Festival de Cannes Official Selection 1946-2015 In Competition - Filmmakers (almost all and even some that should not be)

HUILES DE PALME
• April 13, 2015 - a month before Cannes Festival opening, I make this a private list to a public list, despite the lack of a detailed introduction text (more than necessary). It's a work in progress without the essential: the filmography in description with all the complementary info collected.

◦ To make a long story short, keep on mind this:
according to Cannes' website (start/base for searches done here), and made in IMDb's spirit/style (for specifications and the way to written them, plus mine own way to do).

◦ It's the reason why some people mentioned should not be, but are. It's a deliberate choice and, I think, the best way to correct errors and to find more easily whom filmmakers are really omitted.

◦ To find more quickly something you looking for, remember the link Export this list at the bottom of the page (.csv file*) and the Ctrl+F, or equivalent, of your browser can be useful. RSS also with certain configurations.
*if your spreadsheet displays unexpected characters, used a .txt / text logiciel (for example, the one called in French, "Bloc-notes") to open it with. Then select the entire text, copy and paste after clicking the cell of your choice, all should be clean. If you know basic functions this is not hard to extract, but, even if you don't, to make a search on that unique column is a quick way to find something on the entire of a list (including in descriptions).

• April 15. (IMDb's server time) Thursday 16, here. Il est cinq heures, Paris s'éveille … Je n'ai pas sommeil. Filmography added to description of 48 filmmakers (1st Festival 1946). Let's call this a teaser. An illustration by the example. A bit more explanations very soon.

D DAY
• April 16. 11:00 AM CET. Press conference of Thierry Frémaux and Pierre Lescure.

> External links: http://www.festival-cannes.com ^ (Cannes' website, in several languages, but not for all entries or pages) and http://www.festival-cannes.com/fr/archives/2000/inCompetition.html ^ (contain the data I've compiled for year 2000 Festival).
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1.
“ .
____/ 4x :
1946| IL BANDITO (LE BANDIT)
1947| IL DELITTO DI GIOVANNI EPISCOPO (LE CRIME DE GIOVANNI EPISCOPO)
1952| IL CAPPOTTO (LE MANTEAU)
1957| GUENDALINA
. ” - bru-no
 
2.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| KAMENNYJ CVETOK (LA FLEUR DE PIERRE)
. ” - bru-no
 
3.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| UN GIORNO NELLA VITA (UN JOUR DANS LA VIE)
. ” - bru-no
 
4.
“ .
____/ 5x :
1946| IRIS OCH LÖJTNANTSHJÂRTA (L'ÉPREUVE)
1951| FRÖKEN JULIE (MADEMOISELLE JULIE)
1953| BARABAS
1961| DOMAREN (LE JUGE)
1966| ON (L'ÎLE)
. ” - bru-no
 
5.
Alfred Hitchcock
Actor, Psycho
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and Eileen Hitchcock (born 1892)...
“ .
____/ 3x :
1946| NOTORIOUS (LES ENCHAÎNÉS)
1953| I CONFESS (LA LOI DU SILENCE)
1956| THE MAN WHO KNEW TOO MUCH (L'HOMME QUI EN SAVAIT TROP)
. ” - bru-no
 
6.
Anders Henrikson
Anders Henrikson born on June 13, 1896 in Stockholm, Sweden, was an actor, director and writer. He dropped out of high school to become an actor. In 1914 he first studied piano at the Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm. The year after he was accepted at the acting school of Royal Dramatic Theatre (RDT)...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| BLOD OCH ELD (SANG ET FEU)
. ” - bru-no
 
7.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| TRES DIAS SEM DEUS (TROIS JOURS SANS DIEU)
. ” - bru-no
 
8.
Basil Dearden
Director, Dead of Night
A former stage director, Basil Dearden entered films as an assistant to director Basil Dean (he changed his name from Dear to avoid being confused with Dean). Dearden worked his way up the ladder and directed (with Will Hay) his first film in 1941; two years later he directed his first film on his own...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| THE CAPTIVE HEART (J'ÉTAIS UN PRISONNIER)
. ” - bru-no
 
