Top 100 Russian/Soviet Directors

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Vsevolod Meyerhold
Vsevolod Meyerhold was born Karl Theodor Kazimir Emil Meyerhold in 1874, in Penza, Russia, into the Russian-German family of Emil Meyerhold. He converted to Orthodox Christianity on his 21st birthday and took the name of Vsevolod in memory of the Russian writer Vsevolod Garshin. After conversion Meyerhold married Olga Mikhailovna (nee Munt) and the couple had three daughters...
 
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Yevgeni Bauer
Director, Posle smerti
Yevgeni Bauer was the most important filmmaker of the early Russian cinema, who made about eighty silent films in 5 years before the Russian Revolution of 1917. He was born Yevgeni Frantsevich Bauer in 1865, in Moscow, Russia, into an artistic family. His father, Franz Bauer, was a renown musician who played zither...
 
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Sergei M. Eisenstein
The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and then director...
 
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Grigori Aleksandrov
Grigori Aleksandrov was a Soviet-Russian filmmaker best known as director of Volga - Volga, Tsirk, and October (Ten Days that Shook the World), as well as co-star in Battleship Potemkin by director Sergei M. Eisenstein. He was born Grigori Vasilyevich Mormonenko on January 23, 1903 in Ekaterinburg, Russia. His father, Vasili Mormonenko...
 
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Dziga Vertov
Born in Bialystok, Poland, studied music and enrolled in St. Petersburg Neurological Institute in 1916. Worked on first Soviet newsreel, Kinonedelia (1918-1919), then on subsequent newsreel series (inc. Kinopravda, 1922-1925).
 
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“ Director of Orlovskaya Bitva (1943) ” - minalex
 
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Levon Isahakyan
Director, Yerkir hayreni
Levon Isahakyan was an Armenian Komsomol activist before joining Armenfilm Studio as assistant director in 1930. He was Deputy Minister at the Armenian Ministry of Cinematography in 1949-1953. Made more than 40 documentary and feature movies.
 
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Gerbert Rappaport
Gerbert Moritsevich Rappaport was born on July 7, 1908, in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (now Austria). His father, Morice Rappaport, was a Doctor psychoanalyst. In 1927-28, young Rappaport studied law at University of Vienna. In 1928 he moved to Berlin and started working at Nero-Film Studio. There he met his Austrian compatriot...
“ An Austrian director that lived and worked in Soviet Union. ” - minalex
 
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Sergey Gerasimov
Director, Tikhiy Don
Sergei Gerasimov was born in the village of Kundravy in Urals area of the Russian Empire, in 1906. He studied at the Leningrad College of Arts and graduated from the Actors Department of the Leningrad Institute for Stage Arts in 1928. He started his film career in 1924 as an actor, continued as an assistant director and joined the "FEKS" film group...
 
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Mikheil Chiaureli
Mikhail Edisherovich Chiaureli (Micheil Chiaureli) was born on February 6, 1894, in Tiflis, Russian Empire (now Tbilisi, Georgia). In 1916 he graduated from the School of Painting and Sculpture in Tbilisi. Young Chiaureli made his acting debut on stage as an amateur in 1910. In 1914 he married actress Veriko Anjaparidze...
 
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Grigoriy Chukhray
Studied at the Moscow Cinema Institute under Soviet film master Mikhail Romm. He found fame after his 1959 film "Ballad of a Soldier" which is considered one of the best Soviet war films and which has played all over the world.
 
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Stepan Kevorkov
Director, Lernayin arshav
Stepan Kevorkov graduated from the State School of Cinema in 1930 and started to work as an assistant director and director at Baku Film Studio and Mosfilm Studio. From 1939 he directed movies at Armenfilm Studio. In 1949-1951 he was the executive director of Armenfilm Studio.
 
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Aleksey Batalov
Aleksei Vladimirovich Batalov was born on November 20, 1928, into the family of a famous Russian theatrical actor Vladimir Batalov. He was born in the city of Vladimir, near Moscow, where his grandmother was the Doctor General at the Vladimir city hospital. His father, named Vladimir Petrovich Batalov and his mother...
 
