BrokenFace Favourite Directors list 2013

by debaser_1985 | created - 06 Nov 2013 | updated - 03 Dec 2013 | Public

top 10s don't include shorts..

1. Satyajit Ray

Writer | Pather Panchali

Satyajit Ray was born in Calcutta on May 2, 1921. His father, Late Sukumar Ray was an eminent poet and writer in the history of Bengali literature. In 1940, after receiving his degree in science and economics from Calcutta University, he attended Tagore's Viswa-Bharati University. His first movie ...

1. Days & Nights in the Forest 2. Devi 3. Pratidwandi 4. Jalsaghar 5. Aparajito 6. Abhijan 7. Mahanagar 8. The World of Apu 9. Charulata 10. Pather Panchali

need to see: An Enemy of the People, The Zoo, Branches of the Tree, Sikkim

2. David Lynch

Writer | Twin Peaks

Born in precisely the kind of small-town American setting so familiar from his films, David Lynch spent his childhood being shunted from one state to another as his research scientist father kept getting relocated. He attended various art schools, married Peggy Lynch and then fathered future ...

1. Blue Velvet 2. Mulholland Dr. 3. Lost Highway 4. Inland Empire 5. Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me 6. Eraserhead 7. The Elephant Man 8. The Straight Story 9. Wild at Heart 10. Dune

3. Éric Rohmer

Director | Ma nuit chez Maud

Admirers have always had difficulty explaining Éric Rohmer's "Je ne sais quoi." Part of the challenge stems from the fact that, despite his place in French Nouvelle Vague (i.e., New Wave), his work is unlike that of his colleagues. While this may be due to the auteur's unwillingness to conform, ...

1. My Night at Maud's 2. Pauline at the Beach 3. The Green Ray 4. The Aviator's Wife 5. An Autumn Tale 6. Claire's Knee 7. Rendezvous in Paris 8. A Tale of Springtime 9. Four Adventures of Reinette & Mirabelle 10. A Summer's Tale

need to see: The Lady and the Duke

4. Stanley Kubrick

Director | 2001: A Space Odyssey

Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would ...

1. 2001: A Space Odyssey 2. Barry Lyndon 3. A Clockwork Orange 4. The Shining 5. Dr Strangelove 6. Paths of Glory 7. Eyes Wide Shut 8. The Killing 9. Full Metal Jacket 10. Lolita

5. Alfred Hitchcock

Director | Psycho

Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and ...

1. Vertigo 2. Rear Window 3. Strangers on a Train 4. Psycho 5. The Lady Vanishes 6. North by Northwest 7. The 39 Steps 8. Rope 9. Foreign Correspondent 10. Notorious

need to see: Stage Fright, Jamaica Inn, The Paradine Case, Champagne

6. Buster Keaton

Actor | The General

Joseph Frank Keaton was born on October 4, 1895 in Piqua, Kansas, to Joe Keaton and Myra Keaton. Joe and Myra were Vaudevillian comedians with a popular, ever-changing variety act, giving Keaton an eclectic and interesting upbringing. In the earliest days on stage, they traveled with a medicine ...

1. Sherlock Jr 2. Seven Chances 3. The General 4. Steamboat Bill Jr 5. The Cameraman 6. Our Hospitality 7. The Navigator 8. College 9. Go West 10. Battling Butler

7. Ethan Coen

Producer | A Serious Man

Ethan Coen was born on September 21, 1957 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA as Ethan Jesse Coen. He is a producer and writer, known for A Serious Man (2009), Inside Llewyn Davis (2013) and Fargo (1996). He has been married to Tricia Cooke since October 2, 1990. They have two children.

1. The Big Lebowski 2. O Brother Where Art Thou? 3. Fargo 4. Miller's Crossing 5. A Serious Man 6. Blood Simple 7. Raising Arizona 8. True Grit 9. The Hudsucker Proxy 10. Barton Fink

need to see: Inside Llewyn Davis

8. Ernst Lubitsch

Director | To Be or Not to Be

From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at ...

1. Trouble in Paradise 2. To Be or Not To Be 3. The Shop Around the Corner 4. Ninotchka 5. Die Bergkatze 6. Die Puppe 7. Heaven Can Wait 8. Cluny Brown 9. Design For Living 10. The Smiling Lieutenant

9. Jan Svankmajer

Director | Otesánek

After studying at the Institute of Industrial Arts and the Marionette Faculty of the Prague Academy of Fine Arts in the 1950s, Jan Svankmajer started working as a theatre director, chiefly in association with the Theatre of Masks and the Black Theatre. He first experimented with film-making after ...

1. Little Otik 2. Faust 3. Surviving Life (Theory & Practice) 4. Alice 5. Lunacy 6. Conspirators of Pleasure

10. Aki Kaurismäki

Producer | Le Havre

Aki Kaurismäki did a wide variety of jobs including postman, dish-washer and film critic, before forming a production and distribution company, Villealfa (in homage to Jean-Luc Godard's Alphaville (1965)) with his older brother Mika Kaurismäki, also a film-maker. Both Aki and Mika are prolific ...

1. Leningrad Cowboys Go America 2. Match Factory Girl 3. Le Havre 4. La vie de boheme 5. Juha 6. The Man Without a Past 7. Shadows in Paradise 8. Drifting Clouds 9. Calamari Union 10. Lights in the Dusk

11. Michael Powell

Director | A Matter of Life and Death

The son of Thomas William Powell and Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self-confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the south of France (where his parents ran a hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury and Dulwich ...

1. The Red Shoes 2. The Life & Death of Colonel Blimp 3. A Canterbury Tale 4. Black Narcissus 5. Peeping Tom 6. A Matter of Life and Death 7. I Know Where I'm Going! 8. The Small Back Room 9. The Edge of the World 10. Ill Met By Moonlight

need to see: The Fighting Pimpernel, The Spy in Black, They're a Weird Mob, Contraband, One of Our Aircraft is Missing

12. Krzysztof Kieslowski

Writer | La double vie de Véronique

Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Przejscie podziemne (1974) (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personel (...

1. The Double Life of Veronique 2. A Short Film About Love 3. Three Colours Red 4. Dekalog 5. Three Colours White 6. Camera Buff 7. Three Colours Blue 8. A Short Film About Killing 9. Blind Chance

need to see: No End, The Scar

13. Akira Kurosawa

Writer | Ran

After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata (1943). Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater...

1. Ran 2. Ikiru 3. Rashomon 4. Seven Samurai 5. Dersu Uzala 6. Yojimbo 7. Throne of Blood 8. Red Beard 9. Stray Dog 10. Drunken Angel

need to see: Dreams, Sanshiro Sugata, The Men Who Tread on the Tiger's Tail, One Wonderful Sunday, Madadayo

14. David Cronenberg

Director | The Fly

David Cronenberg, also known as the King of Venereal Horror or the Baron of Blood, was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1943. His father, Milton Cronenberg, was a journalist and editor, and his mother, Esther (Sumberg), was a piano player. After showing an inclination for literature at an early...