9.
Bernard Knowles
Cinematographer, The 39 Steps
British director Bernard Knowles started his career as a newspaper photographer, and in the 1920s journeyed to the US and worked as a photographer for the Detroit News. Upon his return to England in 1922 he was hired by Gainsborough Pictures as an assistant cameraman, and it didn't take long for him to become a full-fledged Director of Photography...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| THE MAGIC BOW
. ” - bru-no
 
10.
Billy Wilder
Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929, and wrote scripts for many German films until Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| THE LOST WEEK-END (LE POISON)
. ” - bru-no
 
11.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| DE RØDE ENGE (LA TERRE SERA ROUGE) [Directors: Bodil Ipsen, Lau Lauritzen]
. ” - bru-no
 
12.
Charles Vidor
Director, Gilda
Hungarian-born Karoly Vidor spent the First World War as a lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian infantry. Following the armistice, he made his way to Berlin and worked for the German film company Ufa, as editor and assistant director. In 1924, he emigrated to the U.S. and, for several years, earned his living as a singer in Broadway choruses and (at one time) with a Wagnerian troupe...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| GILDA
. ” - bru-no
 
13.
Chetan Anand
Director, Kudrat
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| NEECHA NAGAR (LA VILLE BASSE)
. ” - bru-no
 
14.
“ .
____/ 2x :
1946| LE REVENANT
1952| FANFAN LA TULIPE
. ” - bru-no
 
15.
“ .
____/ 2x :
1946| MAKE MINE MUSIC (LA BOÎTE À MUSIQUE) [Directors: Robert Cormack (as Bob Cormack), Clyde Geronimi, Jack Kinney, Hamilton Luske, Joshua Meador (as Josh Meador)]
1953| PETER PAN (LES AVENTURES DE PETER PAN) Réalisé par Clyde GERONIMI, Wilfred JACKSON, Hamilton LUSKE [Directors: Clyde Geronimi, Wilfred Jackson, Hamilton Luske, Jack Kinney (uncredited)]
. ” - bru-no
 
16.
Compton Bennett
Compton Bennett started out as a bandleader and then became a commercial artist. He turned out a few amateur films that caught the attention of producer Alexander Korda's London Films, and they hired him in 1932 as a film editor. During World War II he directed a few instructional films for the British military and some propaganda shorts for the general public...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| THE SEVENTH VEIL (LE SEPTIÈME VOILE)
. ” - bru-no
 
17.
David Lean
David Lean was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, best remembered for big-screen epics such as The Bridge on the River Kwai, Lawrence of Arabia and Doctor Zhivago. He is also known for the Dickens adaptations of Great Expectations and Oliver Twist, as well as the romantic drama Brief Encounter...
“ .
____/ 3x :
1946| BRIEF ENCOUNTER (BRÈVE RENCONTRE)
1949| THE PASSIONATE FRIENDS (LES AMANTS PASSIONNÉS)
1966| DOCTOR ZHIVAGO (LE DOCTEUR JIVAGO)
. ” - bru-no
 
18.
Emilio Fernández
Emilio "El Indio" Fernández Romo, who was born on March 26, 1904, in the state of Coahuila, Mexico, is the most famous person in the history of Mexican movies. For an era he symbolized Mexico due to his violent machismo, rooted in the Revolution of 1910-17, and because of his staunch commitment to Mexican cultural nationalism...
“ .
____/ 3x :
1946| MARIA CANDELARIA
1949| PUEBLERINA (LA VILLAGEOISE)
1953| LA RED (LE FILET)
. ” - bru-no
 
19.
Frantisek Cáp
Director, Vesna
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| MUZI BEZ KIDEL (LES HOMMES SANS AILES)
. ” - bru-no
 
20.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| VELIKIY PERELOM (LE TOURNANT DÉCISIF)
. ” - bru-no
 
21.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| CAESAR AND CLEOPATRA (CÉSAR ET CLÉOPÂTRE)
. ” - bru-no
 
22.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| GASLIGHT (HANTISE)
. ” - bru-no
 
23.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| AMANTI IN FUGA (AMANTS EN FUITE)
. ” - bru-no
 
24.
H. Bruce Humberstone
Director, Wonder Man
A juvenile actor, Bruce Humberstone started his career as a script clerk, later serving as assistant director for the likes of King Vidor, Edmund Goulding and Allan Dwan. One of the 28 founders of the Directors Guild of America, Humberstone worked in a number of capacities on several silent films...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| WONDER MAN (LE JOYEUX PHÉNOMÈNE)
. ” - bru-no
 
