Most Influential Directors in Film History and Their Masterpieces.

Each director is ranked according to how many critically acclaimed masterpieces they have directed, this corresponds to the first number given. The second number given is how many minor masterpieces they directed.
Masterpieces are deduced by averaging IMDB and RT scores together with regards to the audience and critics both. The metascore and audience score on IMDB and the tomatometer and audience scores on RottenTomatoes will be used. All scores are to be weighed equal on a scale of 100. Masterpieces are movies with a score of 80+. Minor masterpieces are 70-79.75.
All masterpieces by the particular director will be mentioned. The noteworthy films are 75-79.75.
View:
Log in to copy items to your own lists.
1.
Ingmar Bergman
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July fourteenth, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions is the trilogy closed. Here...
“ 24-7. Fanny and Alexander, Wild Strawberries, Through A Glass Darkly, Scenes From A Marriage, The Seventh Seal, Persona, Autumn Sonata, The Virgin Spring, Smiles of A Summer Night, The Magician, Sawdust and Tinsel, The Passion of Anna, The Silence, Cries and Whispers, Summer With Monika, The Magic Flute, Summer Interlude, Winter Light, Hour of the Wolf, Saraband, A Lesson In Love, Secrets of Women, After The Rehearsal, Shame. Noteworthy: Face To Face, Brink of Life, The Rite, To Joy, In The Presence of a Clown. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
2.
Alfred Hitchcock
Director, Psycho
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and Eileen Hitchcock (born 1892)...
“ 23-11. Rear Window, North By Northwest, Psycho, Vertigo, Rebecca, Strangers On A Train, Shadow Of A Doubt, Rope, Notorious, The Lady Vanishes, The 39 Steps, Dial M For Murder, Lifeboat, The Birds, Suspicion, To Catch A Thief, Foreign Correspondent, The Man Who Knew Too Much, Spellbound, The Lodger, Sabotage, Frenzy, The Wrong Man. Noteworthy: The Trouble With Harry, Young and Innocent, I Confess. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
3.
William Wyler
Director, Ben-Hur
William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as...
“ 21-3. The Heiress, The Little Foxes, The Best Years Of Our Lives, The Big Country, How To Steal A Million Dollars, Counsellor At Law, Wuthering Heights, Roman Holiday, The Children's Hour, The Letter, Friendly Persuasion, Ben-Hur, The Collector, Funny Girl, The Westerner, Dead End, Dodsworth, Mrs. Miniver, Jezebel, The Good Fairy, These Three. Noteworthy: The Desperate Hours, Memphis Belle: A Story of A Flying Fortress. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
4.
Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray was born in Calcutta on May 2, 1921. His father, Sukumar Ray was an eminent poet and writer in the history of Bengali literature. In 1940, after receiving his degree in science and economics from Calcutta University, he attended Tagore's Viswa-Bharati University. His first movie Pather Panchali won several International Awards and set Ray as a world-class director...
“ 21-3. Days and Nights In The Forest, The World of Apu, The Music Room, The Stranger, Pather Panchali, The Middleman, The Adversary, Charulata, Aparajito, Teen Kanya, The Big City, Distant Thunder, The Home and the World, Nayak: The Hero, The Golden Fortress, Joe Baba Felunath, Kanchenjungha, The Chess Players, Kapurush: The Coward, Company Limited, The Expedition. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
5.
John Ford
Director, The Searchers
John Ford is, arguably, The Great American Director. When Orson Welles, who repeatedly screened Ford's Stagecoach as a crash course in filmmaking before helming his first film, Citizen Kane, was asked who his three favorite directors were, he answered, "John Ford, John Ford, and John Ford." Along with D.W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille...
“ 20-12. The Grapes of Wrath, The Searchers, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, Stagecoach, My Darling Clementine, Sergeant Rutledge, The Quiet Man, Young Mr. Lincoln, Fort Apache, Mister Roberts, The Long Gray Line, The Whole Town's Talking, How Green Was My Valley, She Wore A Yellow Ribbon, The Horse Soldiers, The Informer, How The West Was Won, The Last Hurrah, The Long Voyage Home, The Lost Patrol. Noteworthy: Wagon Master, They Were Expendable, The Iron Horse, 3 Godfathers, Steamboat Round The Bend, Four Sons. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
6.
Werner Herzog
Director, Grizzly Man
Director. Writer. Producer. Has studied history, literature and theatre, but hasn't finished it. Founded his own production company in 1963. Has staged several operas, besides others in Bayreuth, Germany, and at the Milan Scala in Italy. Herzog has won numerous national and international awards for his films.
“ 19-15. Lessons of Darkness, Stroszek, Aguirre Wrath of God, Little Dieter Needs To Fly, The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser, Grizzly Man, Fitzcarraldo, Nosferatu The Vampyre, The White Diamond, The Dark Glow of the Mountains, Land of Silence and Darkness, The Great Ecstasy of The Sculptor Steiner, Encounters At The End of the World, On Death Row, Wings of Hope, Even Dwarfs Started Small, Cave of Forgotten Dreams, My Best Fiend, God's Angry Man. Noteworthy: Echoes From A Somber Empire, Rescue Dawn, Into The Abyss, Happy People: A Year In The Taiga, Wheel of Time, Signs of Life, Ballad of the Little Soldier, Woyzeck, Heart of Glass, Herdsmen of the Sun. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
7.
Yasujirô Ozu
Director, Tokyo Story
Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theatre. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later, he was made an assistant director and directed his first film the next year...
“ 19-6. Tokyo Story, Late Spring, Record of a Tenement Gentleman, Tokyo Twilight, Early Summer, I was Born But, Late Autumn, Early Spring, Floating Weeds, An Autumn Afternoon, There Was A Father, Good Morning, Equinox Flower, An Inn In Tokyo, The Only Son, Flavor of Green Tea Over Rice, End of Summer, The Munekata Sisters, A Story of Floating Weeds. Noteworthy: Tokyo Chorus, A Hen In The Wind, The Brothers and Sisters of the Toda Family. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
8.
Fritz Lang
Director, M
He studied at the College of Technical Sciences of Vienna's Academy of Graphic Arts but unhappy with the career path chosen for him by his parents, he ran away to study art in Munich and Paris. He then spent many years travelling the world including Asia. In 1913, he returned to Paris to paint. When World War I began...
“ 18-11. M, Metropolis, The Big Heat, Fury, Scarlet Street, Spies, The Woman In The Window, Dr. Mabuse The Gambler, Testament of Dr. Mabuse, You Only Live Once, Siegfried's Death, Destiny, Liliom, Kriemhild's Revenge, Ministry of Fear, House By The River, Rancho Notorious, While The City Sleeps. Noteworthy: Man Hunt, You and Me, The Indian Tomb, The Tiger of Eschnapur, Clash By Night, The 1000 Eyes of Dr. Mabuse. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
9.
