PeacefulAnarchy's Top 100 Directors

A personal list of my Top 100 Directors, plus some extras. Has a 3 film minimum.
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1.
Éric Rohmer
Admirers have always had difficulty explaining Éric Rohmer's "Je ne sais quoi." Part of the challenge stems from the fact that, despite his place in French Nouvelle Vague (i.e., New Wave), his work is unlike that of his colleagues. While this may be due to the auteur's unwillingness to conform, some have argued convincingly that...
“ Seen 24, 17 Great films (2 Top Tier) Top 3:(Conte d'été, Le Rayon vert, L' Ami de mon amie) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
2.
Akira Kurosawa
Writer, Yojimbo
After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata. Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater creative freedom...
“ 18-11(9) (Dodes'ka-den, Ikiru, The Bad Sleep Well) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
3.
Ingmar Bergman
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions is the trilogy closed. Here, as in 'Den Goda Viljan' Pernilla August play his mother...
“ 17-10(4) (Persona, Fanny and Alexander, Wild Strawberries) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
4.
Alfred Hitchcock
Actor, Psycho
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and Eileen Hitchcock (born 1892)...
“ 32-11(8 )(Shadow of a Doubt, Vertigo, Strangers on a Train) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
5.
Billy Wilder
The second of two sons, his father ran a chain of railway station cafes. As a youth he was obsessed with everything American. encouraged by his mother he enrolled as a law student at the University of Vienna but quit after 3 months to be a writer on a magazine which although poorly paid it gave him a great amount of experience interviewing such as Richard Strauss and Sigmund Freud...
“ 13-11(5)(The Lost Weekend, Sunset Blvd., Ace in the Hole) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
6.
Sam Peckinpah
"If they move", commands stern-eyed William Holden, "kill 'em". So begins The Wild Bunch, Sam Peckinpah's bloody, high-body-count eulogy to the mythologized Old West. "Pouring new wine into the bottle of the Western, Peckinpah explodes the bottle", observed critic Pauline Kael. That exploding bottle...
“ 8-8(5)(Straw Dogs, The Wild Bunch, The Getaway) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
7.
Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges' own life is as unlikely as some of the plots of his best work. He was born into a wealthy family. As a boy he helped out on stage productions for his mother's friend, Isadora Duncan (the scarf that strangled her was made by his mother's company, Maison Desti). He served in the U.S...
“ 7-6(5)(Sullivan's Travels, The Miracle of Morgan's Creek, The Palm Beach Story) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
8.
Woody Allen
Writer, Annie Hall
Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...
“ 32-13(3)(Hannah and Her Sisters, Midnight in Paris, Annie Hall) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
9.
Krzysztof Kieslowski
Mr. Kieslowski started his career shooting documentaries and later became associated with the "cinema of moral anxiety" movement. It grouped several Polish directors, including Krzysztof Zanussi and Andrzej Wajda, and aimed at depicting the conditions of Poles under communism. His best known work was the Three Colors trilogy: Three Colors: Red...
“ 6-5(3)(A Short Film About Love, The Decalogue, Trois couleurs: Rouge) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
10.
Stanley Kubrick
Director, The Shining
Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would produce better academic performance...
“ 14-7(4)(Dr. Strangelove, Full Metal Jacket, A Clockwork Orange) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
11.
Jean-Pierre Dardenne
After studying drama in the arts institute, Jean Pierre Dardenne and his brother Luc made some videos about the rough life in blue-collar small towns in the Wallonie. After their meeting with filmmaker Armad Gatti and cinematographer Ned Burgess, they decided to enter in the movie business. In 1978 they shot their first documentary...
“ 3-3(2)(Le fils, Rosetta, L'enfant) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
12.
“ 4-3(1)(Secrets & Lies, Vera Drake, Naked) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
13.
Christopher Nolan
Best known for his cerebral, often nonlinear storytelling, acclaimed writer-director Christopher Nolan was born on July 30, 1970 in London, England. Over the course of 15 years of filmmaking, Nolan has gone from low-budget independent films to working on some of the biggest blockbusters ever made. At 7 years old...
