CLASSICAL COMPOSERS

by datamatyc | created - 28 Jun 2013 | updated - 29 Jun 2013 | Public

OF ALL TIMES

1. Frédéric Chopin

Soundtrack | The Prestige

Frédéric François Chopin was born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, on March 1, 1810, in Zelazowa Wola, Masovia region, Duchy of Warsaw, Poland. His father, named Mikolaj (Nicolas) Chopin, was a Frenchman who came to Poland from Lorraine, and eventually became professor at Warsaw Lyceum. His mother, ...

NOCTURNA N 1,OPUS 28 PRELUDE N 4

2. Richard Wagner

Soundtrack | The Running Man

Richard Wagner was a German composer best known for his operas, primarily the monumental four-opera cycle "Der Ring des Nibelungen". He was born Wilhelm Richard Wagner on May 22, 1813, in Leipzig, Germany. He was the ninth child in the family of Carl Wagner, a police clerk. Richard was only six ...

DIE WALKURE,TANNHAUSER

3. Johann Sebastian Bach

Soundtrack | Minority Report

Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21, 1685, in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany, into a large and distinguished family of professional musicians. His father, named Johann Ambrosius Bach, was a violinist and trumpeter, employed by the city of Eisenach. His uncles were church organists, court ...

DAS WOHITEMPERIERTE KLAVIER,GOLDBERG VARIATIONS

4. Giacomo Puccini

Soundtrack | Man on Fire

Italian composer, one of the greatest exponents of operatic realism, who virtually brought the history of Italian opera to an end. His mature operas include "La Bohème" (1896), "Tosca" (1900), "Madama Butterfly" (1904), and "Turandot" left incomplete.

LA BOHEME,MADAME BUTTERFLY

5. Ludwig van Beethoven

Soundtrack | Total Recall

Beethoven was the child of a Flamian musician family and became a member of the electoral orchestra of Bonn in 1783. In 1787 he studied at Mozart's in Vienna and in 1792 he moved all to Vienna becoming a student of Joseph Haydn. The Vienna High Society loved him as a piano player as well as as ...

6 TH SYMPHONY PASTORAL,2 TH SYMPHONY

6. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Soundtrack | Minority Report

Pyotr (Peter) Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on May 7, 1840, in Votkinsk, Vyatka region, Russia. He was the second of six children (five brothers and one sister). His father, named Ilya Chaikovsky, was a mining business executive in Votkinsk. His father's ancestors were from Ukraine and Poland. His ...

THE NUTCRACKER,THE SWANS LAKE

7. Gustav Mahler

Soundtrack | Children of Men

Gustav Mahler is largely considered one of the most talented symphonic composers of the late 19th Century and early 20th Century. His musical output comprised mainly of symphonic and song cycles requiring mammoth orchestras and often choruses. Sadly, Mahler never experienced popularity as a ...

ADAGIETTO FROM SYMPHONY N 5,10 TH SYMPHONY

8. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Soundtrack | Amadeus

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart grew up in Salzburg under the regulation of his strict father Leopold who also was a famous composer of his time. His abilities in music were obvious even when Mozart was still young so that in 1762 at the age of six, his father took him with his elder sister on a concert ...

TURKISH MARCH,40 TH SYMPHONY

9. Maurice Ravel

Soundtrack | Stalker

Maurice Ravel was born on March 7, 1875 in Ciboure, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France as Joseph-Maurice Ravel. He died on December 28, 1937 in Paris, France.

PAVANE POUR UNE INFANTE DEFUNTE,BOLERO

10. Dmitri Shostakovich

Soundtrack | Children of Men

Dmitri Shostakovich, one of Russian culture's most acclaimed intellectuals who was censored under the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin, was an internationally recognized composer whose music was in over 100 films.

He was born Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich on September 25, 1906, in St. Petersburg, ...

JAZZ VALS N 2

11. Antonín Dvorák

Soundtrack | Fantastic Four

Antonin Dvorak was a son of butcher, but he did not follow his father's trade. While assisting his father part-time, he studied music, and graduated from the Prague Organ School in 1859. He also was an accomplished violinist and violist, and joined the Bohemian Theatre Orchestra, which was under ...

SYMPHONY N 5

12. Béla Bartók

Soundtrack | The Shining

Born in Hungary in 1881, Bartok began his musical studies on the piano at age five. His mother was his first teacher; after his father died in 1888, the Bartok family moved to Nagyszolos, where Bela continued his piano studies and took up composition. At age eleven, he made his first public ...

