Greatest Directors

This is my list of Greatest Directors therefore it is my opinion. I placed each directors films that I saw in four different categories and the ones I did not see are under Other Notable Film(s):.

The films that I believe are classics are under Greats:, while the films that I enjoyed but does not reach the highest level are under Give It a Shot:.

The next two categories are movies I did not particulary enjoy, the films under Caution: I really did not enjoy but something about the movie I either liked or respected. The last category is the films I did not like at all which are under Flops:.

2016 Updated List
✦ Indicates that the film is listed in the They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? 1,000 Greatest Films

2015 Updated List
✧ Indicates that the film is listed in 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films

2016 Updated List
✖ Indicates that the film was previously listed in the They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? 1,000 Greatest Films

2015 Updated List
There are no films on this list until the 2016 update.
☒ Indicates that the film was previously listed in the 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films
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Alfred Hitchcock
Director, Psycho
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and Eileen Hitchcock (born 1892)...
“ "Here is someone … who has an enormous, inordinate, neurotic fear of disorder. And that's from which he makes his art. He always has his people in a moment of disorder. They think they're in control, they think they have power, they think they have order, and then he just slips the rug out from under them to see what they're going to do." ~ Drew Casper

Influenced: John Frankenheimer; Steven Spielberg; Brian De Palma; John Carpenter; Sam Raimi; M. Night Shyamalan; Martin Scorsese; George A. Romero; Peter Bogdanovich; Dario Argento; William Friedkin; David Cronenberg; Quentin Tarantino; William Girdler; François Truffaut; David Lynch

Greats: The Lodger (1927); The Manxman (1929); The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934); The 39 Steps (1935)✦; Sabotage (1936); The Lady Vanishes (1938)✦; Rebecca (1940)✦; Shadow of a Doubt (1943)✦; Lifeboat (1944); Spellbound (1945); Notorious (1946)✦; Rope (1948)✦; Strangers on a Train (1951)✦; I Confess (1953); Dial M for Murder (1954); Rear Window (1954)✦; To Catch a Thief (1955); The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956); The Wrong Man (1956)✖; Vertigo (1958)✦; North by Northwest (1959)✦; Psycho (1960)✦; The Birds (1963)✦; Marnie (1964)✦; Frenzy (1972)

Give It a Shot: Blackmail (1929); Murder! (1930); Rich and Strange (1931); Torn Curtain (1966)

Caution: The Pleasure Garden (1925); Number Seventeen (1932); Secret Agent (1936); Young and Innocent (1937); The Trouble with Harry (1955)✖; Topaz (1969); Family Plot (1976)

Other Notable Film(s): The Ring (1927); Downhill (1927); The Farmer's Wife (1928); Easy Virtue (1928); Champagne (1928); Juno and the Paycock (1930); Mary (1931); The Skin Game (1931); Waltzes from Vienna (1934); Jamaica Inn (1939); Foreign Correspondent (1940); Mr. & Mrs. Smith (1941); Suspicion (1941); Saboteur (1942); The Paradine Case (1947); Under Capricorn (1949); Stage Fright (1950) ” - Paul Hamell
Stanley Kubrick
Director, The Shining
Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would produce better academic performance...
“ "I always admired Stanley Kubrick for the fact that he managed to beat the system somehow. I think he kind of had it all figured out." ~ Joel Coen

One of his films... is equivalent to ten of somebody else's. Watching a Kubrick film is like gazing up at a mountain top. You look up and wonder, "How could anyone have climbed that high?" ~ Martin Scorsese

Probably the biggest risk taking director of all-time. Whether it was controversial movies (A Clockwork Orange, Eyes Wide Shut, Lolita) movies that at first looked like a dud (2001: A Space Odyssey) and a film (The Shining) that was panned by critics and the novel writer when the film was first released but is now a horror classic.

Influenced: Martin Scorsese; Steven Spielberg; James Cameron; Woody Allen; Terry Gilliam; Ridley Scott; Christopher Nolan; David Fincher; Guillermo del Toro; David Lynch; Lars von Trier; Michael Mann; George A. Romero; Coen brothers; Quentin Tarantino; Gaspar Noé; Tim Burton; Paul Thomas Anderson; Darren Aronofsky; Michael Moore

Greats: Killer's Kiss (1955); The Killing (1956)✦; Paths of Glory (1957)✦; Spartacus (1960)✦; Lolita (1962)✦; Dr. Strangelove (1964)✦; 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)✦; A Clockwork Orange (1971)✦; Barry Lyndon (1975)✦; The Shining (1980)✦; Full Metal Jacket (1987)✦

Give It a Shot: Eyes Wide Shut (1999)✦

Caution: Fear and Desire (1953) ” - Paul Hamell
Akira Kurosawa
Writer, Yojimbo
After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata. Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater creative freedom...
“ "The term 'giant' is used too often to describe artists. But in the case of Akira Kurosawa, we have one of the rare instances where the term fits." ~ Martin Scorsese

"Most directors have one masterpiece by which they are known, or possibly two. Kurosawa has at least eight or nine." ~ Francis Ford Coppola

The most important man in Japanese cinema by far. He's mainly influenced by John Ford and Sergei Eisenstein. He was a major influence on many legendary directors. Also legendary directors around the world such as Ingmar Bergman, Federico Fellini, and Satyajit Ray acknowledged Kurosawa's greatness.

Influenced: Steven Spielberg, George Lucas, Bernardo Bertolucci, Francis Ford Coppola, Robert Altman, Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Martin Scorsese, Sergio Leone, Sam Peckinpah, John Woo, Walter Hill, John Milius, Federico Fellini

Greats: Rashomon (1950)✦; Ikiru (1952)✦; Seven Samurai (1954)✦; The Hidden Fortress (1958)✖; Yojimbo (1961)✦; Sanjuro (1962); Kagemusha (1980)✦; Ran (1985)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Sanshiro Sugata (1943); The Most Beautiful (1944); The Men Who Tread on the Tiger's Tail (1945); No Regrets for Our Youth (1946); Drunken Angel (1948); The Quiet Duel (1949); Stray Dog (1949)✖; Scandal (1950); The Idiots (1951); I Live in Fear (1955); The Lower Depths (1957); Throne of Blood (1957)✦; The Bad Sleep Well (1960); High and Low (1963)✦; Red Beard (1965)✦; Dodes'ka-den (1970)✦; Dersu Uzala (1975)✦; Yume (1990)✦; Rhapsody in August (1991); Maadadayo (1993) ” - Paul Hamell
Martin Scorsese
Martin Charles Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, to Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) and Charles Scorsese, who both worked in Manhattan's garment district, and whose families both came from Palermo, Sicily. He was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later provided the inspiration for several of his films...
“ "In Goodfellas they have this one scene where the camera goes down some steps and walks through a kitchen into a restaurant and the critics were all over this as evidence of the genius of Scorsese and Scorsese is a genius." ~ Alex Cox

"I would wish for any one of my colleagues to have the experience of working with Martin Scorsese once in their lifetime." ~ Daniel Day-Lewis

Legendary directors such as Ingmar Bergman, Frank Capra, Jean-Luc Godard, Werner Herzog, Elia Kazan, Akira Kurosawa, David Lean, Michael Powell, Satyajit Ray, and François Truffaut acknowledged Scorsese's greatness.

Influenced: Steven Spielberg; Quentin Tarantino; Paul Thomas Anderson; David Yates; John Woo; Wen Jiang; Martin McDonagh

Greats: Mean Streets (1973)✦; Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974); Taxi Driver (1976)✦; The Last Waltz [doc] (1978)✖; Raging Bull (1980)✦; The King of Comedy (1983)✦; The Last Temptation of Christ (1988)✦; Goodfellas (1990)✦; Casino (1995)✦; Gangs of New York (2002)✧; The Aviator (2004)✧; The Departed (2006)✧; Hugo (2011)✧; Silence (2016)

Give It a Shot: The Big Shave [short] (1967); Boxcar Bertha (1972); After Hours (1985); Cape Fear (1991); The Age of Innocence (1993)✦; Kundun (1997); Bringing Out the Dead (1999); Shutter Island (2010)✧; The Wolf of Wall Street (2013)✧

Other Notable Film(s): Who's That Knocking at My Door (1967); Italianamerican [doc] (1974); New York, New York (1977)✦; New York Stories [co-director] (1989); My Voyage to Italy [doc] (1999); No Direction Home: Bob Dylan [doc] (2005); Shine a Light [doc] (2008); George Harrison: Living in the Material World [doc] (2011) ” - Paul Hamell
Billy Wilder
The second of two sons, his father ran a chain of railway station cafes. As a youth he was obsessed with everything American. encouraged by his mother he enrolled as a law student at the University of Vienna but quit after 3 months to be a writer on a magazine which although poorly paid it gave him a great amount of experience interviewing such as Richard Strauss and Sigmund Freud...
“ "Wilder touches all the bases... in some kind of shorthand way. Now that's art." ~ James Naughton

Influenced: Michel Hazanavicius; David Lynch

Greats: Double Indemnity (1944)✦; The Lost Weekend (1945)✖; Sunset Blvd. (1950)✦; Stalag 17 (1953); Sabrina (1954); Witness for the Prosecution (1957); Some Like It Hot (1959)✦; The Apartment (1960)✦; The Fortune Cookie (1966)

Give It a Shot: The Seven Year Itch (1955); Avanti! (1972)✖; The Front Page (1974)

Other Notable Film(s): The Major and the Minor (1942); Five Graves to Cairo (1943); The Emperor Waltz (1948); A Foreign Affair (1948); Ace in the Hole (1951)✦; The Spirit of St. Louis (1957); Love in the Afternoon (1957); One, Two, Three (1961)✖; Irma la Douce (1963); Kiss Me, Stupid (1964); The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970)✖; Fedora (1978); Buddy Buddy (1981) ” - Paul Hamell
John Ford
Director, The Searchers
John Ford is, arguably, The Great American Director. When Orson Welles, who repeatedly screened Ford's Stagecoach as a crash course in filmmaking before helming his first film, Citizen Kane, was asked who his three favorite directors were, he answered, "John Ford, John Ford, and John Ford." Along with D.W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille...
“ "His camera is invisible; his staging is perfect; he maintains a smoothness of surface in which no one scene is allowed to become more important than any other. Such mastery is possible only after one has made an enormous number of films. Questions of quality aside, John Ford is the Georges Simenon of directors." ~ François Truffaut

Many legendary directors acknowledged his greatness such as Alfred Hitchcock, Ingmar Bergman, Howard Hawks, Jean Renoir, Federico Fellini, Satyajit Ray, Frank Capra, Elia Kazan, David Lean, Peter Bogdanovich, Wim Wenders, Lloyd Kaufman. Directors Capra and Bergman stated that Ford is the greatest director.