25.
“ .
____/ 2x :
1946| MAKE MINE MUSIC (LA BOÎTE À MUSIQUE) [Directors: Robert Cormack (as Bob Cormack), Clyde Geronimi, Jack Kinney, Hamilton Luske, Joshua Meador (as Josh Meador)]
1953| PETER PAN (LES AVENTURES DE PETER PAN) Réalisé par Clyde GERONIMI, Wilfred JACKSON, Hamilton LUSKE [Directors: Clyde Geronimi, Wilfred Jackson, Hamilton Luske, Jack Kinney (uncredited)]
. ” - bru-no
 
26.
Irving Rapper
Director, Now, Voyager
Irving Rapper was one of the last surviving directors from the Golden Age of Hollywood, passing away on Dec. 20, 1999, at the age of 101, four weeks shy of his 102nd birthday. Rapper is best remembered for the films he made with Bette Davis, including the classics Now, Voyager and The Corn Is Green...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| RHAPSODY IN BLUE
. ” - bru-no
 
27.
“ .
____/ 3x :
1946| MAKE MINE MUSIC (LA BOÎTE À MUSIQUE) [Directors: Robert Cormack (as Bob Cormack), Clyde Geronimi, Jack Kinney, Hamilton Luske, Joshua Meador (as Josh Meador)]
1947| DUMBO (DUMBO, L'ÉLÉPHANT VOLANT) Réalisé par Ben SHARPSTEEN, Walt DISNEY [Directors: Samuel Armstrong (as Sam Armstrong), Norman Ferguson, Wilfred Jackson, Jack Kinney, Bill Roberts (sequence director)*, Ben Sharpsteen (supervising director), John Elliotte (uncredited)] {(sequence director)* for the first five; Walt Disney not listed [imdb= producer (uncredited) & presenter]}
1953| PETER PAN (LES AVENTURES DE PETER PAN) Réalisé par Clyde GERONIMI, Wilfred JACKSON, Hamilton LUSKE [Directors: Clyde Geronimi, Wilfred Jackson, Hamilton Luske, Jack Kinney (uncredited)]
. ” - bru-no
 
28.
Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau was one of the most multi-talented artists of the 20th century. In addition to being a director, he was a poet, novelist, painter, playwright, set designer, and actor. He began writing at 10 and was a published poet by age 16. He collaborated with the "Russian Ballet" company of Sergei Diaghilev...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| LA BELLE ET LA BÊTE Réalisé par Jean COCTEAU [Directors: Jean Cocteau, René Clément (uncredited)] _/imdb/trivia/`During the shooting of the film, Jean Cocteau became very ill and eventually had to be hospitalized. While he was recovering, René Clément served as the director.`
. ” - bru-no
 
29.
Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy began his film career in the 1920s as an actor. By the 1930s he had switched careers and become an editor, then a short-subjects director. By the mid-'30s he was a full-fledged director, and soon garnered a reputation as a sensitive, understated craftsman with a thorough command of the medium...
“ .
____/ 3x :
1946| LA SYMPHONIE PASTORALE
1947| LES JEUX SONT FAITS
1956| MARIE ANTOINETTE REINE DE FRANCE
. ” - bru-no
 
30.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| BREVET FRA AFDØDE (LA LETTRE)
. ” - bru-no
 
31.
John Cromwell
Actor / director John Cromwell was born December 23, 1887, in Toledo, OH. He made his Broadway debut on October 14, 1912, in Marian De Forest's adaptation of Louisa May Alcott's "Little Women" at the Playhouse Theatre. The show was a hit, running for a total of 184 performances. Cromwell appeared in another 38 plays on Broadway between February 24...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| ANNA AND THE KING OF SIAM (ANNA ET LE ROI DE SIAM)
. ” - bru-no
 
32.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| CAMOENS
. ” - bru-no
 
33.
Joshua Meador
Visual Effects, Fantasia
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| MAKE MINE MUSIC (LA BOÎTE À MUSIQUE) [Directors: Robert Cormack (as Bob Cormack), Clyde Geronimi, Jack Kinney, Hamilton Luske, Joshua Meador (as Josh Meador)]
. ” - bru-no
 