“ 7-5(3)(Memento, The Prestige, The Dark Knight) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
14.
Fritz Lang
Director, M
He studied at the College of Technical Sciences of Vienna's Academy of Graphic Arts but unhappy with the career path chosen for him by his parents, he ran away to study art in Munich and Paris. He then spent many years travelling the world including Asia. In 1913, he returned to Paris to paint. When World War I began...
“ 23-9(3)(M, Der Müde Tod, Spione) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
15.
Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray was born in Calcutta on May 2, 1921. His father, Late Sukumar Ray was an eminent poet and writer in the history of Bengali literature. In 1940, after receiving his degree in science and economics from Calcutta University, he attended Tagore's Viswa-Bharati University. His first movie Pather Panchali won several International Awards and set Ray as a world-class director...
“ 7-6(3)(Charulata, The World of Apu, The Music Room) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
16.
Georg Wilhelm Pabst
Director, Pandora's Box
Georg Wilhelm Pabst is considered by many to be the greatest director of German cinema, in his era. He was especially appreciated by actors and actresses for the humane way in which he treated them. This was in contrast to some of his contemporaries, such as Arnold Fanck, who have been characterized as martinets.
“ 4-4(3)(Joyless Street, Diary of a Lost Girl, Pandora's Box) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
17.
Paul Thomas Anderson
Anderson was born in 1970. He was one of the first of the "video store" generation of film-makers. His father was the first man on his block to own a V.C.R., and from a very early age Anderson had an infinite number of titles available to him. While film-makers like Spielberg cut their teeth making 8 mm films, Anderson cut his teeth shooting films on video and editing them from V.C.R. to V.C.R...
“ 5-3(2)(Magnolia, There Will Be Blood, Punch-Drunk Love) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
18.
“ 3-3(3)(The Letter Never Sent, The Cranes Are Flying, Soy Cuba) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
19.
Luis Buñuel
The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the university there, where his close friends included Salvador Dalí and Federico García Lorca...
“ 19-6(2)(El Ángel exterminador, Le Fantôme de la liberté, Los Olvidados) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
20.
Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick was born in Ottawa, Illinois. His family subsequently lived in Oklahoma and he went to school in Austin, Texas. He did his undergraduate work at Harvard, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in philosophy in 1965. A member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society, he attended Magdalen College...
“ 5-5(2)(Badlands, The Thin Red Line, The Tree of Life) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
21.
William Wyler
Director, Ben-Hur
William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as...
“ 18-5(2)(Detective Story, The Best Years of Our Lives, Dodsworth) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
23.
Michael Powell
Director, The Red Shoes
The son of Thomas William Powell & Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the South of France (where his parents ran an hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury & Dulwich College he first worked at the National Provincial Bank from 1922 - 1925...
“ 13-4(3)(The Red Shoes, A Matter of Life and Death, Peeping Tom) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
24.
Costa-Gavras
Director, Missing
 
25.
Ousmane Sembene
Director, Black Girl
The first film director from an African country to achieve international recognition, Ousmane Sembene remains the major figure in the rise of an independent post-colonial African cinema. Sembene's roots were not, as might be expected, in the educated élite. After working as a mechanic and bricklayer...
 
26.
Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné, the son of a cabinet maker, entered the movies as the assistant of Jacques Feyder. At the age of 25 he directed his first movie Jenny. Colaborating with the writer Jacques Prévert, the decorator Alexandre Trauner, the musician and composer Maurice Jaubert and the actor Jean Gabin...
“ 7-4(2)(Les Enfants du paradis, Le Jour se lève, Les Visiteurs du soir) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
27.
Ernst Lubitsch
From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at night...
“ 10-3(1)(Trouble in Paradise, Design for Living, The Shop Around the Corner) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
28.
Frederick Wiseman
Director, Titicut Follies
Born in 1930, Wiseman is a Cambridge, Massachusetts resident and member of the Massachusetts Bar Association who turned to filmmaking in 1967, after years as an instructor and/or researcher at Boston University, Brandeis University, and Harvard. In 1970 he founded Zipporah Films, Inc., which continues to distribute his documentaries...
 
29.