1. Videodrome 2. Cosmopolis 3. Dead Ringers 4. eXistenZ 5. A History of Violence 6. The Fly 7. Eastern Promises 8. The Brood 9. Naked Lunch 10. Scanners

need to see: M.Butterfly, Rabid, Fast Company

15. Jacques Rivette

Director | La belle noiseuse

Although François Truffaut has written that the New Wave began "thanks to Rivette," the films of this masterful French director are not well known. Rivette, like his "Cahiers du Cinéma" colleagues Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol and Éric Rohmer, did graduate to filmmaking but, like Rohmer...

1. Celine & Julie Go Boating 2. Duelle (A Quarantine) 3. Up, Down, Fragile 4. Le Pont du Nord 5. La belle noiseuse 6. Secret Defence 7. Paris nous appartient 8. The Nun 9. Noroit 10. Out 1: Spectre

need to see: Jeanne la Pucelle I/II, Around a Small Mountain, The Story of Marie & Julien, The Gang of Four, Divertimento

16. John Carpenter

Writer | The Fog

John Howard Carpenter was born in Carthage, New York, to mother Milton Jean (Carter) and father Howard Ralph Carpenter. His family moved to Bowling Green, Kentucky, where his father, a professor, was head of the music department at Western Kentucky University. He attended Western Kentucky ...

1. Escape From New York 2. The Thing 3. They Live 4. Halloween 5. Assault on Precinct 13 6. Big Trouble in Little China 7. The Fog 8. Prince of Darkness 9. Dark Star 10. In the Mouth of Madness

need to see: Vampires, Ghosts of Mars, Starman

17. Fritz Lang

Director | M

Fritz Lang was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1890. His father managed a construction company. His mother, Pauline Schlesinger, was Jewish but converted to Catholicism when Lang was ten. After high school, he enrolled briefly at the Technische Hochschule Wien and then started to train as a painter. ...

1. M 2. Dr Mabuse: The Gambler 3. Metropolis 4. Spione 5. Scarlet Street 6. Frau im Mond 7. The Woman in the Window 8. Fury 9. The Testament of Dr Mabuse 10. The Big Heat

need to see: Human Desire, Western Union, Harakiri, The Return of Frank James

18. Roman Polanski

Actor | Chinatown

Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933. His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years ...

1. Chinatown 2. Cul-de-sac 3. Rosemary's Baby 4. The Tenant 5. Frantic 6. Repulsion 7. Knife in the Water 8. Death and the Maiden 9. The Pianist 10. The Ninth Gate

need to see: Venus in Furs, Pirates, Macbeth, Oliver Twist

19. Orson Welles

Actor | Citizen Kane

His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was nine) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr....

1. Touch of Evil 2. F for Fake 3. Citizen Kane 4. The Lady From Shanghai 5. Othello 6. The Magnificent Ambersons 7. The Immortal Story 8. The Trial 9. The Fountain of Youth 10. Mr Arkadin

need to see: Filming Othello

20. Jean Renoir

Writer | La grande illusion

Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he ...

1. La regle de jeu 2. The Crime of Monsieur Lange 3. La bete humaine 4. This Land is Mine 5. Grand Illusion 6. Toni 7. French Cancan 8. The Lower Depths 9. The Golden Coach 10. Boudu Saved From Drowning

need to see: The Little Match Girl, Swamp Water, Woman on the Beach, Elena and Her Men, The Southerner, Diary of a Chambermaid, etc.

21. Woody Allen

Writer | Manhattan

Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...

1. Love and Death 2. Annie Hall 3. The Purple Rose of Cairo 4. Sleeper 5. Crimes & Misdemeanours 6. Bullets Over Broadway 7. Manhattan Murder Mystery 8. Manhattan 9. Broadway Danny Rose 10. Sweet and Lowdown

need to see: Blue Jasmine

22. Billy Wilder

Writer | The Apartment

Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929, and wrote scripts for many ...

1. Sunset Blvd 2. Double Indemnity 3. The Lost Weekend 4. One Two Three 5. Ace in the Hole 6. Some Like it Hot 7. Witness for the Prosecution 8. Stalag 17 9. The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes 10. Five Graves to Cairo

need to see: The Fortune Cookie, Fedora, Buddy Buddy, The Major & the Minor

23. Sergio Leone

Writer | Once Upon a Time in America

Sergio Leone was virtually born into the cinema - he was the son of Roberto Roberti (A.K.A. Vincenzo Leone), one of Italy's cinema pioneers, and actress Bice Valerian. Leone entered films in his late teens, working as an assistant director to both Italian directors and U.S. directors working in ...

1. Once Upon a Time in the West 2. The Good, the Bad & the Ugly 3. A Fistful of Dollars 4. For a Few Dollars More 5. Once Upon a Time in America 6. A Fistful of Dynamite/Duck You Sucker

24. F.W. Murnau

Director | Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

He studied art and literature history at the University of Heidelberg. During World War I, he was a combat pilot.

1. Sunrise 2. City Girl 3. The Last Laugh 4. Nosferatu 5. Faust 6. Tabu 7. The Finances of the Grand Duke 8. Tartuffe 9. The Haunted Castle 10. Phantom

25. David Lean

Director | Lawrence of Arabia

An important British filmmaker, David Lean was born in Croydon on March 25, 1908 and brought up in a strict Quaker family (ironically, as a child he wasn't allowed to go to the movies). During the 1920s, he briefly considered the possibility of becoming an accountant like his father before finding ...

1. Lawrence of Arabia 2. Doctor Zhivago 3. Great Expectations 4. Brief Encounter 5. Hobson's Choice 6. The Bridge on the River Kwai 7. This Happy Breed 8. Oliver Twist 9. Madeleine 10. The Passionate Friends

need to see: Ryan's Daughter

26. Masaki Kobayashi

Director | Jôi-uchi: Hairyô tsuma shimatsu

Masaki Kobayashi was born on February 14, 1916 in Hokkaido, Japan. He was a director and writer, known for Samurai Rebellion (1967), The Human Condition I: No Greater Love (1959) and The Human Condition III: A Soldier's Prayer (1961). He died on October 4, 1996 in Tokyo, Japan.

1. Harakiri 2. The Human Condition I 3. The Human Condition II 4. The Human Condition III 5. Inn of Evil 6. Samurai Rebellion 7. Kwaidan 8. My Son's Youth

need to see: I Will Buy You, Fountainhead, Sincere Heart, Black River, The Inheritance, Hymn to a Tired Man

27. Marcel Carné

Director | Le quai des brumes

Marcel Carné, the son of a cabinet maker, entered the movies as the assistant of Jacques Feyder. At the age of 25 he directed his first movie Jenny (1936). Colaborating with the writer Jacques Prévert, the decorator Alexandre Trauner, the musician and composer Maurice Jaubert and the actor Jean ...