Influenced: Orson Welles; Akira Kurosawa; Sergio Leone; Clint Eastwood; Martin Scorsese; Steven Spielberg; Bernardo Bertolucci; Jean-Luc Godard; François Truffaut; Federico Fellini; David Lynch

Greats: Stagecoach (1939)✦; The Grapes of Wrath (1940)✦; How Green Was My Valley (1941)✦; The Searchers (1956)✦; The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Informer (1935)✖; Drums Along the Mohawk (1939); Young Mr. Lincoln (1939)✦; The Long Voyage Home (1940)✖; Tobacco Road (1941)✖; The Battle of Midway [doc] (1942); December 7th: The Movie [Co-director] (1943); They Were Expendable (1945)✦; My Darling Clementine (1946)✦; The Fugitive (1947); Fort Apache (1948)✦; 3 Godfathers (1948); She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949)✦; Rio Grande (1950)✖; Wagon Master (1950)✦; When Willie Comes Marching Home (1950); The Quiet Man (1952)✦; What Price Glory (1952); Mogambo (1953); The Sun Shines Bright (1953)✦; The Long Gray Line (1955); Mister Roberts [Co-director] (1955); The Rising of the Moon (1957); The Wings of Eagles (1957)✖; Gideon's Day (1958); The Last Hurrah (1958); The Horse Soldiers (1959); Sergeant Rutledge (1960); Two Rode Together (1961)✖; How the West Was Won [Co-director] (1962); Donovan's Reef (1963); Cheyenne Autumn (1964); 7 Women (1966)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Ingmar Bergman
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July fourteenth, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions is the trilogy closed. Here...
“ "probably the greatest film artist, all things considered, since the invention of the motion picture camera." ~ Woody Allen

Influenced: Francis Ford Coppola; Woody Allen; Robert Altman; Pedro Almodóvar; Olivier Assayas; Federico Fellini; Todd Field; Krzysztof Kieslowski; Stanley Kubrick; Ang Lee; David Lynch; François Ozon; Chan-wook Park; Éric Rohmer; Marjane Satrapi; Mamoru Oshii; Paul Schrader; Martin Scorsese; Steven Spielberg; Andrei Tarkovsky; André Téchiné; Liv Ullmann

Greats: The Seventh Seal (1957)✦; Persona (1966)✦; Hour of the Wolf (1968)✦; The Passion of Anna (1969)✖

Other Notable Film(s): Crisis (1946); It Rains on Our Love (1946); A Ship Bound for India (1947); Music in Darkness (1948); Port of Call (1948); Prison (1949); Thirst (1949); To Joy (1950); This Can't Happen Here (1950); Summer Interlude (1951); Secrets of Woman (1952); Summer with Monika (1953); Sawdust and Tinsel (1954)✦; A Lesson in Love (1954); Dreams (1955); Smiles of a Summer Night (1955)✦; Wild Strawberries (1957)✦; The Magician (1958); Brink of Life (1958); The Devil's Eye (1960); The Virgin Spring (1960)✦; Through a Glass Darkly (1961); Winter Light (1963)✦; The Silence (1963)✦; All These Women (1964); Shame (1968)✖; The Touch (1971); Cries and Whispers (1972)✦; Scenes from a Marriage (1973)✦; The Magic Flute [TV] (1975)✖; Face to Face (1976); The Serpent's Egg (1977); Autumn Sonata (1978); Fanny and Alexander (1982)✦; In the Presence of a Clown [TV] (1997); Saraband (2003)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
David Lean
David Lean was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, best remembered for big-screen epics such as The Bridge on the River Kwai, Lawrence of Arabia and Doctor Zhivago. He is also known for the Dickens adaptations of Great Expectations and Oliver Twist, as well as the romantic drama Brief Encounter...
“ "I'm a big fan of David Lean. I think David Lean is the only example of a filmmaker who made super-productions that were auteur super-productions. They're extremely personal. And I don't think anyone's making films like that, and I really miss a personality like David Lean's in Hollywood." ~ Pedro Almodóvar

"We were doing it under the most extraordinary circumstances, but the first out of the tent in the morning would be David Lean. He said to me on the very first day of shooting, Pete, this is the beginning of a great adventure." ~ Peter O'Toole

Influenced: George Lucas, Sergio Leone, Mel Brooks, Sam Peckinpah, Martin Scorsese, Steven Spielberg, Stanley Kubrick, Sydney Pollack, Joe Wright, Baz Luhrmann, John Milius

Greats: The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957)✦; Lawrence of Arabia (1962)✦; Doctor Zhivago (1965)✦

Give It a Shot: Brief Encounter (1945)✦

Other Notable Film(s): In Which We Serve (1942); This Happy Breed (1944); Blithe Spirit (1945); Great Expectations (1946)✦; Oliver Twist (1948)✖; The Passionate Friends (1949); Madeleine (1950); The Sound Barrier (1952); Hobson's Choice (1954); Summertime (1955); Ryan's Daughter (1970)✦; A Passage to India (1984)✖ ” - Paul Hamell
Frank Capra
One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you could ever be," Capra said about his Atlantic passage...
“ "He had created feelgood entertainments before the phrase was invented, and his influence on culture—from Steven Spielberg to David Lynch, and from television soap operas to greeting-card sentiments—is simply too huge to calculate." ~ Ian Freer

Influenced: Robert Altman, Ron Howard, Masaki Kobayashi, Akira Kurosawa, John Lasseter, David Lynch, John Milius, Martin Scorsese, Steven Spielberg, Oliver Stone, François Truffaut

Greats: It Happened One Night (1934)✦; Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936)✖; You Can't Take It with You (1938)✖; Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939)✦; Meet John Doe (1941); Arsenic and Old Lace (1944)✖; It's a Wonderful Life (1946)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Strong Man (1926); Long Pants (1927)✖; Ladies of Leisure (1930); Platinum Blonde (1931); The Miracle Woman (1931); Forbidden (1932); American Madness (1932); The Bitter Tea of General Yen (1933)✖; Lady for a Day (1933); Broadway Bill (1934); Lost Horizon (1937)✖; State of the Union (1948); Riding High (1950); Here Comes the Groom (1951); A Hole in the Head (1959); Pocketful of Miracles (1961) ” - Paul Hamell
Sergio Leone
Sergio Leone was virtually born into the cinema - he was the son of Roberto Roberti (A.K.A. Vincenzo Leone), one of Italy's cinema pioneers, and actress Bice Valerian. Leone entered films in his late teens, working as an assistant director to both Italian directors and U.S. directors working in Italy (usually making Biblical and Roman epics...
“ "Sergio Leone was a big influence on me because of the spaghetti westerns." ~ Quentin Tarantino

Influenced: Quentin Tarantino; Clint Eastwood; Antoine Fuqua; John Woo

Greats: A Fistful of Dollars (1964); For a Few Dollars More (1965); The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)✦; Once Upon a Time in West (1968)✦; Once Upon a Time in America (1984)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Colossus of Rhodes (1961); Duck, You Sucker! (1971)✖ ” - Paul Hamell
Federico Fellini
The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the devil herself said the priests who ran his school)...
“ "I believe Ingmar Bergman, Vittorio De Sica and Federico Fellini are the only three filmmakers in the world who are not just artistic opportunists. By this I mean they don't just sit and wait for a good story to come along and then make it. They have a point of view which is expressed over and over and over again in their films, and they themselves write or have original material written for them." ~ Stanley Kubrick

Influenced: Stanley Kubrick; Rainer Werner Fassbinder; Pedro Almodóvar; Martin Scorsese; David Lynch; Woody Allen; Dariush Mehrjui; Terry Gilliam; Robert Altman

Greats: La Strada (1954)✦; La Dolce Vita (1960)✦; (1963)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Variety Lights [Co-director] (1950); The White Shiek (1952); I Vitelloni (1953)✦; Il Bidone (1955)✖; Nights of Cabiria (1957)✦; Juliet of the Spirits (1965)✦; Fellini Satyricon (1969)✦; Fellini's Roma (1972)✦; Amarcord (1973)✦; Fellini's Casanova (1976)✦; Orchestra Rehearsal (1978)✖; City of Women (1980); And the Ship Sails On (1983)✖; Ginger and Fred (1986); Fellini's Intervista (1987)✖; The Voice of the Moon (1990) ” - Paul Hamell
Fritz Lang
Director, M
He studied at the College of Technical Sciences of Vienna's Academy of Graphic Arts but unhappy with the career path chosen for him by his parents, he ran away to study art in Munich and Paris. He then spent many years travelling the world including Asia. In 1913, he returned to Paris to paint. When World War I began...
“ Influenced: Luis Buñuel; Alfred Hitchcock; Stanley Kubrick; Orson Welles

Greats: Metropolis (1927)✦; M (1931)✦; Fury (1936)✖; The Woman in the Window (1944)✖; Scarlet Street (1945)✖

Other Notable Film(s): Spiders (1919); Destiny (1921)✖; Dr. Mabuse: The Gambler (1922)✦; Siegfried (1924)✖; Kriemhild's Revenge (1924); Spies (1928)✦; By Rocket to the Moon (1929); The Testament of Dr. Mabuse (1933)✦; The Last Will of Dr. Mabuse (1933); Liliom (1934); You Only Live Once (1937)✖; You and Me (1938); The Return of Frank James (1940); Man Hunt (1941); Western Union (1941); Hangmen Also Die! (1943); Ministry of Fear (1944); Cloak and Dagger (1946); Secret Beyond the Door... (1947); House by the River (1950); American Guerrilla in the Philippines (1950); Rancho Notorious (1952); Clash by Night (1952); The Blue Gardenia (1953); The Big Heat (1953)✦; Human Desire (1954)✖; Moonfleet (1955)✦; While the City Sleeps (1956)✖; Beyond a Reasonable Doubt (1956)✖; The Indian Tomb (1958)✖; The Tiger of Eschnapur (1959)✦; The 1,000 Eyes of Dr. Mabuse (1960); Journey to the Lost City (1960)✖ ” - Paul Hamell
Howard Hawks
Director, The Big Sleep
What do the classic films Scarface, Twentieth Century, Bringing Up Baby, Only Angels Have Wings, His Girl Friday, Sergeant York, To Have and Have Not, The Big Sleep, Red River Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and Rio Bravo have in common? Aside from their displays of great craftsmanship, the answer is director Howard Hawks...
“ ”each shot has a functional beauty, like a neck or an ankle. The smooth, orderly succession of shots has a rhythm like the pulsing of blood, and the whole film is like a beautiful body, kept alive by deep, resilient breathing.” ~ Jacques Rivette

Many legendary directors acknowledged his greatness such as Jean-Luc Godard, Éric Rohmer, Claude Chabrol, François Truffaut, and Jacques Rivette. Is Tarantino's favorite all-time director.

