100 greatest directors of all time

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Ingmar Bergman
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July fourteenth, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions is the trilogy closed. Here...
“ There are many legends of film making, and then there are Gods. And Ingmar Bergman maybe the Zues of film Olympus. Bergman's themes and stories elaborate on mankinds biggest concern and uncertainies like faith, humanity, death, & love perhaps more profoundly than any director before or even since.

Seventh Seal, Wild Strawberries, Persona, Fanny & Alexander ” - mitchman414
Stanley Kubrick
Director, The Shining
Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would produce better academic performance...
“ Whether called brilliant, a madman, or even both. The impact that Kubrick had on film and film making is still prevalent in contemporary directors. With his fearce precision of making a once in a lifetime cinematic expierence is something that no other artist will probably never have.

Lolita, Dr. Strangelove, 2001 A Space Odyseey, Clockwork Orange ” - mitchman414
Federico Fellini
The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the devil herself said the priests who ran his school)...
“ Federico Fellini captured the Italian culture and blended it with satirical reality, lofty fantasy, and sharp irony that was mastered with brilliant and beautiful imagry. He entertained by showing dreams, wants and desires of characters but always showed cynical truth which shows respect of the audience and oneself.

La Dolce Vita, 8 1/2, Nights of Caberia, La Stada ” - mitchman414
Alfred Hitchcock
Director, Psycho
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and Eileen Hitchcock (born 1892)...
“ The Master of Suspence created a genre that feels almost his own. Hitchcock turned Hollywood upside down with confrontational and even controversal films like showing suggestive female actresses and even cold blooded murder. He created obession and anxiety in his characters that no one ever saw and hopefully never be replicated again.

Rear Window, Vertigo, North by Northwest, Psycho ” - mitchman414
John Ford
Director, The Searchers
John Ford is, arguably, The Great American Director. When Orson Welles, who repeatedly screened Ford's Stagecoach as a crash course in filmmaking before helming his first film, Citizen Kane, was asked who his three favorite directors were, he answered, "John Ford, John Ford, and John Ford." Along with D.W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille...
“ His pionnering of the long shot, back story characters, and his vast painting of the west during the old Hollywood system is an example of pure storytelling at it's finest. John Ford is name people rarely discuss, however should never be slighted due to his consist presence and making the foundation of American Cinema.

Grapes of Wrath, Stagecoach, The Searchers, Man who Shot Liberty Valance ” - mitchman414
Akira Kurosawa
Writer, Yojimbo
After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata. Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater creative freedom...
“ In the land of the rising sun, there is one emperor that rules them all. Kurosawa incorporated western philosphy and values into many of his films that received initial criticism. However, his name grows stronger with more admiration and reverence. An Impact player not only his own country but had an influenctial international Impact with Hollywood directors past and present.

Seven Samauri, Roshomon, Yojimbo, Ran ” - mitchman414
Fritz Lang
Director, M
He studied at the College of Technical Sciences of Vienna's Academy of Graphic Arts but unhappy with the career path chosen for him by his parents, he ran away to study art in Munich and Paris. He then spent many years travelling the world including Asia. In 1913, he returned to Paris to paint. When World War I began...
“ No German artist left more of a mark on early expressionism than Fritz Lang. A stable in turing foreign film makers into prominent movie directors he still continued to mesmerize movie goers through his untamed imagies and provactive messages. Metropolis and M are still considered as some of the most groundbreaking and finest works that would match up any of today's movies.

Metropolis, M, Big Heat, Fury ” - mitchman414
Charles Chaplin
Writer, Modern Times
Charlie Chaplin, considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular "Little Tramp" character; the man with the toothbrush mustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane, and a funny walk...
“ Charles Spencer Chaplin began his career in Hollywood in the early 1900's and the entire Hollywood industry owes him everything for it. With slapstick humor mixed with horatian social commentary and romance, Chaplin never gave an inch to making the audience believe in his characters. He unfortuantly lived a controversial life during his later years but his legacy as the golden treasure "Tramp" concreated Charlie as arguably the only great genius to ever grace Hollywood doorsteps.

Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern Times, The Great Dictator ” - mitchman414
Orson Welles
His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was seven) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr...
“ A young, brash Orson Welles came out of no where to Holllywood and set the world on fire with his first masterpiece "Citizen Kane". But like many quick flames, they die out too early and he was forever in the shadows of what he once was in his youth. However, his flame was brighter than ever before and will continue to inspire and setting the standard of todays movies for they will try but never peak the Everest of Citizen Kane and also Orson Welles.