DER WUNDERWARE MANDARIN

13. Hector Berlioz

Soundtrack | Star Trek: First Contact

Hector Berlioz was born on December 11, 1803, into the family of Dr. Louis Berlioz and Marie-Antoinette-Josephine. Hector was the first of six children, three of whom died. He took music lessons at home from a visiting teacher and played flute and guitar. By age 16 he wrote a song for voice and ...

FANTASTIC SYMPHONY

14. Georges Bizet

Soundtrack | Trainspotting

Georges Bizet was a child prodigy. Entering the Paris Conservatory at the age of nine, he counted among his teachers Antoine Marmontel, François Benoist and Jacques Halévy. At nineteen Bizet won a Prix de Rome. That same year he wrote his first opera, 'Le Docteur Miracle', a one-act comedy. After ...

CARMEN

15. Aaron Copland

Composer | The Heiress

Aaron Copland is an Academy Award-winning composer (The Heiress (1949)), author, conductor, lecturer and educator. He was educated at public schools and was a music student of his sister and later Leopold Wolfson, Victor Wittgenstein, Clarence Adler, Rubin Goldmark and Nadia Boulanger. In 1925, he ...

THE TENDLER LAND

16. Samuel Barber

Soundtrack | Le fabuleux destin d'Amélie Poulain

Composer ("Adagio for Strings", "Overture to 'The School for Scandal'"). He was educated at the Curtis Institute, and studied with Isabelle Vengerova, Emilio de Gogorza, Fritz Reiner, and Rosario Scalero. He was awarded an honorary music degree from Harvard University. He was a sergeant in the USAF...

ADAGGIO FOR STRINGS

17. Claude Debussy

Soundtrack | Rise of the Planet of the Apes

Claude Debussy was born in St. Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, France. His father was a salesman and kept a china shop. His mother was a seamstress. Some traumatizing events in his childhood caused him a depression and he never spoke about his early years. Later he could not compose without having his...

CLAIR DE LUNE

LAKMÉ

19. George Gershwin

Music_department | Shall We Dance

He was born Jacob Gershowitz, 26 September 1898, in Brooklyn, New York, of Russian-Jewish immigrants. As a boy he could play popular and classical works on his brother Ira's piano by ear. In 1913 he quit school to study music and began composing for Tin Pan Alley; by 1919 he had his first hit "...

RHAPSODY BLUE

MUSICA NOTTURNA DI LA ESTRADA DI MADRID

21. Johannes Brahms

Soundtrack | The Truman Show

German Romantic composer Johannes Brahms was born in Hamburg in 1833 and died in Vienna, Austria in 1897. A perfectionist, he often compared himself unfavorably to composers such as Beethoven and ended up destroying many compositions without their ever being heard. While basically conservative, he ...

WIEGENLIED

22. John Cage

Soundtrack | Shutter Island

Innovative Composer and pianist, educated at Pomona College, he studied music with Fannie Dillon, Ruhan Buhlig, Lazare Levy, Henry Cowell, Adolph Weiss, Arnold Schönberg, and Edgard Varèse. He invented the concept of the "prepared" piano, and gave recitals in Europe and the United States. He joined...

4,,33

23. Edward Elgar

Soundtrack | A Clockwork Orange

Edward Elgar was born on June 2, 1857, in Broadheath, near Worcester, where his father named William Elgar, was a music shop owner and a piano technician. Elgar was the fourth of six children. He was self-taught in all musical instruments, that were at his disposal in his father's shop, and he ...

POMP AND CIRCUNSTANCE (OPUS 39)

24. George Frideric Handel

Soundtrack | Autómata

Born February 23 1685 in Halle, Germany, he was christened "Georg Friederich Händel" but always signed his name "Georg Friedrich Händel". His father intended for him to go into law, but Händel studied music clandestinely and was eventually allowed to study under an organist. He achieved some sucess...

DER MESSIAS

25. Joseph Haydn

Soundtrack | Minority Report

Haydn had a hard childhood: at six years old he had to work as a boy singer in a choir and after his voice broke he had to earn his money by playing dance music and serving as a butler. Becoming famous for his compositions Haydn was employed as "Kapellmeister" by Fuerst Esterhazy in Eisenstadt in ...