34.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| DE RØDE ENGE (LA TERRE SERA ROUGE) [Directors: Bodil Ipsen, Lau Lauritzen]
. ” - bru-no
 
35.
“ .
____/ 3x :
1946| DIE LETZTE CHANCE (LA DERNIÈRE CHANCE)
1951| DIE VIER IM JEEP (QUATRE DANS UNE JEEP ) Réalisé par Léopold LINDTBERG [Directors: Leopold Lindtberg, Elizabeth Montagu]
1953| SIE FANDEN EINE HEIMAT (NOTRE VILLAGE)
. ” - bru-no
 
36.
“ .
____/ 3x :
1946| GLINKA
1946| ZOYA (ZOIA)
1955| ROMEI I DZHULYETTA (ROMEO ET JULIETTE) [Directors: Lev Arnshtam (as L. Armstram), Leonid Lavrovsky (as L. Lavrovsky)]
. ” - bru-no
 
37.
“ .
____/ 2x :
1946| PATRIE
1958| CIULINII BARAGANULUI (LES CHARDONS DU BARAGAN) Réalisé par Louis DAQUIN [Directors: Louis Daquin, Gheorghe Vitanidis]
. ” - bru-no
 
38.
Mario Soldati
Mario Soldati studied by the Jesuits and in the 1920s was acquainted with liberal intellectuals who gathered around Piero Gobetti. He wrote his first play ("Pilatus") when he was 18, and published hist first short story collection ("Salmace") in 1929. In 1935 he reached literary success with "America primo amore" (America First Love)...
“ .
____/ 3x :
1946| LE MISERIE DEL SIGNOR TRAVET (LES ENNUIS DE MONSIEUR TRAVET)
1953| LA PROVINCIALE (UNE MARCHANDE D'AMOUR)
1959| POLICARPO UFFICIALE DI SCRITTURA (POLYCARPE MAÎTRE CALLIGRAPHE)
. ” - bru-no
 
39.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| LOS TRES MOSQUETEROS (LES TROIS MOUSQUETAIRES)
. ” - bru-no
 
40.
Mikhail Romm
Mikhail Romm was born in 1901, into a Russian-Jewish family, in the Siberian city of Irkutsk, Russia. He served in the Red Army in 1918-21 as an Inspector of the Special Forces for Food Supplies. He was in charge of confiscations of bread and food from the wealthier farmers (kulaks) in Central Russia...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| CHELOVEK NO. 217 (MATRICULE 217)
. ” - bru-no
 
41.
Mohammed Karim
Director, Dunia
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| DUNIA
. ” - bru-no
 
42.
Noël-Noël
Writer, The Chorus
Warmly popular French character player and screenwriter in his heyday, Noel-Noel was born Lucien Noel and developed his celebrity in music halls and the cabaret venue, where he created his Ademai comic character, a blundering French soldier. He eventually took this character successfully to film in...
“ .
____/ 1x -1n = 0x :
1946| LE PÈRE TRANQUILLE Réalisé par René CLEMENT [Directors: René Clément, Noël-Noël (uncredited)]
. ” - bru-no
 
43.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| NEZBEDNY BAKALAR (LE BACHELIER MALICIEUX)
. ” - bru-no
 
44.
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| FLOAREA REGINEI (IMMORTELLE DES NEIGES)
. ” - bru-no
 
45.
René Clément
Director, Forbidden Games
René Clément was one of the leading French directors of the post-World War II era. He directed what are regarded as some of the greatest films of the time, such as The Battle of the Rails, Forbidden Games and The Day and the Hour. He was later almost forgotten as a director. He was back in public attention briefly when his epic Is Paris Burning? (with an all-star cast of famous actors) was released in 1966...
“ .
____/ 7x -1n = 6x :
1946| LA BATAILLE DU RAIL
1946| LE PÈRE TRANQUILLE Réalisé par René CLEMENT [Directors: René Clément, Noël-Noël (uncredited)]
1946| LA BELLE ET LA BÊTE Réalisé par Jean COCTEAU [Directors: Jean Cocteau, René Clément (uncredited)] _/imdb/trivia/`During the shooting of the film, Jean Cocteau became very ill and eventually had to be hospitalized. While he was recovering, René Clément served as the director.`
1947| LES MAUDITS
1949| LE MURA DI MALAPAGA (AU-DELÀ DES GRILLES)
1954| KNAVE OF HEARTS (MONSIEUR RIPOIS)
1961| CHE GIOIA VIVERE (QUELLE JOIE DE VIVRE)
. ” - bru-no
 