1. Les enfants du paradis 2. Drole de drame 3. Le jour se leve 4. Port of Shadows 5. Les portes de la nuit 6. Les visiteurs du soir 7. Hotel du Nord 8. Therese Raquin 9. Juliette 10. Les tricheurs

need to see: The Air of Paris

28. Howard Hawks

Director | Rio Bravo

What do the classic films Scarface (1932), Twentieth Century (1934), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Only Angels Have Wings (1939), His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Red River (1948) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) and Rio Bravo (1959) have in...

1. His Girl Friday 2. The Big Sleep 3. Rio Bravo 4. Bringing Up Baby 5. Ball of Fire 6. Twentieth Century 7. Scarface 8. El Dorado 9. To Have and Have Not 10. Only Angels Have Wings

need to see: Air Force, The Dawn Patrol, Rio Lobo, The Big Sky, Come and Get It, Ceiling Zero, I Was a Male War Bride, etc

29. Alain Resnais

Director | Mon oncle d'Amérique

Alain Resnais was born on June 3, 1922 in Vannes, Morbihan, France as Alain Pierre Marie Jean Georges Resnais. He was a director and editor, known for Mon oncle d'Amérique (1980), Same Old Song (1997) and Coeurs (2006). He was married to Sabine Azéma and Florence Malraux. He died on March 1,...

1. Last Year at Marienbad 2. Providence 3. Hiroshima, Mon Amour 4. Mon oncle Amerique 5. Je t'aime, je t'aime 6. Stavisky 7. Muriel 8. Wild Grass

need to see: Melo, Love Unto Death, Life is a Bed of Roses, The War is Over, I Want to Go Home, Smoking/No Smoking, etc.

30. Agnès Varda

Director | Sans toit ni loi

Agnès Varda was born on May 30, 1928 in Brussels, Belgium as Arlette Varda. She is a director and writer, known for Vagabond (1985), Le Bonheur (1965) and Les plages d'Agnès (2008). She was previously married to Jacques Demy.

1. The Beaches of Agnes 2. Vagabond 3. The Gleaners & I 4. Le bonheur 5. Kung-Fu Master 6. The 101 Nights of Simon Cinema 7. La Point-courte 8. Cleo From 5 to 7 9. The Universe of Jacques Demy 10. One Sings, the Other Doesn't

need to see: Jacquot de Nantes, Daguerrotypes, Gleaners & I: Two Years Later, Les demoiselles ont eu 25 ans, Les creatures

31. Robert Bresson

Writer | Journal d'un curé de campagne

Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Affaires publiques (1934) in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Les anges du péché (1943) in 1943. ...

1. A Man Escaped 2. Pickpocket 3. Au hasard Balthazar 4. The Devil, Probably 5. Diary of a Country Priest 6. The Trial of Joan of Arc 7. Four Nights of a Dreamer 8. Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne 9. L'argent 10. Mouchette

need to see: Une femme douce

32. Milos Forman

Director | One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Milos Forman was born Jan Tomas Forman in Caslav, Czechoslovakia, to Anna (Svabova), who ran a summer hotel, and Rudolf Forman, a professor. During World War II, his parents were taken away by the Nazis, after being accused of participating in the underground resistance. His father died in ...

1. Loves of a Blonde 2. Taking Off 3. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 4. Amadeus 5. The Fireman's Ball 6. Man on the Moon 7. The People vs Larry Flynt 8. Black Peter 9. Konkurs

need to see: Ragtime, Hair, Goya's Ghosts, Valmont

33. Luis Buñuel

Writer | Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie

The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the ...

1. That Obscure Object of Desire 2. The Exterminating Angel 3. The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie 4. Viridiana 5. Simon of the Desert 6. Los Olvidados 7. L'Age d'Or 8. Phantom of Liberty 9. Belle de Jour 10. The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz

need to see: El Bruto, The Great Madcap, Susana, The Young One, Diary of a Chambermaid, Robinson Crusoe

34. Ingmar Bergman

Writer | Smultronstället

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions (1992) is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions (1996) is the ...

1. Cries & Whispers 2. Wild Strawberries 3. Winter Light 4. The Seventh Seal 5. Summer With Monika 6. Fanny & Alexander 7. Summer Interlude 8. Autumn Sonata 9. Persona 10. The Magician

need to see: The Serpent's Egg, A Lesson in Love, To Joy, Crisis, Port of Call, The Magic Flute, etc.

35. Werner Herzog

Director | Fitzcarraldo

Director. Writer. Producer. Has studied history, literature and theatre, but hasn't finished it. Founded his own production company in 1963. Has staged several operas, besides others in Bayreuth, Germany, and at the Milan Scala in Italy. Herzog has won numerous national and international awards for...

1. Fitzcarraldo 2. The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser 3. Lessons of Darkness 4. Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans 5. Stroszek 6. Little Dieter Needs to Fly 7. Aguirre: The Wrath of God 8. Cave of Forgotten Dreams 9. Grizzly Man 10. Woyzeck

need to see: Invincible, Where the Green Ants Dream, Echoes From a Sombre Empire, etc.

36. Mikhail Kalatozov

Director | Letyat zhuravli

Mikhail Kalatozov was born on December 28, 1903 in Tiflis, Russian Empire as Mikhail Kalatozishvili. He was a director and cinematographer, known for The Cranes Are Flying (1957), Vernye druz'ya (1954) and Zagovor obrechyonnykh (1950). He died on March 27, 1973 in Moscow, RSFSR, USSR.

1. The Cranes are Flying 2. The Unmailed Letter 3. I Am Cuba 4. Salt for Svanetia

need to see: Vernye druz'ya, Nail in the Boot, The Red Tent

37. Martin Scorsese

Director | Taxi Driver

Martin Charles Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, to Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) and Charles Scorsese, who both worked in Manhattan's garment district, and whose families both came from Palermo, Sicily. He was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later ...

1. Taxi Driver 2. The King of Comedy 3. Goodfellas 4. After Hours 5. Casino 6. Raging Bull 7. Mean Streets 8. Bringing Out the Dead 9. Hugo 10. Shutter Island

need to see: Boxcar Bertha, The Wolf of Wall Street, Kundun, My Voyage to Italy, Italianamerican

38. Quentin Tarantino

Writer | Reservoir Dogs

Quentin Jerome Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee. His father, Tony Tarantino, is an Italian-American actor and musician from New York, and his mother, Connie (McHugh), is a nurse from Tennessee. Quentin moved with his mother to Torrance, California, when he was four years old.

In January of...