Luis Buñuel
The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the university there, where his close friends included Salvador Dalí and Federico García Lorca...
“ 18-6. Viridiana, The Criminal Life of Archibaldo De La Cruz, Los Olvidados, Simon of the Desert, The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie, The Exterminating Angel, El, Tristana, That Obscure Object of Desire, An Andalusian Dog, The Phantom of Liberty, Belle De Jour, The Young One, The Milky Way, Nazarin, L Age D'Or, Diary of a Chambermaid, Land Without Bread. Noteworthy: The Brute, Robinson Crusoe. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
10.
Martin Scorsese
Director, Goodfellas
Martin Charles Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, to Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) and Charles Scorsese, who both worked in Manhattan's garment district, and whose families both came from Palermo, Sicily. He was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later provided the inspiration for several of his films...
“ 17-11. A Personal Journey With Martin Scorsese Through American Movies, Goodfellas, Taxi Driver, Raging Bull, No Direction Home: Bob Dylan, The Last Waltz, My Voyage To Italy, The Departed, The King of Comedy, Mean Streets, After Hours, Public Speaking, George Harrison: Living In The Material World, Hugo, Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, Casino, The Last Temptation of Christ. Noteworthy: The Aviator, The Wolf of Wall Street, The Color of Money, Age of Innocence, Italianamerican, Shine A Light: Rolling Stones, Gangs of New York. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
11.
Akira Kurosawa
Writer, Yojimbo
After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata. Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater creative freedom...
“ 17-9. Seven Samurai, Ikiru, Rashomon, Yojimbo, Sanjuro, Ran, The Hidden Fortress, Throne of Blood, The Bad Sleep Well, High and Low, Drunken Angel, Stray Dog, Kagemusha, Red Beard, Dersu Uzala, No Regrets For Our Youth, Madadayo. Noteworthy: One Wonderful Sunday, The Lower Depths, Scandal, The Idiot. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
12.
Billy Wilder
Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929, and wrote scripts for many German films until Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933...
“ 16-6. Sunset Blvd, Witness For The Prosecution, Double Indemnity, Some Like It Hot, Stalag 17, The Apartment, The Lost Weekend, The Major and the Minor, One Two Three, Five Graves To Cairo, A Foreign Affair, The Fortune Cookie, Ace In The Hole, Sabrina, The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes, Love In The Afternoon. Noteworthy: Irma La Douce, Avanti, The Seven Year Itch, The Spirit of St. Louis. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
13.
Woody Allen
Writer, Annie Hall
Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...
“ 15-12. Annie Hall, Love and Death, Zelig, Manhattan, Hannah and Her Sisters, Husbands and Wives, Broadway Danny Rose, Crimes and Misdemeanors, Bullets Over Broadway, Sleeper, Midnight In Paris, Manhattan Murder Mystery, Radio Days, Purple Rose of Cairo, Blue Jasmine. Noteworthy: Take The Money And Run, Bananas, Interiors, Match Point, Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Sex But Were Afraid To Ask, Sweet and Lowdown. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
14.
Buster Keaton
When at six months of age he tumbled down a flight of stairs unharmed, he was given the name "Buster" by Harry Houdini who, along with W.C. Fields, Bill Robinson ("Bojangles"), Eddie Cantor and Al Jolson shared headlines with "The Three Keatons": Buster, his father Joe Keaton and mother Myra Keaton...
“ 15-10. Steamboat Bill Jr, Seven Chances, The Navigator, The General, Our Hospitality, Sherlock Jr, Go West, Three Ages. Masterpiece shorts: One Week, The Scarecrow, The High Sign, The Goat, Neighbors, Cops, The Play House. Noteworthy shorts: The Electric Horse, The Haunted House, The Love Nest, Hard Luck, The Boat. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
15.
Éric Rohmer
Admirers have always had difficulty explaining Éric Rohmer's "Je ne sais quoi." Part of the challenge stems from the fact that, despite his place in French Nouvelle Vague (i.e., New Wave), his work is unlike that of his colleagues. While this may be due to the auteur's unwillingness to conform, some have argued convincingly that...
“ 15-9. Four Adventures of Reinette and Mirabelle, My Night At Maud's, Pauline At The Beach, Chloe In The Afternoon, The Aviator's Wife, Summer, Claire's Knee, A Summer's Tale, Boyfriends and Girlfriends, Autumn Tale, Full Moon In Paris, A Good Marriage, La Collectionneuse, A Tale of Winter, The Tree The Mayor and the Mediatheque. Noteworthy: Perceval, A Tale of Springtime, The Bakery Girl of Monceau, The Sign of Leo, The Marquise of O, Six In Paris. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
16.
François Truffaut
François began to assiduously go to the movies at 7. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who becomes his protector. Bazin helped the delinquent Truffaut and also when he was put in jail because he deserted the army...
“ 15-7. The 400 Blows, Day For Night, Jules and Jim, Stolen Kisses, Small Change, Shoot The Piano Player, The Wild Child, Antoine et Colette, The Soft Skin, The Man Who Loved Women, The Woman Next Door, The Story of Adele H., The Last Metro, Confidentially Yours, Two English Girls. Noteworthy: Bed and Board, The Bride Wore Black, Mississippi Mermaid, Fahrenheit 451, Love At Twenty. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
17.
Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Above all, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was a rebel whose life and art was marked by gross contradiction. Openly homosexual, he married twice; one of his wives acted in his films and the other served as his editor. Accused variously by detractors of being anticommunist, male chauvinist, antiSemitic and even antigay...
“ 14-10. Berlin Alexanderplatz, Ali: Fear Eats The Soul, Mother Kusters Goes To Heaven, I Only Want You To Love Me, Lola, The Marriage of Maria Braun, World On A Wire, Fox and His Friends, Why Does Herr R. Run Amok, Martha, Katzelmacher, Fear of Fear, The Bitter Tears of Petra Von Kant, Veronika Voss. Noteworthy: Merchant of Four Seasons, Chinese Roulette, Whitty, Satan's Brew, Germany In Autumn, The Third Generation. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
18.
Charles Chaplin
Writer, Modern Times
Charles Chaplin was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the silent era. Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona "the Tramp" and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years...
“ 14-10. Modern Times, City Lights, The Kid, The Gold Rush, The Circus, The Great Dictator, Limelight, Monsieur Verdoux, The Chaplin Revue, The Immigrant, A Dog's Life, Easy Street, A Woman of Paris, Pay Day. Noteworthy: The Idle Class, The Water Cure, A King In New York. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
19.
Jean Renoir
Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he began to make movies; he wanted to make a star of her...
