“ 1927/28 Seventh Heaven (Dramatic)
1931/32 Bad Girl ” - glyntreharne-1
Lewis Milestone, a clothing manufacturer's son, was born in Bessarabia (now Moldova), raised in Odessa (Ukraine) and educated in Belgium and Berlin (where he studied engineering). He was fluent in both German and Russian and an avid reader. Milestone had an affinity for the theatre from an early age...
“ 1927/28 Two Arabian Knights (comedy)
1929/30 Lewis Milestone – All Quiet on the Western Front ” - glyntreharne-1
Frank Lloyd was an unpretentious, technically skilled director, who crafted several enduring Hollywood classics during the 1930's. He started out as a stage actor and singer in early 1900's London and was well-known as an imitator of Harry Lauder
. After several years in music hall and with touring repertory companies...
“ 1928/29 The Divine Lady
1932/33 Cavalcade ” - glyntreharne-1
A successful child actor (on stage from 1907) and rather less successful romantic lead, baby-faced Norman Taurog found being behind the camera a more rewarding experience. Before becoming a director, he paid his dues as a prop man and editor. By 1919, he was put in charge of two-reel comedies, starring the comic Larry Semon
“ 1930/31 Skippy ” - glyntreharne-1
One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you could ever be," Capra said about his Atlantic passage...
“ 1934 It Happened One Night
1936 Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
1938 You Can't Take It with You ” - glyntreharne-1
John Ford came to Hollywood following one of his brothers, an actor. Asked what brought him to Hollywood, he replied "The train". He became one of the most respected directors in the business, in spite of being known for his westerns, which were not considered "serious" film. He won six Oscars, counting (he always did) the two that he won for his WWII documentary work...
“ 1935 The Informer
1940 The Grapes of Wrath
1941 How Green Was My Valley
1952 The Quiet Man ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1937 The Awful Truth
1944 Going My Way ” - glyntreharne-1
Victor Fleming entered the film business as a stuntman in 1910, mainly doing stunt driving - which came easy to him, as he had been a mechanic and professional race-car driver. He became interested in working on the other side of the camera, and eventually got a job as a cameraman on many of the films of Douglas Fairbanks
“ 1939 Gone with the Wind ” - glyntreharne-1
William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford
as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as...
“ 1942 Mrs. Miniver
1946 The Best Years of Our Lives
1959 Ben-Hur ” - glyntreharne-1
Curtiz began acting in and then directing films in his native Hungary in 1912. After WWI, he continued his filmmaking career in Austria and Germany and into the early 1920s when he directed films in other countries in Europe. Moving to the US in 1926, he started making films in Hollywood for Warner Bros...
“ 1943 Casablanca ” - glyntreharne-1
Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929, and wrote scripts for many German films until Adolf Hitler
came to power in 1933...
“ 1945 The Lost Weekend
1960 The Apartment ” - glyntreharne-1
, known for his creative stage direction, was born "Elia Kazanjoglous" in Istanbul in 1909 to Greek parents. He directed such Broadway plays as "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof". He directed the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire
and also films written for the screen...
“ 1947 Gentleman's Agreement
1954 On the Waterfront ” - glyntreharne-1
An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry included English...
“ 1948 The Treasure of the Sierra Madre ” - glyntreharne-1
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFA's American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount productions in Hollywood...
“ 1949 A Letter to Three Wives
1950 All About Eve ” - glyntreharne-1
George Stevens, a filmmaker known as a meticulous craftsman with a brilliant eye for composition and a sensitive touch with actors, is one of the great American filmmakers, ranking with John Ford
, William Wyler
and Howard Hawks
as a creator of classic Hollywood cinema, bringing to the screen mytho-poetic worlds that were also mass entertainment...
“ 1951 A Place in the Sun
1956 Giant ” - glyntreharne-1
Initially grew up wanting to be a violinist, but while at the University of Vienna decided to study law. While doing so, he became increasingly interested in American film and decided that was what he wanted to do. He became involved in European filmaking for a short time before going to America to study film.
“ 1953 From Here to Eternity
1966 A Man for All Seasons ” - glyntreharne-1
Delbert Mann, the Oscar-winning film director, was born Delbert Martin Mann Jr. in Lawrence, Kansas, in 1920. His father moved the family to Nashville, Tennesse, after taking a teaching position at Scarritt College. The young Mann graduated from Vanderbilt University, where he met his future wife, Ann Caroline Gillespie...