1. Pulp Fiction 2. Django Unchained 3. Reservoir Dogs 4. Jackie Brown 5. Inglourious Basterds 6. Kill Bill Vol 1 7. Death Proof 8. Kill Bill Vol 2

39. François Truffaut

Writer | La nuit américaine

French director François Truffaut began to assiduously go to the movies at age seven. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who became his protector. Bazin helped the ...

1. The 400 Blows 2. Stolen Kisses 3. The Last Metro 4. The Woman Next Door 5. Bed & Board 6. The Wild Child 7. The Soft Skin 8. Day For Night 9. Fahrenheit 451 10. Jules & Jim

need to see: The Bride Wore Black, Small Change, The Story of Adele H, Mississippi Mermaid, The Green Room

40. Nicholas Ray

Director | Rebel Without a Cause

Nicholas Ray was born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle in 1911, in small-town Galesville, Wisconsin, to Lena (Toppen) and Raymond Joseph Kienzle, a contractor and builder. He was of German and Norwegian descent. Ray's early experience with film came with some radio broadcasting in high school. He left the ...

1. In a Lonely Place 2. Bigger Than Life 3. Party Girl 4. Johnny Guitar 5. Run For Cover 6. They Live By Night 7. Rebel Without a Cause 8. The Lusty Men 9. On Dangerous Ground 10. Macao

need to see: Knock on Any Door, Bitter Victory, Born to be Bad

41. Steven Spielberg

Producer | Artificial Intelligence: AI

One of the most influential personalities in the history of cinema, Steven Spielberg is Hollywood's best known director and one of the wealthiest filmmakers in the world. He has an extraordinary number of commercially successful and critically acclaimed credits to his name, either as a director, ...

1. Raiders of the Lost Ark 2. AI: Artificial Intelligence 3. Jaws 4. ET: The Extraterrestrial 5. Schindler's List 6. Indiana Jones & the Last Crusade 7. Minority Report 8. Close Encounters of the Third Kind 9. Jurassic Park 10. Duel

need to see: Sugarland Express, The Color Purple, Amistad, The Terminal, 1941

42. Louis Malle

Director | Au revoir les enfants

Louis Malle, the descendant of a French nobleman who made a fortune in beet sugar during the Napoleonic Wars, created films that explored life and its meaning. Malle's family discouraged his early interest in film but, in 1950, allowed him to enter the Institute of Advanced Cinematographic Studies ...

1. Le feu follet 2. Zazie on the Metro 3. Elevator to the Gallows 4. Au revoir les enfants 5. Murmur of the Heart 6. My Dinner With Andre 7. Milou en Mai 8. Lacombe Lucien 9. Les amants 10. Atlantic City

need to see: The Thief of Paris, Damage, Vanya on 42nd Street, Phantom India

43. Michelangelo Antonioni

Writer | Blowup

Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema"...

1. Red Desert 2. Blow-Up 3. L'eclisse 4. The Passenger 5. Le amiche 6. La notte 7. L'avventura 8. The Lady Without Camelias 9. Il Grido 10. Story of a Love Affair

need to see: Identification of a Woman, I vinti, Beyond the Clouds, The Mystery of Oberwald

44. Wes Anderson

Writer | Fantastic Mr. Fox

Wesley Wales Anderson was born in Houston, Texas. His mother, Texas Ann (Burroughs), is an archaeologist turned real estate agent, and his father, Melver Leonard Anderson, worked in advertising and PR. He has two brothers, Eric and Mel. Anderson's parents divorced when he was a young child, an ...

1. Rushmore 2. Moonrise Kingdom 3. The Royal Tenenbaums 4. The Life Aquatic 5. Fantastic Mr Fox 6. Bottle Rocket 7. The Darjeeling Limited

need to see: Grand Hotel Budapest

45. Jacques Demy

Director | Les parapluies de Cherbourg

Jacques Demy was born on June 5, 1931 in Pontchâteau, Loire-Atlantique, France. He was a director and writer, known for The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964), The Young Girls of Rochefort (1967) and Une Chambre en Ville (1982). He was married to Agnès Varda. He died on October 27, 1990 in Paris, France.

1. The Umbrellas of Cherbourg 2. The Young Girls of Rochfort 3. Lola 4. Bay of Angels 5. Donkey Skin 6. A Room in Town

need to see: Model Shop, A Slightly Pregnant Man

46. Vittorio De Sica

Director | Ladri di biciclette

Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee ...

1. Umberto D 2. Bicycle Thieves 3. Shoeshine 4. Miracle in Milan 5. The Garden of the Finzi-Continis 6. Il tetto 7. The Children are Watching Us

need to see: Two Women, Yesterday Today & Tomorrow, Indiscretion of an American Wife, The Gold of Naples, A Brief Vacation, Sunflower, Marriage Italian Style, Il boom

47. Georg Wilhelm Pabst

Director | Komödianten

Georg Wilhelm Pabst is considered by many to be the greatest director of German cinema, in his era. He was especially appreciated by actors and actresses for the humane way in which he treated them. This was in contrast to some of his contemporaries, such as Arnold Fanck, who have been ...

1. Diary of a Lost Girl 2. Pandora's Box 3. The 3 Penny Opera 4. Prix de Beaute 5. Joyless Street 6. Der letzte Akt 7. Westfront 1918 8. Kameradschaft

need to see: The Love of Jeanne Ney, White Hell of Pitz Palu, Secrets of a Soul

48. Paul Thomas Anderson

Director | Punch-Drunk Love

Anderson was born in 1970. He was one of the first of the "video store" generation of film-makers. His father was the first man on his block to own a V.C.R., and from a very early age Anderson had an infinite number of titles available to him. While film-makers like Spielberg cut their teeth making...

1. There Will Be Blood 2. Boogie Nights 3. Magnolia 4. The Master 5. Sydney/Hard Eight 6. Punch Drunk Love

need to see: Inherent Vice

49. Bernardo Bertolucci

Writer | The Last Emperor

Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films are known for their colorful visual style, was born in Parma, Italy, in 1940. He attended Rome University and became famous as a poet. He served as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film Accattone (1961) and directed La commare ...

1. The Conformist 2. Before the Revolution 3. Stealing Beauty 4. 1900 5. Me & You 6. The Last Emperor 7. The Spider's Stratagem 8. The Sheltering Sky 9. Tragedy of a Ridiculous Man 10. Last Tango in Paris

need to see: La Luna, The Grim Reaper, Besieged, Partner, The Dreamers, Little Buddha

50. Sidney Lumet

Director | 12 Angry Men

Sidney Lumet was a master of cinema, best known for his technical knowledge and his skill at getting first-rate performances from his actors -- and for shooting most of his films in his beloved New York. He made over 40 movies, often complex and emotional, but seldom overly sentimental. Although ...