Jean Renoir
Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he began to make movies; he wanted to make a star of her...
“ 17-8(2)(Les Bas-fonds, Partie de campagne, Le Crime de Monsieur Lange) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
30.
Kar-Wai Wong
Wong Kar-wai (born 17 July 1956) is a Hong Kong Second Wave filmmaker, internationally renowned as an auteur for his visually unique, highly stylised, emotionally resonant work, including Ah fei zing zyun (1990), Dung che sai duk (1994), Chung Hing sam lam (1994), Do lok tin si (1995), Chun gwong cha sit (1997)...
“ 8-6(1)(Chungking Express, Fallen Angels, In the Mood for Love) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
31.
Yasujirô Ozu
Director, Tokyo Story
Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theatre. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later, he was made an assistant director and directed his first film the next year...
“ 11-6(3)(Late Autumn, Tokyo Story, An Autumn Afternoon) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
32.
Victor Sjöström
Director, Körkarlen
Victor Sjöström was born on September 20, 1879, and is the undisputed father of Swedish film, ranking as one of the masters of world cinema. His influence lives on in the work of Ingmar Bergman and all those directors, both Swedish and international, influenced by his work and the works of directors whom he himself influenced...
“ 4-3(2)(The Phantom Carriage, He Who Gets Slapped, The Wind) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
33.
“ 6-5(5)(The Human Condition, Samurai Rebellion, Harakiri) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
34.
Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Above all, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was a rebel whose life and art was marked by gross contradiction. Openly homosexual, he married twice; one of his wives acted in his films and the other served as his editor. Accused variously by detractors of being anticommunist, male chauvinist, antiSemitic and even antigay...
“ 6-5(3)(The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant, Berlin Alexanderplatz, The Marriage of Maria Braun) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
35.
David Fincher
Director, Fight Club
David Fincher was born in 1962 in Denver, Colorado, and was raised in Marin County, California. When he was 18 years old he went to work for John Korty at Korty Films in Mill Valley. He subsequently worked at ILM (Industrial Light and Magic) from 1981-1983. Fincher left ILM to direct TV commercials and music videos after signing with N...
“ 8-6(3)(Fight Club, Seven, The Game) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
36.
Erich von Stroheim
Erich von Stroheim was born Erich Oswald Stroheim in 1885, in Vienna, Austria, to Johanna (Bondy), from Prague, and Benno Stroheim, a hatmaker from Gliwice, Poland. His family was Jewish. After spending some time working in his father's hat factory, he emigrated to America around 1909. Working in various jobs he arrived in Hollywood in 1914 and got work in D.W...
“ 4-4(1)(Greed, The Wedding March, Foolish Wives) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
37.
Leos Carax
Director, Holy Motors
Leos Carax made several short films and also wrote film criticism, then at the age of 24 years made a very strong first feature Boy Meets Girl. The film played at the 1984 Cannes film festival and was a critical triumph. It paved the way for Carax's second feature Mauvais Sang (Bad Blood). That film was a giant step forward in the same direction that he was going in with his first film...
 
38.
David O. Russell
David Owen Russell is an American film writer, director, and producer, known for a cinema of intense, tragi-comedic characters whose love of life can surpass dark circumstances faced in very specific worlds. His films address such themes as mental illness as stigma or hope; invention of self and survival; the family home as nexus of love...
 
39.
Robert Bresson
Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Public Affairs in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Angels of Sin in 1943. His next film, Les dames du Bois de Boulogne would be the last time he would work with professional actors...
“ 13-9(1)(Procès de Jeanne d'Arc, Pickpocket, Un condamné à mort s'est échappé) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
40.
Charles Chaplin
Writer, Modern Times
Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the toothbrush mustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane, and a funny walk...
“ 16-5(1)(Limelight, The Great Dictator, Monsieur Verdoux) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
41.
Jean-Pierre Melville
Writer, Le Samouraï
The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its Ishmaels and its Claggarts a challenge to the European canon...
“ 7-5(2)(Le Cercle rouge, Armée des ombres, Le Deuxième souffle) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
42.