Citizen Kane, Touch of Evil, Magnificent Amberson, F for Fake ” - mitchman414
Martin Scorsese
Martin Charles Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, to Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) and Charles Scorsese, who both worked in Manhattan's garment district, and whose families both came from Palermo, Sicily. He was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later provided the inspiration for several of his films...
“ Arguably the most complete and profound contempary movie director today. Scorsese focused on the grim ugly truths of the streetlife and humanity that were mean, violent, and uncompromisable. His films like Goodfellas, Raging Bull and Taxt Driver are some of the hallmarks of modern cinema and even pop culture.

Raging Bull, Taxi Driver, Goodfellas, The Departed ” - mitchman414
D.W. Griffith
David Wark Griffith was born in rural Kentucky to Jacob "Roaring Jake" Griffith, a former Confederate Army colonel and Civil War hero. Young Griffith grew up with his father's romantic war stories and melodramatic nineteenth-century literature that were to eventually mold his black-and-white view of human existence and history...
“ The man who basically created the standards of storytelling on film. Not just A to B liner movies, but he created meaning and indepth themes of self conciousness that are forever in our mind. Some call him a negligent rascist while others call him a genius; but looking at his career in whole, he was the cornerstone of young Hollywood's undying need to be more than an invention.

Intolerance, Birth of a Nation, Broken Blossoms, The Great Love ” - mitchman414
Jean-Luc Godard
Director, My Life to Live
Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of Switzerland and attended school in Nyons (Switzerland)...
“ If there were ever a picture of the word radical in the film dictionary there would have to be a picture of Jean-Luc Godard. The co founding father of the French New Wave, Godard rebelled and challenged conventional mainstream movies and quesitoned the guidelines of what film and cinema can do for everyone watching.

Breathless, Vivre se vie, Peirrot le fou, Alphaville ” - mitchman414
David Lean
David Lean was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, best remembered for big-screen epics such as The Bridge on the River Kwai, Lawrence of Arabia and Doctor Zhivago. He is also known for the Dickens adaptations of Great Expectations and Oliver Twist, as well as the romantic drama Brief Encounter...
“ The master of creating an epic expierence, Mr. David Leans impact on British movies and cinema have created a world of their own. Like John Ford before him, he admired Britians history & culture and created the larger than life world filled with chracters with spirit and heart like a true epic should.

Bridge on the River Kwai, Great Expectation, Lawerence of Arabia, Dr Zhivago. ” - mitchman414
Robert Bresson
Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Public Affairs in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Angels of Sin in 1943. His next film, Les dames du Bois de Boulogne would be the last time he would work with professional actors...
“ An unknown name in the modern movie socitey; but arguably the most important man to ever make a film in France. His subjects and themes ranged from spiritual grief to spiritual reformation of oneself. His low end productions and transcendental mindset in France influenced a national revolution in the "French New Wave". His courage to go deeper into the faith of humanity was a bold move which is why we expect it today in movies.

A Gentle Woman, A Man Escaped, Pickpocket, Au Hasard Balthazar ” - mitchman414
Jean Renoir
Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he began to make movies; he wanted to make a star of her...
“ After the Lumeire Bros, He became the next great French director to make promenince outside of the United States. His movies were convincing artworks that proved to the rest of the world that America was not the only country to produce cinema gold.

Grand Illusion, The Rules of the Game, Toni, the River ” - mitchman414
Steven Spielberg
Undoubtedly one of the most influential film personalities in the history of film, Steven Spielberg is perhaps Hollywood's best known director and one of the wealthiest filmmakers in the world. Spielberg has countless big-grossing, critically acclaimed credits to his name, as producer, director and writer...
“ Love him or hate him, the impact that Spielberg has made in the entire industry of movie making is unquestionable. His desire to capture humans fondest dreams and even his/her deepest concerns have made a box office tidal waves and thousands of industrial awards. Spielberg has become undoubtly the most successful man to ever be called director which is worth praise and respect. Now considered a producer, he still wants to be behind the camera and tell stories that many Americans and other internationally want to expirence.

Jaws, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Schindler's List, Saving Private Ryan ” - mitchman414
F.W. Murnau
Director, Nosferatu
He studied art and literature history at the University of Heidelberg. During World War I, he was a combat pilot.
“ One of the first and most prominent foreign film makers in Hollwood during the silient film era. But before making the classic Sunrise, his name and work was already stamped with German expressionism. His love for the human soul and to deeply express the emotions of his characters has taking the audience to a journey filled with surprises and wonders.

Nasferatu, Faust, Sunrise, Tabu ” - mitchman414
Howard Hawks
Director, The Big Sleep
What do the classic films Scarface, Twentieth Century, Bringing Up Baby, Only Angels Have Wings, His Girl Friday, Sergeant York, To Have and Have Not, The Big Sleep, Red River Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and Rio Bravo have in common? Aside from their displays of great craftsmanship, the answer is director Howard Hawks...
“ Perhaps the most versitile director in the past 50 years. Howards Hawks created many genres from westerns, comedy, film noir, adventure, and drama. Despite all different genres, he still meet each one to the highest quailty possible.