“ 1955 Marty ” - glyntreharne-1
An important British filmmaker, David Lean was born in Croydon in 1908 and brought up in a strict Quaker family (ironically, as a child he wasn't allowed to go to the movies). During the 1920s he briefly considered the possibility of becoming an accountant like his father before finding a job at Gaumont British Studios in 1927...
“ 1957 The Bridge on the River Kwai
1962 Lawrence of Arabia ” - glyntreharne-1
Born Lester Anthony Minnelli in Chicago on February 28 1903, his father Vincent was a musical conductor of the Minnelli Brothers' Tent Theater. Wanting to pursue an artistic career, Minelli worked in the costume department of the Chicago Theater, then on Broadway during the depression as a set designer and costumer...
“ 1958 Gigi ” - glyntreharne-1
Robert Earl Wise was born on September 10, 1914 in Winchester, Indiana, the youngest of three sons of Olive R. (Longenecker) and Earl Waldo Wise, a meat packer. His parents were both of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) descent. At age nineteen, the avid moviegoer came into the film business through an odd job at RKO Radio Pictures...
“ 1961 (with Jerome Robbins) – West Side Story
1965 The Sound of Music ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1961 (with Robert Wise) – West Side Story ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1963 Tom Jones ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1964 My Fair Lady ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1967 The Graduate ” - glyntreharne-1
Carol Reed was the second son of stage actor, dramatics teacher and impresario founder of the Royal School of Dramatic Arts Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree
. Reed was one of Tree's six illegitimate children with Beatrice Mae Pinney, who Tree established in a second household apart from his married life. There were no social scars here; Reed grew up in a well-mannered...
“ 1968 Oliver! ” - glyntreharne-1
Oscar-winning director John Schlesinger, who was born in London, on February 16, 1926, was the eldest child in a solidly middle-class Jewish family. Berbard Schlesinger, his father, was a pediatrician, and his mother, Winifred, was a musician. He served in the Army in the Far East during World War II...
“ 1969 Midnight Cowboy ” - glyntreharne-1
Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner was one of the most innovative creative minds in the early days of American network television, utilizing a moving camera in the days when most television directors kept the camera static. His eye for visuals was developed in the dozens of live television programs he directed on prestigious shows such as Studio One in Hollywood
and Playhouse 90
“ 1970 Patton ” - glyntreharne-1
Friedkin's mother was an operating room nurse. His father was a merchant seaman, semi-pro softball player and ultimately sold clothes in a men's discount chain. Ultimately, his father never earned more than $50/week in his whole life and died indigent. Eventually young Will became infatuated with Orson Welles
after seeing Citizen Kane
“ 1971 The French Connection ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1972 Cabaret ” - glyntreharne-1
George Roy Hill
Combative director George Roy Hill never hit it off with the critics, despite the fact that two of his films -- Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
and The Sting
-- had remained among the top ten box office hits by 1976. His work was frequently derided as 'impersonal' or lacking in stylistic trademarks, Andrew Sarris
famously referring to it as 'idiosyncratic odious oiliness'...
“ 1973 The Sting ” - glyntreharne-1
Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola was born in 1939 in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father, Carmine Coppola
, was a composer and musician. His mother, Italia Coppola
(née Pennino), had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated with a degree in drama from Hofstra University...
“ 1974 The Godfather Part II ” - glyntreharne-1
Milos Forman was born Jan Tomas Forman in Caslav, Czechoslovakia, to Anna (Svabova), who ran a summer hotel, and Rudolf Forman, a professor. During World War II, his parents were taken away by the Nazis, after being accused of participating in the underground resistance. His father died in Buchenwald and his mother died in Auschwitz...
“ 1975 One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
1984 Amadeus ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1976 Rocky ” - glyntreharne-1
Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...
“ 1977 Annie Hall ” - glyntreharne-1
Michael Cimino studied architecture and dramatic arts; later he filmed advertisements and documentaries and also wrote scripts until the actor, producer and director Clint Eastwood
gave him the opportunity to direct the thriller Thunderbolt and Lightfoot
. But his biggest success was The Deer Hunter
which won the Oscar for best film...
“ 1978 The Deer Hunter ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1979 Kramer vs. Kramer ” - glyntreharne-1
Charles Robert Redford, Jr. was born on August 18, 1936, in Santa Monica, California, to Martha (Hart), from Texas, and Charles Robert Redford, an accountant for Standard Oil, who was originally from Connecticut. He is of English, Irish, and Scottish ancestry. Robert's mother died in 1955, the year after he graduated from high school...