Kon Ichikawa
Kon Ichikawa has been influenced by artists as diverse as Walt Disney and Jean Renoir, and his films cover a wide spectrum of moods, from the comic to the overwhelmingly ironic and even the perverse. Ichikawa began his career as a cartoonist, and this influence is apparent in his skillful use of the widescreen...
“ 4-4(1)(The Burmese Harp, Fires on the Plain, Revenge of a Kabuki Actor) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
43.
“ 5-5(2)(Oldboy, Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance, Joint Security Area) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
44.
“ 16-5(3)(A Serious Man, Miller's Crossing, Fargo) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
45.
“ 8-5(3)(The Leopard, Le Notti Bianche, Sandra of a Thousand Delights) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
46.
Henri-Georges Clouzot
Writer, Diabolique
Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to international fame with The Wages of Fear and consolidated that success with Diabolique...
“ 4-4(1)(Le Corbeau, Quai des Orfèvres, Le Salaire de la peur) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
47.
“ 3-3(1)(Sans Toit Ni Loi, Les glaneurs et la glaneuse, Cléo de 5 à 7) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
48.
David Lean
An important British filmmaker, David Lean was born in Croydon on March 25, 1908 and brought up in a strict Quaker family (ironically, as a child he wasn't allowed to go to the movies). During the 1920s, he briefly considered the possibility of becoming an accountant like his father before finding a job at Gaumont British Studios in 1927...
“ 11-5(2)(Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, Doctor Zhivago) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
49.
Quentin Tarantino
Writer, Pulp Fiction
Quentin Jerome Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee. His father, Tony Tarantino, is an Italian-American actor and musician from New York, and his mother, Connie (McHugh), is a nurse from Tennessee. Quentin moved with his mother to Torrance, California, when he was four years old. In January of 1992...
“ 10-4(1)(Pulp Fiction, Inglourious Basterds, Kill Bill: Volume 2) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
50.
“ 10-7(4)(L'Année dernière à Marienbad, Muriel ou Le temps d'un retour, Hiroshima mon amour) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
51.
Orson Welles
His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was nine) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr. Maurice Bernstein...
“ 11-4(2)(The Stranger, Touch of Evil, Citizen Kane) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
52.
Spike Jonze
Producer, Her
Spike Jonze made up one-third (along with Andy Jenkins and Mark Lewman) of the triumvirate of genius minds behind Dirt Magazine, the brother publication of the much lamented ground-breaking Sassy Magazine. These three uncommon characters were all editors for Grand Royal Magazine as well, under...
“ 5-4(2)(Adaptation., Being John Malkovich, Where the Wild Things Are) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
53.
Anthony Asquith
Director, Pygmalion
British film director Anthony Asquith was born on November 9, 1902, to H.H. Asquith, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and his second wife. A former home secretary and the future leader of the Liberal Party, H.H. Asquith served as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1908-1916 and was subsequently elevated to the hereditary peerage...
 
54.
“ 3-3(1)(Show Me Love, Together, Lilya 4-Ever) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
55.
“ 3-3(1)(The Hustler, All the King's Men, Body and Soul ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
56.
Shôhei Imamura
Director, The Eel
Shohei Imamura's films dig beneath the surface of Japanese society to reveal a wellspring of sensual, often irrational, energy that lies beneath. Along with his colleagues Nagisa Ôshima and Masahiro Shinoda, Imamura began his serious directorial career as a member of the New Wave movement in Japan...
“ 3-3(1)(Black Rain, Vengeance Is Mine, Ballad of Narayama) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
57.
Jacques Becker
Writer, Le Trou
His interest in films was stimulated by a meeting with King Vidor, who offered him employment in the US as actor and assistant director. However, he remained in France and became assistant to Jean Renoir, a friend of the family, during that director's peak period (1932-39). In 1934 he ventured briefly into independent production...
 
58.
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFA's American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount productions in Hollywood...
“ 5-4(3)(Sleuth, All About Eve, The Ghost and Mrs. Muir) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
59.
François Truffaut
François began to assiduously go to the movies at 7. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who becomes his protector. Bazin helped the delinquent Truffaut and also when he was put in jail because he deserted the army...