Bringing up Baby, Big Sleep, Gentlemen prefer Blondes, Rio Bravo ” - mitchman414
Billy Wilder
The second of two sons, his father ran a chain of railway station cafes. As a youth he was obsessed with everything American. encouraged by his mother he enrolled as a law student at the University of Vienna but quit after 3 months to be a writer on a magazine which although poorly paid it gave him a great amount of experience interviewing such as Richard Strauss and Sigmund Freud...
“ Started his film career in his native country of Germany before fleeing to America and becoming one of the biggest and influencial imports Hollywood has ever had. Bringing such classic noirs like Double Indemnity and Sunset Blvd to such zanny ones like Some like it Hot and the Apartment, his profound character study in his films have laud him by many critics and movies goers alike.

Double Indemity, Sunset Blvd., Some like it Hot, The Apartment ” - mitchman414
Luis Buñuel
The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the university there, where his close friends included Salvador Dalí and Federico García Lorca...
“ A man who started to do things "differently". Bunuel became a symbol of avant-garde movie making and surreal imagry. For almost 6 decades Bunuel pushed the conventions of logic in movies and dared to dare whether people accepted it or rejected it.

L'age d'or, Gran Casino, Un Chien Andalou, Belle de Jour ” - mitchman414
Sergei M. Eisenstein
The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and then director...
“ With a passion of a powerful tidal wave combined with the mind of a clever animal, Eisenstein mastered film theory and took a politically radical stances in his movies which represented the revolution in his motherland of Russia. While considered propagandish, he was another innovator on how films can motivated and inspire a human beings to take action.

Battleship Potemkin, Alexander Nevsky, Ivan the Terrible, Time in the Sun ” - mitchman414
Kenji Mizoguchi
Director, Ugetsu
Coming from a lower class family Mizoguchi entered the production company Nikkatsu as an actor specialized in female roles. Later he became an assistant director and made his first film in 1922. Although he filmed almost 90 movies in the silent era, only his last 12 productions are really known outside of Japan because they were especially produced for Venice (e.g...
“ Perhaps a name that no one knows, but his impact in Asain cinema is as vitale as Kuwosawa himself. The original master in Japan his pure, formidable career is shown with his character study that surrounds the culture of Japan. Mizoguchi is one to discover for each person that love the art of cinema.

Utamaro and His Five Women, Life of Oharu, Ugestu, Sansho the Baliff ” - mitchman414
Carl Theodor Dreyer
The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the fact...
“ One of the first great film makers in the foreign world. Dreyer's ambitions of showing humanity with unconventional plots and masterful craftsmanship is a benchmark to directing and providing feeling without words.

Michael, Passion of Joan of Arc, the Word, Gertrud ” - mitchman414
Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray was born in Calcutta on May 2, 1921. His father, Sukumar Ray was an eminent poet and writer in the history of Bengali literature. In 1940, after receiving his degree in science and economics from Calcutta University, he attended Tagore's Viswa-Bharati University. His first movie Pather Panchali won several International Awards and set Ray as a world-class director...
“ In todays India, Bollywood is the prominent moneymaking titan for the country. However, there was a time when artists captured the plight and anagony of there native homeland and fellow countryman. Satyajti Ray became the director that promoted humanism and social issues that needed to be discussed especially in India. Also, one of the first prominent independent film makers that would later have his legacy expanded outside of his own nation.

Pather Panchali, The World of Apu, Company Limited, The Chess Player ” - mitchman414
Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan, known for his creative stage direction, was born "Elia Kazanjoglous" in Istanbul in 1909 to Greek parents. He directed such Broadway plays as "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof". He directed the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire and also films written for the screen...
“ Later in life, Hollywood considered him a sellout. But his reputation as being the man who brought method acting and social realism to his films revolutionized acting that are meant to be the motivation of a true artist. On the Waterfront and East of Eden are studies of mankind in almost it's truest, most authentic form.