Influenced: Robert Altman; John Carpenter; Quentin Tarantino; Walter Hill

Greats: Scarface (1932)✦; Bringing Up Baby (1938)✦; His Girl Friday (1940)✦; Sergeant York (1941); Red River (1948)✦; Rio Bravo (1959)✦; El Dorado (1966)✦

Give It a Shot: Monkey Business (1952)

Other Notable Film(s): A Girl in Every Port (1928); The Dawn Patrol (1930); The Criminal Code (1931); The Crowd Roars (1932); Tiger Shark (1932); Today We Live [Co-director] (1933); Twentieth Century (1934); Barbary Coast (1935); Come and Get It (1936); Ceiling Zero (1936); Only Angels Have Wings (1939)✦; Ball of Fire (1941); Air Force (1943); To Have and Have Not (1944)✦; The Big Sleep (1946)✦; A Song Is Born (1948); I Was a Male War Bride (1949); The Thing from Another World [Co-director] (1951)✦; The Big Sky (1952); Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953)✖; Land of the Pharaohs (1955); Hatari! (1962)✦; Man's Favorite Sport? (1964); Red Line 7000 (1965); Rio Lobo (1970) ” - Paul Hamell
Orson Welles
His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was seven) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr...
“ "All of us will always owe him everything." ~ Jean-Luc Godard

"To me, Orson is so much like a destitute king. A ‘destitute’ king, not because he was thrown away from the kingdom, but [because] on this earth, the way the world is, there is no kingdom good enough for Orson Welles." ~ Jeanne Moreau

Influenced: William Friedkin; Paul Thomas Anderson; Stanley Kubrick; Peter Bogdanovich; David Lynch

Greats: Citizen Kane (1941)✦; The Stranger (1946); The Lady from Shanghai (1947)✦; Touch of Evil (1958)✦

Give It a Shot: The Magnificent Ambersons (1942)✦; Macbeth (1948); Othello (1952)✦; Mr. Arkadin (1955)✖; The Trial (1962)✦; Chimes at Midnight (1965)✦; F for Fake [doc] (1973)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Immortal Story (1968) ” - Paul Hamell
Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola was born in 1939 in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father, Carmine Coppola, was a composer and musician. His mother, Italia Coppola (née Pennino), had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated with a degree in drama from Hofstra University...
“ "His reputation has fallen a good deal as a filmmaker in the years since Apocalypse Now. But no American career has had such endless, entertaining turmoil, or says as much about making movies in America now. No one retains so many jubilant traits of the kid moviemaker, or has inspired darker comments." ~ David Thomson

Influenced: David Lynch

Greats: The Godfather (1972)✦; The Godfather: Part II (1974)✦; The Conversation (1974)✦; Apocalypse Now (1979)✦; The Godfather: Part III (1990)✦

Give It a Shot: Rumble Fish (1983)✖

Caution: The Outsiders (1983); Peggy Sue Got Married (1986); Dracula (1992); Jack (1996)

Flops: One from the Heart (1982)

Other Notable Film(s): Dementia 13 (1963); You're a Big Boy Now (1966); Finian's Rainbow (1968); The Rain People (1969); The Cotton Club (1984); Gardens of Stone (1987); Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988); New York Stories [Co-director] (1989); The Rainmaker (1997); Youth Without Youth (2007); Tetro (2009); Twixt (2011); Distant Vision (2015) ” - Paul Hamell
Luis Buñuel
The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the university there, where his close friends included Salvador Dalí and Federico García Lorca...
“ "I think today there are too many directors taking themselves seriously; the only one capable of saying anything really new and interesting is Luis Bunuel. He's a very great director." ~ Luchino Visconti

"My master in film, Buñuel, was a far greater storyteller than I. It was just that in my films miracles occur on the screen." ~ Michael Powell

Alfred Hitchcock stated that Bunuel is the all-time greatest director.

Influenced: David Lynch; David Cronenberg; Michael Powell; Federico Fellini

Greats: Un chien andalou [short] (1929)✦; Viridiana (1961)✦; The Phantom of Liberty (1974)✦

Other Notable Film(s): L'Age d'Or (1930)✦; Land Without Bread [short] (1933)✦; Los olvidados (1950)✦; El (1953)✦; Robinson Crusoe (1954); The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz (1955)✦; Nazarín (1959)✦; The Young One (1960); The Exterminating Angel (1962)✦; Diary of a Chambermaid (1964); Simon of the Desert (1965)✦; Belle de Jour (1967)✦; The Milky Way (1969)✦; Tristana (1970)✦; The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972)✦; That Obscure Object of Desire (1977)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Jean Renoir
Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he began to make movies; he wanted to make a star of her...
“ "The world's greatest film-maker." ~ François Truffaut

Orson Welles frequently cited him as the greatest film director of all time.

Influenced: Satyajit Ray; James Ivory; Robert Altman

Greats: Grand Illusion (1937)✦; The Rules of the Game (1939)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Whirlpool of Fate (1925); Nana (1926); Charleston Parade [short] (1927); The Little Match Girl [Co-director] (1928); La Chienne (1931)✦; La Nuit du carrefour (1931)✦; Boudu Save from Drowning (1932)✦; Madame Bovary (1933); Toni (1935)✖; Partie de campagne (1936)✦; The Crime of Monsieur Lange (1936)✦; The Lower Depths (1936); La Marseillaise (1938); La Bête Humaine (1938)✦; Swamp Water (1941); This Land Is Mine (1943); The Southerner (1945); The Diary of a Chambermaid (1946); The Woman on the Beach (1947); The River (1951)✦; The Golden Coach (1952)✦; French Cancan (1955)✦; Elena and Her Men (1956); Experiment in Evil [TV] (1959); Picnic on the Grass (1959); The Elusive Corporal (1962) ” - Paul Hamell
Andrei Tarkovsky
Writer, Solaris
The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood, which won the top prize at the Venice Film Festival...
“ "Tarkovsky is for me the greatest, the one who invented a new language, true to the nature of film, as it captures life as a reflection, life as a dream." ~ Ingmar Bergman

Greats: Solaris (1972)✦; Stalker (1979)✦; The Sacrifice (1986)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Steamroller and the Violin (1961); Ivan's Childhood (1962)✦; Andrei Rublev (1966)✦; The Mirror (1975)✦; Nostalghia (1983)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
William Wyler
Director, Ben-Hur
William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as...
“ "bona fide perfectionist" ~ Ian Freer

Greats: Dodsworth (1936)✖; Jezebel (1938); Wuthering Heights (1939); The Letter (1940); The Little Foxes (1941)✖; The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)✦; Ben-Hur (1959)✦; Funny Girl (1968)

Give It a Shot: Mrs. Miniver (1942); The Children's Hour (1961)

Other Notable Film(s): These Three (1936); Dead End (1937); The Westerner (1940); The Heiress (1949)✖; Detective Story (1951); Carrie (1952); Roman Holiday (1953)✦; The Desperate Hours (1955); Friendly Persuasion (1956); The Big Country (1958); The Collector (1965); How to Steal a Million (1966); The Liberation of L.B. Jones (1970) ” - Paul Hamell
George Stevens
Director, Giant
George Stevens, a filmmaker known as a meticulous craftsman with a brilliant eye for composition and a sensitive touch with actors, is one of the great American filmmakers, ranking with John Ford, William Wyler and Howard Hawks as a creator of classic Hollywood cinema, bringing to the screen mytho-poetic worlds that were also mass entertainment...
“ "I learned more about acting from George Stevens in a few months than I had in my entire life up until then." ~ Alan Ladd

Greats: Swing Time (1936)✖; Penny Serenade (1941); Woman of the Year (1942); The More the Merrier (1943); A Place in the Sun (1951)✦; Shane (1953)✦; Giant (1956)✖

Other Notable Film(s): Alice Adams (1935); Vivacious Lady (1938); Gunga Din (1939)✖; The Talk of the Town (1942); I Remember Mama (1948); The Diary of Anne Frank (1959); The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965) ” - Paul Hamell
John Huston
An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry included English...
“ "John Huston was a superb master. He knew how to make good films. I did three things with him. One is called Independence. It plays in Philadelphia, for free. It's been playing there for 25 years." ~ Eli Wallach

"cinema's Ernest Hemingway"—a filmmaker who was "never afraid to tackle tough issues head on." ~ Ian Freer

Influenced: Robert Altman

Greats: The Maltese Falcon (1941)✦; The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948)✦; The African Queen (1951)✦; Prizzi's Honor (1985)

Other Notable Film(s): Across the Pacific (1942); In This Our Life (1942); Key Largo (1948); The Asphalt Jungle (1950)✦; The Red Badge of Courage (1951); Moulin Rouge (1952); Beat the Devil (1953); Moby Dick (1956); Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison (1957); The Unforgiven (1960); The Misfits (1961)✦; Freud (1962); The List of Adrian Messenger (1963); The Night of the Iguana (1964); The Bible: In the Beginning... (1966); The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972); Fat City (1972)✦; The MacKintosh Man (1973); The Man Who Would Be King (1975)✦; Wise Blood (1979); Victory (1981); Annie (1982); Under the Volcano (1984)✖; The Dead (1987)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Steven Spielberg
Undoubtedly one of the most influential film personalities in the history of film, Steven Spielberg is perhaps Hollywood's best known director and one of the wealthiest filmmakers in the world. Spielberg has countless big-grossing, critically acclaimed credits to his name, as producer, director and writer...
“ "The idea of working with Steven Spielberg was very attractive. He's such a master. He knows the language of the camera and of filmmaking, which gives him a great freedom." ~ Max von Sydow

"Steven Spielberg is unique. I feel that the kinds of movies he loves are the same kinds of movies that the big mass audience loves. He's very fortunate because he can do the things he naturally likes the best, and he's been very successful." ~ Francis Ford Coppola

Many legendary directors acknowledged his greatness such as Robert Aldrich, Ingmar Bergman, Werner Herzog, Stanley Kubrick, Akira Kurosawa, David Lean, Sidney Lumet, Roman Polanski, Martin Scorsese, François Truffaut, Yimou Zhang

Influenced: Paul Thomas Anderson, Neill Blomkamp, James Cameron, Guillermo del Toro, Roland Emmerich, David Fincher, Peter Jackson, Robert Rodriguez, John Sayles, Ridley Scott, John Singleton, Kevin Smith, Steven Soderbergh, Quentin Tarantino

Greats: Jaws (1975)✦; Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977)✦; Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)✦; E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982)✦; The Color Purple (1985)✖; Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989); Schindler's List (1993)✦; Jurassic Park (1993)✖; Saving Private Ryan (1998)✖; Catch Me If You Can (2002)✧; Lincoln (2012)✧; Bridge of Spies (2015)✧

Give It a Shot: Duel (1971)✦; Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984); Artificial Intelligence: AI (2001)✦✧; Minority Report (2002)✧; The Terminal (2004)

Caution: Hook (1991); The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997); War of the Worlds (2005)✧; Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008); War Horse (2011)✧

Other Notable Film(s): The Sugarland Express (1974); 1941 (1979); Empire of the Sun (1987)✖; Always (1989); Amistad (1997); Munich (2005)✧; The Adventures of Tintin (2011); The BFG (2016) ” - Paul Hamell
Charles Chaplin
Writer, Modern Times
Charlie Chaplin, considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular "Little Tramp" character; the man with the toothbrush mustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane, and a funny walk...
“ "Shakespeare wrote great plays that we're still watching all these years later. Charlie Chaplin made great comedies and they are still as funny today as they ever were." ~ Leonard Maltin

Influenced: Federico Fellini

Greats: The Kid (1921)✦; The Gold Rush (1925)✦; City Lights (1931)✦; Modern Times (1936)✦; The Great Dictator (1940)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Tramp (1915); A Burlesque on Carmen (1915); The Floorwalker (1916); Police (1916); The Vagabond (1916); The Fireman (1916); The Rink (1916); Behind the Screen (1916); The Pawnshop (1916); The Count (1916); One A.M. (1916); Easy Street (1917); The Cure (1917); The Adventurer (1917); The Immigrant (1917); A Dog's Life (1918); The Bond (1918); Shoulder Arms (1918); Sunnyside (1919); A Day's Pleasure (1919); The Idle Class (1921); Pay Day [short] (1922); The Pilgrim (1923)✖; A Woman in Paris (1923)✦; The Circus (1928)✦; Monsieur Verdoux (1947)✦; Limelight (1952)✦; A King in New York (1957)✖; The Chaplin Revue (1959); A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) ” - Paul Hamell
Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan, known for his creative stage direction, was born "Elia Kazanjoglous" in Istanbul in 1909 to Greek parents. He directed such Broadway plays as "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof". He directed the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire and also films written for the screen...
“ "Kazan was the best actors' director by far of any I've worked for... the only one who ever really stimulated me, got into a part with me and virtually acted it with me... he chose good actors, encouraged them to improvise, and then improvised on the improvisation... He gave his cast freedom and ... was always emotionally involved in the process and his instincts were perfect... I've never seen a director who became as deeply and emotionally involved in a scene as Gadg... he got so wrought up that he started chewing on his hat.