EMPEROR(0PUS 76)

26. Charles Ives

Soundtrack | Lola rennt

Pictured on one of a set of eight 32¢ US commemorative postage stamps in the Legends of American Music series, issued 12 September 1997, celebrating "Classical Composers & Conductors". Others honored in this issue are Leopold Stokowski, Arthur Fiedler, George Szell, Eugene Ormandy, Samuel Barber, ...

THE UNASWERED QUESTION

27. Franz Liszt

Soundtrack | The Green Hornet

Franz Liszt, the virtuoso pianist and composer, was the most famous concert superstar of the 19th century. He was born in what was then the Austrian Empire. His father was Hungarian and his mother was Austrian. At age 6 he took music lessons from his father, Adam Liszt, who worked at the Court of ...

HUNGARIAN RHAPSODY N 1

LE BOURGEOIS GENTILHOMME

29. Giuseppe Verdi

Soundtrack | Mad Max: Fury Road

Giuseppe Verdi was born Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi on October 10, 1813, in Le Roncole di Busseto, Parma, Italy. His parents were landowners and innkeepers. Young Verdi received his first organ lessons at the age of 7. He studied composition privately with Ferdinando Provesi in Busseto. At ...

SIEMPRE LIBERA DEGGIO

30. Antonio Vivaldi

Soundtrack | Fantastic Four

Being the son of a violinist Vivaldi started playing the violin himself early in his life. In 1703 he became priest and in 1716 the director of a conservatory of the church in Venice. Being a famous violinist he gave concerts all over Europe also composing a lot of violin concerts and other string ...

THE FOURTH SEASONS

31. Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy

Soundtrack | Enemy of the State

Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy was born on February 3, 1809 in Hamburg as Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy. He was married to Cécile Charlotte Sophie Jeanrenaud. He died on November 4, 1847 in Leipzig, Saxony [now Germany].

HOCHEZEITSHMARCH

32. Modest Mussorgsky

Soundtrack | The Big Lebowski

In 1856 Moussorgsky joined the Russian army where he met the piano player and composer 'Balakirev' who taught him composition. As he could not finish his studies in music, Moussorgsky did not know all stylistic means of composition perfectly and thus had to follow his instinct in his works becoming...

PICTURES AT AN EXHIBITION

33. Carl Orff

Soundtrack | Excalibur

Carl Orff was born on July 10, 1895 in Munich, Germany as Karl Heinrich Maria Orff. He was married to Liselotte Schmitz, Luise Rinser, Gertrud Willert and Alice Solscher. He died on March 29, 1982 in Munich.

CARMINA BURANA

34. Johann Pachelbel

Soundtrack | 4: Rise of the Silver Surfer

Direct influence on composer Johann Sebastian Bach.

CANON Y GIGA EN RE MAYOR

35. Sergei Prokofiev

Soundtrack | Children of Men

Prokofiev was a multi-talented man and an innovative composer. He learned piano from his mother and chess from his father. He always had a chess set on his piano, and was able to play against the chess champions of his time. He studied music with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, graduated with highest ...

SUITE ESCITA

36. Sergei Rachmaninoff

Soundtrack | Dawn of the Dead

Sergei Rachmaninov (also spelled Rachmaninoff) was a legendary Russian composer and pianist who emigrated after the Communist revolution of 1917, and became one of the highest paid concert stars of his time, and one of the most influential pianists of the 20th century.

He was born Sergei Vasilevich ...

TRIO ELEGIAQUE

37. Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Soundtrack | Brokeback Mountain

Rimsky-Korsakov was a navy officer but soon discovered his love for music. Since 1861 he belonged to the group of Balkirev but later he returned to the traditional way of composing. He combined uniquely the Russian folksongs with the music of the Orthodox Church. Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the first ...

OPUS 34

38. Gioachino Rossini

Soundtrack | Strange Days

As a son of a horn player and a singer Rossini was taught instruments early in his life. When he was older he went to the conservatory of Bologna for lessons. His first opera was such a big success that a lot of people wanted him to write more pieces. But nevertheless in 1816 his masterpiece "The ...

IL BARBIERI DI SIVIGLIA

39. Camille Saint-Saëns

Soundtrack | Tombstone

Composer chiefly remembered for his symphonic poems -the first of that genre to be written by a Frenchman- and for his opera 'Samson et Dalila'. Notable for his pioneering efforts on behalf of French music, he was also a gifted pianist and organist, and a writer of criticism, poetry, essays, and ...