Gentlemen's Agreement, Streetcar Named Desire, On the Waterfront, East of Eden ” - mitchman414
John Huston
An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry included English...
“ Tresure of Sierra-Madre, Asphalt Jungle, African Queen, Prizzi's Honor ” - mitchman414
Michelangelo Antonioni
Writer, Blow-Up
Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema" studying directorship at the School of Cinema...
“ La Amiche, L'Avventura, La Notte, Blow Up ” - mitchman414
François Truffaut
François began to assiduously go to the movies at 7. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who becomes his protector. Bazin helped the delinquent Truffaut and also when he was put in jail because he deserted the army...
“ 400 Blows, Jules and Jim, Day for Night, Last Metro ” - mitchman414
Roman Polanski
Director, The Pianist
Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933. His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years before World War II began...
“ Rosemary's Baby, Chinatown, Tess, Pianist ” - mitchman414
David Lynch
Born in 1946 in Missoula, Montana, David Lynch was raised in small-town America. After high school, he went to Boston to attend the School of the Museum of Fine Arts. Shortly after that, he planned a three-year trip to Europe to work on his art, but didn't take to it and left after 15 days. In 1977...
“ EraserHead, Elephant Man, Blue Velvet, Mulholland Dr. ” - mitchman414
Andrei Tarkovsky
Writer, Solaris
The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood, which won the top prize at the Venice Film Festival...
“ Andrei Rublev, Solaris, The Mirror, Sacrifice, ” - mitchman414
Robert Altman
Director, Gosford Park
Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started exploring the art of exploring sound with the cheap tape recorders available at the time...
“ M.A.S.H, Nashville, The Player, Gosford Park ” - mitchman414
“ Rocco and his Brothers, The Leopard, Sandra, Death in Venice, ” - mitchman414
Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola was born in 1939 in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father, Carmine Coppola, was a composer and musician. His mother, Italia Coppola (née Pennino), had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated with a degree in drama from Hofstra University...
“ Godfather, Godfather 2, Apocalypse Now, Dracula ” - mitchman414
Werner Herzog
Director, Grizzly Man
Director. Writer. Producer. Has studied history, literature and theatre, but hasn't finished it. Founded his own production company in 1963. Has staged several operas, besides others in Bayreuth, Germany, and at the Milan Scala in Italy. Herzog has won numerous national and international awards for his films.
“ Woyzeck, Aguirre: The Wrath of God, Nosferatu the Vampyre, Grizzly Man ” - mitchman414
William Wyler
Director, Ben-Hur
William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as...
“ Best years of our lives, Roman Holiday, Ben-Hur, Funny Girl ” - mitchman414
Vittorio De Sica
Director, Bicycle Thieves
Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee idol of the Italian theatre...
“ Bicycle Theives, Umberto D, La Ciociara, Yesterday Today Tomorrow. ” - mitchman414
Sergio Leone
Sergio Leone was virtually born into the cinema - he was the son of Roberto Roberti (A.K.A. Vincenzo Leone), one of Italy's cinema pioneers, and actress Bice Valerian. Leone entered films in his late teens, working as an assistant director to both Italian directors and U.S. directors working in Italy (usually making Biblical and Roman epics...
“ Fistful of Dollar, Good, Bad and Ugly, Once Upon a Time in the West, Once Upon a Time in America. ” - mitchman414
Frank Capra
One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you could ever be," Capra said about his Atlantic passage...
“ It Happened One Night, Mr. Smith goes to Washington, It's a Wonderful Life, State of the Union ” - mitchman414
Yasujirô Ozu
Director, Tokyo Story
Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theatre. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later, he was made an assistant director and directed his first film the next year...
“ Late Springs, Early Summer, Tokyo Story, Floating Weeds ” - mitchman414
Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Above all, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was a rebel whose life and art was marked by gross contradiction. Openly homosexual, he married twice; one of his wives acted in his films and the other served as his editor. Accused variously by detractors of being anticommunist, male chauvinist, antiSemitic and even antigay...
“ Bitter tears of Petra Von Kant, Ali: Fear Eats the Soul, The Marriage of Maria Braun, Lili Marleen ” - mitchman414
Krzysztof Kieslowski
Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Pedestrian Subway (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personnel (The Staff)...
“ A Short Film About Killing, The Double Life of Veronique, Three Colors: Blue, White, Red ” - mitchman414
Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films are known for their colorful visual style, was born in Parma, Italy, in 1940. He attended Rome University and became famous as a poet. He served as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film Accattone and directed The Grim Reaper. His second film...
“ Last Tango in Paris, 1900, Last Emporer, Sleeping Beauty ” - mitchman414
Woody Allen
Writer, Annie Hall
Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...
“ Annie Hall, Hanna and Her Sisters, Bullets over Broadway, Midnight in Paris ” - mitchman414
Quentin Tarantino
Writer, Pulp Fiction
Quentin Jerome Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee. His father, Tony Tarantino, is an Italian-American actor and musician from New York, and his mother, Connie (McHugh), is a nurse from Tennessee. Quentin moved with his mother to Torrance, California, when he was four years old. In January of 1992...
“ Resivior Dogs, Pulp Fiction, Kill Bill, Inglorious Basterds ” - mitchman414
“ With Ethan Coen