He was an arch-manipulator of actors' feelings, and he was extraordinarily talented; perhaps we will never see his like again." ~ Marlon Brando

Many considered him to be to best "actor's director" due to his close work with actors.

Influenced: Martin Scorsese; Sidney Lumet; John Cassavetes; Arthur Penn; Woody Allen

Greats: A Streetcar Named Desire (1951)✦; On the Waterfront (1954)✦; A Face in the Crowd (1957)✖

Give It a Shot: Gentleman's Agreement (1947); Viva Zapata! (1952)

Other Notable Film(s): A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1945); The Sea of Grass (1947); Boomerang! (1947); Pinky (1949); Panic in the Streets (1950); Man on a Tightrope (1953); East of Eden (1955)✦; Baby Doll (1956)✖; Wild River (1960)✖; Splendor in the Grass (1961)✦; America America (1963)✦; The Arrangement (1969); The Visitors (1972); The Last Tycoon (1976) ” - Paul Hamell
Sidney Lumet
Director, 12 Angry Men
Sidney Lumet was a master of cinema, best known for his technical knowledge and his skill at getting first-rate performances from his actors -- and for shooting most of his films in his beloved New York. He made over 40 movies, often complex and emotional, but seldom overly sentimental. Although his politics were somewhat left-leaning and he often treated socially relevant themes in his films...
“ "one of the finest craftsmen and warmest humanitarians among all film directors." ~ Roger Ebert

Many legendary directors acknowledged his greatness such as Steven Spielberg, Woody Allen, Martin Scorsese, and Spike Lee.

Greats: 12 Angry Men (1957)✦; Serpico (1973); Dog Day Afternoon (1975)✦; Network (1976)✦; The Verdict (1982)✖

Give It a Shot: Equus (1977); Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (2007)✧

Caution: The Morning After (1986)

Flops: Power (1986)

Other Notable Film(s): The Fugitive Kind (1960); Long Day's Journey Into Night (1962); Fail-Safe (1964); The Pawnbroker (1964); The Hill (1965); The Anderson Tapes (1971); The Offence (1972); Murder on the Orient Express (1974); The Wiz (1978); Prince of the City (1981); Deathtrap (1982); Daniel (1983); Garbo Talks (1984); Running on Empty (1988); Family Business (1989); A Stranger Among Us (1992); Guilty as Sin (1993); Night Falls on Manhattan (1996); Critical Care (1997); Gloria (1999); Find Me Guilty (2005) ” - Paul Hamell
François Truffaut
François began to assiduously go to the movies at 7. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who becomes his protector. Bazin helped the delinquent Truffaut and also when he was put in jail because he deserted the army...
“ "I think Ingmar Bergman, Francoise Truffaut - all these people created images in my mind, beautiful pictures, I loved what was known at that time as the foreign film." ~ Jackie DeShannon

Greats: The 400 Blows (1959)✦; Jules and Jim (1962)✦; Fahrenheit 451 (1966)

Other Notable Film(s): Shoot the Piano Player (1960)✦; Antoine and Colette (1962); The Soft Skin (1964)✖; Stolen Kisses (1968)✖; The Bride Wore Black (1968); Mississippi Mermaid (1969); The Wild Child (1970)✦; Bed & Board (1970); Two English Girls (1971)✦; A Gorgeous Girl Like Me (1972); Day for Night (1973)✦; The Story of Adele H (1975); Small Change (1976); The Man Who Loved Women (1977); The Green Room (1978)✖; Love on the Run (1979); The Last Metro (1980); The Woman Next Door (1981)✦; Confidentially Yours (1983) ” - Paul Hamell
David Lynch
Born in 1946 in Missoula, Montana, David Lynch was raised in small-town America. After high school, he went to Boston to attend the School of the Museum of Fine Arts. Shortly after that, he planned a three-year trip to Europe to work on his art, but didn't take to it and left after 15 days. In 1977...
“ Influenced: Martin McDonagh

Greats: The Elephant Man (1980)✦; Blue Velvet (1986)✦; Twin Peaks [TV series] (1990-1991); Mulholland Dr. (2001)✦✧

Give It a Shot: Eraserhead (1977)✦; Wild at Heart (1990)✖; Lost Highway (1997)✦

Caution: Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me (1992)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Dune (1984)✖; The Straight Story (1999)✦; Inland Empire (2006)✦✧; Twin Peaks [TV series] (2017) ” - Paul Hamell
Woody Allen
Writer, Annie Hall
Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...
“ "The only folk I can judge are people like Woody Allen who I think is a genius, largely because I think he has beaten the system. He has his own company, and his films are all his own ideas. It's his direction, and so it comes out the way he imagined it." ~ Nigel Kneale

Greats: Take the Money and Run (1969); Sleeper (1973)✖; Annie Hall (1977)✦; Manhattan (1979)✦; Stardust Memories (1980)✦; Broadway Danny Rose (1984)✦; Hannah and Her Sisters (1986)✦; Radio Days (1987)✖; Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989)✦

Give It a Shot: Mighty Aphrodite (1995); Deconstructing Harry (1997); Sweet and Lowdown (1999); Small Time Crooks (2000); Vicky Cristina Barcelona (2008)✧; Midnight in Paris (2011)✧; Blue Jasmine (2013)✧

Caution: The Curse of the Jade Scorpion (2001)

Flops: Whatever Works (2009)

Other Notable Film(s): What's Up, Tiger Lily? (1966); Bananas (1971); Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex (1972); Love and Death (1975)✖; Interiors (1978); A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy (1982); Zelig (1983)✦; The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985)✦; September (1987); Another Woman (1988); Alice (1990); Shadows and Fog (1991); Husbands and Wives (1992)✖; Manhattan Murder Mystery (1993); Bullets Over Broadway (1994); Everyone Says I Love You (1996); Celebrity (1998); Hollywood Ending (2002); Anything Else (2003); Melinda and Melinda (2004); Match Point (2005)✧; Scoop (2006); Cassandra's Dream (2007); You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger (2010); To Rome with Love (2012); Magic in the Moonlight (2014); Irrational Man (2015); Café Society (2016); Wonder Wheel (2017) ” - Paul Hamell
Vincente Minnelli
Director, Gigi
Born Lester Anthony Minnelli in Chicago on February 28 1903, his father Vincent was a musical conductor of the Minnelli Brothers' Tent Theater. Wanting to pursue an artistic career, Minelli worked in the costume department of the Chicago Theater, then on Broadway during the depression as a set designer and costumer...
“ "If he has a fatal flaw as an artist, it his his naïve belief that style can invariably transcend substance and that our way of looking at the world is more important than the world itself. Critic-film-makers like Godard and Truffaut pay lip service to these doctrines, but they don't really believe them. Only Minnelli believes implicitly in the power of his camera to transform trash into art, and corn into caviar. Minnelli believes more in beauty than art." ~ Andrew Sarris

Greats: Father of the Bride (1950); An American in Paris (1951)✦; The Bad and the Beautiful (1952)✦; Lust for Life (1956)

Give It a Shot: Gigi (1958)

Other Notable Film(s): Cabin in the Sky (1943); Meet Me in St. Louis (1944)✦; The Clock (1945); Undercurrent (1946); The Pirate (1948); Madame Bovary (1949); Father's Little Dividend (1951); The Long, Long Trailer (1953); The Band Wagon (1953)✦; Brigadoon (1954); Designing Woman (1957); Some Came Running (1958)✦; Home from the Hill (1960)✖; Bells Are Ringing (1960); The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1962)✖; The Courtship of Eddie's Father (1963); The Sandpiper (1965) ” - Paul Hamell
Fred Zinnemann
Director, High Noon
Initially grew up wanting to be a violinist, but while at the University of Vienna decided to study law. While doing so, he became increasingly interested in American film and decided that was what he wanted to do. He became involved in European filmaking for a short time before going to America to study film.
“ Greats: High Noon (1952)✦; From Here to Eternity (1953)✖; A Man for All Seasons (1966)✖

Give It a Shot: The Men (1950); Oklahoma! (1955)

Other Notable Film(s): The Seventh Cross (1944); The Search (1948); Act of Violence (1948); The Member of the Wedding (1952); A Hatful of Rain (1957); The Nun's Story (1959); The Sundowners (1960); Behold a Pale Horse (1964); The Day of the Jackal (1973); Julia (1977) ” - Paul Hamell
Milos Forman
Milos Forman was born Jan Tomas Forman in Caslav, Czechoslovakia, to Anna (Svabova), who ran a summer hotel, and Rudolf Forman, a professor. During World War II, his parents were taken away by the Nazis, after being accused of participating in the underground resistance. His father died in Buchenwald and his mother died in Auschwitz...
“ Greats: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)✦; Amadeus (1984)✦; The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996)

Give It a Shot: Man on the Moon (1999)

Other Notable Film(s): Loves of a Blonde (1965)✦; The Firemen's Ball (1967)✦; Taking Off (1971); Hair (1979); Ragtime (1981); Valmont (1989); Goya's Ghosts (2006) ” - Paul Hamell
Roman Polanski
Director, The Pianist
Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933. His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years before World War II began...
“ "Roman Polanski is a man who cares deeply about his art and its place in this world. What happened to him on his incredible path is filled with tragedy, and most men would have collapsed. Instead, he became a great artist and continues to make great films." ~ Harvey Weinstein

Influenced: David Lynch; Coen Brothers, Atom Egoyan, Darren Aronofsky, Chan-wook Park, Abel Ferrara, Wes Craven

Greats: Repulsion (1965)✦; Cul-de-sac (1966)✦; Rosemary's Baby (1968)✦; Chinatown (1974)✦; The Pianist (2002)✧

Give It a Shot: Carnage (2011)

Caution: The Ninth Gate (1999)