46.
Robert Cormack
Art Director, Bambi
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| MAKE MINE MUSIC (LA BOÎTE À MUSIQUE) [Directors: Robert Cormack (as Bob Cormack), Clyde Geronimi, Jack Kinney, Hamilton Luske, Joshua Meador (as Josh Meador)]
. ” - bru-no
 
47.
Roberto Rossellini
The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American directors, including Martin Scorsese...
“ .
____/ 1x :
1946| ROMA CITTA APERTA (ROME VILLE OUVERTE)
. ” - bru-no
 
48.
Sergei Yutkevich
Director, Othello
He has made been famous in the young soviet cinema by his films about Lenin (Lenin v Polshe and others). He had a great international acclaim by his version of Othello and engaged to the Soviet cinema two French stars: Marina Vlady for Lika in Syuzhet dlya nebolshogo rasskaza and Claude Jade for Inessa in _Lenin v Parizhe (1980)_.
“ .
____/ 4x :
1946| ZDRAVSTVUJ, MOSKVA ! (SALUT MOSCOU)
1954| VELIKIJ VOIN ALBANII SKANDERBEG
1956| OTHELLO
1966| LENIN V POLCHE (LENINE EN POLOGNE)
. ” - bru-no
 
49.
Alfred E. Green
Director, The Millionaire
One of the more prolific American directors, Alfred E. Green entered films in 1912 as an actor for the Selig Polyscope Co. He became an assistant to director Colin Campbell and started directing two-reelers, turning to features in 1917. His career lasted into the mid-1950s but his output was mostly routine...
 
50.
Anthony Kimmins
Writer, Keep Fit
British writer/director Anthony Kimmins was a naval officer in World War I, and after the war became a film actor and playwright. He wrote and directed several films for British comedian George Formby in the 1930s, but with the outbreak of World War II Kimmins rejoined the Royal Navy and spent the duration in the service...
 
52.
Arthur Ripley
Arthur Ripley started his movie career as an apprentice at Kalem Pictures and then worked for several studios, including Vitagraph and Metro. By early 1920s he had become a gag writer for Mack Sennett. In 1923 Sennett signed vaudeville comic Harry Langdon and gave his writers the job of developing something for Langdon's character...
 
54.
 
55.
Bill Roberts
Director, Dumbo
 
57.
 
58.
Curtis Bernhardt
Director, Possessed
If Curtis Bernhardt is a relative unknown, it's because he didn't direct his first Hollywood feature until 1940 at the age of 41. Bernhardt worked for years in Germany until his Jewish heritage made living there impossible by 1933-- he was arrested by the Gestapo and made a harrowing underground escape to France...
 
59.
Edward Dmytryk
Edward Dmytryk grew up in San Francisco, the son of Ukrainian immigrants. After his mother died when he was 6, his strict disciplinarian father beat the boy frequently, and the child began running away while in his early teens. Eventually, juvenile authorities allowed him to live alone at the age of 15 and helped him find part-time work as a film studio messenger...
 
60.
Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan, known for his creative stage direction, was born "Elia Kazanjoglous" in Istanbul in 1909 to Greek parents. He directed such Broadway plays as "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof". He directed the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire and also films written for the screen...
 
61.
 
62.
Henri Decoin
Partly due to the uneven quality of his work,Henri Decoin remained an overlooked director.Born in 1890,he was a sports correspondent ,a novelist ,Gallone's assistant ,and a screenwriter, As a director ,some of his Films Noirs are simply stellar and deserve to be mentioned in the same breath as those of Clouzot and Duvivier ...
 
63.
Ingmar Bergman
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions is the trilogy closed. Here, as in 'Den Goda Viljan' Pernilla August play his mother...
 
64.
Jacques Becker
Writer, Le Trou
His interest in films was stimulated by a meeting with King Vidor, who offered him employment in the US as actor and assistant director. However, he remained in France and became assistant to Jean Renoir, a friend of the family, during that director's peak period (1932-39). In 1934 he ventured briefly into independent production...
 