Barton Fink, Fargo, Big Lewbowski, No Country for Old Men ” - mitchman414
Buster Keaton
When at six months of age he tumbled down a flight of stairs unharmed, he was given the name "Buster" by Harry Houdini who, along with W.C. Fields, Bill Robinson ("Bojangles"), Eddie Cantor and Al Jolson shared headlines with "The Three Keatons": Buster, his father Joe Keaton and mother Myra Keaton...
“ The Navagators, The General, ” - mitchman414
“ Shadows, Faces, Husbands, Big Trouble ” - mitchman414
Sidney Lumet
Director, 12 Angry Men
Sidney Lumet was a master of cinema, best known for his technical knowledge and his skill at getting first-rate performances from his actors -- and for shooting most of his films in his beloved New York. He made over 40 movies, often complex and emotional, but seldom overly sentimental. Although his politics were somewhat left-leaning and he often treated socially relevant themes in his films...
“ 12 Angry Men, Dog Day Afternoon, Network, Verdict ” - mitchman414
Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné, the son of a cabinet maker, entered the movies as the assistant of Jacques Feyder. At the age of 25 he directed his first movie Jenny. Colaborating with the writer Jacques Prévert, the decorator Alexandre Trauner, the musician and composer Maurice Jaubert and the actor Jean Gabin...
“ Port of Shadows, Children of Paradise, The Adultress, The Bible ” - mitchman414
Carol Reed
Director, The Third Man
Carol Reed was the second son of stage actor, dramatics teacher and impresario founder of the Royal School of Dramatic Arts Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree. Reed was one of Tree's six illegitimate children with Beatrice Mae Pinney, who Tree established in a second household apart from his married life. There were no social scars here; Reed grew up in a well-mannered...
“ Odd Man Out, Third Man, Our man in Havana, Oliver!, ” - mitchman414
Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick was born in Ottawa, Illinois. His family subsequently lived in Oklahoma and he went to school in Austin, Texas. He did his undergraduate work at Harvard, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in philosophy in 1965. A member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society, he attended Magdalen College...
“ Days of Heaven, Thin Red Line, The New World, Tree of Life ” - mitchman414
Max Ophüls
Director Max Ophüls was born Max Oppenheimer in Saarbrücken, Germany. He began his career as a stage actor and director in the golden twenties. He worked in cities such as Stuttgart, Dortmund, Wuppertal, Vienna, Frankfurt, Breslau and Berlin. In 1929 his son Marcel Ophüls was born in Frankfurt, Germany...
“ The Exile, La Ronda, Le Plaisir, Lola Montes ” - mitchman414
Pier Paolo Pasolini
Writer, Accattone
Pier Paolo Pasolini achieved fame and notoriety long before he entered the film industry. A published poet at 19, he had already written numerous novels and essays before his first screenplay in 1954. His first film Accattone was based on his own novel and its violent depiction of the life of a pimp in the slums of Rome caused a sensation...
“ Il vangelo secondo Matteo, Il Decameron, I Racconti di Canterbury, Il fiore delle Mille e una Notte ” - mitchman414
“ Raise of Red Lantern, To Live, Hero, House of Flying Daggers ” - mitchman414
Michael Powell
Director, The Red Shoes
The son of Thomas William Powell & Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the South of France (where his parents ran an hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury & Dulwich College he first worked at the National Provincial Bank from 1922 - 1925...
“ 49th Parallel, The Red Shoes, Tails of Hoffman, Peeping Tom ” - mitchman414
Hayao Miyazaki
Director, Spirited Away
Hayao Miyazaki is a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter, animator, author, and manga artist. Through a career that has spanned five decades, Miyazaki has attained international acclaim as a masterful storyteller and as a maker of anime feature films and, along with Isao Takahata, co-founded Studio Ghibli...
“ Kiki's Delivery Service, Princess Mononoke, Spirited Away, Ponyo ” - mitchman414
Pedro Almodóvar
The most internationally acclaimed Spanish filmmaker since Luis Buñuel was born in a small town (Calzada de Calatrava) in the impoverished Spanish region of La Mancha. He arrived in Madrid in 1968, and survived by selling used items in the flea-market called El Rastro. Almodóvar couldn't study filmmaking because he didn't have the money to afford it...
“ Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown, All About My Mother, Bad Education, Volver ” - mitchman414
Ridley Scott
Producer, Blade Runner
Ridley Scott is an English film director and producer. Following his commercial breakthrough with the science-fiction horror film Alien (1979), his best known works are the noir science fiction film Blade Runner (1982), crime drama Thelma & Louise (1991), historical drama and Best Picture Oscar winner Gladiator (2000)...
“ Alien, Blade Runner, Gladiator, American Gangster ” - mitchman414
Jim Jarmusch
Moved to New York City at the age of seventeen from Akron, Ohio. Graduated from Columbia University with a B.A. in English, class of '75. Without any prior film experience, he was accepted into the Tisch School of the Arts, New York.