Other Notable Film(s): Knife in the Water (1962)✦; The Fearless Vampire Killers (1967); Macbeth (1971); What? (1972); The Tenant (1976)✦; Tess (1979); Pirates (1986); Frantic (1988); Bitter Moon (1992); Death and the Maiden (1994); Oliver Twist (2005); The Ghost Writer (2010)✧; Venus in Fur (2013); D'après une histoire vraie (2017) ” - Paul Hamell
“ Representing himself and Ethan Coen

"Look at the Coen brothers. All their minor characters are as interesting as their protagonists. If the smaller characters are well-written, the whole world of the film becomes enriched. It's not the size of the thing, but the detail." ~ Brendan Gleeson

Greats: Blood Simple. (1984)✦; Miller's Crossing (1990)✦; Fargo (1996)✦; No Country for Old Men (2007)✦✧; A Serious Man (2009)✧; Inside Llewyn Davis (2013)✧

Give It a Shot: Raising Arizona (1987)✦; Barton Fink (1991)✦; The Hudsucker Proxy (1994); The Big Lebowski (1998)✦; O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000)✖✧; The Man Who Wasn't There (2001)✧; True Grit (2010)✧

Caution: Intolerable Cruelty (2003); Burn After Reading (2008)✧

Other Notable Film(s): The Ladykillers (2004); Hail, Caesar! (2016) ” - Paul Hamell
Clint Eastwood
Perhaps the icon of macho movie stars, and a living legend, Clint Eastwood has become a standard in international cinema. Born May 31, 1930 in San Francisco, the elder of two children in a middle-class family, Eastwood stayed in high school until the comparatively late age of nineteen and worked menial jobs over a period of several years before enrolling at Los Angeles City College...
“ "Clint Eastwood is an extraordinary director because he knows the value of a buck. He knows where it will show on the screen." ~ Angela Lansbury

Greats: Play Misty for Me (1971); High Plains Drifter (1973); The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976)✦; Unforgiven (1992)✦; Mystic River (2003)✧; Million Dollar Baby (2004)✖✧; Letters from Iwo Jima (2006)✧; Gran Torino (2008)✧; American Sniper (2014)

Give It a Shot: The Gauntlet (1977); Pale Rider (1985); White Hunter Black Heart (1990)✖; Absolute Power (1997); Space Cowboys (2000); Blood Work (2002); Flags of Our Fathers (2006)✧; Changeling (2008); Sully (2016)

Caution: The Eiger Sanction (1975); The Rookie (1990); J. Edgar (2011)

Other Notable Film(s): Breezy (1973); Bronco Billy (1980); Firefox (1982); Honkytonk Man (1982); Sudden Impact (1983); Heartbreak Ridge (1986); Bird (1988); A Perfect World (1993); The Bridges of Madison County (1995)✖; Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil (1997); True Crime (1999); Invictus (2009); Hereafter (2010); Jersey Boys (2014) ” - Paul Hamell
Jean-Luc Godard
Director, My Life to Live
Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of Switzerland and attended school in Nyons (Switzerland)...
“ "Godard is incredibly brilliant, the things he says. Apparently here in France, the most interesting thing when a new film of his is going to come out are his press conferences, because he's so brilliant." ~ Brian De Palma

Influenced: Quentin Tarantino

Greats: Breathless (1960)✦; A Woman Is a Woman (1961)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Vivre Sa Vie (1962)✦; Contempt (1963)✦; Le Petit Soldat (1963); The Carabineers (1963); Band of Outsiders (1964)✦; Une Femme Mariée (1964); Pierrot le Fou (1965)✦; Alphaville (1965)✦; Masculin Féminin (1966)✦; Made in U.S.A (1966); 2 or 3 Things I Know About Her (1967)✦; La Chinoise (1967); Week End (1967)✦; Sympathy for the Devil [doc] (1968); Wind from the East (1969)✖; Tout va bien (1972)✖; Numero duex (1975)✦; Every Man for Himself (1980)✦; Godard's Passion (1982)✦; Scenario for a Film Called Passion (1982)✖; First Name: Carmen (1983); Détective (1985); Hail Mary (1985)✖; King Lear (1987)✖; Nouvelle vague (1990)✦; Histoire(s) du cinéma (1998)✦; Origins of the 21st Century (2000)✧; In Praise of Love (2001)✖✧; Notre musique (2004)✧; Film socialisme (2010)✧; Goodbye to Language (2014)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
Sergei M. Eisenstein
The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and then director...
“ "The master of montage, Eisenstein created a series of classic Soviet films which speak of the faith, optimism, and willpower of the Russian people." ~ William R. Meyer

Greats: Battleship Potemkin (1925)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Strike (1925)✦; October (1928)✦; The General Line (1929)✖; Que Viva Mexico (1932*)✖; Alexander Nevsky (1938)✦; Ivan the Terrible, Part I (1944)✦; Ivan the Terrible, Part II (1958)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Yasujirô Ozu
Director, Tokyo Story
Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theatre. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later, he was made an assistant director and directed his first film the next year...
“ “If in our century, something sacred still existed, if there were something like a sacred treasure of the cinema, then for me that would have to be the work of the Japanese director Yasujirô Ozu… For me never before and never again since has the cinema been so close to its essence and its purpose: to present an image of man in our century, a usable, true and valid image in which he not only recognises himself, but from which, above all, he may learn about himself.” ~ Wim Wenders

Influenced: Wim Wenders

Other Notable Film(s): I Was Born. But... (1932)✦; The Only Son (1936)✦; There Was a Father (1942); Late Spring (1949)✦; Early Summer (1951)✦; Flavor of Green Tea Over Rice (1952)✖; Tokyo Story (1953)✦; Early Spring (1956); Tokyo Twilight (1957); Equinox Flower (1958)✖; Good Morning (1959); Floating Weeds (1959)✦; Late Autumn (1960)✦; An Autumn Afternoon (1961)✦; The End of Summer (1961)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Michelangelo Antonioni
Writer, Blow-Up
Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema" studying directorship at the School of Cinema...
“ Legendary directors acknowledged his greatness such as Andrei Tarkovsky, Stanley Kubrick, and Akira Kurosawa.

Influenced: Miklós Jancsó; Martin Scorsese

Greats: Blow-Up (1966)✦; The Passenger (1975)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Story of a Love Affair (1950); Le Amiche (1955); Il Grido (1957)✦; L'Avventura (1960)✦; La Notte (1961)✦; L'Eclisse (1962)✦; Red Desert (1964)✦; Zabriskie Point (1970)✦; The Mystery of Oberwald (1981); Identification of a Woman (1982)✖; Beyond the Clouds [w/Wim Wenders] (1995) ” - Paul Hamell
Buster Keaton
When at six months of age he tumbled down a flight of stairs unharmed, he was given the name "Buster" by Harry Houdini who, along with W.C. Fields, Bill Robinson ("Bojangles"), Eddie Cantor and Al Jolson shared headlines with "The Three Keatons": Buster, his father Joe Keaton and mother Myra Keaton...
“ "Extraordinary period from 1920 to 1929, [when] he worked without interruption on a series of films that make him, arguably, the greatest actor-director in the history of the movies." ~ Roger Ebert

Greats: The Navigator [w/Donald Crisp] (1924)✦; Sherlock Jr. (1924)✦; The General [w/Clyde Bruckman] (1926)✦; Steamboat Bill, Jr. [w/Charles Reisner] (1928)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Cops [w/Edward F. Cline] (1922)✖; Three Ages [w/Edward F. Cline] (1923); Our Hospitality [w/John G. Blystone] (1923)✦; Seven Chances (1925)✦; Go West (1925); Battling Butler (1926); The Cameraman [w/Edward Sedgwick] (1928)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
F.W. Murnau
Director, Nosferatu
He studied art and literature history at the University of Heidelberg. During World War I, he was a combat pilot.
“ "Murnau's influence on the cinema has proved to be more lasting than Eisenstein's. Murnau's moving camera seems a more suitable style for exploring the world than does Eisenstein's dialectical montage, and the trend in modern movies has been towards escaping studio sets so as to discover the real world." ~ Andrew Sarris

Influenced: Alfred Hitchcock

Greats: Nosferatu (1922)✦; Sunrise (1927)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Phantom (1922); The Last Laugh (1924)✦; Tartuffe (1925); Faust (1926)✦; City Girl (1930)✖; Tabu: A Story of the South Seas (1931)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Carl Theodor Dreyer
The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the fact...
“ "Carl Dreyer's art begins to unfold just at the point where most directors give up." ~ Pauline Kael

Greats: The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Parson's Widow (1920); Leaves Out of the Book of Satan (1921); Michael (1924); Master of the House (1925); Vampyr (1932)✦; Day of Wrath (1943)✦; Ordet (1955)✦; Gertrud (1964)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Ernst Lubitsch
From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at night...
“ "The man with the cynical, delightful touch created an aristocratic world of yesteryear, then poked fun at it. Lubitsch could say volumes by implication and innuendo." ~ William R. Meyer

Influenced: Billy Wilder; David Lynch

Greats: The Shop Around the Corner (1940)✦; To Be or Not to Be (1942)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Marriage Circle (1924)✖; The Love Parade (1929); The Smiling Lieutenant (1931); One Hour with You (1932); Trouble in Paradise (1932)✦; Design for Living (1933)✖; The Merry Widow (1934); Angel (1937)✦; Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1938); Ninotchka (1939)✦; That Uncertain Feeling (1941); Heaven Can Wait (1943)✦; Cluny Brown (1946)✖; That Lady in Ermine (1948) ” - Paul Hamell
Vittorio De Sica
Director, Bicycle Thieves
Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee idol of the Italian theatre...
“ "I believe Ingmar Bergman, Vittorio De Sica and Federico Fellini are the only three filmmakers in the world who are not just artistic opportunists. By this I mean they don't just sit and wait for a good story to come along and then make it. They have a point of view which is expressed over and over and over again in their films, and they themselves write or have original material written for them." ~ Stanley Kubrick

Influenced: Satyajit Ray

Greats: Bicycle Thieves (1948)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Shoeshine (1946)✦; Miracle in Milan (1951)✦; Umberto D. (1952)✦; Indiscretion of an American Wife (1953); Two Women (1960); Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (1963); Marriage Italian Style (1964); The Garden of the Finzi-Continis (1970) ” - Paul Hamell
Michael Curtiz
Director, Casablanca
Curtiz began acting in and then directing films in his native Hungary in 1912. After WWI, he continued his filmmaking career in Austria and Germany and into the early 1920s when he directed films in other countries in Europe. Moving to the US in 1926, he started making films in Hollywood for Warner Bros...
“ "I felt that he was not flesh and bones, that he was part of the steel of the camera." ~ Fay Wray

Greats: Captain Blood (1935); Angels with Dirty Faces (1938)✖; Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942); Casablanca (1943)✦; Mildred Pierce (1945)✦

Give It a Shot: White Christmas (1954)

