Conflictive 20th Century

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“ 3rd Marquess of Salisbury ” - quietgiant2
“ 1st Earl Haig, field marshal ” - quietgiant2
Lord Kitchener
Horatio Herbert Kitchener was born in Ballylongford, Ireland on June 24, 1850, the son of Lt. Col. Henry Kitchener. After attending boarding school in Switzerland, Horatio was admitted to the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, England in 1868. Commissioned as an officer in the Royal Engineers in 1871...
Pancho Villa
Producer, Life of Villa
Francisco "Pancho" Villa was born Doroteo Arango to rural peasant parents in San Juan del Rio, Mexico, on June 5, 1878. He later took several aliases, the most popular and well-known being "Pancho Villa". Raised in poverty in Durango, he turned to cattle rustling and robbery as a young man. The turning point in his life...
Yat-sen Sun
Yat-sen Sun was born on November 12, 1866 in Hsiang-shan, Kwangtung Province, China. He was married to Ching-Ling Soong and Lu Mu-chen. He died on March 12, 1925 in Peking, China. Sun was survived by his first and second wives, a daughter, and a son, Sun Fo. His first marriage, at the age of 18, to Lu Mu-chen (1867-1952) had been traditionally arranged...
“ He succeeded Yuan Shikai, his opositor,
as the most influential leader in China. ” - quietgiant2
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Born on December 18, 1863, the eldest son of Archduke Karl-Ludwig von Habsburg and his wife, Princess Annunziata di Borbone, Franz Ferdinand was third in line to the thrown of the Austro-Hungarian Empire upon his birth. After his cousin Crown Prince Rudolf committed suicide in 1889 and his father died in 1896...
Tsar Nicholas II
Czar Nicholas II of Russia was crowned in 1894, and was the last Emperor of Russia. He was born on 19 May, 1868, the first child of Tsarevitch Aleksandr III and his wife, Maria Fyodorovna. He was christened His Imperial Highness Nicholas Aleksandrovitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia. He was followed by three brothers and two sisters: Grand Duke Aleksandr (1869-1870)...
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Kaiser William II was born on January 27, 1859 to a Prince and Princess of Prussia. His mother was the daughter of Queen Victoria. He grew up like any Prussian Prince, except for an arm that was deformed from birth. He admired his grandparents who became Kaiser and Empress when he was small. He also admired his English Grandmother Queen Victoria as well as Otto von Bismarck...
Paul von Hindenburg
Coming from an aristocratic Prussian family, Paul von Hindenburg joined the Prussian army as a young man, retiring as a general in 1913 at age 66. Recalled to duty during World War I, he was placed in command of the German forces at the battle of Tannenberg in 1914 against the Russians which, due to...
Aleksandr Kerensky
Alexander Kerensky was born in Simbirsk, Russia, in 1881, the son of a lower-ranking nobleman in the Russian aristocracy. As a law student he gained renown for his skillful defense of socialist activists arrested by the Czarist police, which may well have contributed to his political party, the Socialist Revolution...
Leon Trotsky
Communist leader. He was chief theorist, a leader in both the 1905 and 1917 Russian Revolutions alongside V.I. Lenin. As commissar for foreign affairs, Trotsky arranged the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany. He next became head of the Red Army, killing over a million of White Army officers and Cossacks...
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
Mikhail Tukhachevsky, one of the top generals in the Soviet army, was actually born into a family of the Russian nobility. He graduated from the Russian Military Academy shortly before World War I and fought during the war as a Second Lieutenant. Captured by German forces, he escaped from captivity on several occasions...
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Mustafa was born in 1881 in Salonica, then an Ottoman Turkish city, in modern day Greece. His father, Ali Riza, a customs official-turned-lumber merchant, died when Mustafa was still a boy. His mother, Zubeyde, a devout and strong-willed woman, raised him and his younger sister by herself. First enrolled in a traditional Islamic religious school...
Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin (a code name meaning "Man of Steel") was born Iosif (Joseph) Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili in 1879 in Gori, Georgia, the Transcaucasian part of the Russian Empire. His father was a cobbler named Vissarion Dzhugashvili, a drunkard who beat him badly and frequently and left the family when Joseph was young...
“ Mafia avenged him, exchanging Lucky Luciano's freedom
by the Sicily invasion. ” - quietgiant2
Adolf Hitler
Miscellaneous Crew, Triumph of the Will
Born the fourth of six children to Austrian customs officer Alois Hitler--who had been married twice before--and the former Klara Polzl, Adolf Hitler grew up in a small Austrian town in the late 19th century. He was a slow learner and did poorly in school. He was frequently beaten by his authoritarian father...