1. Network 2. 12 Angry Men 3. Running on Empty 4. Dog Day Afternoon 5. Serpico 6. The Hill 7. The Verdict 8. The Fugitive Kind 9. Fail-Safe 10. The Pawnbroker

need to see: The Anderson Tapes, Daniel, Q&A, Night Falls on Manhattan, Deathtrap, etc.

51. Shôhei Imamura

Director | Kuroi ame

Shohei Imamura's films dig beneath the surface of Japanese society to reveal a wellspring of sensual, often irrational, energy that lies beneath. Along with his colleagues Nagisa Ôshima and Masahiro Shinoda, Imamura began his serious directorial career as a member of the New Wave movement in Japan....

1. Pigs & Battleships 2. Black Rain 3. The Insect Woman 4. Profound Desire of the Gods 5. Vengeance is Mine 6. Ballad of Narayama 7. Intentions of Murder 8. Stolen Desire 9. A Man Vanishes 10. The Pornographers

need to see: The Eel, Dr Akagi, Warm Water Under a Red Bridge, etc

52. Wim Wenders

Director | Der Himmel über Berlin

Wim Wenders is an Oscar-nominated German filmmaker who was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, which then was located in the British Occupation Zone of what became the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany, known colloquially as West Germany until ...

1. Kings of the Road 2. Paris, Texas 3. Wings of Desire 4. Alice in the Cities 5. Wrong Move 6. Buena Vista Social Club 7. Pina 8. The State of Things 9. The American Friend 10. The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick

need to see: Until the End of the World, Faraway So Close, Lisbon Story, The Million Dollar Hotel, Hammett, Tokyo-Ga

53. Mikio Naruse

Director | Ukigumo

Biography in: John Wakeman, editor. "World Film Directors, Volume One, 1890-1945". Pages 819-826. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1987.

1. Flowing 2. Late Chrysanthemums 3. When a Woman Ascends the Stairs 4. Repast 5. Floating Clouds 6. Sound of the Mountain 7. Mother

need to see: Yearning, A Woman's Life, Lightning, etc

54. Preston Sturges

Writer | The Great McGinty

Preston Sturges' own life is as unlikely as some of the plots of his best work. He was born into a wealthy family. As a boy he helped out on stage productions for his mother's friend, Isadora Duncan (the scarf that strangled her was made by his mother's company, Maison Desti). He served in the U.S....

1. The Lady Eve 2. Sullivan's Travels 3. The Palm Beach Story 4. The Miracle of Morgan's Creek 5. Unfaithfully Yours 6. The Great McGinty 7. Hail the Conquering Hero 8. The Great Moment 9. Christmas in July 10. The Sin of Harold Diddlebrock

55. Kenji Mizoguchi

Director | Saikaku ichidai onna

Coming from a lower class family Mizoguchi entered the production company Nikkatsu as an actor specialized in female roles. Later he became an assistant director and made his first film in 1922. Although he filmed almost 90 movies in the silent era, only his last 12 productions are really known ...

1. Sansho dayu 2. Ugetsu monogatari 3. Chikamatsu monogatari 4. The Life of Oharu 5. Akasen chitai 6. Oyu-sama 7. Uwasa no onna 8. A Geisha 9. The Story of the Late Chrysanthemums 10. Yokihi

need to see: Sisters of the Gion, Osaka Elegy, The Lady From Musashino, Utamoro & His Five Women, etc.

56. Henri-Georges Clouzot

Writer | Le salaire de la peur

Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau (1943) banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to ...

1. Les diaboliques 2. Le corbeau 3. The Wages of Fear 4. Quai des orfevres 5. The Murderer Lives at Number 21 6. Manon 7. The Mystery of Picasso

need to see: Les espions, La verite

57. John Huston

Director | The Treasure of the Sierra Madre

An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry was English,...

1. Wise Blood 2. The Maltese Falcon 3. The Asphalt Jungle 4. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre 5. Fat City 6. Heaven Knows Mr Allison 7. Key Largo 8. The Man Who Would Be King 9. The Dead 10. The Misfits

need to see: The Night of the Iguana, The Unforgiven, Under the Volcano, Moby Dick, Freud, etc.

58. Peter Weir

Director | Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World

Peter Weir was born on August 21, 1944 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia as Peter Lindsay Weir. He is a director and writer, known for Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003), Witness (1985) and The Truman Show (1998). He has been married to Wendy Stites since 1966. They have two...

1. Picnic at Hanging Rock 2. The Last Wave 3. The Truman Show 4. The Year of Living Dangerously 5. Gallipoli 6. Witness 7. Master & Commander 8. Dead Poets Society

need to see: The Mosquito Coast, The Way Back, The Cars That Ate People, Fearless

59. Nicolas Roeg

Director | Don't Look Now

When he made his directorial debut in 1970, Nicolas Roeg was already a 23-year veteran of the British film industry, starting out in 1947 as an editing apprentice and working his way up to cinematographer twelve years later. He first came to attention as part of the second unit on David Lean's ...

1. Don't Look Now 2. Walkabout 3. The Man Who Fell to Earth 4. Eureka 5. Performance 6. Bad Timing

need to see: Insignificance, Track 29, Two Deaths

60. Jacques Tourneur

Director | Out of the Past

Born in Paris in 1904, Tourneur went to Hollywood with his father, director Maurice Tourneur around 1913. He started out as a script clerk and editor for his father, then graduated to such jobs as directing shorts (often with the pseudonym Jack Turner), both in France and America. He was hired to ...

1. I Walked With a Zombie 2. Out of the Past 3. Cat People 4. Wichita 5. The Leopard Man 6. Canyon Passage 7. Stars in My Crown 8. Berlin Express 9. Night & the Demon 10. The Flame & the Arrow

need to see: The Comedy of Terrors, Stranger on Horseback

61. Paul Verhoeven

Director | Zwartboek

Paul Verhoeven graduated from the University of Leiden, with a degree in math and physics. He entered the Royal Netherlands Navy, where he began his film career by making documentaries for the Navy and later for TV. In 1969, he directed the popular Dutch TV series, Floris (1969), about a medieval ...

1. The Fourth Man 2. Total Recall 3. Turkish Delight 4. Soldier of Orange 5. Robocop 6. Starship Troopers 7. Black Book 8. Basic Instinct

need to see: Keetje Tippel, Spetters, Flesh + Blood, Business is Business

62. Jules Dassin

Director | Pote tin Kyriaki

Jules Dassin was an Academy Award-nominated director, screenwriter and actor best known for his films Rififi (1955), Never on Sunday (1960), and Topkapi (1964).

He was born Julius Samuel Dassin on 18 December 1911, in Middletown, Connecticut, USA. He was one of eight children of Russian-Jewish ...

1. Rififi 2. Night and the City 3. Brute Force 4. The Naked City 5. Thieves' Highway

need to see: Never on Sunday, The Canterville Ghost, Phaedra, Celui qui doit mourir, Topkapi

63. Frank Capra

Director | It's a Wonderful Life

One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you ...