“ Stanger than Paradise, Mystery Train, Ghost Dog: Way of the Samauri, Broken Flowers ” - mitchman414
Sam Peckinpah
"If they move", commands stern-eyed William Holden, "kill 'em". So begins The Wild Bunch, Sam Peckinpah's bloody, high-body-count eulogy to the mythologized Old West. "Pouring new wine into the bottle of the Western, Peckinpah explodes the bottle", observed critic Pauline Kael. That exploding bottle...
“ The Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs, The Getaway, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid. ” - mitchman414
George Lucas
George Walton Lucas, Jr. was raised on a walnut ranch in Modesto, California. His father was a stationery store owner and he had three siblings. During his late teen years, he went to Downey High School and was very much interested in drag racing. He planned to become a professional race-car driver...
“ American Graffiti, Star Wars, Phatom Menace, Revenge of the Sith ” - mitchman414
Cecil B. DeMille
His parents Henry C. DeMille and Beatrice DeMille were playwrights. His father died when he was 12, and his mother supported the family by opening a school for girls and a theatrical company. Too young to enlist in the Spanish-American War, Cecil followed his brother William C. de Mille to the New York Academy of Dramatic Arts...
“ Cleopatra, Samon and Delilah, Greatest Show on Earth, Ten Commandments. ” - mitchman414
David Cronenberg
Director, The Fly
David Cronenberg, also known as the King of Venereal Horror or the Baron of Blood, was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1943. His father was a journalist, and his mother was a piano player. After showing an inclination for literature at an early age (he wrote and published eerie short stories, thus following his father's path) and for music (playing classical guitar until he was 12)...
“ Scanners, The Fly, Naked Lunch, History of Violence ” - mitchman414
Josef von Sternberg
Director, The Blue Angel
Josef von Sternberg split his childhood between Vienna and New York City. His father, a former soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army, could not support his family in either city; Sternberg remembered him only as "an enormously strong man who often used his strength on me." Forced by poverty to drop out of high school...
“ Docks of New York, Blue Angel, Shanghai Express, Crime and Punishment ” - mitchman414
Jacques Tati
The comic genius Jacques Tati was born Taticheff, descended from a noble Russian family. His grandfather, Count Dimitri, had been a general in the Imperial Army and had served as military attaché to the Russian Embassy in Paris. His father, Emmanuel Taticheff, was a well-to-do picture framer who conducted his business in the fashionable Rue de Castellane and had taken a Dutch-Italian woman...
“ Jour de fete, Mon Oncle, Play Time, Parade ” - mitchman414
William Friedkin
Director, The Exorcist
Friedkin's mother was an operating room nurse. His father was a merchant seaman, semi-pro softball player and ultimately sold clothes in a men's discount chain. Ultimately, his father never earned more than $50/week in his whole life and died indigent. Eventually young Will became infatuated with Orson Welles after seeing Citizen Kane...
“ The French Connection, The Exorcist, Live and Die in LA, Rampage ” - mitchman414
Roberto Rossellini
The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American directors, including Martin Scorsese...
“ Rome: Open City, Stromboli, The Greatest Love Story, Escape by Night ” - mitchman414
Alejandro Jodorowsky
Alejandro Jodorowsky was born in Iquique, Chile on February 7, 1929. In 1942 he moved to Santiago where he attended university, was a circus clown and a puppeteer. In 1955 he went to Paris and studied mime with Marcel Marceau. He worked with Maurice Chevalier there and made a short film, La cravate...
“ Fando, El Topo, The Holy Mountian, Santa Sangre ” - mitchman414
Ernst Lubitsch
From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at night...
“ The Love Parade, Trouble in Paradise, The Shop Around the Corner, Heaven Can't Wait ” - mitchman414
Lars von Trier
Writer, Melancholia
Probably the most ambitious and visually distinctive filmmaker to emerge from Denmark since Carl Theodor Dreyer over 60 years earlier, Lars von Trier studied film at the Danish Film School and attracted international attention with his very first feature, The Element of Crime. A highly distinctive blend of film noir and German Expressionism with stylistic nods to Dreyer...
“ Breaking Waves, Dancer in the Dark, Dogville, Meloncholia ” - mitchman414
Jean Vigo
Writer, L'Atalante
Jean Vigo had bad health since he was a child. Son of anarchist militant Miguel Almareyda, he also never really recovered from his father's mysterious death in jail when he was 12. Abandoned by his mother, he passed from boarding school to boarding school. Aged 23, through meetings with people involved in the movies...
“ A Propos de Nice, Taris, Zero de Conduite, L'Atalane ” - mitchman414
James Cameron
Writer, Aliens
James Francis Cameron was born on August 16, 1954 in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada. He moved to the United States in 1971. The son of an engineer, he majored in physics at California State University before switching to English, and eventually dropping out. He then drove a truck to support his screenwriting ambition...
“ Terminator, Aliens, Titanic, Avatar ” - mitchman414