Other Notable Film(s): Noah's Ark (1928); Doctor X (1932); The Cabin in the Cotton (1932); 20,000 Years in Sing Sing (1932); Mystery of the Wax Museum (1933); The Kennel Murder Case (1933); Female (1933); Jimmy the Gent (1934); Black Fury (1935); The Case of the Curious Bride (1935); Front Page Woman (1935); The Walking Dead (1936); The Charge of the Light Brigade (1936); Kid Galahad (1937); Four's a Crowd (1938); Four Daughters (1938); The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)✦; The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939); Dodge City (1939); Four Wives (1939); Virginia City (1940); Santa Fe Trail (1940); The Sea Hawk (1940); The Sea Wolf (1941); Dive Bomber (1941); Captains of the Clouds (1942); Mission to Moscow (1943); Passage to Marseille (1944); Roughly Speaking (1945); Night and Day (1946); Life with Father (1947); The Unsuspected (1947); Romance on the High Seas (1948); My Dream Is Yours (1949); Flamingo Road (1949); Bright Leaf (1950); Young Man with a Horn (1950); The Breaking Point (1950); Jim Thorpe -- All-American (1951); I'll See You in My Dreams (1951); The Jazz Singer (1952); Trouble Along the Way (1953); The Egyptian (1954); We're No Angels (1955); The Best Things in Life Are Free (1956); The Helen Morgan Story (1957); The Proud Rebel (1958); King Creole (1958); The Hangman (1959); The Man in the Net (1959); A Breath of Scandal (1960); The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1960); Francis of Assisi (1961); The Comancheros (1961) ” - Paul Hamell
“ "When a director has provided polished, tasteful entertainments of a high order consistently over a period of 30 years, it is clear that said director is much more than a mere entertainer." ~ Andrew Sarris

Greats: The Philadelphia Story (1940)✦; Gaslight (1944)✖; Adam's Rib (1949); My Fair Lady (1964)✖

Give It a Shot: Dinner at Eight (1933)✖; A Double Life (1947); Born Yesterday (1950)

Other Notable Film(s): Little Women (1933); David Copperfield (1935); Romeo and Juliet (1936); Camille (1936)✖; Holiday (1938)✦; The Women (1939)✖; A Woman's Face (1941); Keeper of the Flame (1942); Edward, My Son (1949); Pat and Mike (1952); The Actress (1953); A Star Is Born (1954)✦; It Should Happen to You (1954); Les Girls (1957); Wild Is the Wind (1957); Let's Make Love (1960); Travels with My Aunt (1972) ” - Paul Hamell
Robert Wise
Robert Earl Wise was born on September 10, 1914 in Winchester, Indiana, the youngest of three sons of Olive R. (Longenecker) and Earl Waldo Wise, a meat packer. His parents were both of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) descent. At age nineteen, the avid moviegoer came into the film business through an odd job at RKO Radio Pictures...
“ Greats: The Captive City (1952); Odds Against Tomorrow (1959); West Side Story (1961)✦; The Haunting (1963)✖; The Sound of Music (1965)✦

Give It a Shot: Run Silent Run Deep (1958); The Andromeda Strain (1971)

Caution: Two for the Seesaw (1962)

Other Notable Film(s): Mademoiselle Fifi (1944); The Curse of the Cat People (1944); The Body Snatcher (1945); A Game of Death (1946); Criminal Court (1946); Born to Kill (1947); Mystery in Mexico (1948); Blood on the Moon (1948); The Set-Up (1949)✖; Two Flags West (1950); Three Secrets (1950); The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951)✖; The House on Telegraph Hill (1951); Something for the Birds (1952); Destination Gobi (1953); The Desert Rats (1953); So Big (1953); Executive Suite (1954); Helen of Troy (1956); Tribute to a Bad Man (1956); Somebody Up There Likes Me (1956); This Could Be the Night (1957); Until They Sail (1957); I Want to Live! (1958); The Sand Pebbles (1966); Star! (1968); Two People (1973); The Hindenburg (1975); Audrey Rose (1977); Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979); Rooftops (1989) ” - Paul Hamell
Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming entered motion pictures as a combination driver and stunt man at the Flying A studio in Santa Barbara, California, in 1912, following a series of jobs that included bicycle mechanic, taxi driver, auto mechanic (He also did a little racing on the side), chauffeur and auto salesman. Allan Dwan took credit for hiring him after he repaired Dwan's car...
“ Greats: Captains Courageous (1937); Gone with the Wind (1939)✦; The Wizard of Oz (1939)✦; A Guy Named Joe (1943)

Give It a Shot: Test Pilot (1938); Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941)

Caution: Tortilla Flat (1942)

Other Notable Film(s): The Wet Parade (1932); Red Dust (1932); The White Sister (1933); Bombshell (1933); Treasure Island (1934); Reckless (1935); The Farmer Takes a Wife (1935); Adventure (1945); Joan of Arc (1948) ” - Paul Hamell
Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films are known for their colorful visual style, was born in Parma, Italy, in 1940. He attended Rome University and became famous as a poet. He served as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film Accattone and directed The Grim Reaper. His second film...
“ Greats: Last Tango in Paris (1973)✦; The Last Emperor (1987)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Grim Reaper (1962); Before the Revolution (1964)✖; The Spider's Stratagem (1970)✖; The Conformist (1971)✦; 1900 (1976)✦; Luna (1979)✖; The Sheltering Sky (1990)✖; Little Buddha (1993); Stealing Beauty (1996); L'assedio (1998); The Dreamers (2003)✧; Me and You (2012) ” - Paul Hamell
Henri-Georges Clouzot
Writer, Diabolique
Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to international fame with The Wages of Fear and consolidated that success with Diabolique...
“ "There is no doubt that if Clouzot had worked for Hollywood and applied the formulas of U.S. studios, today he would be lauded by the very critics who choose to ignore him." ~ Philipe Pilard

Greats: The Wages of Fear (1953)✦; Diabolique (1955)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Le Corbeau: The Raven (1943)✦; Quai des Orfèvres (1947)✖; The Mystery of Picasso [doc] (1956); The Spies (1957); The Truth (1960); Woman in Chains (1968) ” - Paul Hamell
Robert Bresson
Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Public Affairs in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Angels of Sin in 1943. His next film, Les dames du Bois de Boulogne would be the last time he would work with professional actors...
“ "There's something in the way Bresson makes films which puts me in mind of a certain French tradition that comes from Racine. I don't really think that I was influenced by Bresson, but I would say that I wish I had been." ~ Louis Malle

"Bresson is to French cinema what Mozart is to German music and Dostoyevsky is to Russian literature." ~ Jean-Luc Godard

Influenced: Andrei Tarkovsky; Michael Haneke; Jim Jarmusch; Dardenne brothers; Paul Schrader; Aki Kaurismäki

Greats: A Man Escaped (1956)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Ladies of the Bois de Boulogne (1945)✦; Diary of a Country Priest (1951)✦; Pickpocket (1959)✦; The Trial of Joan of Arc (1962); Au Hasard Balthazar (1966)✦; Mouchette (1967)✦; A Gentle Woman (1969)✖; Four Nights of a Dreamer (1971)✖; Lancelot of the Lake (1974)✦; The Devil Probably (1977)✦; L'Argent (1983)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges' own life is as unlikely as some of the plots of his best work. He was born into a wealthy family. As a boy he helped out on stage productions for his mother's friend, Isadora Duncan (the scarf that strangled her was made by his mother's company, Maison Desti). He served in the U.S...
“ "I could never make a good film without a good writer, but neither could Preston Sturges. Only he had one with him all the time. He was a true auteur, the complete creator of his own films." ~ William Wyler

Greats: Sullivan's Travels (1941)✦; The Lady Eve (1941)✦; The Miracle of Morgan's Creek (1944)✦; Hail the Conquering Hero (1944); Unfaithfully Yours (1948)✖

Give It a Shot: The Palm Beach Story (1942)✦

Other Notable Film(s): The Great McGinty (1940); Christmas in July (1940); The Sin of Harold Diddlebock (1947); The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend (1949) ” - Paul Hamell
D.W. Griffith
David Wark Griffith was born in rural Kentucky to Jacob "Roaring Jake" Griffith, a former Confederate Army colonel and Civil War hero. Young Griffith grew up with his father's romantic war stories and melodramatic nineteenth-century literature that were to eventually mold his black-and-white view of human existence and history...
“ "The whole industry owes its existence to him." ~ Charles Chaplin

Considered one of the pioneers of directing. Legendary directors acknowledged Griffith's greatness such as John Ford, Alfred Hitchcock, Orson Welles and Charlie Chaplin.

Influenced: John Ford; Erich von Stroheim; Sergei M. Eisenstein

Give It a Shot: The Birth of a Nation (1915)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Lady Helen's Escapade [short] (1909); A Corner in Wheat [short] (1909); The Musketeers of Pig Alley [short] (1912); Intolerance (1916)✦; Broken Blossoms (1919)✦; True Heart Susie (1919)✦; Way Down East (1920)✖; Orphans of the Storm (1921); Dream Street (1921)✖; Isn't Life Wonderful (1924) ” - Paul Hamell
Michael Powell
Director, The Red Shoes
The son of Thomas William Powell & Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the South of France (where his parents ran an hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury & Dulwich College he first worked at the National Provincial Bank from 1922 - 1925...
“ Representing himself and his collaboration with Emeric Pressburger

Greats: Black Narcissus (1947)✦

Other Notable Film(s):
Co-directed with Pressburger: One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1942); The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943)✦; A Canterbury Tale (1944)✦; 'I Know Where I'm Going!' (1945)✦; Stairway to Heaven (1946)✦; The Red Shoes (1948)✦; The Small Back Room (1949); The Tales of Hoffmann (1951)✖

Without Pressburger:

"Next to Alfred Hitchcock (for whom he once worked as an assistant), Powell may be the most talented and important film director to come out of the English cinema… His visual technique, particularly his bold use of color and composition, has inspired many younger directors, including Martin Scorsese, Ken Russell, and Nicolas Roeg." ~ Leonard Maltin

Greats: Peeping Tom (1960)✦

Give It a Shot: 49th Parallel (1941)

Other Notable Film(s): The Edge of the World (1937); The Thief of Bagdad (1940) [Co-director]✦; They're a Weird Mob (1966) ” - Paul Hamell
Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick was born in Ottawa, Illinois. His family subsequently lived in Oklahoma and he went to school in Austin, Texas. He did his undergraduate work at Harvard, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in philosophy in 1965. A member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society, he attended Magdalen College...
“ Influenced: Martin McDonagh

Greats: Badlands (1973)✦; Days of Heaven (1978)✦; The Thin Red Line (1998)✦

Give It a Shot: The New World (2005)✖✧; The Tree of Life (2011)✦✧

Caution: To the Wonder (2013*)✧

Other Notable Film(s): Knight of Cups (2015); Voyage of Time: Life's Journey (2016); Song to Song (2017); Radegund (2018) ” - Paul Hamell
Nicholas Ray
Nicholas Ray was born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle, Jr. in 1911, in small-town Galesville, Wisconsin, to Lena (Toppen) and Raymond Joseph Kienzle, a contractor and builder. He was of German and Norwegian descent. Ray's early experience with film came with some radio broadcasting in high school. He left the University of Chicago after a year...
“ "There was theatre (Griffith), poetry (Murnau), painting (Rossellini), dance (Eisenstein), music (Renoir). Henceforth there is cinema. And the cinema is Nicholas Ray." ~ Jean-Luc Godard