“ 14-5. The Grand Illusion, The Rules of the Game, A Day In The Country, Toni, Le Chienne, French Cancan, Boudu Saved From Drowning, The Elusive Corporal, The Crime of Monsieur Lange, La Bete Humaine, The Golden Coach, The Southerner, The River, The Lower Depths. Noteworthy: This Land Is Mine, La Marseillaise. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
20.
“ 14-4. The Philadelphia Story, Holiday, My Fair Lady, Adam's Rib, Gaslight, A Star Is Born, Born Yesterday, A Woman's Face, The Women, Dinner At Eight, Camille, It Should Happen To You, Little Women, Les Girls. Noteworthy: The Personal History of David Copperfield, Pat and Mike. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
21.
Howard Hawks
Director, The Big Sleep
What do the classic films Scarface, Twentieth Century, Bringing Up Baby, Only Angels Have Wings, His Girl Friday, Sergeant York, To Have and Have Not, The Big Sleep, Red River Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and Rio Bravo have in common? Aside from their displays of great craftsmanship, the answer is director Howard Hawks...
“ 13-11. Rio Bravo, To Have and Have Not, His Girl Friday, The Big Sleep, Ball of Fire, Bringing Up Baby, Scarface, El Dorado, Red River, Only Angels Have Wings, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Sergeant York, Twentieth Century. Noteworthy: The Big Sky, Air Force, The Road To Glory, The Dawn Patrol, Monkey Business, Come and Get It. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
22.
Jean-Luc Godard
Director, My Life to Live
Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of Switzerland and attended school in Nyons (Switzerland)...
“ 13-11. Vivre Sa Vie, Breathless, Band of Outsiders, Masculin Feminin, Contempt, Numero Deux, Une Femme Mariee, Pierrot Le Fou, La Chinoise, Week End, Le Petit Soldat, Alphaville, A Woman Is A Woman. Noteworthy: Two or Three Things I Know About Her, All The Boys Are Called Patrick, Ro.Go.Pa.G, Here and Elsewhere, Six In Paris. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
23.
Michael Curtiz
Director, Casablanca
Michael Curtiz was a Hungarian-born (as Mihaly Kertesz) American director who turned out some of the best-regarded films ever to come out of Hollywood. He received his diploma from the School for Dramatic Arts in Hungary in 1906. He then went to live in Pécs, then Szeged. He began acting in and then directing films in his native Hungary in 1912...
“ 13-10. Casablanca, The Adventures of Robin Hood, Angels With Dirty Faces, Captain Blood, The Sea Hawk, Mildred Pierce, Yankee Doodle Dandy, Four Daughters, King Creole, Dodge City, The Comancheros, Life With Father, White Christmas. Noteworthy: The Unsuspected, The Sea Wolf, The Breaking Point, We're No Angels, Mystery of the Wax Musuem. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
24.
Steven Spielberg
Undoubtedly one of the most influential film personalities in the history of film, Steven Spielberg is perhaps Hollywood's best known director and one of the wealthiest filmmakers in the world. Spielberg has countless big-grossing, critically acclaimed credits to his name, as producer, director and writer...
“ 13-9. Schindler's List, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Saving Private Ryan, Jaws, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, The Color Purple, E.T., Catch Me If You Can, Lincoln, Jurassic Park, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Duel, Minority Report. Noteworthy: Munich, Empire of the Sun, The Sugarland Express. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
25.
Federico Fellini
Writer,
The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the devil herself said the priests who ran his school)...
“ 13-9. Nights of Cabiria, La Strada, 8 1/2, La Dolce Vita, I Vitelloni, Amarcord, Il Bidone, The White Sheik, The Clowns, Juliet of the Spirits, Ginger and Fred, Orchestra Rehearsal, And The Ship Sails On. Noteworthy: Variety Lights, Boccaccio 70, Casanova, City of Women. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
26.
“ 13-1. Sharpe's Company, Sharpe's Sword, Sharpe's Battle, Sharpe's Honour, Sharpe's Regiment, Sharpe's Revenge, Sharpe's Eagle, Sharpe's Waterloo, Sharpe's Siege, Sharpe's Enemy, Sharpe's Mission, Sharpe's Rifles, Sharpe's Justice. Noteworthy: Sharpe's Gold. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
27.
Sidney Lumet
Director, 12 Angry Men
Sidney Lumet was a master of cinema, best known for his technical knowledge and his skill at getting first-rate performances from his actors -- and for shooting most of his films in his beloved New York. He made over 40 movies, often complex and emotional, but seldom overly sentimental. Although his politics were somewhat left-leaning and he often treated socially relevant themes in his films...
“ 12-6. 12 Angry Men, The Hill, Dog Day Afternoon, The Pawnbroker, Network, Fail-Safe, The Verdict, Serpico, Long Day's Journey Into Night, Prince of the City, Murder on the Orient Express, The Iceman Cometh. Noteworthy: Before The Devil Knows You're Dead, Running On Empty. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
28.
Louis Malle
Louis Malle, the descendant of a French nobleman who made a fortune in beet sugar during the Napoleonic Wars, created films that explored life and its meaning. Malle's family discouraged his early interest in film but, in 1950, allowed him to enter the Institute of Advanced Cinematographic Studies in Paris...
“ 12-5. Au Revoir Les Enfants, Elevator To The Gallows, Lacombe Lucien, Phantom India, The Fire Within, Murmur Of the Heart, My Dinner With Andre, The Lovers, Atlantic City, God's Country, May Fools, Vanya on 42nd Street. Noteworthy: And The Pursuit of Happiness, The Silent World, Zazie Dans Le Metro, Vive Le Tour. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
29.
Michael Powell
Director, The Red Shoes
The son of Thomas William Powell & Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the South of France (where his parents ran an hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury & Dulwich College he first worked at the National Provincial Bank from 1922 - 1925...
“ 12-5. The Red Shoes, A Matter Of Life And Death, Black Narcissus, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp, I Know Where I'm Going, Peeping Tom, The Thief of Bagdad, The Edge of the World, The Spy in Black, A Canterbury Tale, Gone To Earth, 49th Parallel. Noteworthy: Contraband, The Small Back Room, The Tales of Hoffmann. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
30.
William A. Wellman
Director, A Star Is Born
William Wellman, the Oscar-winning screenwriter-director of the original A Star Is Born, was called "Wild Bill" during his World War I service as an aviator, a nickname that persisted in Hollywood due to his larger-than-life personality and lifestyle. A leap-year baby born in 1896 on the 29th of February in Brookline...
“ 12-5. The Ox-Bow Incident, Beau Geste, The Public Enemy, Battleground, A Star Is Born, Wings, Wild Boys of the Road, Heroes For Sale, Nothing Sacred, Westward the Women, Good-bye My Lady, Beggars of Life. Noteworthy: Yellow Sky, Night Nurse. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
31.