Robert Wise
Robert Earl Wise was born on September 10, 1914 in Winchester, Indiana, the youngest of three sons of Olive R. (Longenecker) and Earl Waldo Wise, a meat packer. His parents were both of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) descent. At age nineteen, the avid moviegoer came into the film business through an odd job at RKO Radio Pictures...
“ Day the Earth Stood Still, West Side Story, Sound of Music, Sand Pebbles ” - mitchman414
Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders is an Oscar-nominated German filmmaker who was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, which then was located in the British Occupation Zone of what became the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany, known colloquially as West Germany until reunification)...
“ The American Friend, Paris Texas, Wings of Desire, Pina ” - mitchman414
Paul Thomas Anderson
Anderson was born in 1970. He was one of the first of the "video store" generation of film-makers. His father was the first man on his block to own a V.C.R., and from a very early age Anderson had an infinite number of titles available to him. While film-makers like Spielberg cut their teeth making 8 mm films, Anderson cut his teeth shooting films on video and editing them from V.C.R. to V.C.R...
“ Boogie Nights, Magnolia, There will Be Blood, The Master ” - mitchman414
“ Drugstore Cowboy, Good Will Hunting, Elephant, Milk ” - mitchman414
Abbas Kiarostami
Abbas Kiarostami was born in Tehran, Iran, in 1940. He graduated from university with a degree in fine arts before starting work as a graphic designer. He then joined the Center for Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults, where he started a film section, and this started his career as a filmmaker at the age of 30...
“ Close Up, Taste of Cherry, Shirin, Certified Copy ” - mitchman414
Samuel Fuller
At age 17, Samuel Fuller was the youngest reporter ever to be in charge of the events section of the New York Journal. After having participated in the European battle theater in World War II, he directed some minor action productions for which he mostly wrote the scripts himself and which he also produced (e.g...
Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam was born in Minnesota near Medicine Lake. When he was 12 his family moved to Los Angeles where he became a fan of Mad magazine. In his early 20's he was often stopped by the police who often suspected him of being a drug addict and Gilliam had to explain that he worked in advertising....
“ Monty Python the Holy Grail, Brazil, 12 Monkeys, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas ” - mitchman414
Richard Linklater
Director, Before Sunset
Self-taught writer-director Richard Stuart Linklater was born in Houston, Texas, to Diane Margaret (Krieger), who taught at a university, and Charles W. Linklater III. Richard was among the first and most successful talents to emerge during the American independent film renaissance of the 1990s. Typically setting each of his movies during one 24-hour period...
“ Dazed and Confused, Before Sunrise, School of Rock, Before Sunset ” - mitchman414
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFA's American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount productions in Hollywood...
“ All About Eve, Guys and Dolls, Celopatra, Slueth ” - mitchman414
Milos Forman
Milos Forman was born Jan Tomas Forman in Caslav, Czechoslovakia, to Anna (Svabova), who ran a summer hotel, and Rudolf Forman, a professor. During World War II, his parents were taken away by the Nazis, after being accused of participating in the underground resistance. His father died in Buchenwald and his mother died in Auschwitz...
“ One Flew Over the Cockus Nest, Amadeus, People vs Larry Flynt, Man on the Moon ” - mitchman414
Mike Nichols
Director, Closer
He, along with the other members of the "Compass Players" including Elaine May, Paul Sills, Byrne Piven, Joyce Hiller Piven and Edward Asner helped start the famed "Second City Improv" company. They used the games taught to them by fellow cast mate, Paul Sills 's mother, Viola Spolin...
“ Who's Afraid of Virgina Woolf, The Graduate, Silkwood, Birdcage ” - mitchman414
David Fincher
Director, Fight Club
David Fincher was born in 1962 in Denver, Colorado, and was raised in Marin County, California. When he was 18 years old he went to work for John Korty at Korty Films in Mill Valley. He subsequently worked at ILM (Industrial Light and Magic) from 1981-1983. Fincher left ILM to direct TV commercials and music videos after signing with N...
“ Se7en, Fight Club, Zodiac, Social Network ” - mitchman414
Blake Edwards
Writer, The Party
Blake Edwards' stepfather's father J. Gordon Edwards was a silent screen director, and his stepfather Jack McEdward was a stage director and movie production manager. Blake acted in a number films, beginning with Ten Gentlemen from West Point and wrote a number of others, beginning with Panhandle and including six for director Richard Quine...
“ Breakfast at Tiffany's, The Pink Panther, A Shot in the Dark, Revenge of the Pink Panther ” - mitchman414
George A. Romero
George A. Romero never set out to become a Hollywood figure; however, by all indications, he was very successful. The helmer of the groundbreaking "Living Dead" films was born February 4, 1940 in New York City, New York, to a Cuban father and a Lithuanian-American mother. He grew up in NY, until attending the renowned Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