“ 1980 Ordinary People ” - glyntreharne-1
Since starring in his first film, Splendor in the Grass
, Warren Beatty has been said to have demonstrated a greater longevity in movies than any actor of his generation. Few people have taken so many responsibilities for all phases of the production of films as producer, director, writer, and actor, and few have evidenced so high a level of integrity in a body of work...
“ 1981 Reds ” - glyntreharne-1
Lord Richard Attenborough was born in Cambridge, England, the son of Mary (née Clegg), a founding member of the Marriage Guidance Council, and Frederick Levi Attenborough, a scholar and academic administrator who was a don at Emmanuel College and wrote a standard text on Anglo-Saxon law. Attenborough...
“ 1982 Gandhi ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1983 Terms of Endearment ” - glyntreharne-1
Sydney Pollack was an Academy Award-winning director, producer, actor, writer and public figure, who directed and produced over 40 films. Sydney Irwin Pollack was born July 1, 1934 in Lafayette, Indiana, USA, to Rebecca (Miller), a homemaker, and David Pollack, a professional boxer turned pharmacist...
“ 1985 Out of Africa ” - glyntreharne-1
Oliver Stone has become known as a master of controversial subjects and a legendary film maker. His films are filled with a variety of film angles and styles, he pushes his actors to give Oscar-worthy performances, and despite his failures, has always returned to success. William Oliver Stone was born in New York City...
“ 1986 Platoon
1989 Born on the Fourth of July ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1987 The Last Emperor ” - glyntreharne-1
Barry Levinson was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to Violet (Krichinsky) and Irvin Levinson, who worked in furniture and appliance. He is of Russian Jewish descent. Levinson graduated from high school in 1960, attended college at American University in Washington, DC. He did well, but decided he wanted to go to Los Angeles...
“ 1988 Rain Man ” - glyntreharne-1
Kevin Michael Costner was born on January 18, 1955 in Lynwood, California, the third child of Bill Costner
, a ditch digger and ultimately an electric line servicer for Southern California Edison, and Sharon Costner
(née Tedrick), a welfare worker. His older brother, Dan, was born in 1950. A middle brother died at birth in 1953...
“ 1990 Dances with Wolves ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1991 The Silence of the Lambs ” - glyntreharne-1
Perhaps the icon of macho movie stars, and a living legend, Clint Eastwood has become a standard in international cinema. Born May 31, 1930 in San Francisco, the elder of two children in a middle-class family, Eastwood stayed in high school until the comparatively late age of nineteen and worked menial jobs over a period of several years before enrolling at Los Angeles City College...
“ 1992 Unforgiven
2004 Million Dollar Baby ” - glyntreharne-1
Undoubtedly one of the most influential film personalities in the history of film, Steven Spielberg is perhaps Hollywood's best known director and one of the wealthiest filmmakers in the world. Spielberg has countless big-grossing, critically acclaimed credits to his name, as producer, director and writer...
“ 1993 Schindler's List
1998 Saving Private Ryan
1977 Close Encounters of the Third Kind
1981 Raiders of the Lost Ark
1982 E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
2012 Lincoln ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 1994 Forrest Gump ” - glyntreharne-1
Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson was born January 3, 1956 in Peekskill, New York, USA, as the sixth of eleven children of Hutton Gibson
, a railroad brakeman, and Anne Patricia (Reilly) Gibson (who died in December of 1990). His mother was Irish, from County Longford, while his American-born father is of mostly Irish descent...
“ 1995 Braveheart ” - glyntreharne-1
Anthony Minghella was the son of immigrants from Italy, who own an ice-cream factory on the Isle of Wight, where Anthony was born on January 6, 1954. He and his two siblings, Edana Minghella
and Dominic Minghella
, grew up there, a popular British holiday spot. After graduating from the University of Hull...
“ 1996 The English Patient ” - glyntreharne-1
James Francis Cameron was born on August 16, 1954 in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada. He moved to the United States in 1971. The son of an engineer, he majored in physics at California State University but, after graduating, drove a truck to support his screenwriting ambition. He landed his first professional film job as art director...
“ 1997 Titanic ” - glyntreharne-1
Samuel Alexander Mendes was born on August 1, 1965 in Reading, England, UK to parents James Peter Mendes, a retired university lecturer, and Valerie Helene Mendes, an author who writes children's books. Their marriage didn't last long, James divorced Sam's mother in 1970 when Sam was just 5-years-old...