1. It's a Wonderful Life 2. Mr Smith Goes to Washington 3. It Happened One Night 4. Mr Deeds Goes to Town 5. The Miracle Woman 6. American Madness 7. Lost Horizon 8. State of the Union 9. Platinum Blonde 10. Meet John Doe

need to see: Dirigible, Forbidden, Broadway Bill, Pocketful of Miracles

64. King Vidor

Director | The Big Parade

King Vidor was born on February 8, 1894 in Galveston, Texas, USA as King Wallis Vidor. He was a director and writer, known for The Big Parade (1925), War and Peace (1956) and Hallelujah (1929). He was married to Vidor, Elizabeth Hill, Eleanor Boardman and Florence Vidor. He died on November 1, 1982...

1. Show People 2. The Crowd 3. The Big Parade 4. The Patsy 5. Street Scene 6. The Champ 7. Stella Dallas 8. Our Daily Bread 9. The Citadel 10. Hallelujah!

need to see: Beyond the Forest, La boheme, Bardelys the Magnificent, Ruby Gentry, Northwest Passage, Man Without a Star, Comrade X

65. Jim Jarmusch

Director | Only Lovers Left Alive

Moved to New York City at the age of seventeen from Akron, Ohio. Graduated from Columbia University with a B.A. in English, class of '75. Without any prior film experience, he was accepted into the Tisch School of the Arts, New York.

1. Down By Law 2. Night on Earth 3. Dead Man 4. Mystery Train 5. Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai 6. Coffee & Cigarettes 7. Stranger Than Paradise 8. Broken Flowers 9. The Limits of Control 10. Permanent Vacation

need to see: Only Lovers Left Alive

66. Jean-Pierre Melville

Actor | À bout de souffle

The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its ...

1. Le samourai 2. Army of Shadows 3. Bob le Flambeur 4. Le cercle rouge 5. Le doulos 6. Le silence de la Mer 7. Le deuxieme souffle 8. Un flic 9. Leon Morin, Priest 10. Les enfants terribles

need to see: Two Men in Manhattan, L'aîné des Ferchaux, Quand tu liras cette lettre

67. Mike Leigh

Director | Secrets & Lies

Mike Leigh was born on February 20, 1943 in Salford, Greater Manchester, England. He is a director and writer, known for Secrets & Lies (1996), Another Year (2010) and Naked (1993). He was previously married to Alison Steadman.

1. Nuts in May 2. Naked 3. Vera Drake 4. Abigail's Party 5. Life is Sweet 6. Another Year 7. Topsy-Turvy 8. Secrets & Lies 9. High Hopes 10. Happy-Go-Lucky

need to see: All or Nothing, Hard Labour, The Kiss of Death, Grown-Ups, Career Girls, Bleak Moments, Four Days in July, Meantime

68. Francis Ford Coppola

Producer | The Conversation

Francis Ford Coppola was born in 1939 in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father, Carmine Coppola, was a composer and musician. His mother, Italia Coppola (née Pennino), had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated ...

1. The Godfather 2. The Godfather part II 3. The Conversation 4. Apocalypse Now 5. Rumble Fish 6. The Godfather part III 7. The Outsiders 8. Dracula

need to see: One From the Heart, Dementia 13, The Rain People, Tetro, Youth Without Youth

69. Jean-Luc Godard

Director | À bout de souffle

Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of ...

1. Bande a part 2. A bout de Souffle 3. Une femme est une femme 4. Week End 5. Pierrot le Fou 6. Une femme mariee 7. Prenom Carmen 8. Le mepris 9. Vivre sa vie 10. Histoire(s) du Cinema

need to see: Hail Mary, Notre Musique, Film socialisme, La Chinoise, Detective, Made in USA, etc.

70. Maurice Pialat

Director | Sous le soleil de Satan

Maurice Pialat was born on August 31, 1925 in Cunlhat, Puy-de-Dôme, France. He was a director and writer, known for Under the Sun of Satan (1987), À nos amours (1983) and L'Enfance Nue (1968). He was married to Sylvie Pialat. He died on January 11, 2003 in Paris, France.

1. La gueule ouvert 2. A nos amours 3. Loulou 4. Police 5. L'enfance nue 6. Passe ton Bac d'abord 7. Van Gogh 8. Sous le soleil de Satan 9. We Won't Grow Old Together

need to see: Le garcu, La maison des bois

71. Carl Theodor Dreyer

Writer | Gertrud

The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the ...

1. Ordet 2. Vampyr 3. Day of Wrath 4. The Passion of Joan of Arc 5. Master of the House 6. Michael 7. Gertrud

need to see: The Parson's Widow, Leaves Out of the Book of Satan

72. Adam Curtis

Director | The Power of Nightmares: The Rise of the Politics of Fear

Adam Curtis was born on May 26, 1955 in Dartford, Kent, England as Kevin Adam Curtis. He is a director and producer, known for The Power of Nightmares: The Rise of the Politics of Fear (2004), Pandora's Box (1992) and HyperNormalisation (2016).

1. The Century of the Self 2. The Trap: What Happened to Our Dreams of Freedom 3. The Power of Nightmares 4. All Watched Over By Machines of Loving Grace 5. It Felt Like a Kiss

need to see: Pandora's Box, The Living Dead

73. Elia Kazan

Director | On the Waterfront

Known for his creative stage direction, Elia Kazan was born Elias Kazantzoglou on September 7, 1909 in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now Istanbul, Turkey). Noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors, he directed 21 actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He ...

1. A Face in the Crowd 2. On the Waterfront 3. Wild River 4. East of Eden 5. A Streetcar Named Desire 6. Baby Doll 7. America, America 8. Panic in the Streets 9. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn 10. Splendor in the Grass

need to see: Pinky, The Last Tycoon, Viva Zapata, The Arrangement, Sea of Grass

74. Rainer Werner Fassbinder

Writer | Faustrecht der Freiheit

Above all, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was a rebel whose life and art was marked by gross contradiction. Openly homosexual, he married twice; one of his wives acted in his films and the other served as his editor. Accused variously by detractors of being anticommunist, male chauvinist, antiSemitic and...

1. World on a Wire 2. Ali Fear Eats the Soul 3. Berlin Alexanderplatz 4. Despair 5. Fox & his Friends 6. The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant 7. The Marriage of Maria Braun 8. Lola 9. Mother Kusters Goes to Heaven 10. The Merchant of Four Seasons

need to see: Love is Colder than Death, Querelle, Whity, I Only Want You to Love Me, etc.

75. Hal Ashby

Editor | In the Heat of the Night

Hal Ashby was born the fourth and youngest child in a Mormon household in Ogden, Utah, on September 2, 1929. His father was a dairy farmer. After a rough childhood that included the divorce of his parents, his father's suicide, his dropping out of high school, getting married and divorced all ...

