greatest American playwright. No one, not Maxwell Anderson, Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller, nor Edward Albee, approaches O'Neill in terms of his artistic achievement or his impact on the American theater...
“ "A long day's journey into the night" - US ” - angelikafauve
“ AU ” - angelikafauve
Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann was probably Germany's most influential author of the 20th century, receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1929. Born on 6 June 1875 in Lübeck, his family moved to Munich in 1893, where he lived until 1933 and wrote some of his most successful novels like "Buddenbrocks" (1901), "Death in Venice" (1912) or "The Magic Mountain" (1924)...
“ "Death in Venice" by L. Visconti - DE ” - angelikafauve
Peter Shaffer
Writer, Amadeus
Educated St Paul's School & Trinity College, Cambridge. Worked in Aquisitions Dept. of New York Public Library and for music publisher Boosey & Hawkes before finding fame as playwright.
“ UK ” - angelikafauve
“ "Jean de Florette", "Manon des Sources" - FR ” - angelikafauve
“ Z - GR ” - angelikafauve
Leon Trotsky
Communist leader. He was chief theorist, a leader in both the 1905 and 1917 Russian Revolutions alongside V.I. Lenin. As commissar for foreign affairs, Trotsky arranged the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany. He next became head of the Red Army, killing over a million of White Army officers and Cossacks...
“ War & Piece, Anna Karenina - RUS ” - angelikafauve
“ Patricia Highsmith (1921–1995) - "The Talented Mr Ripley" ” - angelikafauve
Pearl S. Buck
Writer, Guide
Daughter of Christian missionaries, Pearl Buck was reared and educated in China. She received her university education in America but returned to China in the mid-1910s. She became a university instructor and writer, eventually authoring novels about China, some of which were turned into Hollywood films...
“ "Belami" - FR ” - angelikafauve
Charlotte Brontë
Writer, Jane Eyre
Charlotte was born 1816, the third of the six children of Patrick Brontë, an Anglican clergyman, and his wife Maria Branwell Brontë. After their mother's death in 1821, Charlotte and her sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, were sent to Cowan Bridge Clergy Daughters' School, which Charlotte would later immortalize as the brutal Lowood school in "Jane Eyre"...
“ "Jane Eyre" - UK ” - angelikafauve
Marcel Proust
Marcel Proust was a French intellectual, author and critic, best known for his seven-volume fiction 'In search of Lost Time'. He coined the term "involuntary memory", which became also known as "Proust effect" in modern psychology. He was born Valentin Louis Georges Eugéne Marcel Proust, on July 10...
“ "D' a côté de chez Swan", "Time Regained" 1999 - FR ” - angelikafauve
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a Russian writer who was imprisoned for his criticism of the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, and later exposed Stalin's prison system in his novels and spent 20 years in exile. He was born Aleksandr Isaakovich Solzhenitsyn on December 11, 1918, in Kislovodsk, Southern Russia...
“ "A day in the life of Ivan Denisovitch" - RUS ” - angelikafauve
Boris Pasternak
Boris Pasternak was born in Moscow on February 10, 1890 into an artistic family of Russian-Jewish heritage. His father was an acclaimed artist named Leonid Pasternak, who converted to Christianity, and his mother was a renown concert pianist named Rosa Kaufman. Their home was open to family friends such as composers Sergei Rachmaninoff and Alexander Scriabin as well as writers Rilke and Leo Tolstoy...
“ "Doctor Zhivago" - RUS ” - angelikafauve
Jean-Paul Sartre
Jean-Paul Charles-Aymard Sartre was born on June 21, 1905, in Paris, France. His father, Jean-Baptiste Sartre, was an officer in the French Navy. His mother, Anne-Marie Schweitzer, was the cousin of Nobel Prize laureate Dr. Albert Schweitzer. Sartre was one year old when his father died. He was raised in Meudon...
“ "La Nausée" - FR ” - angelikafauve
“ "Thomas Becket" with Richard Burton as Archibishop of Canterburry, "Jeanne d' Arc" - FR ” - angelikafauve
William Faulkner
William Faulkner, one of the 20th century's most gifted novelists, wrote for the movies in part because he could not make enough money from his novels and short stories to support his growing number of dependants. The author of such acclaimed novels as "The Sound and the Fury" and "Absalom, Absalom!"...
“ "As I lay Dying" 2013 - New Albany, Mississippi, US ” - angelikafauve
“ "Camille Claudel" 1988 FR ” - angelikafauve
Bernard Malamud
Writer, The Natural
Celebrated writer Bernard Malamud was born in Brooklyn, NY, in 1914. He was educated at the City College of New York (CCNY) and New York's Columbia University, from which he graduated with an M.A. in 1942. After graduation he was a high-school English teacher for most of the rest of the decade and then was offered a job as a Professor of English at Oregon State College, which he accepted...
“ The Natural 1984 - An average baseball player becomes a legend in that game, The Model 1994, Short - Brooklyn, New York US ” - angelikafauve
“ The Odd Couple 1968 (play), Barefoot in the Park 1967 (play) - US ” - angelikafauve