Hayao Miyazaki
Director, Spirited Away
Hayao Miyazaki is one of Japan's greatest animation directors. The entertaining plots, compelling characters, and breathtaking animation in his films have earned him international renown from critics as well as public recognition within Japan. The Walt Disney Company's commitment to introduce the films...
“ 12-1. Spirited Away, My Neighbor Totoro, Kiki's Delivery Service, Castle In The Sky, Porco Rosso, Princess Mononoke, Lupin III: Castle of Cagliostro, Howl's Moving Castle, Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind, Ponyo, The Wind Rises, Sherlock Hound. Noteworthy short: On Your Mark. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
32.
John Huston
An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry included English...
“ 11-12. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, The Maltese Falcon, The African Queen, The Man Who Would Be King, Key Largo, The Asphalt Jungle, Fat City, The Misfits, The Dead, Heaven Knows Mr. Allison, Wise Blood. Noteworthy: Moulin Rouge, The Night of the Iguana, The Red Badge of Courage, Moby Dick, In This Our Life, Let There Be Light. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
33.
Ken Loach
Unlike virtually all his contemporaries, Ken Loach has never succumbed to the siren call of Hollywood, and it's virtually impossible to imagine his particular brand of British socialist realism translating well to that context. After studying law at St. Peter's College, Oxford, he branched out into the theater...
“ 11-10. Kes, Raining Stones, Cathy Come Home, Sweet Sixteen, Land and Freedom, The Navigators, The Wind That Shakes The Barley, My Name is Joe, Riff-Raff, Family Life, McLibel. Noteworthy: Carla's Song, The Angels' Share, Hidden Agenda, Ladybird Ladybird. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
34.
Frank Capra
One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you could ever be," Capra said about his Atlantic passage...
“ 11-8. It's A Wonderful Life, It Happened One Night, Mr. Smith Goes To Washington, You Can't Take It With You, Arsenic and Old Lace, Lost Horizon, Mr. Deeds Goes To Town, Lady For A Day, Meet John Doe, The Miracle Woman, American Madness. Noteworthy: The Bitter Tea of General Yen, Platinum Blonde, The Strong Man, State of the Union. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
35.
Kenji Mizoguchi
Director, Ugetsu
Coming from a lower class family Mizoguchi entered the production company Nikkatsu as an actor specialized in female roles. Later he became an assistant director and made his first film in 1922. Although he filmed almost 90 movies in the silent era, only his last 12 productions are really known outside of Japan because they were especially produced for Venice (e.g...
“ 11-8. Sansho The Bailiff, Ugetsu, The Story of the Last Chrysanthemums, Life of Oharu, A Geisha, The Crucified Lovers, Lady Musashino, Osaka Elegy, Street of Shame, Sisters of the Gion, The 47 Ronin. Noteworthy: Lady Oyu, Five Women Around Utamaro, Princess Yank Kwei Fei. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
36.
Anthony Mann
Director, El Cid
“ 11-6. Winchester 73, Raw Deal, The Man From Laramie, Bend of the River, Man of the West, The Naked Spur, The Far Country, T-Men, El Cid, The Glenn Miller Story, Men In War. Noteworthy: Fall of the Roman Empire, The Furies, Side Street. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
37.
David Lean
David Lean was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, best remembered for big-screen epics such as The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962) and Doctor Zhivago (1965). He is also known for the Dickens adaptations of Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948), as well as the romantic drama Brief Encounter (1945)...
“ 11-3. Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, Great Expectations, Hobson's Choice, Oliver Twist, Brief Encounter, Doctor Zhivago, This Happy Breed, Summertime, In Which We Serve, Madeleine. Noteworthy: A Passage To India. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
38.
Edward F. Cline
Director, One Week
Edward "Eddie" Cline reputedly began his career in the film business as one of the Keystone Kops. The former vaudevillian appeared sporadically in films as an actor until 1922, but became increasingly active behind the camera as a gagman and scenario writer for Mack Sennett. From 1916 he worked on a steady stream of two-reelers...
“ 10-8. Never Give A Sucker An Even Break, The Bank Dick, Three Ages, Million Dollar Legs. Masterpiece shorts: One Week, The Scarecrow, The High Sign, Neighbors, Cops, The Play House. Noteworthy shorts: The Electric Horse, The Haunted House, Hard Luck, The Boat. Noteworthy films: My Little Chickadee. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
39.
Robert Wise
Robert Earl Wise was born on September 10, 1914 in Winchester, Indiana, the youngest of three sons of Olive R. (Longenecker) and Earl Waldo Wise, a meat packer. His parents were both of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) descent. At age nineteen, the avid moviegoer came into the film business through an odd job at RKO Radio Pictures...
“ 10-7. The Day The Earth Stood Still, I Want To Live, The Sound of Music, West Side Story, The Sand Pebbles, Run Silent Run Deep, The Set-Up, Executive Suite, The Haunting, Somebody Up There Likes Me. Noteworthy: Odds Against Tomorrow, The Body Snatcher. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
40.
“ 10-6. 28 Up, 35 Up, 42 Up, 49 Up, Coal Miner's Daughter, 21 Up, Incident at Oglala, 7 Plus 7, 56 Up, Me and Isaac Newton. Noteworthy: P'Tang Yang Kipperbang, Always Outnumbered, Thunderheart, Gorillas In The Mist. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
41.
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFA's American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount productions in Hollywood...
“ 10-5. All About Eve, 5 Fingers, Sleuth, The Ghost and Mrs Muir, A Letter To Three Wives, Julius Caesar, There Was A Crooked Man, Guys and Dolls, The Barefoot Contessa, No Way Out. Noteworthy: House of Strangers, Suddenly Last Summer, People Will Talk, The Late George Apley. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
42.
George Stevens
Director, Giant
George Stevens, a filmmaker known as a meticulous craftsman with a brilliant eye for composition and a sensitive touch with actors, is one of the great American filmmakers, ranking with John Ford, William Wyler and Howard Hawks as a creator of classic Hollywood cinema, bringing to the screen mytho-poetic worlds that were also mass entertainment...
“ 10-4. I Remember Mama, Swing Time, Giant, Vivacious Lady, The More The Merrier, The Talk of the Town, Shane, Woman of the Year, Gunga Din, Penny Serenade. Noteworthy: A Place In The Sun, Alice Adams, The Diary of Anne Frank. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
43.
Robert Bresson
Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Public Affairs in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Angels of Sin in 1943. His next film, Les dames du Bois de Boulogne would be the last time he would work with professional actors...
“ 10-3. Bathazar, A Man Escaped, A Gentle Woman, Pickpocket, The Trial of Joan of Arc, Four Nights of A Dreamer, Diary of A Country Priest, L'Argent, Les Dames Du Bois De Boulogne, Mouchette. Noteworthy: Lancelot of the Lake, The Devil Probably, Angels of Sin. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
44.
Stanley Kubrick
Director, The Shining
Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would produce better academic performance...
