Fish Out of Water

The beloved and inherently rich plot device where a character finds oneself in a scenario, environment, culture or time period completely alien to them. It makes for great humor, suspense, social commentary and combinations of those.

What I just realized about this list is that most of the selections are popular, whether box office hits or cult hits, most of which followed by less popular sequels that lost the key fish-out-of-water element. The exceptions are Back to the Future---which cleverly kept that novelty fresh throughout the whole trilogy, unlike the Beverly Hills Cop or Austin Powers sequels---and the Alien films, which are uniquely the inverse: Only the sequels were fish-out-of-water films, while the first film was actually a direct reversal of the convention.
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1.
Aliens (1986)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.4/10 X  
57 years later, Ellen Ripley is rescued by a deep salvage team during her hypersleep. The moon from the original movie has been colonized, but contact is lost. This time, colonial marines have impressive firepower, but will that be enough? (137 mins.)
Director: James Cameron
 
2.
Alien³ (1992)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.4/10 X  
After her last encounter, Ripley crash-lands on Fiorina Fury 161, a maximum security prison. When a series of strange and deadly events occur shortly after her arrival, Ripley realizes that she brought along an unwelcome visitor. (114 mins.)
Director: David Fincher
 
3.
Amélie (2001)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.4/10 X  
Amélie is an innocent and naive girl in Paris with her own sense of justice. She decides to help those around her and, along the way, discovers love. (122 mins.)
 
4.
Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery (1997)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.0/10 X  
A 1960s hipster secret agent is brought out of cryofreeze to oppose his greatest enemy in the 1990s, where his social attitudes are glaringly out of place. (94 mins.)
Director: Jay Roach
 
5.
Back to the Future (1985)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.5/10 X  
Marty McFly, a 17-year-old high school student, is accidentally sent 30 years into the past in a time-traveling DeLorean invented by his close friend, the maverick scientist Doc Brown. (116 mins.)
Director: Robert Zemeckis
 
6.
Back to the Future Part II (1989)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  
After visiting 2015, Marty McFly must repeat his visit to 1955 to prevent disastrous changes to 1985...without interfering with his first trip. (108 mins.)
Director: Robert Zemeckis
 
7.
Back to the Future Part III (1990)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  
Enjoying a peaceable existence in 1885, Doctor Emmet Brown is about to be killed by Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen. Marty McFly travels back in time to save his friend. (118 mins.)
Director: Robert Zemeckis
 
8.
Barry Lyndon (1975)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.1/10 X  
An Irish rogue wins the heart of a rich widow and assumes her dead husband's aristocratic position in 18th-century England. (184 mins.)
Director: Stanley Kubrick
 
9.
Being There (1979)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.0/10 X  
A simple, sheltered gardener becomes an unlikely trusted advisor to a powerful businessman and an insider in Washington politics. (130 mins.)
Director: Hal Ashby
 
10.
Beverly Hills Cop (1984)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.3/10 X  
A freewheeling Detroit cop pursuing a murder investigation finds himself dealing with the very different culture of Beverly Hills. (105 mins.)
Director: Martin Brest
 
11.
Blast from the Past (1999)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.6/10 X  
A naive man comes out into the world after spending 35 years in a nuclear fallout shelter. (112 mins.)
Director: Hugh Wilson
 
12.
City Slickers (1991)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.7/10 X  
On the verge of turning 40, an unhappy Manhattan yuppie is roped into joining his two friends on a cattle drive in the southwest. (113 mins.)
Director: Ron Underwood
 
13.
Coneheads (1993)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.2/10 X  
Aliens with conical crania crash-land on Earth. (88 mins.)
Director: Steve Barron
 
14.
Crocodile Dundee (1986)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.5/10 X  
An American reporter goes to the Australian outback to meet an eccentric crocodile poacher and invites him to New York City. (97 mins.)
Director: Peter Faiman
 
15.
Demolition Man (1993)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.6/10 X  
A police officer is brought out of suspended animation in prison to pursue an old ultra-violent nemesis who is loose in a non-violent future society. (115 mins.)
Director: Marco Brambilla
 
16.
District 9 (2009)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.0/10 X  
An extraterrestrial race forced to live in slum-like conditions on Earth suddenly finds a kindred spirit in a government agent who is exposed to their biotechnology. (112 mins.)
Director: Neill Blomkamp
 