LE CARNAVAL DES ANIMAUX

40. Erik Satie

Soundtrack | Mr. Nobody

Erik Satie was born on May 17, 1866 in Honfleur, Calvados, France as Erik Alfred Leslie-Satie. He died on July 5, 1925 in Arcueil, Seine [now Val-de-Marne], France.

GYMNOPEDIES

41. Arnold Schönberg

Composer | Moses und Aron

Arnold Schonberg was born in the Jewish ghetto of Vienna, in 1874. His parents were Ashkenazim, his mother, Pauline was from Prague, and his father, Samuel, was from Bratislava. His mother was a piano teacher, but he had little interest in early childhood. He took violin lessons when he was eight ...

VERKLARTE NACHT

42. Franz Schubert

Soundtrack | Minority Report

Schubert was musically educated at the "Hofkapelle" in Vienna where he sang as a boy but then had to quit in order to help his father at school. Four years later, he became an independent composer and was destined to live in poverty from then onwards. Having an introverted personality, Schubert ...

D.667

43. Robert Schumann

Soundtrack | Wasabi

Schumann studied Law and at the same time attended piano lessons. He ignored all musical theory because in his mind the romantic music had only to be inspired by fantasy. Publishing the "Neue Zeitschrift fuer Musik" he supported young composers of his time like Frédéric Chopin or Johannes Brahms. ...

SYMPHONY N 3

44. Johann Strauss

Soundtrack | 2001: A Space Odyssey

Johann Strauss (or Johann Strauss son), one of Austrian music's most famous names who studied music secretly against his father's will, later became the leader of his father's band and the indisputable "waltz king"; his waltz 'On the Beautiful Blue Danube', is the main theme in Stanley Kubrick's ...

AN DER SHONEN BLAUEN DONAU(OPUS 314)

45. Richard Strauss

Soundtrack | 2001: A Space Odyssey

Richard Strauss was a German composer best known for symphonic poem 'Also sprach Zarathustra' (Thus Spoke Zarathustra, 1896) used as the music score in 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) by director Stanley Kubrik.

He was born Richard Georg Strauss on June 11, 1864, in Munich, Bavaria (now Germany). His ...

ALSO SPRACH ZARATHUSTRA

46. Igor Stravinsky

Soundtrack | Short Cuts

Igor Stravinsky's father was a singer at the opera, and thus Stravinsky became a student of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov after a short stint as a law student. Very much influenced by Russian composers, only his sponsor Sergei Diaghilev in Paris was able to convince him to try new styles of ballet, e.g. ...

LE SACRE DU PRINTEMPS

47. Gustav Holst

Soundtrack | The Right Stuff

Gustav Holst was born on September 21, 1874 in Pittville, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England as Gustavus Theodore von Holst. He was married to Isobel Harrison. He died on May 25, 1934 in Ealing, Middlesex, London, England.

THE PLANETS

48. Gabriel Fauré

Soundtrack | 28 Days Later...

Gabriel-Urbian Faure was born May 12, 1845, in Pamires, Mid-Pyrenees, France. He was the youngest of 6 children born to Toussaint and Marie Faure. From the age of 9 he studied piano and organ with Camille Saint-Saëns at the Ecole Niedermeyer. Saint-Saene encouraged young Faure to play piano music ...

REQUIEM,PAVANE OF FAURÉ

49. Edvard Grieg

Soundtrack | M

Edvard Hagerup Grieg (Greig) was born on on June 15, 1843, in Bergen, Norway. His father, named Alexander Greig (originally McGregor), was English consul of Scottish origin. His mother, named Gesine Hagerup, was an educated pianist. Grieg grew up among three sisters and an elder brother. He began ...

OPUS 16

50. Aleksandr Borodin

Soundtrack | Peggy Sue Got Married

Aleksandr Borodin was born on November 12, 1833 in St. Petersburg, Russia. He was in fact the illegitimate son of the Georgian Prince, Lukas Gedevanishvili, who registered his son under the name of his serf and payed for Borodin's private education in music, languages and sciences.

Young Borodin ...

THE PRINCE IGOR

51. Jacques Offenbach

Soundtrack | Moulin Rouge!

Jacques Offenbach, the son of a synagogue cantor, was born in Cologne, Germany, June 20, 1819. So strong were his musical talents that the Paris Conservatory waived the rule forbidding foreigners and enrolled him. At the completion of his studies he began playing the cello in the orchestra of the ...

LOS CONTES D,HOFFMAN