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Anatole Litvak
Director, The Snake Pit
The distinguished film director Anatole Litvak was born in the Ukrainian city of Kiev, the son of Jewish parents. His very first job was as a stage hand. In 1915, he became an actor, performing at a little-known experimental theater in St. Petersburg, Russia. As a teenager, he witnessed the 1917 Russian Revolution and the consequent nationalization of all theaters and drama schools...
 
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Mikhail Romm
Mikhail Romm was born in 1901, into a Russian-Jewish family, in the Siberian city of Irkutsk, Russia. He served in the Red Army in 1918-21 as an Inspector of the Special Forces for Food Supplies. He was in charge of confiscations of bread and food from the wealthier farmers (kulaks) in Central Russia...
 
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Grigori Kozintsev
Director, Hamlet
Grigori Mikhailovich Kozintsev was born on March 22, 1905, in Kiev, Russian Empire (now Kiev, Ukraine). His father, named Mikhail Kozintsev, was a medical doctor. Young Kozintsev studied at the Kiev Gymnazium. There, in 1919, he organized experimental theatre "Arlekin" together with his fellow students Sergei Yutkevich and Aleksei Kapler...
 
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Andrei Tarkovsky
Writer, Solaris
The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood, which won the top prize at the Venice Film Festival...
 
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Sergey Bondarchuk
Sergei Bondarchuk was one of the most important Russian filmmakers, best known for directing an Academy Award-winning film epic War and Peace, based on the book by Leo Tolstoy, in which he also starred as Pierre Bezukhov. He was born Sergei Fedorovich Bondarchuk on September, 25, 1920, in the village of Belozerka...
 
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Sergei Yutkevich
Director, Othello
He has made been famous in the young soviet cinema by his films about Lenin (Lenin v Polshe and others). He had a great international acclaim by his version of Othello and engaged to the Soviet cinema two French stars: Marina Vlady for Lika in Syuzhet dlya nebolshogo rasskaza and Claude Jade for Inessa in _Lenin v Parizhe (1980)_.
 
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Gleb Panfilov
Director, Tema
 
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Artavazd Peleshian
Director, Mer dare
Creator of the "distange montage," Artavazd Peleshian, one of the key Soviet documentarians, removed the boundaries of feature and documentary films, editing both sequences as a real poetical unity. His "distange montage" was a new step in the development of film editing. Even his student works (The Earth of the People 1966 and the Beginning 1967) shot at VGIK...
 
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Vasiliy Shukshin
Vasili Shukshin, one of Russian cinema's notable figures who rebelled against the Soviet reality since his father was executed under the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin, was a popular actor, director and writer, and died under mysterious circumstances at age 45. He was born Vasili Makarovich Shukshin into a peasant family on July 25...
 
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Andrey Konchalovskiy
Writer, The Odyssey
The Russian theatre and film director Andrei Konchalovsky is an elder brother of Nikita Mikhalkov, born August, 20, 1937. As a youngster he planned to pursue a career of a musician and learned to play piano but his love for cinema outweighed and he entered VGIK-the major state film school where he studied under Mikhail Romm...
 
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Tengiz Abuladze
Director, Repentance
'Tengiz Abuladze' studied theatrical direction af the Chota Rustaveli Theatre Institute in Tbilisi, Georgia, and film- making at the VGIK Cinematography Institute, graduating in 1953, when he joined Georgia Film Studios as a director. He made documentaries before making his feature debut in 1958. His best-known work in the West is the trilogy Vedreba...
 
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Sergei Parajanov
One of the 20th century's greatest masters of cinema, Sergei Parajanov in the 1960s made two masterpieces in a row: Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors and The Color of Pomegranates. Both established him as a phenomenon with no analogy in the art world. Parajanov was born on the January 9, 1924, in Tbilisi, Georgia, USSR, to an ethnic Armenian family...
 