Influenced: Jean-Luc Godard; Wim Wenders

Other Notable Film(s): Knock on Any Door (1949); They Live by Night (1949)✦; In a Lonely Place (1950)✦; Flying Leathernecks (1951)✦; On Dangerous Ground (1952)✖; Johnny Guitar (1954)✦; Rebel Without a Cause (1955)✦; Bigger Than Life (1956)✦; Bitter Victory (1957)✖; Party Girl (1958)✖; The Savage Innocents (1960); King of Kings (1961); 55 Days at Peking (1963) ” - Paul Hamell
Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray was born in Calcutta on May 2, 1921. His father, Sukumar Ray was an eminent poet and writer in the history of Bengali literature. In 1940, after receiving his degree in science and economics from Calcutta University, he attended Tagore's Viswa-Bharati University. His first movie Pather Panchali won several International Awards and set Ray as a world-class director...
“ "To have not seen the films of Ray is to have lived in the world without ever having seen the moon and the sun." ~ Akira Kurosawa

Influenced: Martin Scorsese, James Ivory, Abbas Kiarostami, Elia Kazan, François Truffaut, Carlos Saura, Isao Takahata, Danny Boyle, Wes Anderson

Other Notable Film(s): Pather Panchali (1955)✦; Aparajito (1956)✦; The Music Room (1958)✦; The World of Apu (1959)✦; The Goddess (1960); The Big City: Mahanagar (1964)✖; Charulata: The Lonely Wife (1964)✦; Days and Nights in the Forest (1970)✖; The Chess Players (1977); The Visitor (1991) ” - Paul Hamell
Ridley Scott
Producer, Blade Runner
Ridley Scott is an English film director and producer. Following his commercial breakthrough with the science-fiction horror film Alien (1979), his best known works are the noir science fiction film Blade Runner (1982), crime drama Thelma & Louise (1991), historical drama and Best Picture Oscar winner Gladiator (2000)...
“ "I have always been a huge fan of Ridley Scott and certainly when I was a kid. 'Alien,' 'Blade Runner' just blew me away because they created these extraordinary worlds that were just completely immersive. I was also an enormous Stanley Kubrick fan for similar reasons." ~ Christopher Nolan

Influenced: Christopher Nolan

Greats: Alien (1979)✦; Blade Runner (1982)✦; Thelma & Louise (1991)✦; Gladiator (2000)✧; Black Hawk Down (2001)✧

Give It a Shot: Matchstick Men (2003); American Gangster (2007); Body of Lies (2008); The Martian (2015)✧

Caution: Hannibal (2001); Prometheus (2012)

Other Notable Film(s): The Duellists (1977)✖; Legend (1985); Someone to Watch Over Me (1987); Black Rain (1989); 1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992); White Squall (1996); G.I. Jane (1997); Kingdom of Heaven (2005); A Good Year (2006); Robin Hood (2010); The Counselor (2013); Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014); Alien: Covenant (2017) ” - Paul Hamell
Werner Herzog
Director, Grizzly Man
Director. Writer. Producer. Has studied history, literature and theatre, but hasn't finished it. Founded his own production company in 1963. Has staged several operas, besides others in Bayreuth, Germany, and at the Milan Scala in Italy. Herzog has won numerous national and international awards for his films.
“ "One of the best of the new wave of German filmmakers, Herzog has already mastered themes of illusion, delusion, alienation, and hypocrisy." ~ William R. Meyer, 1978

"the most important film director alive." ~ François Truffaut

"has never created a single film that is compromised, shameful, made for pragmatic reasons or uninteresting. Even his failures are spectacular." ~ Roger Ebert

Only feature-film director to have made a film on every continent.

Influenced: David Lynch

Greats: Aguirre: The Wrath of God (1972)✦; Grizzly Man [doc] (2005)✦✧

Give It a Shot: Rescue Dawn (2006)✧

Other Notable Film(s): Signs of Life (1968)✖; Even Dwarks Satrted Small (1970); Land of Silence and Dark (1971)✦; The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner (1974)✖; The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1974)✦; Heart of Glass [doc] (1976); Stroszek (1977); Nosferatu the Vampyre (1979)✖; Woyzeck (1979); Fitzcarraldo (1982)✦; Cobra Verde (1987); Lessons of Darkness [doc] (1992)✖; Little Dieter Needs to Fly [doc] (1998); My Best Friend [doc] (1999); Invincible (2001); The White Diamond [doc] (2004)☒; The Wild Blue Yonder (2005); Encounters at the End of the World [doc] (2007)✧; The Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call - New Orleans (2009)✧; My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done (2009); Cave of Forgotten Dreams [doc] (2010)✧; Into the Abyss [doc] (2011); On Death Row [TV series] (2012); Queen of the Desert (2015); Salt and Fire (2016) ” - Paul Hamell
Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks was an Academy Award-winning film writer who also earned six Oscar nominations and achieved success as a film director and producer. He was born Ruben Sax on May 18, 1912, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His parents were Russian-Jewish immigrants. He graduated from West Philadelphia HS...
“ Greats: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958); Elmer Gantry (1960); In Cold Blood (1967)✖

Give It a Shot: Sweet Bird of Youth (1962)

Other Notable Film(s): Blackboard Jungle (1955); The Brothers Karamazov (1958); The Professionals (1966); Bite the Bullet (1975); Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1977) ” - Paul Hamell
Robert Altman
Director, Gosford Park
Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started exploring the art of exploring sound with the cheap tape recorders available at the time...
“ "He was really good at not committing himself too early to something. He didn't impose his will early. He loved to work with people. He loved to see what they came up with. He would give things time to settle, to rise or to fall, and watching him do that was a great lesson in patience. Because at the end of the day, he invited everybody in to work on this film, but he ended up getting exactly what he wanted, and everyone else felt that they had been part of it, because they had. They really made the film with Bob. How he did that was a lesson to me." ~ Paul Thomas Anderson

Greats: MASH (1970)✦

Give It a Shot: The Long Goodbye (1973)✦; The Player (1992)✖; Gosford Park (2001)✧

Caution: Nashville (1975)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Countdown (1968); Brewster McCloud (1970); McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971)✦; Images (1972); Thieves Like Us (1974)✖; California Split (1974)✖; Buffalo Bill and the Indians (1976); 3 Women (1977)✦; A Wedding (1978)✖; Quintet (1979); Popeye (1980); Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (1982)✖; Streamers (1983); Secret Honor (1984); Fool for Love (1985); Vincent & Theo (1990); Short Cuts (1993)✦; Prêt-à-Porter (1994); Kansas City (1996); The Gingerbread Man (1998); Cookie's Fortune (1999); Dr. T & the Women (2000); The Company (2003)✧; A Prairie Home Companion (2006)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
“ Influenced: Judd Apatow

Give It a Shot: The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (1976)✦

Faces (1968)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Shadows (1959)✦; Too Late Blues (1961); A Child Is Waiting (1963); Husbands (1970)✦; Minnie and Moskowitz (1971); A Woman Under the Influence (1974)✦; Opening Night (1977)✦; Gloria (1980)✖; Love Streams (1984)✦; Big Trouble (1986) ” - Paul Hamell
John Frankenheimer
Director, Ronin
Born in New York and raised in Queens, John Frankenheimer wanted to become a professional tennis player. He loved movies and his favorite actor was Robert Mitchum. He decided he wanted to be an actor but then he applied for and was accepted in the Motion Picture Squadron of the Air Force where he realized his natural talent to handle a camera...
“ Greats: The Manchurian Candidate (1962)✦; Birdman of Alcatraz (1962); The Train (1964)

Give It a Shot: Grand Prix (1966); Ronin (1997)

Other Notable Film(s): All Fall Down (1962); Seven Days in May (1964); Seconds (1966)✖; The Fixer (1968); The Iceman Cometh (1973); French Connection II (1975); Black Sunday (1977); 52 Pick-Up (1986); Reindeer Games (2000) ” - Paul Hamell
Sam Peckinpah
"If they move", commands stern-eyed William Holden, "kill 'em". So begins The Wild Bunch, Sam Peckinpah's bloody, high-body-count eulogy to the mythologized Old West. "Pouring new wine into the bottle of the Western, Peckinpah explodes the bottle", observed critic Pauline Kael. That exploding bottle...
“ Greats: The Wild Bunch (1969)✦; The Getaway (1972)✖

Give It a Shot: Straw Dogs (1971)✖

Other Notable Film(s): The Deadly Companions (1961); Ride the High Country (1962)✖; Major Dundee (1965); The Ballad of Cable Hogue (1970)✖; Junior Bonner (1972); Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid (1973)✦; Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974)✦; The Killer Elite (1975); Cross of Iron (1977); Convoy (1978); The Osterman Weekend (1983) ” - Paul Hamell
Quentin Tarantino
Writer, Pulp Fiction
Quentin Jerome Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee. His father, Tony Tarantino, is an Italian-American actor and musician from New York, and his mother, Connie (McHugh), is a nurse from Tennessee. Quentin moved with his mother to Torrance, California, when he was four years old. In January of 1992...
“ "the single most influential director of his generation." ~ Peter Bogdanovich

Influenced: Martin McDonagh

Greats: Reservoir Dogs (1992)✦; Pulp Fiction (1994)✦; Jackie Brown (1997); Kill Bill: Vol. 1 (2003)✖✧; Kill Bill: Vol. 2 (2004)✧; Inglourious Basterds (2009)✧

Give It a Shot: Django Unchained (2012)✧; The Hateful Eight (2015)✧

Caution: Death Proof (2007)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFA's American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount productions in Hollywood...
“ "The cinema of Joseph L. Mankiewicz is a cinema of intelligence without inspiration. His best films - All About Eve and The Barefoot Contessa - bear the signature of a genuine auteur... Mankiewicz's cranky liberalism sometimes gets the better of him, particularly when he wrenches scenes out of their context to inveigh against the evils of farm subsidies (People Will Talk) and oil-depletion allowances (The Barefoot Contessa)." ~ Andrew Sarris

Greats: All About Eve (1950)✦; Suddenly, Last Summer (1959)

Give It a Shot: Julius Caesar (1953)

Other Notable Film(s): Dragonwyck (1946); Somewhere in the Night (1946); The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (1947)✦; A Letter to Three Wives (1949)✖; House of Strangers (1949); No Way Out (1950); People Will Talk (1951); 5 Fingers (1952); The Barefoot Contessa (1954)✦; Guys and Dolls (1955)✖; The Quiet American (1958); Cleopatra (1963); The Honey Pot (1967); There Was a Crooked Man... (1970); Sleuth (1972) ” - Paul Hamell
Otto Preminger
Otto Ludwig Preminger was born in Wiznitz, Bukovina, Austria-Hungary. His father was a prosecutor, and Otto originally intended to follow his father into a law career; however, he fell in love with the theater and became a stage director. He directed his first film in 1931, and came to the US in 1936 to direct on the Broadway stage...
“ Greats: The Man with the Golden Arm (1955); Anatomy of a Murder (1959)✦

Caution: River of No Return (1954)