1. Harold and Maude 2. Being There 3. The Last Detail

need to see: Coming Home, Bound for Glory, The Landlord, Shampoo

76. Hal Hartley

Director | Trust

Hal Hartley is an American filmmaker, writer, director, producer, and composer who has made twelve feature films since 1988. Popularly associated with the American independent filmmaking scene of the early nineties, he went on to write and direct such films as No Such Thing (2001) for United ...

1. Trust 2. Simple Men 3. The Unbelievable Truth 4. Surviving Desire 5. Amateur 6. Flirt

need to see: Henry Fool, Fay Grim, Meanwhile, The Girl From Monday, No Such Thing, The Book of Life

77. Charles Chaplin

Writer | The Great Dictator

Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the ...

1. The Great Dictator 2. City Lights 3. Modern Times 4. Limelight 5. The Gold Rush 6. The Circus 7. Monsieur Verdoux 8. Shoulder Arms 9. The Kid 10. A Woman of Paris

need to see: A Countess From Hong Kong, A King in New York

78. Ridley Scott

Producer | The Martian

Described by film producer Michael Deeley as "the very best eye in the business", director Ridley Scott was born on November 30, 1937 in South Shields, Tyne and Wear (then County Durham). His father was an officer in the Royal Engineers and the family followed him as his career posted him ...

1. Alien 2. Blade Runner 3. The Duellists 4. Gladiator 5. Prometheus 6. Thelma and Louise 7. American Gangster 8. Hannibal 9. Body of Lies 10. Black Hawk Down

need to see: Black Rain, Matchstick Men, Legend, The Counselor, Robin Hood

79. Federico Fellini

Writer | Le notti di Cabiria

The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the ...

1. Amarcord 2. 8 1/2 3. La Strada 4. Nights of Cabiria 5. I Vitelloni 6. Il Bidone 7. The White Sheik 8. Variety Lights 9. La Dolce Vita 10. Juliet of the Spirits

need to see: The Clowns, Ginger & Fred, And the Ship Sails On, etc

80. Alejandro Jodorowsky

Writer | La montaña sagrada

Alejandro Jodorowsky was born in Iquique, Chile on February 7, 1929. In 1942 he moved to Santiago where he attended university, was a circus clown and a puppeteer. In 1955 he went to Paris and studied mime with Marcel Marceau. He worked with Maurice Chevalier there and made a short film, La cravate...

1. The Holy Mountain 2. El Topo 3. Santa sangre

need to see: Fando y lis, The Dance of Reality

81. Pedro Almodóvar

Writer | Hable con ella

The most internationally acclaimed Spanish filmmaker since Luis Buñuel was born in a small town (Calzada de Calatrava) in the impoverished Spanish region of La Mancha. He arrived in Madrid in 1968, and survived by selling used items in the flea-market called El Rastro. Almodóvar couldn't study ...

1. Talk to Her 2. Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown 3. Volver 4. All About My Mother 5. Live Flesh 6. Dark Habits 7. Tie Me Up Tie Me Down 8. The Skin I Live In 9. What Have I Done to Deserve This? 10. The Flower of My Secret

need to see: High Heels, Labyrinth of Passion

82. Robert Altman

Director | Gosford Park

Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started...

1. 3 Women 2. Images 3. The Long Goodbye 4. Thieves Like Us 5. McCabe & Mrs Miller 6. California Split 7. MASH 8. OC and Stiggs 9. Gosford Park 10. The Player

need to see: Brewster McCloud, Secret Honour, A Prairie Home Companion, Quintet, The Company, Streamers, etc.

83. Michael Mann

Producer | The Insider

A student of London's International Film School, Michael Mann began his career in the late 70s, writing for TV shows like Starsky and Hutch (1975). He directed his first film, the award-winning prison drama The Jericho Mile (1979), in 1979. He followed that in 1981 with his first theatrical release,...

1. Manhunter 2. Thief 3. Heat 4. The Insider 5. The Last of the Mohicans 6. Collateral 7. Public Enemies 8. The Keep

need to see: Miami Vice, Ali, Jericho Mile

84. Jean-Pierre Dardenne

Producer | Deux jours, une nuit

After studying drama in the arts institute, Jean Pierre Dardenne and his brother Luc made some videos about the rough life in blue-collar small towns in the Wallonie. After their meeting with filmmaker Armad Gatti and cinematographer Ned Burgess, they decided to enter in the movie business.

In 1978 ...

1. The Kid With a Bike 2. L'enfant 3. La promesse 4. Lorna's Silence 5. Rosetta 6. Le fils

85. Georges Franju

Director | Thérèse Desqueyroux

Georges Franju is a figure of immense importance in the history of French cinema, not primarily for his films (exceptional though many of these are) but for being the co-founder, with Henri Langlois, of the Cinematheque Française in 1937--France's most famous and important film archive.

He worked ...

1. Judex 2. Eyes Without a Face 3. Blood of the Beasts 4. La tête contre les murs 5. Therese Desqueroux 6. Nuits rouges

need to see: Thomas l'imposteur, Hotel des Invalides

86. Jean Cocteau

Writer | La belle et la bête

Jean Cocteau was one of the most multi-talented artists of the 20th century. In addition to being a director, he was a poet, novelist, painter, playwright, set designer, and actor. He began writing at 10 and was a published poet by age 16. He collaborated with the "Russian Ballet" company of Sergei...

1. La belle et la bete 2. Orpheus 3. The Testament of Orpheus 4. Blood of a Poet

need to see: Les parents terribles, L'aigle à deux têtes

87. Takeshi Kitano

Actor | Zatôichi

Takeshi Kitano originally studied to become an engineer, but was thrown out of school for rebellious behavior. He learned comedy, singing and dancing from famed comedian Senzaburô Fukami. Working as a lift boy on a nightclub with such features as comic sketches and striptease dancing, Kitano saw ...

1. Kikujiro 2. Kids Return 3. A Scene at the Sea 4. Dolls 5. Achilles and the Tortoise 6. Zatoichi 7. Hana-Bi 8. Sonatine 9. Violent Cop 10. Takeshis'

need to see: Boiling Point, Brother, Outrage

88. André Téchiné

Writer | Les roseaux sauvages

André Téchiné was born on March 13, 1943 in Valence, Tarn-et-Garonne, France. He is a writer and director, known for Wild Reeds (1994), Quand on a 17 ans (2016) and Rendez-vous (1985).

1. Barocco 2. Hotel des Ameriques 3. Wild Reeds 4. Les voleurs 5. Rendez-vous 6. Scene of the Crime 7. Ma saison préférée 8. Strayed 9. J'embrasse pas 10. The Girl on the Train

need to see: Les innocents, The Witnesses, Alice et Martin

89. Lars von Trier

Writer | Dancer in the Dark

Probably the most ambitious and visually distinctive filmmaker to emerge from Denmark since Carl Theodor Dreyer over 60 years earlier, Lars von Trier studied film at the Danish Film School and attracted international attention with his very first feature, The Element of Crime (1984). A highly ...