“ 9-5(3)(Jules et Jim, Les quatre cents coups, La mariée était en noir) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
60.
Luis García Berlanga
Writer, El verdugo
Berlanga commenced his studies in Valencia in1928, although in 1929 his family sent him and his brother Fernando (due to a lung disease) to the Beau-soleil hospital school in Switzerland. In 1930, he returned to the San José School in Valencia where he stayed until 1931, the year in which the Jesuits were expelled from Spain...
“ 3-2(1)(Bienvenido Mister Marshall, Plácido, El Verdugo) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
61.
Howard Hawks
Director, The Big Sleep
What do the classic films Scarface, Twentieth Century, Bringing Up Baby, Only Angels Have Wings, His Girl Friday, Sergeant York, To Have and Have Not, The Big Sleep, Red River Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and Rio Bravo have in common? Aside from their displays of great craftsmanship, the answer is director Howard Hawks...
“ 16-5(1)(Rio Bravo, The Big Sleep, His Girl Friday) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
62.
Robert Siodmak
Director, The Killers
The director Robert Siodmak (which he insisted, be pronounced 'See-odd-mack') was a masterful film maker who successfully blended the techniques of German Expressionism with contemporary styles of American film, particularly film noir, in the process creating a handful of moody, sometimes chilling, and always memorable motion pictures...
“ 8-3(2)(The Killers, Phantom Lady, Criss Cross) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
63.
Buster Keaton
Joseph Frank Keaton was born on October 4, 1895 in Piqua, Kansas, to Joe Keaton and Myra Keaton. Joe and Myra were Vaudevillian comedians with a popular, ever-changing variety act, giving Keaton an eclectic and interesting upbringing. In the earliest days on stage, they traveled with a medicine show that included family friend...
“ 31-8(1)(The Navigator, Steamboat Bill, Jr., One Week) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
64.
Kenji Mizoguchi
Director, Ugetsu
Coming from a lower class family Mizoguchi entered the production company Nikkatsu as an actor specialized in female roles. Later he became an assistant director and made his first film in 1922. Although he filmed almost 90 movies in the silent era, only his last 12 productions are really known outside of Japan because they were especially produced for Venice (e.g...
“ 7-5(0)(Sansho the Bailiff, Yôkihi, The Crucified Lovers) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
65.
Martin Scorsese
Martin Charles Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, to Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) and Charles Scorsese, who both worked in Manhattan's garment district, and whose families both came from Palermo, Sicily. He was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later provided the inspiration for several of his films...
“ 21-7(3)(Taxi Driver, A Personal Journey Through American Movies, The King of Comedy) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
66.
Hayao Miyazaki
Director, Spirited Away
Hayao Miyazaki is a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter, animator, author, and manga artist. Through a career that has spanned five decades, Miyazaki has attained international acclaim as a masterful storyteller and as a maker of anime feature films and, along with Isao Takahata, co-founded Studio Ghibli...
“ 9-5(4)(Kiki's Delivery Service, Porco Rosso, Nausicaä) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
67.
Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan, known for his creative stage direction, was born "Elia Kazanjoglous" in Istanbul in 1909 to Greek parents. He directed such Broadway plays as "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof". He directed the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire and also films written for the screen...
“ 12-4(1)(A Face in the Crowd, Boomerang!, Panic in the Streets) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
68.
Samuel Fuller
At age 17, Samuel Fuller was the youngest reporter ever to be in charge of the events section of the New York Journal. After having participated in the European battle theater in World War II, he directed some minor action productions for which he mostly wrote the scripts himself and which he also produced (e.g...
“ 8-4(2)(The Crimson Kimono, Underworld U.S.A., The Big Red One) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
69.
“ 5-4(3)(Inherit the Wind, Judgment at Nuremberg, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
70.
Max Ophüls
Director, Lola Montès
Director Max Ophüls was born Max Oppenheimer in Saarbrücken, Germany. He began his career as a stage actor and director in the golden twenties. He worked in cities such as Stuttgart, Dortmund, Wuppertal, Vienna, Frankfurt, Breslau and Berlin. In 1929 his son Marcel Ophüls was born in Frankfurt, Germany...