“ Nights of the Living Dead, Crazies, Dawn of the Dead, Dark Half ” - mitchman414
Mira Nair
Director, Monsoon Wedding
Accomplished Film Director/Writer/Producer Mira Nair was born in India and educated at Delhi University and at Harvard. She began her film career as an actor and then turned to directing award-winning documentaries, including So Far From India and India Cabaret. Her debut feature film, Salaam Bombay...
“ Slaam Bambay, Missisippi Malasa, The Namesake, Moonsoon Wedding ” - mitchman414
Steven Soderbergh
Director, Ocean's Eleven
Steven Andrew Soderbergh was born on January 14, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, the second of six children of Mary Ann (Bernard) and Peter Soderbergh. His father was of Swedish and Irish descent, and his mother was of Italian ancestry. While he was still at a very young age, his family moved to Baton Rouge...
“ Sex Lies and Videotape, Out of Sight, Traffic, Ocean's Eleven ” - mitchman414
Oliver Stone
Director, Platoon
Oliver Stone has become known as a master of controversial subjects and a legendary film maker. His films are filled with a variety of film angles and styles, he pushes his actors to give Oscar-worthy performances, and despite his failures, has always returned to success. William Oliver Stone was born in New York City...
“ Platoon, JFK, Natrual Born Killers, Any Given Sunday ” - mitchman414
“ Philidalphia Story, Adam's Rib, A Star is Born, My Fair Lady ” - mitchman414
Ang Lee
Director, Life of Pi
Born in 1954 in Pingtung, Taiwan, Ang Lee has become one of today's greatest contemporary filmmakers. Ang graduated from the National Taiwan College of Arts in 1975 and then came to the U.S. to receive a B.F.A. Degree in Theatre/Theater Direction at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and a Masters Degree in Film Production at New York University...
“ Sense and Sensibility, Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon, Brokeback Mountain, Lust Caution ” - mitchman414
Jane Campion
Writer, The Piano
Jane Campion was born in Wellington, New Zealand, and now lives in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Having graduated with a BA in Anthropology from Victoria University of Wellington in 1975, and a BA, with a painting major, at Sydney College of the Arts in 1979, she began filmmaking in the early 1980s...
“ Sweetie, An Angel at My Table, The Piano, Bright Star ” - mitchman414
Spike Lee
Director, Inside Man
Spike Lee was born Shelton Jackson Lee on March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia. At a very young age, he moved from pre-civil rights Georgia, to Brooklyn, New York. Lee came from artistic, education-grounded background; his father was a jazz musician, and his mother, a schoolteacher. He attended school in Morehouse College in Atlanta and developed his film making skills at Clark Atlanta University...
“ She's Gotta Have it, Do the Right Thing, Malcolm X, 25th Hour ” - mitchman414
Brian De Palma
Director, Scarface
Brian De Palma is the son of a surgeon. He studied physics but at the same time felt his dedication for the movies and made some short films. After seven independent productions he had his first success with Sisters and his voyeuristic style. Restlessly he worked on big projects with the script writers Paul Schrader...
“ Carrie, Scarface, Untouchables, Mission Impossible ” - mitchman414
Christopher Nolan
Best known for his cerebral, often nonlinear story-telling, acclaimed writer-director Christopher Nolan was born on July 30, 1970 in London, England. Over the course of 15 years of film-making, Nolan has gone from low-budget independent films to working on some of the biggest blockbusters ever made. At 7 years old...
“ Memento, The Dark Knight, Inception, Dark Knight Rises ” - mitchman414
George Stevens
Director, Giant
George Stevens, a filmmaker known as a meticulous craftsman with a brilliant eye for composition and a sensitive touch with actors, is one of the great American filmmakers, ranking with John Ford, William Wyler and Howard Hawks as a creator of classic Hollywood cinema, bringing to the screen mytho-poetic worlds that were also mass entertainment...
“ The More the Merrier, Shane, Giant, Diary of Anne Frank ” - mitchman414
Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson was born as an only child in a small coast-side town in New Zealand in 1961. When a friend of his parents bought him a super 8 movie camera (because she saw how much he enjoyed taking photos), the then eight-year-old Peter instantly grabbed the thing to start recording his own movies, which he made with his friends...
“ Dead Alive, Heavenly Creatures, Lord of the Rings Trilogy, King Kong ” - mitchman414
Tim Burton
Timothy Walter Burton was born in Burbank, California, to Jean Rae (Erickson), who owned a cat-themed gift shop, and William Reed Burton, who worked for the Burbank Park and Recreation Department. He spent most of his childhood as a recluse, drawing cartoons, and watching old movies (he was especially fond of films with Vincent Price)...
“ Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, Corpse Bride, Sweeny Todd ” - mitchman414
“ Secrets and Lies, Topsy Turvey, Vera Drake, Happy Go-Lucky ” - mitchman414