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Arvo Iho
Cinematographer, Naerata ometi
 
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Pavel Lungin
Writer, Tsar
Pavel Semyonovich Lungin (born July 12, 1949) is a Russian film director. He is sometimes credited as Pavel Loungine (as in the American release of Tycoon). Born 12 July 1949 in Moscow, Lungin is the son of a scriptwriter and linguist. He later attended Moscow State University from which he graduated in 1971...
 
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Igor Kovalyov
Animation Department, The Rugrats Movie
 
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Bakhtyar Khudojnazarov
Director, Luna Papa
Born in Tajikistan during the Soviet Union period, Bakhtyar Khudojnazarov worked for Tadjikfilm Studios, TV and radio, as a journalist or assistant director, from 1982 to 1984. He then studied at the Moscow Film Institute (VGIK), in Igor Talankin's class, where he directed two short films ("Shutniki" aka "Jokers" in 1986...
 
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Nikita Mikhalkov
Russian film-maker and actor Nikita Sergeyevich Mikhalkov was born on October, 21, 1945, a son of a well-known Russian poet Sergey Mikhalkov, who provided lyrics for the Russian anthem, and Natalya Petrovna Konchalovskaya, also a poet. As a child he was exposed to genuine literary talk at home, which was a fulcrum for a Russian art community...
 
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Pavel Chukhray
Director, The Thief
Pavel Chukhray is a Russian screenwriter and film director. He graduated from VGIK (All-Union State Institute of Cinematography): in 1971 -- from the cameraman's department, in 1974 -- from the director's department. He began his film career as a cameraman assistant, a director of photography, and then a feature film director...
 
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Aleksandr Sokurov
Director, Russkiy kovcheg
He was born with a disability because of an anatomic defect of his leg, in 1951 in Podorvikha village in Siberian Russia. His father was a Red Army veteran of WW2. One of most important contemporary filmmakers, Sokurov worked extensively in television and later graduated from the prestigious film school...
 
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Andrey Zvyagintsev
Director, Leviathan
Andrei Zvyagintsev is a Russian filmmaker and was born on Feb.6, 1964 in the northern city of Novisibirsk. He graduated from the Novosibirsk Actors School in 1984 and started to act on stage in provincial theatres. In the early 1990s he came to Moscow - the centre of the Russian film industry - with the ambition to star in movies...
 
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Aleksey Uchitel
Born in Leningrad in 1951. Son of a well-known documentary film director Yefim Uchitel. Graduated in 1975 from VGIK (The All-Russian State University of Cinematography). Worked as a cameraman and documentary film director at the Leningrad Documentary Film Studio. President and CEO of Rock Films, a production company established in 1991...
 
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Timur Bekmambetov
Director, Wanted
Timur Bekmambetov is a Russian-Kazakh film director known for vampire franchise Night Watch and Day Watch. He was born Timur Nuruakhitovich Bekmambetov on June 25, 1961, in Guryev, Soviet Union (now Atyrau, Kazakhstan). His father, Nuruakhit Bekmambetov, is a manager at Guryev Energy company; his mother...
 
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Victor Kossakovsky
Documentary film director. Born on July 19, 1961 in Leningrad. Since 1978 he worked at the Leningrad studio of Documentaries as assistant cameraman, assistant director and editor. In 1988 he finished the Higher Courses of Film Writers and Directors in Moscow. Laureate of the "Triumph" Prize, Laureate of the RF State Award and the "Nika" prize...
 
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Sergei Loznitsa
Director, My Joy
Sergei Loznitsa, Ukrainian film maker, was born on September, 5th 1964 in Baranovichi, USSR. He grew up in Kiev, and in 1987 graduated from the Kiev Polytechnic with a degree in Applied Mathematics. In 1987-1991 Sergei worked as a scientist at the Kiev Institute of Cybernetics, specializing in artificial intelligence research...
 
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Yuriy Bykov
Director, The Fool