“ 7-2(1)(Letter from an Unknown Woman, Madame de..., Liebelei) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
71.
“ 6-4(1)(A Woman Under the Influence, Faces, Love Streams) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
72.
Hiroshi Teshigahara
Hiroshi Teshigahara was born the son of Sofu Teshigahara who was the founder of the Sogetsu School of Ikebana (flower arrangement). In 1950, he graduated from the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in oil painting. In 1958, he became the director of Sogetsu Art Centre and took a leading role in avant-garde activities in many fields of art...
“ 3-2(1)(Woman in the Dunes, The Face of Another, Pitfall) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
73.
Oliver Stone
Director, Platoon
Oliver Stone has become known as a master of controversial subjects and a legendary film maker. His films are filled with a variety of film angles and styles, he pushes his actors to give Oscar-worthy performances, and despite his failures, has always returned to success. William Oliver Stone was born in New York City...
“ 5-5(2)(Natural Born Killers, Salvador, Platoon) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
74.
Sidney Lumet
Director, 12 Angry Men
Sidney Lumet was a master of cinema, best known for his technical knowledge and his skill at getting first-rate performances from his actors -- and for shooting most of his films in his beloved New York. He made over 40 movies, often complex and emotional, but seldom overly sentimental. Although his politics were somewhat left-leaning and he often treated socially relevant themes in his films...
“ 9-4(2)(12 Angry Men, Dog Day Afternoon, The Pawnbroker) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
75.
Emir Kusturica
Director, Underground
A Serbian film director. Born in 1954 in Sarajevo. Graduated in film directing at the prestigious Academy of Performing Arts (FAMU) in Prague in 1978. During his studies, he was awarded several times for his short movies including Guernica (1978), which took first prize at the Student's Film Festival in Karlovy Vary...
“ 3-3(1)(Time of the Gypsies, Black Cat, White Cat, Underground) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
76.
Sergio Corbucci
Writer, Django
Sergio Corbucci was born on December 6, 1927, in Rome, Italy. He entered grade school with thoughts of becoming a businessman, but after earning a college degree in economics he took an abrupt detour into the world of cinema. Corbucci began his career as a film critic, first for the Italian film journal...
“ 3-2(1)(The Great Silence, Django, Compañeros) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
77.
“ 8-5(1)(The Big Parade, The Crowd, Show People) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
78.
Sergei M. Eisenstein
The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and then director...
“ 8-5(1)(Strike, Ivan the Terrible, Part One, ¡Que Viva Mexico!) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
79.
F.W. Murnau
Director, Nosferatu
He studied art and literature history at the University of Heidelberg. During World War I, he was a combat pilot.
“ 6-3(1)(The Last Laugh, City Girl, Sunrise) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
80.
“ 5-4(0)(House on Haunted Hill, When Strangers Marry, Strait-Jacket) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
81.
Lars von Trier
Writer, Melancholia
Lars von Trier (the "von" was adopted during his stay at the Danish Film School) was born in Copenhagen, Denmark in April 1956. He graduated from the Danish Film School in 1983 with his short film Befrielsesbilleder ("Images of Relief"), which won the Best Film award at the Munich Film Festival the following year...
 
82.
Louis Malle
Louis Malle, the descendant of a French nobleman who made a fortune in beet sugar during the Napoleonic Wars, created films that explored life and its meaning. Malle's family discouraged his early interest in film but, in 1950, allowed him to enter the Institute of Advanced Cinematographic Studies in Paris...
“ 6-2(1)(Au revoir les enfants, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud, My Dinner with Andre) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
83.
Otto Preminger
Otto Ludwig Preminger was born in Wiznitz, Bukovina, Austria-Hungary. His father was a prosecutor, and Otto originally intended to follow his father into a law career; however, he fell in love with the theater and became a stage director. He directed his first film in 1931, and came to the US in 1936 to direct on the Broadway stage...
“ 6-4(3)(Laura, Anatomy of a Murder, Fallen Angel) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
85.