“ 10-2. Dr. Strangelove, Paths of Glory, The Killing, Barry Lyndon, 2001: A Space Odyssey, Spartacus, Full Metal Jacket, A Clockwork Orange, Lolita, The Shining. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
45.
Krzysztof Kieslowski
Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Pedestrian Subway (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personnel (The Staff)...
“ 10-1. Dekalog, A Short Film About Love, Red, Blue, Camera Buff, The Double Life of Veronique, A Short Film About Killing, White, Blind Chance, No End. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
46.
Raoul Walsh
Director, White Heat
Raoul Walsh's 52-year directorial career made him a Hollywood legend. Walsh was also an actor: He appeared in the first version of W. Somerset Maugham's "Rain" renamed Sadie Thompson opposite Gloria Swanson in the title role. He would have played the Cisco Kid in his own film In Old Arizona if an errant jackrabbit hadn't cost him his right eye by leaping through the windshield of his automobile...
“ 9-16. White Heat, The Roaring Twenties, Gentleman Jim, The Thief of Bagdad, Pursued, Captain Horatio Hornblower RN, The Strawberry Blonde, High Sierra, Sadie Thompson. Noteworthy: They Drive By Night, Regeneration, The Big Trail, The Man I Love, The Horn Blows At Midnight, What Price Glory (1926), Going Hollywood, Uncertain Glory, They Died With Their Boots On. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
47.
Vincente Minnelli
Director, Gigi
Born Lester Anthony Minnelli in Chicago on February 28 1903, his father Vincent was a musical conductor of the Minnelli Brothers' Tent Theater. Wanting to pursue an artistic career, Minelli worked in the costume department of the Chicago Theater, then on Broadway during the depression as a set designer and costumer...
“ 9-12. Home From The Hill, Meet Me In St. Louis, The Clock, The Bad and the Beautiful, The Band Wagon, Lust For Life, An American In Paris, On A Clear Day You Can See Forever, Father of the Bride. Noteworthy: Cabin In The Sky, Two Weeks In Another Town, Some Came Running, Father's Little Dividend, Tea and Sympathy. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
48.
Mervyn LeRoy
Director, Mister Roberts
The great San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906 was a tragedy for Mervyn Leroy. While he and his father managed to survive, they lost everything they had. To make money, Leroy sold newspapers and entered talent contests as a singer. When he entered vaudeville, his act was "LeRoy and Cooper--Two Kids and a Piano"...
“ 9-11. I Am A Fugitive From A Chain Gang, Gold Diggers of 1933, Random Harvest, Mister Roberts, Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, Waterloo Bridge, Five Star Final, No Time For Sergeants, Homecoming. Noteworthy: Little Caesar, Little Women, They Won't Forget, Two Seconds, Quo Vadis, The Bad Seed. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
49.
Robert Altman
Director, Gosford Park
Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started exploring the art of exploring sound with the cheap tape recorders available at the time...
“ 9-10. The Long Goodbye, The Player, Nashville, Short Cuts, McCabe and Mrs Miller, Three Women, MASH, California Split, Gosford Park. Noteworthy: Brewster McCloud, Come Back To The Five and Dime Jimmy Dean Jimmy Dean, Thieves Like Us, A Wedding, Secret Honor. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
50.
Clint Eastwood
Perhaps the icon of macho movie stars, and a living legend, Clint Eastwood has become a standard in international cinema. Born May 31, 1930 in San Francisco, the elder of two children in a middle-class family, Eastwood stayed in high school until the comparatively late age of nineteen and worked menial jobs over a period of several years before enrolling at Los Angeles City College...
“ 9-9. Unforgiven, Million Dollar Baby, The Outlaw of Josey Wales, Letters From Iwo Jima, High Plains Drifter, Mystic River, Pale Rider, Gran Torino, A Perfect World. Noteworthy: Bridges of Madison County, Heartbreak Ridge, Bird, Play Misty For Me. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
51.
Fred Zinnemann
Director, High Noon
Initially grew up wanting to be a violinist, but while at the University of Vienna decided to study law. While doing so, he became increasingly interested in American film and decided that was what he wanted to do. He became involved in European filmaking for a short time before going to America to study film.
“ 9-8. The Search, High Noon, The Day of the Jackal, People On Sunday, From Here To Eternity, The Nun's Story, A Man For All Seasons, Act of Violence, Oklahoma. Noteworthy: The Seventh Cross, A Hatful of Rain, Behold a Pale Horse. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
52.
Vittorio De Sica
Director, Bicycle Thieves
Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee idol of the Italian theatre...
“ 9-7. The Bicycle Thieves, Umberto D, Two Women, Miracle In Milan, Shoeshine, The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, The Children Are Watching Us, Sunflower, Yesterday Today Tomorrow. Noteworthy: A Brief Vacation, Marriage Italian-Style, The Gold of Naples, The Roof, The Condemned of Altona, Boccaccio 70. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
53.
“ 9-7. The Snapper, The Queen, Fail Safe, Philomena, High Fidelity, Dirty Pretty Things, Prick Up Your Ears, Dangerous Liaisons, My Beautiful Laundrette. Noteworthy: The Grifters, Sammy and Rosie Get Laid, The Hit. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
54.
Wim Wenders
Director, Wings of Desire
Wim Wenders is an Oscar-nominated German filmmaker who was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, which then was located in the British Occupation Zone of what became the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany, known colloquially as West Germany until reunification)...
“ 9-7. Paris Texas, Alice In The Cities, Wings of Desire, Kings of the Road, Buena Vista Social Club, Pina, The American Friend, Until The End of the World, Invisibles. Noteworthy: The Soul of a Man, The State of Things, Lisbon Story, Red Hot and Blue, Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
55.
Shôhei Imamura
Director, The Eel
Imamura's father was a doctor. During the war, his father could not be drafted but his two brothers were. As a result, his eldest brother got killed in action. Imamura spent his youth in the middle of small-time hoods and prostitutes at a time when black market was rampant. He later enrolled in a technical school in Tokyo which he left for the Waseda university where...
“ 9-7. Vengeance Is Mine, The Ballad of Narayama, Profound Desires of the Gods, A Man Vanishes, The Pornographers, Black Rain, Pigs and Battleships, Dr. Akagi, The Insect Woman. Noteworthy: The Eel, Endless Desire, Intentions of Murder, The Pimp. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
56.
Andrzej Wajda
Director, Katyn
Andrzej Wajda is an Academy Award-wining director. He is the most prominent filmmaker in Poland known for The Promised Land, Man of Iron, and Katyn. He was born Andrzej Wajda on March 6, 1926, in Suwalki, Poland. His mother, Aniela Wajda, was a teacher at a Ukrainian school. His father...