17.
Face/Off (1997)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.3/10 X  
In order to foil an extortion plot, an FBI agent undergoes a facial transplant surgery and assumes the identity and physical appearance of a terrorist, but the plan turns from bad to worse when the same terrorist impersonates the FBI agent. (138 mins.)
Director: John Woo
 
18.
Groundhog Day (1993)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.0/10 X  
A weatherman finds himself inexplicably living the same day over and over again. (101 mins.)
Director: Harold Ramis
 
19.
Idiocracy (2006)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.6/10 X  
Private Joe Bauers, the definition of "average American", is selected by the Pentagon to be the guinea pig for a top-secret hibernation program. Forgotten, he awakes five centuries in the future. He discovers a society so incredibly dumbed down that he's easily the most intelligent person alive. (84 mins.)
Director: Mike Judge
 
20.
Jungle 2 Jungle (1997)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.1/10 X  
A man learns he has a thirteen-year-old son who was raised in the jungle and brings the boy to New York City, turning his life upside down in the process. (105 mins.)
Director: John Pasquin
 
21.
Just Visiting (2001)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.8/10 X  
A knight and his valet are plagued by a witch, and to repair the damage, they make use of the services of a wizard... (88 mins.)
 
22.
Midnight Cowboy (1969)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.9/10 X  
A naive hustler travels from Texas to New York to seek personal fortune but, in the process, finds himself a new friend. (113 mins.)
 
23.
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.0/10 X  
Longfellow Deeds, a simple-hearted Vermont tuba player, inherits a fortune and has to contend with opportunist city slickers. (115 mins.)
Director: Frank Capra
 
24.
My Cousin Vinny (1992)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  
Two New Yorkers are accused of murder in rural Alabama while on their way back to college, and one of their cousins--an inexperienced, loudmouth lawyer not accustomed to Southern rules and manners--comes in to defend them. (120 mins.)
Director: Jonathan Lynn
 
25.
Oz (1997 TV Series)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  
A series chronicling the daily activities of an unusual prison facility and its criminal inhabitants. (55 mins.)
Director: Gregory Dark
 
26.
Pleasantville (1998)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  
Two 1990s teenage siblings find themselves in a 1950s sitcom where their influence begins to profoundly change that complacent world. (124 mins.)
Director: Gary Ross
 
27.
School of Rock (2003)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.1/10 X  
After being kicked out of a rock band, Dewey Finn becomes a substitute teacher of a strict elementary private school, only to try and turn it into a rock band. (108 mins.)
 
28.
Some Like It Hot (1959)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.3/10 X  
When two male musicians witness a mob hit, they flee the state in an all-female band disguised as women, but further complications set in. (121 mins.)
Director: Billy Wilder
 
29.
South Park (1997 TV Series)
Episode: Prehistoric Ice Man (1999)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.1/10 X  
Kyle and Stan fight over what to name a man they found frozen in ice from 1996. Meanwhile, the government attempts to steal the frozen man. (22 mins.)
 
30.
The Twilight Zone (1959 TV Series)
Episode: Back There (1961)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  
At a prominent club in Washington, D.C., a socialite argues about whether it would be possible to change history by traveling back in time. When he leaves the club he finds himself in 1865, on the night that President Lincoln will be shot. (51 mins.)
 
31.
The Twilight Zone (1959 TV Series)
Episode: Execution (1960)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  
When a 20th-century scientist tests out his time machine he accidentally retrieves a 19th-century murderer - saving him from the hangman's noose. Unaware of the man's history, the two attempt to acclimatize him to his new surroundings. (51 mins.)
 
32.
The Twilight Zone (1959 TV Series)
Episode: No Time Like the Past (1963)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.7/10 X  
A scientist attempts to use a time machine to prevent tragedies, both in world history and in his own past. (51 mins.)
 
33.
The Twilight Zone (1959 TV Series)
Episode: The Odyssey of Flight 33 (1961)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.1/10 X  
Passing through the sound barrier a commercial airliner inadvertently travels back in time. (51 mins.)
 
34.
The Twilight Zone (1959 TV Series)
Episode: Once Upon a Time (1961)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  
Janitor Woodrow Mulligan gets a trip from 1890 to 1962 courtesy of his employer's time helmet. (51 mins.)
 
35.
Witness (1985)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  
A young Amish boy is sole witness to a murder; policeman John Book goes into hiding in Amish country to protect him until the trial. (112 mins.)
Director: Peter Weir