“ There must be something wrong with a person who did not like Brahms music. ” - quietgiant2
Francisco Franco
Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teoula Franco y Bahamonde was born on December 4, 1892, in Ferrol, Spain. He entered the Spanish Military Academy in 1907 and upon graduation three years later was commissioned as a lieutenant. His career path seemed assured after he was detailed to the colony of Spanish Morocco to fight against the Berber tribes and acquitted himself well...
Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich began his career as an officer in the post-World War I German navy. He was dishonorably discharged after becoming involved in an illicit love affair. The young woman became pregnant, but instead of marrying her, Heydrich met and soon got engaged to Lina von Osten. In 1930 Heydrich...
“ A lethal illusionist German with Jewish ancestry. ” - quietgiant2
Winston Churchill
Born in Blenheim Palace, the residence of his grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough. His father was the Duke's third son, Lord Randolph Churchill. His mother, Jennie Jerome, was the daughter of an American financier. After passing through famous English public schools such as Harrow, he went on to fulfill his ambition for a life in the army...
“ Refusing any agreement with the Germans, Churchill had his big moment in Yalta, where England seemed to retain its power of the last 300 years. But the British people, fearing the future, not reelected him. ” - quietgiant2
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was the last Shah of Iran, his reign lasted from 1941 until his overthrow in 1979. He was educated in Switzerland and was familiar with the western ideas. In 1941, Britain and USSR occupied Iran and forced Reza Shah the Great to resign in favor of his son. Later the young Shah became the most important ally to the West in the Middle East...
“ "Marechal de France" ” - quietgiant2
Zedong Mao
Tse-tung Mao, along with Yat-sen Sun and Kai-Shek Chiang, was one of the most important figures to modern Chinese history. Born to a peasant family--his father was a farmer--in Shaoshan, China, on December 26, 1893, Mao was raised in the grinding poverty of rural Hunan province, where he developed a hatred of the Imperial Chinese government while still a boy...
Josip Broz Tito
Born Josip Broz on May 7, 1892, in the Croatian village of Kumrovec, in what was then the Austro-Hungarian Empire (and now is in Slovenia), he was the seventh of 15 children born to Roman Catholic peasants. His blacksmith father, Franjo Broz, was a Croat, and his mother, Marija, was Slovene. After spending part of his childhood years with his maternal grandfather in Podsreda...
Isoroku Yamamoto
Isoroku Yamamoto was born on April 4, 1884, in Nagoka, Japan, the last of seven children. His first name "Isoroku" translates into the number "56", which was his father's age when he was born. He lived near Nagaoka, entered the Imperial Naval School at age 16 and was an ensign on a cruiser during the Battle of Tshushima on May 27...
Erwin Rommel
Erwin Rommel, aka "The Desert Fox", was one of Adolf Hitler's most able generals during WWII. He joined the German army in 1910 and won awards for bravery in WW I. He was in the 7th Tank Division at the outbreak of WW II and headed the push to the English Channel. Promoted to the rank of lieutenant general...
Georgi Zhukov
Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov was born on December 1, 1896, in the village of Strelkovka, Kaluga region, Russia. His parents were peasants. He served during the First World War in the Russian army under Tsar Nicholas II. He was awarded the Cross of St. George twice and promoted for his bravery in battle...
“ The man who won the World War II
His biography in the wikipedia is deservedly bigger than Hitler ” - quietgiant2
Gerd von Rundstedt
Gerd von Rundstedt served as a Field Marshall in the Wehrmacht. For his success during the France campaign in 1940 he was awarded the German Knights Cross.
George S. Patton
George S. Patton III was a highly successful and highly controversial general who held Corps- and Army-level commands during World War II. Because of his great competence as a battlefield commander, Patton might have led the American troops during the invasion of Normandy; however, his impolitic ways...
Mohandas K. Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) was born on October 2, 1869, into a Hindu Modh family in Porbanadar, Gujarat, India. His father, named Karamchand Gandhi, was the Chief Minister (diwan) of the city of Porbanadar. His mother, named Putlibai, was the fourth wife; the previous three wives died in childbirth...
Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, India. He was the son of Swaroop Rani and Motilal Nehru, a wealthy lawyer and a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement. The Nehru family belonged to the saraswat Brahmin caste. Nehru graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge University and came back to India in 1912...
“ "Marshall plan" ” - quietgiant2
Juan Domingo Perón
Political and military Argentinean. Husband of Eva Perón (or Evita). Creator of the Justicialism Party (or peronism). He was President from Argentina during three periods.
The Dalai Lama
His Holiness, the 14th Dalai Lama (born Lhamo Döndrub, also known by his religious name, Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso), is Tibet's head of state as well as the spiritual leader of the Tibetan people. He was recognized at age 2 as the reincarnation of Avalokiteshvara...