“ 9-7. Kanal, The Promised Land, Ashes and Diamonds, Innocent Sorcerers, Man of Marble, Young Girls of Wilko, Danton, Korczak, The Wedding. Noteworthy: Man of Iron, Katyn, The Birch Wood, Landscape After Battle, Lotna, A Generation. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
57.
“ 9-6. The Leopard, La Terra Trema, Le Notti Bianche, Rocco and His Brothers, Ossessione, Bellissima, The Damned, Ludwig, L'Innocente. Noteworthy: Senso, Sandra, Death In Venice, Conversation Piece, Boccaccio 70. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
58.
Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan was a Greek-American director, producer, writer and actor. Noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors, he directed 21 actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He directed a string of successful films, including A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), On the Waterfront (1954)...
“ 9-5. On The Waterfront, A Tree Grows In Brooklyn, A Streetcar Named Desire, A Face In The Crowd, East of Eden, Wild River, Baby Doll, Splendor In The Grass, Panic In The Streets. Noteworthy: Man On A Tightrope, America America, Gentleman's Agreement. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
59.
“ 9-5. Raise The Red Lantern, Ju Dou, To Live, Red Sorghum, Hero, Not One Less, House of Flying Daggers, The Road Home, The Story of Qiu Ju. Noteworthy: Riding Alone For Thousands of Years, Shanghai Triad. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
60.
Orson Welles
His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was seven) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr...
“ 9-4. Citizen Kane, Touch of Evil, Chimes At Midnight, The Magnificent Ambersons, F For Fake, The Trial, Othello, The Stranger, The Lady From Shanghai. Noteworthy: Mr. Arkadin, Macbeth, The Immortal Story, It's All True. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
61.
“ 9-3. 65 Revisited, Don't Look Back, Monterey Pop, Elaine Stritch: At Liberty, Jimi Play Monterey, Depeche Mode: 101, The War Room, Down From The Mountain, Company: Original Cast Album. Noteworthy: Town Bloody Hall. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
62.
Mani Ratnam
Writer, Bumbai
The man who revolutionized Tamil-language cinema, Mani Ratnam is the biggest director in south India and one of the most respected directors in all of India. Each of his films contain its own unique style, with beautifully photographed songs and unique back-lighting. However, his films contain substance as well as style--Ratnam has dealt with a wide variety of topics...
“ 9-3. Nayakan, A Peck On The Cheek, Thalapathi, Anjali, Waves, Roja, Bombay, Gitanjali, Guru. Noteworthy: Dil Se, Aayudha Ezhuthu. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
63.
Josef von Sternberg
Director, The Blue Angel
Josef von Sternberg split his childhood between Vienna and New York City. His father, a former soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army, could not support his family in either city; Sternberg remembered him only as "an enormously strong man who often used his strength on me." Forced by poverty to drop out of high school...
“ 9-2. The Last Command, The Scarlet Empress, The Docks of New York, The Blue Angel, Shanghai Express, Dishonored, Underworld, Anatahan, Morocco. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
64.
Ernst Lubitsch
From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at night...
“ 8-11. To Be Or Not To Be, The Shop Around The Corner, Ninotchka, Trouble In Paradise, One Hour With You, The Love Parade, The Merry Widow, Heaven Can Wait. Noteworthy: The Smiling Lieutenant, Cluny Brown, The Marriage Circle, If I Had A Million, Design For Living, My Lady Margarine, Lady Windermere's Fan. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
65.
Roberto Rossellini
The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American directors, including Martin Scorsese...
“ 8-7. Rome Open City, Germany Year Zero, Paisan, Flowers of St Francis, Journey To Italy, Il Generale Della Rovere, It Was Night In Rome, Indie: Matri Bhumi. Noteworthy: Stromboli, The Taking of Power by Louis XIV, Europe 51, Socrates, RoGoPaG. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
66.
Blake Edwards
Writer, The Party
Blake Edwards' stepfather's father J. Gordon Edwards was a silent screen director, and his stepfather Jack McEdward was a stage director and movie production manager. Blake acted in a number films, beginning with Ten Gentlemen from West Point and wrote a number of others, beginning with Panhandle and including six for director Richard Quine...
“ 8-7. Days of Wine and Roses, A Shot In The Dark, Victor/Victoria, Experiment In Terror, Breakfast At Tiffany's, The Party, The Pink Panther, The Return of the Pink Panther. Noteworthy: The Pink Panther Strikes Again, Operation Petticoat, The Great Race, S.O.B. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
67.
Aki Kaurismäki
Aki Kaurismäki did a wide variety of jobs including postman, dish-washer and film critic, before forming a production and distribution company, Villealfa (in homage to Jean-Luc Godard's Alphaville) with his older brother Mika Kaurismäki, also a film-maker. Both Aki and Mika are prolific film-makers...
“ 8-6. The Drifting Clouds, The Man Without a Past, Leningrad Cowboys Go America, Le Havre, Shadows In Paradise, Ariel, The Bohemian Life, The Match Factory Girl. Noteworthy: Calamari Union and I Hired A Contract Killer. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
68.
Abbas Kiarostami
Abbas Kiarostami was born in Tehran, Iran, in 1940. He graduated from university with a degree in fine arts before starting work as a graphic designer. He then joined the Center for Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults, where he started a film section, and this started his career as a filmmaker at the age of 30...
“ 8-5. Where Is the Friends Home, Life and Nothing More, The Wind Will Carry Us, Close-Up, The Traveler, Ten, Taste of Cherry, Through The Olive Trees. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
69.
“ 8-4. Fargo, No Country For Old Men, Blood Simple, Inside Llewyn Davis, True Grit, Miller's Crossing, Barton Fink, The Big Lebowski. Noteworthy: The Man Who Wasn't There, O Brother Where Art Thou?, A Serious Man, Raising Arizona. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
70.
Jean-Pierre Melville
Writer, Le Samouraï
The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its Ishmaels and its Claggarts a challenge to the European canon...
“ 8-3. Army of Shadows, Le Samourai, Le Deuxieme Souffle, Le Cercle Rouge, Le Doulos, La Silence Mer, Bob Le Flambeur, Leon Morin Priest. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
71.
Nicholas Ray
Nicholas Ray was born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle, Jr. in 1911, in small-town Galesville, Wisconsin, to Lena (Toppen) and Raymond Joseph Kienzle, a contractor and builder. He was of German and Norwegian descent. Ray's early experience with film came with some radio broadcasting in high school. He left the University of Chicago after a year...
“ 8-3. In A Lonely Place, The Lusty Men, Rebel Without A Cause, Johnny Guitar, They Live By Night, On Dangerous Ground, Bigger Than Life, The Savage Innocents. Noteworthy: King of Kings. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
72.
Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges' own life is as unlikely as some of the plots of his best work. He was born into a wealthy family. As a boy he helped out on stage productions for his mother's friend, Isadora Duncan (the scarf that strangled her was made by his mother's company, Maison Desti). He served in the U.S...