67.
Lemuel Ayers
Art Director, Ziegfeld Follies
Lemuel Ayers (1915-1955), a New Yorker, studied at Princeton University and the University of Iowa before being chosen, at the age of 29, by Leonard Sillman to design the sets for the 1939 Broadway revivals of "Journey's End" and "They Knew What They Wanted". Major recognition came with his costume designs for the Maurice Evans - Judith Anderson "Macbeth" in 1941...
 
68.
Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone, a clothing manufacturer's son, was born in Bessarabia (now Moldova), raised in Odessa (Ukraine) and educated in Belgium and Berlin (where he studied engineering). He was fluent in both German and Russian and an avid reader. Milestone had an affinity for the theatre from an early age...
 
69.
 
71.
Márton Keleti
He learnt directing from Pál Fejös, and László Vajda as an assistant director. In 1937 he made his first film followed by 2 other films in the same year, (A harapós férj, a Viki and Torockói menyasszony). Between 1939 and 1944 he couldn't make films because he was Jewish. After the 2nd WW, he made the first Hungarian film (A tanítónö)...
 
72.
 
73.
 
75.
Robert Lewis
Robert Lewis was one of the original members of the Group Theatre in the 1930s and co-founder of the Actors Studio in 1947. He was active as a character actor in Hollywood for only a brief period, under contract first to Fox Studios and then MGM. Though he went on to appear in and direct Hollywood musicals...
 
76.
Roy Del Ruth
Director, Topper Returns
Roy Del Ruth was born on Oct. 18, 1895 in Philadelphia, PA, Del Ruth began his Hollywood career during the silent era as a writer for Mack Sennett in 1915.He began directing in 1919 for Sennett with his first short film Hungry Lions. In the early 1920s, he moved over to features with such early efforts as "Asleep at the Switch" (1923)...
 
77.
Sam Wood
After a two-year apprenticeship under Cecil B. DeMille as assistant director, Samuel Grosvenor Wood had the good fortune to have assigned to him two of the biggest stars at Paramount during their heyday: Wallace Reid, between 1919 and 1920; and Gloria Swanson, from 1921 to 1923. By the time his seven-year contract with Paramount expired...
 
78.
 
80.
Vincente Minnelli
Director, Gigi
Born Lester Anthony Minnelli in Chicago on February 28 1903, his father Vincent was a musical conductor of the Minnelli Brothers' Tent Theater. Wanting to pursue an artistic career, Minelli worked in the costume department of the Chicago Theater, then on Broadway during the depression as a set designer and costumer...
 
81.
Walt Disney
Walter Elias Disney was born on December 5, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Flora Disney (née Call) and Elias Disney, a Canadian-born farmer and businessperson. He had Irish, German, and English ancestry. Walt moved with his parents to Kansas City at age seven, where he spent the majority of his childhood...
 
84.
André Cayatte
André Cayatte (b.1909)has remained an overlooked director ,despised by the would be connoisseurs of the French cinema, whose legacy has been only partially restored to favor by non Nouvelle Vague buffs ,particularly the Imdb users who often gave his movies a 7+ rating.It' s about time to reassess his work. Formerly a lawyer and a journalist ,then a screenwriter, he became a director in 1942...
 
85.
Carol Reed
Director, The Third Man
Carol Reed was the second son of stage actor, dramatics teacher and impresario founder of the Royal School of Dramatic Arts Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree. Reed was one of Tree's six illegitimate children with Beatrice Mae Pinney, who Tree established in a second household apart from his married life. There were no social scars here; Reed grew up in a well-mannered...
 
87.
 
88.
Fred Zinnemann
Director, High Noon
Initially grew up wanting to be a violinist, but while at the University of Vienna decided to study law. While doing so, he became increasingly interested in American film and decided that was what he wanted to do. He became involved in European filmaking for a short time before going to America to study film.
 
92.
 
94.
Henri-Georges Clouzot
Writer, Diabolique
Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to international fame with The Wages of Fear and consolidated that success with Diabolique...
 
96.
Jean Dréville
The great neglected independent film-maker Jean Dreville had no formal education - he was educated privately at home. He showed an early interest in photography and art and his first jobs were as photographer, poster designer and draftsman. His break into films came in 1928 when he made his first short films...
 
99.
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFA's American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount productions in Hollywood...