1. Melancholia 2. Europa 3. The Kingdom I/II 4. The Element of Crime 5. Antichrist 6. Breaking the Waves 7. Dogville 8. Epidemic 9. Dancer in the Dark 10. The Idiots

need to see: Manderlay, The Boss of it All, The Five Obstructions, Medea, Nymphomaniac

90. Claude Chabrol

Director | Le beau Serge

French film director considered a master in the mystery genre. He is credited with starting the "nouvelle vague" French film movement.

1. La ceremonie 2. Le boucher 3. Que la bete meure 4. Le beau serge 5. La rupture 6. Les Innocents aux mains sales 7. La femme infidele 8. Les Bonnes femmes 9. Merci pour la chocolat 10. Les cousins

need to see: Juste avant la nuit, Alice, Story of Women, Les biches, Les noces rouges, Betty, etc.

91. Max Ophüls

Director | La ronde

Director Max Ophüls was born Max Oppenheimer in Saarbrücken, Germany. He began his career as a stage actor and director in the golden twenties. He worked in cities such as Stuttgart, Dortmund, Wuppertal, Vienna, Frankfurt, Breslau and Berlin. In 1929 his son Marcel Ophüls was born in Frankfurt, ...

1. Letter From an Unknown Woman 2. Madame de... 3. Caught 4. La ronde 5. La signora di tutti 6. Le plaisir 7. Lola Montes 8. The Reckless Moment 9. Liebelei

need to see: There's No Tomorrow, Le roman de Werther, The Exile

92. Juraj Herz

Director | Spalovac mrtvol

Juraj Herz was born on September 4, 1934 in Kezmarok, Czechoslovakia. He is a director and actor, known for Spalovac mrtvol (1969), Beauty and the Beast (1978) and Habermann (2010).

1. The Cremator 2. Panna a Netvor/Beauty & the Beast 3. Morgiana

need to see: Petrolejové lampy, Deváté srdce, Sberné surovosti, Sladké hry minulého léta

93. Asghar Farhadi

Writer | Darbareye Elly

Asghar Farhadi was born in 1972 in Iran. He became interested in cinema in his teenage years and started his filmmaking education by joining the Youth Cinema Society of Esfahan in 1986 where he made 8mm and 16mm short films. He received his Bachelors in Theater from University of Tehran's School of...

1. A Separation 2. The Past 3. Fireworks Wednesday 4. About Elly

need to see: Beautiful City, Dancing in the Dust

94. Tim Burton

Producer | Edward Scissorhands

Timothy Walter Burton was born in Burbank, California, to Jean Rae (Erickson), who owned a cat-themed gift shop, and William Reed Burton, who worked for the Burbank Park and Recreation Department. He spent most of his childhood as a recluse, drawing cartoons, and watching old movies (he was ...

1. Ed Wood 2. Edward Scissorhands 3. Beetle Juice 4. The Nightmare Before Christmas 5. Frankenweenie 6. Corpse Bride 7. Batman 8. Sleepy Hollow 9. Mars Attacks 10. Big Fish

need to see: Pee Wee's Big Adventure

95. Frank Borzage

Director | 7th Heaven

Frank Borzage was born on April 23, 1894 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. He was an actor and director, known for 7th Heaven (1927), No Greater Glory (1934) and Bad Girl (1931). He was married to Juanita Scott, Edna Skelton and Rena Rogers. He died on June 19, 1962 in Hollywood, Los Angeles, ...

1. 7th Heaven 2. The Mortal Storm 3. Lucky Star 4. Man's Castle 5. Moonrise 6. Liliom 7. Street Angel 8. Stranded 9. Three Comrades 10. A Farewell to Arms

need to see: Lazybones, Bad Girl, Strange Cargo, Desire, Little Man What Now, Hearts Divided, Big City

96. Samuel Fuller

Writer | The Steel Helmet

At age 17, Samuel Fuller was the youngest reporter ever to be in charge of the events section of the New York Journal. After having participated in the European battle theater in World War II, he directed some minor action productions for which he mostly wrote the scripts himself and which he also ...

1. The Crimson Kimono 2. White Dog 3. The Naked Kiss 4. Pickup on South Street 5. House of Bamboo 6. Shock Coridoor 7. Park Row 8. Forty Guns 9. Underworld USA 10. The Big Red One

need to see: Steel Helmet, I Shot Jesse James, Run of the Arrow, Verboten, The Baron of Arizona

97. Guy Maddin

Director | The Saddest Music in the World

Guy Maddin was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, to Herdis Maddin (a hair-dresser) and Charles "Chas" Maddin (grain clerk and general manager of the Maroons, a Winnipeg hockey team). Maddin studied economics at the University of Winnipeg, working as a bank manager, house painter, and photographic...

1. My Winnipeg 2. Brand Upon the Brain 3. Keyhole 4. Cowards Bend the Knee 5. Archangel 6. The Saddest Music in the World

need to see: Dracula Pages from the Virgin's Diary, Careful, Tales from the Gimli Hospital, Twilight of the Ice Nymphs

98. Bertrand Blier

Writer | Trop belle pour toi

Bertrand Blier was born on March 14, 1939 in Boulogne-Billancourt, Seine [now Hauts-de-Seine], France. He is a writer and director, known for Too Beautiful for You (1989), The Clink of Ice (2010) and Combien tu m'aimes? (2005).

1. Preparez vos mouchoirs 2. Les valseuses 3. Buffet Froid

need to see: Beau-Pere, Notre histoire, Menage, Trop belle pour toi, Merci la vie

99. Vera Chytilová

Director | Dedictví aneb Kurvahosigutntag

Vera Chytilová was born on February 2, 1929, in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic). She studied philosophy and architecture in Brno for two years, then worked as a technical draftsman, a designer, a fashion model, a photo re-toucher, then worked as a clapper girl for Barrandov Film ...

1. Daisies 2. Fruit of Paradise 3. Pearls of the Deep (segment)

need to see: Something Different, Dedictví aneb Kurvahosigutntag, Sasek a královna

100. Jean-Pierre Jeunet

Director | Un long dimanche de fiançailles

Jean-Pierre Jeunet is a self-taught director who was very quickly interested by cinema, with a predilection for a fantastic cinema where form is as important as the subject. Thus he started directing TV commercials and video clips (such as Julien Clerc in 1984). At the same time he met designer/...

1. Amelie 2. Delicatessen 3. A Very Long Engagement 4. City of Lost Children 5. Micmacs 6. Alien: Resurrection

need to see: The Young and Prodigious T.S. Spivet