“ 1999 American Beauty ” - glyntreharne-1
Steven Andrew Soderbergh was born on January 14, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, the second of six children of Mary Ann (Bernard) and Peter Soderbergh
. His father was of Swedish and Irish descent, and his mother was of Italian ancestry. While he was still at a very young age, his family moved to Baton Rouge...
“ 2000 Traffic ” - glyntreharne-1
Academy Award-winning filmmaker Ron Howard is one of this generation's most popular directors. From the critically acclaimed dramas A Beautiful Mind and Apollo 13 to the hit comedies Parenthood and Splash, he has created some of Hollywood's most memorable films. Howard directed and produced "Cinderella Man" starring Oscar winner Russell Crowe...
“ 2001 A Beautiful Mind ” - glyntreharne-1
Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933. His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years before World War II began...
“ 2002 The Pianist ” - glyntreharne-1
Peter Jackson was born as an only child in a small coast-side town in New Zealand in 1961. When a friend of his parents bought him a super 8 movie camera (because she saw how much he enjoyed taking photos), the then eight-year-old Peter instantly grabbed the thing to start recording his own movies, which he made with his friends...
“ 2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King ” - glyntreharne-1
Born in 1954 in Pingtung, Taiwan, Ang Lee has become one of today's greatest contemporary filmmakers. Ang graduated from the National Taiwan College of Arts in 1975 and then came to the U.S. to receive a B.F.A. Degree in Theatre/Theater Direction at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and a Masters Degree in Film Production at New York University...
“ 2005 Brokeback Mountain
2012 Life of Pi
2000 Wo hu cang long aka Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon ” - glyntreharne-1
Martin Scorsese directed landmark films such as the crime film Mean Streets (1973), the vigilante-thriller Taxi Driver (1976), the biographical sports drama Raging Bull (1980), the black comedy The King of Comedy (1983), and the crime films Goodfellas (1990) and Casino (1995), all of which he collaborated on with actor and close friend Robert De Niro...
“ 2006 The Departed
1980 Raging Bull
1988 The Last Temptation of Christ
2004 The Aviator
2013 The Wolf of Wall Street ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 2007 No Country for Old Men ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 2007 No Country for Old Men ” - glyntreharne-1
“ 2008 Slumdog Millionaire ” - glyntreharne-1
A very talented painter, Kathryn spent two years at the San Francisco Art Institute. At 20, she won a scholarship to the Whitney Museum's Independent Study Program. She was given a studio in a former Offtrack Betting building, literally in an old bank vault, where she made art and waited to be critiqued by people like Richard Serra...
“ 2009 The Hurt Locker ” - glyntreharne-1
Tom Hooper was educated at one of England's most prestigious schools, Westminster. His first film, Runaway Dog, was made when he was 13 years old and shot on a Clockwork 16mm Bolex camera, using 100 feet of film. At age 18, he wrote, directed and produced the short film Painted Faces
, which premiered at the London Film Festival; it was released theatrically and later shown on Channel 4...
“ 2010 The King's Speech ” - glyntreharne-1
Michel Hazanavicius was born and raised in Paris, France. His grandparents were originally from Lithuania, but relocated to France in the 1920s. Hazanavicius attended art school, and moved on to work as a director for commercials and television projects. In 1999, he wrote and directed his first feature film Mes amis
“ 2011 The Artist ” - glyntreharne-1
Alfonso Cuarón Orozco was born on November 28th in Mexico City, Mexico. From an early age, he yearned to be either a film director or an astronaut. However, he did not want to enter the army, so he settled for directing. He didn't receive his first camera until his twelfth birthday, and then immediately started to film everything he saw...
“ 2013 Gravity
Best Achievement in Film Editing
2013 Gravity (with Mark Sanger)
2006 Children of Men (with Alex Rodríguez)
Best Motion Picture of the Year
2013 Gravity (with David Heyman) ” - glyntreharne-1
Alejandro G. Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu (ih-nyar-ee-too), born August 15th, 1963, is a Mexican film director. González Iñárritu is the first Mexican director to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and by the Directors Guild of America for Best Director. He is also the first Mexican-born director to have won the Prix de la mise en scene or best director award at Cannes (2006)...
“ 2014: Birdman
Best Motion Picture of the Year
2014: Birdman (with John Lesher & James W. Skotchdopole)
2006: Babel (with Jon Kilik & Steve Golin)
Best Writing, Original Screenplay
Birdman (with Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris & Armando Bo) ” - glyntreharne-1