“ 8-1. Sullivan's Travels, The Lady Eve, The Palm Beach Story, Hail The Conquering Hero, Unfaithfully Yours, The Great McGinty, Christmas In July, The Miracle Of Morgan's Creek. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
73.
Max Ophüls
Director Max Ophüls was born Max Oppenheimer in Saarbrücken, Germany. He began his career as a stage actor and director in the golden twenties. He worked in cities such as Stuttgart, Dortmund, Wuppertal, Vienna, Frankfurt, Breslau and Berlin. In 1929 his son Marcel Ophüls was born in Frankfurt, Germany...
“ 8-1. The Earrings of Madame De, Letter From An Unknown Woman, La Ronde, Liebelei, Le Plaisir, Caught, Everybody's Woman, Lola Montes. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
74.
Andrei Tarkovsky
Writer, Solaris
The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood, which won the top prize at the Venice Film Festival...
“ 8-0. Stalker, Ivan's Childhood, Andrei Rublev, The Mirror, Solaris, Nostalghia, The Sacrifice, The Steamroller and the Violin. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
75.
Spike Lee
Director, Malcolm X
Spike Lee was born Shelton Jackson Lee on March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia. At a very young age, he moved from pre-civil rights Georgia, to Brooklyn, New York. Lee came from artistic, education-grounded background; his father was a jazz musician, and his mother, a schoolteacher. He attended school in Morehouse College in Atlanta and developed his film making skills at Clark Atlanta University...
“ 7-11. When The Levees Broke, 4 Little Girls, Do The Right Thing, Passing Strange, A Huey P. Newton Story, Malcolm X, Inside Man. Noteworthy: Bad 25, 25th Hour, Get On The Bus, The Original Kings of Comedy, She's Gotta Have It. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
76.
“ 7-10. Secrets and Lies, Life Is Sweet, High Hopes, Naked, Vera Drake, Topsy-Turvy, Another Year. Noteworthy: Abigail's Party, Career Girls, Happy-Go-Lucky and All or Nothing. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
77.
Don Siegel
Director, Dirty Harry
Don Siegel was educated at Cambridge University, England. In Hollywood from the mid-'30s, he began his career as an editor and second unit director. In 1945 he directed two shorts (Hitler Lives and Star in the Night) which both won Academy Awards. His first feature as a director was 1946's The Verdict...
“ 7-9. Dirty Harry, Invasion of the Body Snatchers, The Shootist, Escape From Alcatraz, Riot In Cell Block 11, Charley Varrick, The Lineup. Noteworthy: Hell Is For Heroes, The Beguiled, Flaming Star, The Verdict. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
78.
Pedro Almodóvar
The most internationally acclaimed Spanish filmmaker since Luis Buñuel was born in a small town (Calzada de Calatrava) in the impoverished Spanish region of La Mancha. He arrived in Madrid in 1968, and survived by selling used items in the flea-market called El Rastro. Almodóvar couldn't study filmmaking because he didn't have the money to afford it...
“ 7-6. All About My Mother, Talk To Her, Volver, Women On The Verge Of A Nervous Breakdown, The Law of Desire, What Have I Done To Deserve This?, Bad Education. Noteworthy: Matador, The Skin I Live In, Labyrinth of Passion, Live Flesh, The Flower of My Secret, Broken Embraces. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
79.
Samuel Fuller
At age 17, Samuel Fuller was the youngest reporter ever to be in charge of the events section of the New York Journal. After having participated in the European battle theater in World War II, he directed some minor action productions for which he mostly wrote the scripts himself and which he also produced (e.g...
“ 7-6. The Steel Helmet, Park Row, Pickup On South Street, Shock Corridor, The Naked Kiss, The Crimson Kimono, The Big Red One. Noteworthy: Forty Guns, White Dog, Underworld U.S.A. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
80.
“ 7-6. 7th Heaven, The Mortal Storm, Lucky Star, Little Man What Now?, Three Comrades, Moonrise, History Is Made At Night. Noteworthy: Street Angel. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
81.
John Frankenheimer
Director, Ronin
Born in New York and raised in Queens, John Frankenheimer wanted to become a professional tennis player. He loved movies and his favorite actor was Robert Mitchum. He decided he wanted to be an actor but then he applied for and was accepted in the Motion Picture Squadron of the Air Force where he realized his natural talent to handle a camera...
“ 7-5. The Manchurian Candidate, Seven Days In May, The Train, Grand Prix, Seconds, Birdman of Alcatraz, The Iceman Cometh. Noteworthy: Andersonville, Black Sunday. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
82.
Sam Wood
After a two-year apprenticeship under Cecil B. DeMille as assistant director, Samuel Grosvenor Wood had the good fortune to have assigned to him two of the biggest stars at Paramount during their heyday: Wallace Reid, between 1919 and 1920; and Gloria Swanson, from 1921 to 1923. By the time his seven-year contract with Paramount expired...
“ 7-5. A Night At The Opera, A Day At The Races, The Devil and Miss Jones, The Pride of the Yankees, Kings Row, Goodbye Mr. Chips, Beyond The Rocks. Noteworthy: The Stratton Story, Command Decision. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
83.
Jules Dassin
Director, Rififi
Jules Dassin was an Academy Award-nominated director, screenwriter and actor best known for his films Rififi, Never on Sunday, and Topkapi. He was born Julius Samuel Dassin on 18 December 1911, in Middletown, Connecticut, USA. He was one of eight children of Russian-Jewish immigrants...
“ 7-5. Du Rififi, Brute Force, Thieves' Highway, Never On Sunday, The Law, Night and the City, The Naked City. Noteworthy: He Who Must Die, A Letter For Evie, Topkapi, Uptight. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
84.
“ 7-5. We All Loved Each Other So Much, A Special Day, Le Bal, Ugly Dirty and Bad, Drama of Jealousy, The Terrace, Passione D'Amore. Noteworthy: The Voyage of Captain Fracassa, The Most Wonderful Evening of My Life, The Family, That Night in Varennes. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
85.
Emeric Pressburger
Educated at the Universities of Prague and Stuttgart, Emeric Pressburger worked as a journalist in Hungary and Germany and an author and scriptwriter in Berlin and Paris. He was a Hungarian Jew, chased around Europe (he worked on films for UFA in Berlin and Paris) before World War II, finally finding sanctuary in London--but as a scriptwriter who didn't speak English...
“ 7-4. The Red Shoes, A Matter of Life and Death, Black Narcissus, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp, I Know Where I'm Going, A Canterbury Tale, Gone To Earth. Noteworthy: The Small Back Room, The Tales of Hoffmann. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
86.
Sam Peckinpah
"If they move", commands stern-eyed William Holden, "kill 'em". So begins The Wild Bunch, Sam Peckinpah's bloody, high-body-count eulogy to the mythologized Old West. "Pouring new wine into the bottle of the Western, Peckinpah explodes the bottle", observed critic Pauline Kael. That exploding bottle...