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro Ruz was the fifth of nine children born to Angel Castro, a plantation owner originally from Galicia, Spain who operated a plantation in Cuba's Oriente Province. His mother, Lina Ruz Gonzalez, was a servant in his father's home who bore Fidel out of wedlock (they later were married several years after Angel's first wife died)...
Ernesto 'Che' Guevara
Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born to a middle-class family in Rosario, Santa Fe Province, Argentina, on June 14, 1928. Disgusted by the corrupt Argentine military dictatorship, Guevara became a dedicated Marxist while in his teens. As a student he vowed to devote his life to revolutionary causes...
Enlai Zhou
En-lai Chou (Enlai Zhou) is wildly recognized as the most influential diplomat in the history of Communist China, but less commonly known as the right-hand man of Zedong Mao. He was born in rural Hwaian, China, in 1898 (the exact date is unknown). The son of an imperial government bureaucrat,...
“ nickname "Napoleon of Asia" ” - quietgiant2
“ Big Minh ” - quietgiant2
“ Nobel Prize together to Menachen Begin
he was killed by Khomeini's determination. ” - quietgiant2
“ Begining with terrorism he was laureate
With Nobel Peace ” - quietgiant2
Leonid Brezhnev
Writer, Brezhnev
Leonid Brezhnev was a communist leader of the Soviet Union who restored Stalinist-type dictatorship thus causing economic stagnation and disproportionate military growth that exhausted the Soviet economy and eventually led to collapse of the Soviet Union. Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was born on December 19...
“ His father Anastasio Somoza García ordered the assassination of Augusto Cesar Sandino and his followers, starting a wave of violence.
The two Somoza (father and son) were killed in the exercise of power. ” - quietgiant2
Jean-Bédel Bokassa
Jean-Bedel Bokassa, the former president and then self-proclaimed Emperior of the poverty-stricken Central African Republic, was born Bokassa Mgboundoulou in Bobangui, a village in what was then French Equatorial Africa, on February 22, 1921, one of 12 children of a village chief. When he was a child...
Idi Amin
Idi Amin Dada Oumee was born in the rural village of Koboko, Uganda, in 1923, a member of the Kakwa tribe. Raised in the isolated farming country of northwestern Uganda, Amin received a scant education which left him functionally illiterate. During the Second World War, at the age of 18, he enlisted in the British Army in the East African Rifles and fought in Burma against the Japanese...
Muammar Gadaffi
Self, Starko!
Muammar Abu Meniar el-Gaddafi was born in the North African desert, south of Sirte, Libya, in 1942 (the exact date is unknown; some sources day June 1, while others say sometime in September). The son of a poor Bedouin nomad, Gaddafi lived in his family's remote desert camp until he went away to school at age 9...
Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein was a bloody and brutal dictator who kept his country of Iraq at war almost constantly after assuming power in 1979. At least one million people died due to the machinations of Saddam. After his regime was toppled by the U.S. invasion of 2003, he wound up on a gallows, his life terminated at the end of a hangman's noose...
François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand was born in Jarnac on October 26, 1916. He was finishing his studies in Paris when he was called by the French army in September 1939. He was 3 times mentioned, then injured and imprisoned but he escaped in December 1941 during his transfer to another war camp. Back to France, he joined the Résistance where he had an important role...
Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher was born on October 13, 1925 in Grantham, England, the younger daughter of Alfred and Beatrice Roberts. Her father was a greengrocer and respected town leader, serving as lay-leader with their church, city-alderman and then as mayor. He taught Margaret never to do things because other people are doing them; do what you think is right and persuade others to follow you...
Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden was the criminal mastermind behind Al-Qaida and the world's most sought-after terrorist since the 1998 attacks on U.S. embassies in Kenya and Libya. He has released videos praising terrorist threats. Almost 10 years after the September 11, 2001 attacks, on a late May 1, 2011 evening, US President Barack Obama made an announcement that bin Laden was killed by US operatives.
Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev was the last leader of the Soviet Communist Party who initiated changes known as 'perestroika' and 'glasnost' which melted the rigid Soviet system and liberated 15 republics of the Soviet Union to become independent states, thus ending the existence of the USSR in December 1991. He was born Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev into a peasant family on March 2...
“ place reserved to his son Zviad ” - quietgiant2
Yasser Arafat
Yasir Arafat was born Rahman Abdul Rauf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husayni on August 24, 1929. Although he was raised in Cairo, Egypt, he always considered himself a Palestinian. In the late 1940s while a student in Egypt, he became an ardent Arab nationalist and adopted the name Yasir, after Yasir al Birah...
“ place reserved to his father Laurent ” - quietgiant2