Abbas Kiarostami
Director, Certified Copy
Abbas Kiarostami was born in Tehran, Iran, in 1940. He graduated from university with a degree in fine arts before starting work as a graphic designer. He then joined the Center for Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults, where he started a film section, and this started his career as a filmmaker at the age of 30...
“ 13-6(1)(Close-Up, Homework, Where Is The Friend's Home?) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
86.
Werner Herzog
Director, Grizzly Man
Director. Writer. Producer. Has studied history, literature and theatre, but hasn't finished it. Founded his own production company in 1963. Has staged several operas, besides others in Bayreuth, Germany, and at the Milan Scala in Italy. Herzog has won numerous national and international awards for his films.
“ 10-6(1)(The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser, Aguirre: The Wrath of God, Fitzcarraldo) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
87.
Nicholas Ray
Nicholas Ray was born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle, Jr. in 1911, in small-town Galesville, Wisconsin, to Lena (Toppen) and Raymond Joseph Kienzle, a contractor and builder. He was of German and Norwegian descent. Ray's early experience with film came with some radio broadcasting in high school. He left the University of Chicago after a year...
“ 8-3(1)(Rebel Without a Cause, In a Lonely Place, Bigger Than Life) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
88.
Guy Maddin
Guy Maddin was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, to Herdis Maddin (a hair-dresser) and Charles "Chas" Maddin (grain clerk and general manager of the Maroons, a Winnipeg hockey team). Maddin studied economics at the University of Winnipeg, working as a bank manager, house painter, and photographic archivist before becoming a film-maker...
 
89.
Nicolas Roeg
Director, Walkabout
When he made his directorial debut in 1970, Nicolas Roeg was already a 23-year veteran of the British film industry, starting out in 1947 as an editing apprentice and working his way up to cinematographer twelve years later. He first came to attention as part of the second unit on David Lean's Lawrence of Arabia...
“ 6-3(1)(Walkabout, Bad Timing, Don't Look Now) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
90.
Mikio Naruse
Director, Ukigumo
 
91.
John Huston
An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry included English...
“ 12-4(2)(The Maltese Falcon, The Asphalt Jungle, Key Largo) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
92.
Edward Dmytryk
Edward Dmytryk grew up in San Francisco, the son of Ukrainian immigrants. After his mother died when he was 6, his strict disciplinarian father beat the boy frequently, and the child began running away while in his early teens. Eventually, juvenile authorities allowed him to live alone at the age of 15 and helped him find part-time work as a film studio messenger...
“ 4-3(2)(Cornered, Murder, My Sweet, The Caine Mutiny) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
93.
Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders is an Oscar-nominated German filmmaker who was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, which then was located in the British Occupation Zone of what became the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany, known colloquially as West Germany until reunification)...
“ 5-3(2)(Alice in den Städten, Paris, Texas, Im Lauf der Zeit) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
94.
Josef von Sternberg
Director, The Blue Angel
Josef von Sternberg split his childhood between Vienna and New York City. His father, a former soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army, could not support his family in either city; Sternberg remembered him only as "an enormously strong man who often used his strength on me." Forced by poverty to drop out of high school...
“ 12-4(0)(Underworld, Anatahan, The Scarlet Empress) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
96.
Don Hertzfeldt
Animation Department, World of Tomorrow
“ 10-4(1)(Lily and Jim, Everything Will Be Ok, Rejected) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
97.
Douglas Sirk
Film director Douglas Sirk, whose reputation blossomed in the generation after his 1959 retirement from Hollywood filmmaking, was born Hans Detlef Sierck on April 26, 1897, in Hamburg, Germany, to a journalist. Both of his parents were Danish, and the future director would make movies in German, Danish and English...
“ 6-3(1)(A Time to Love and a Time to Die, Imitation of Life, There's Always Tomorrow) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
99.
Robert Altman
Director, Gosford Park
Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started exploring the art of exploring sound with the cheap tape recorders available at the time...
“ 10-3(2)(MASH, Nashville, McCabe & Mrs. Miller) ” - PeacefulAnarchy
 
100.
Frank Capra
One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you could ever be," Capra said about his Atlantic passage...
“ 14-2(1)(Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Arsenic and Old Lace, Why We Fight) ” - PeacefulAnarchy