“ 7-3. The Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs, Ride The High Country, The Ballad Of Cable Hogue, Bring Me The Head of Alfredo Garcia, Cross of Iron, The Getaway. Noteworthy: Pat Garrett and Billy The Kid. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
87.
“ 7-3. Night and Fog, Hiroshima Mon Amour, Mon Oncle D'Amerique, Last Year At Marienbad, Providence, The War Is Over, Je T'Aime Je T'Aime. Noteworthy: Muriel or the Time of Return. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
88.
Michelangelo Antonioni
Writer, Blow-Up
Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema" studying directorship at the School of Cinema...
“ 7-2. L'Avventura, Red Desert, The Passenger, L'Eclisse, Le Amiche, Blow-Up, La Notte. Noteworthy: Il Grido. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
89.
Errol Morris
His documentaries helped spur a rebirth of non-fiction film in the 80s & garnered wide critical success. But until 2003's "The Fog of War," Morris was shunned by the Academy Awards. Morris' first two films won much acclaim (Gates of Heaven and Vernon, Florida). In the second movie, Morris intended to explore "Nub City," the town known for residents trading limbs for insurance settlements...
“ 7-2. The Fog of War, The Thin Blue Line, A Brief History of Time, Mr. Death: The Rise and Fall of Fred Leuchter, Vernon Florida, Gates of Heaven, Fast Cheap and Out of Control. Noteworthy: Tabloid, Standard Operating Procedure. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
90.
Sergei M. Eisenstein
The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and then director...
“ 7-0. Ivan The Terrible Part 2, Ivan The Terrible Part 1, The Battleship Potemkin, Strike, Alexander Nevsky, Que Viva Mexico, October: Ten Days That Shook The World. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
91.
Roman Polanski
Director, The Pianist
Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933. His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years before World War II began...
“ 6-10. The Pianist, Chinatown, Repulsion, Rosemary's Baby, Knife In The Water, The Tenant. Noteworthy: Cul-De-Sac, Tess, Death and the Maiden, Macbeth, The Ghost Writer, Venus In Fur. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
92.
Otto Preminger
Otto Ludwig Preminger was born in Wiznitz, Bukovina, Austria-Hungary. His father was a prosecutor, and Otto originally intended to follow his father into a law career; however, he fell in love with the theater and became a stage director. He directed his first film in 1931, and came to the US in 1936 to direct on the Broadway stage...
“ 6-7. Anatomy of a Murder, Laura, Where the Sidewalk Ends, Advise and Consent, Man With The Golden Arm, Bunny Lake Is Missing. Noteworthy: Porgy and Bess, Angel Face, The Court-Martial Of Billy Mitchell. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
93.
Stanley Donen
Since he was a child, Stanley Donen attended dance classes and debuted on Broadway at age 17. With the help of the producer Arthur Freed and the actor Gene Kelly he got the chance to direct the musicals On the Town, Singin' in the Rain, and Love Is Better Than Ever which revolutionized the genre. Another...
“ 6-7. Singin' In the Rain, Charade, On The Town, Seven Brides For Seven Brothers, It's Always Fair Weather, Indiscreet. Noteworthy: Two For The Road, Funny Face, The Grass Is Greener, Royal Wedding, Bedazzled. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
94.
Bertrand Tavernier
Director, 'Round Midnight
Bertrand Tavernier was a law student that preferred write film criticisms. He also wrote a few books about American movies. Then his first film won a few awards in France and abroad and established his reputation.
“ 6-7. Round Midnight, A Sunday In The Country, The Clockmaker of St. Paul, Daddy Nostalghia, Coup De Torchon, Life and Nothing But. Noteworthy: L.627, It All Starts Today, Captain Conan, Safe Conduct, Death Watch. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
95.
W.S. Van Dyke
Director, The Thin Man
For the better part of his career, Woodbridge Strong Van Dyke lived up to his sobriquet "One-Take Woody" by steadfastly adhering to his credo of shooting each scene as quickly and efficiently as possible. Over his 25-year career, he economically directed over 90 diverse entertainments, which not only...
“ 6-7. The Thin Man, After The Thin Man, I Love You Again, San Francisco, Another Thin Man, Tarzan The Ape Man. Noteworthy: Shadow Of The Thin Man, Manhattan Melodrama, It's A Wonderful World, Marie Antoinette. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
96.
“ 6-6. Beauty and the Devil, A Nouse La Liberte, And Then There Were None, Le Million, Paris Asleep, Entr'acte. I Married a Witch and Under The Roofs of Paris close masterpieces. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
97.
Norman Z. McLeod
Director, Horse Feathers
Norman Z. McLeod was one of Hollywood's leading early comedy directors. Born in Grayling, Michigan, he came from a family that had no connections to show business (his father was a clergyman). He was educated at the University of Washington and spent two years as a fighter pilot in the US Army in France during World War I...
“ 6-6. Horse Feathers, Monkey Business, It's A Gift, Topper, Road To Rio, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty. Noteworthy: The Paleface, Merrily We Live. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
98.
John Sayles
Writer, Lone Star
A bright child, John Sayles began reading novels before age 9. A Williams grad in 1972, he shunned a corporate career to work various blue-collar jobs, moving to east Boston to take a factory job. He wrote stories and submitted them to various magazines, and the Atlantic Monthly gave him the idea of publishing them in a novel--thus "Pride of the Bimbos" (1975) was born...
“ 6-6. Matewan, The Secret of the Roan Inish, Men With Guns, Passion Fish, Lone Star, City of Hope. Noteworthy: Eight Men out, The Brother From Secaucus Seven. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
99.
Martin Ritt
Director, Hud
Martin Ritt, one of the best and most sensitive American filmmakers of all time, was a director, actor and playwright who worked in both film and theater. He was born in New York City. His films reflect, like almost none other, a profound and intimate humane vision of his characters. He originally attended and played football for Elon College in North Carolina...
“ 6-6. Hombre, Hud, The Long Hot Summer, Sounder, The Spy Who Came In From The Cold, Norma Rae. Noteworthy: Murphy's Romance. ” - lucasmoorehead23
 
100.
Richard Linklater
Director, Before Sunset
Self-taught writer-director Richard Stuart Linklater was born in Houston, Texas, to Diane Margaret (Krieger), who taught at a university, and Charles W. Linklater III. Richard was among the first and most successful talents to emerge during the American independent film renaissance of the 1990s. Typically setting each of his movies during one 24-hour period...
“ 6-6. Boyhood, Before Sunset, Before Midnight, Before Sunrise, Dazed and Confused, Waking Life. Noteworthy: The School of Rock, Bernie, Slacker. ” - lucasmoorehead23