Other Notable Film(s): Laura (1944)✦; Fallen Angel (1945); Forever Amber (1947)✖; Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950); Angel Face (1952)✖; The Moon Is Blue (1953); Carmen Jones (1954); The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell (1955); Bonjour tristesse (1958); Porgy and Bess (1959); Exodus (1960); Advise & Consent (1962); The Cardinal (1963); In Harm's Way (1965); Bunny Lake Is Missing (1965) ” - Paul Hamell
Raoul Walsh
Director, White Heat
Raoul Walsh's 52-year directorial career made him a Hollywood legend. Walsh was also an actor: He appeared in the first version of W. Somerset Maugham's "Rain" renamed Sadie Thompson opposite Gloria Swanson in the title role. He would have played the Cisco Kid in his own film In Old Arizona if an errant jackrabbit hadn't cost him his right eye by leaping through the windshield of his automobile...
“ Other Notable Film(s): The Thief of Bagdad (1924); The Big Trail (1930); The Roaring Twenties (1939)✖; They Drive by Night (1940); High Sierra (1941); The Strawberry Blonde (1941); They Died with Their Boots On (1941)✖; Gentleman Jim (1942); Objective, Burma! (1945); Pursued (1947)✖; White Heat (1949)✦; The Naked and the Dead (1958)✖ ” - Paul Hamell
Carol Reed
Director, The Third Man
Carol Reed was the second son of stage actor, dramatics teacher and impresario founder of the Royal School of Dramatic Arts Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree. Reed was one of Tree's six illegitimate children with Beatrice Mae Pinney, who Tree established in a second household apart from his married life. There were no social scars here; Reed grew up in a well-mannered...
“ "could put a film together like a watchmaker puts together a watch". ~ Michael Powell

Influenced: Steven Spielberg

Greats: The Third Man (1949)✦; Oliver! (1968)

Other Notable Film(s): Night Train to Munich (1940); The Way Ahead (1944); Odd Man Out (1947)✦; The Fallen Idol (1948)✦; Outcast of the Islands (1951)✖; Trapeze (1956); The Key (1958); Our Man in Havana (1959); The Running Man (1963); The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965) ” - Paul Hamell
“ "King Vidor is a director for anthologies. He has created more great moments and fewer great films than any director of his rank. Vidor's is an unusually intuitive talent, less grounded than most in theory. The classics of his humanistic museum period - The Big Parade, The Crowd, Hallelujah - are no less uneven or more impressive than the classics of his delirious modern period - Duel in the Sun, The Fountainhead, Ruby Gentry." ~ Andrew Sarris

Greats: The Big Parade (1925)✦

Give It a Shot: The Champ (1931)

Other Notable Film(s): Wild Oranges (1924); La Bohème (1926); Bardelys the Magnificent (1926); The Crowd (1928)✦; Show People (1928)✖; The Patsy (1928); Hallelujah (1929)✖; Not So Dumb (1930); Street Scene (1931); Bird of Paradise (1932); Cynara (1932); Our Daily Bread (1934)✖; The Wedding Night (1935); The Texas Rangers (1936); Stella Dallas (1937)✖; The Citadel (1938); Comrade X (1940); H.M. Pulham, Esq. (1941); An American Romance (1944); Duel in the Sun (1946)✖; On Our Merry Way (1948); The Fountainhead (1949)✖; Beyond the Forest (1949); Ruby Gentry (1952)✖; Lightning Strikes Twice (1952); Man Without a Star (1955); War and Peace (1956)✖; Solomon and Sheba (1959) ” - Paul Hamell
“ "More than just a gag man, McCarey developed a fine storytelling sense. He also had a flair for sentimental stories, as proved by the wrenching portrait of old age, Make Way for Tomorrow (1937), the touching romance Love Affair (1939), and Going My Way (1944, for which he won his second Best Director Oscar, and snagged another for his screenplay)." ~ Leonard Maltin

Greats: An Affair to Remember (1957)✦

Give It a Shot: Going My Way (1944); The Bells of St. Mary's (1945)✖

Caution: Duck Soup (1933)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Ruggles of Red Gap (1935)✖; The Milky Way (1936); The Awful Truth (1937)✦; Make Way for Tomorrow (1937)✦; Love Affair (1939)✖; Once Upon a Honeymoon (1942); Good Sam (1948); My Son John (1952); Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys! (1958); Satan Never Sleeps (1962) ” - Paul Hamell
Krzysztof Kieslowski
Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Pedestrian Subway (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personnel (The Staff)...
“ "There is no doubting his feeling for things seen and heard; there is no question but that he is a filmmaker, and one following in the steps of Bresson. But, for me, Kieslowski frequently runs the risk of being precious, mannered, and so cold as to forbid touching." ~ David Thomson

Considered one of the greatest Polish directors.

Other Notable Film(s): The Scar (1976); Camera Buff (1979)✖; Blind Chance (1981)✖; No End (1985)✖; Dekalog (1988)✦; A Short Film About Killing (1988)✦; A Short Film About Love (1988)✖; The Double Life of Veronique (1991)✦; Three Colors: Blue (1993)✦; Three Colors: White (1994)✖; Three Colors: Red (1994)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Jean-Pierre Melville
Writer, Le Samouraï
The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its Ishmaels and its Claggarts a challenge to the European canon...
“ Influenced: John Woo; Aki Kaurismäki

Greats: Le Samouraï (1967)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Les Enfants Terribles (1950)✖; Bob le Flambeur (1956)✦; Two Men in Manhattan (1959); Léon Morin, Priest (1961); Le Doulos (1962); Magnet of Doom (1963); Le Deuxieme Souffle (1966)✦; Army of Shadows (1969)✦; Le Cercle Rouge (1970)✦; Un Flic (1972) ” - Paul Hamell
Roberto Rossellini
The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American directors, including Martin Scorsese...
“ Other Notable Film(s): Rome, Open City (1945)✦; Paisan (1946)✦; Germany Year Zero (1948)✦; L'Amore (1948); The Flowers of St. Francis (1950)✦; Stromboli (1950)✦; Europa '51 (1952)✦; The Greatest Love (1952); Journey to Italy (1954)✦; Il General della Rovere (1959)✖; India: Matri Bhumi (1959)✦; The Rise to Power of Louis XIV (1966)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Josef von Sternberg
Director, The Blue Angel
Josef von Sternberg split his childhood between Vienna and New York City. His father, a former soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army, could not support his family in either city; Sternberg remembered him only as "an enormously strong man who often used his strength on me." Forced by poverty to drop out of high school...
“ Other Notable Film(s): Underworld (1927); The Docks of New York (1928)✦; The Blue Angel (1930)✦; Morocco (1930)✦; Blonde Venus (1932); Shanghai Express (1932)✦; The Scarlet Empress (1934)✦; The Devil Is a Woman (1935)✦; The Shanghai Gesture (1941)✖; Anatahan (1953)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Max Ophüls
Director Max Ophüls was born Max Oppenheimer in Saarbrücken, Germany. He began his career as a stage actor and director in the golden twenties. He worked in cities such as Stuttgart, Dortmund, Wuppertal, Vienna, Frankfurt, Breslau and Berlin. In 1929 his son Marcel Ophüls was born in Frankfurt, Germany...
“ "If all the dollies and cranes in the world snap to attention when his name is mentioned, it is because he gave camera movement its finest hours in the history of cinema." ~ Andrew Sarris

Influenced: Stanley Kubrick; Vincente Minnelli

Other Notable Film(s): Liebelei (1932)✦; La Signora di Tutti (1934)✖; There's No Tomorrow (1940)✖; Letter from an Unknown Woman (1948)✦; The Reckless Moment (1949)✖; Caught (1949); La Ronde (1950)✖; Le Plaisir (1952)✦; The Earrings of Madame de... (1953)✦; Lola Montès (1955)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
“ Other Notable Film(s): Ossessione (1943)✦; La Terra Trema (1948)✦; Bellissima (1951)✖; Senso (1954)✦; Le Notti Bianche (1957)✖; Rocco and His Brothers (1960)✦; The Leonard (1963)✦; Sandra (1965)✖; The Stranger (1967); The Damned (1969)✦; Death in Venice (1971)✦; Ludwig (1972)✦; Conversation Piece (1974)✖; L'innocente (1976) ” - Paul Hamell
Pier Paolo Pasolini
Writer, Accattone
Pier Paolo Pasolini achieved fame and notoriety long before he entered the film industry. A published poet at 19, he had already written numerous novels and essays before his first screenplay in 1954. His first film Accattone was based on his own novel and its violent depiction of the life of a pimp in the slums of Rome caused a sensation...
“ "A remarkable director -- a great loss to Italian culture. It was as if he was discovering cinema from scratch." ~ Bernardo Bertolucci on Pier's death

Other Notable Film(s): Accattone! (1961)✦; Mamma Roma (1962)✖; The Gospel According to St. Matthew (1964)✦; The Hawks and the Sparrows (1966)✦; Oedipus Rex (1967)✦; Teorema (1968)✦; Pigpen (1969); Medea (1969); The Decameron (1971); The Canterbury Tales (1972)✖; Arabian Nights (1974)✦; Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom (1975)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
Kenji Mizoguchi
Director, Ugetsu
Coming from a lower class family Mizoguchi entered the production company Nikkatsu as an actor specialized in female roles. Later he became an assistant director and made his first film in 1922. Although he filmed almost 90 movies in the silent era, only his last 12 productions are really known outside of Japan because they were especially produced for Venice (e.g...
“ "The greatest of Japanese filmmakers. Or, quite simply, one of the greatest of filmmakers." ~ Jean-Luc Godard

"If Mizoguchi captivates us, it is because he never sets out deliberately to do so and never takes sides with the spectator. He seems to be the only Japanese director who is completely Japanese and yet is also the only one that achieves a true universality, that of an individual." - Jacques Rivette

Other Notable Film(s): Osaka Elegy (1936); Sisters of the Gion (1936); The Straits of Love and Hate (1937)✖; The Story of the Last Chrysanthemums (1939)✦; The 47 Ronin (1941)✖; Utamaro and His Five Women (1946)✖; Women of the Night (1948); Flame of My Love (1949)✖; Miss Oyu (1951)✖; The Life of Oharu (1952)✦; Ugetsu monogatari (1953)✦; A Geisha (1953)✖; Sansho the Bailiff (1954)✦; The Crucified Lovers (1954)✦; The Woman in the Rumor (1954); Princess Yang Kwei-fei (1955)✖; Taira Clan Saga (1955)✖; Street of Shame (1956)✖ ” - Paul Hamell
Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Above all, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was a rebel whose life and art was marked by gross contradiction. Openly homosexual, he married twice; one of his wives acted in his films and the other served as his editor. Accused variously by detractors of being anticommunist, male chauvinist, antiSemitic and even antigay...
Paul Thomas Anderson
Anderson was born in 1970. He was one of the first of the "video store" generation of film-makers. His father was the first man on his block to own a V.C.R., and from a very early age Anderson had an infinite number of titles available to him. While film-makers like Spielberg cut their teeth making 8 mm films, Anderson cut his teeth shooting films on video and editing them from V.C.R. to V.C.R...
“ Greats: Boogie Nights (1997)✦; Magnolia (1999)✦; Punch-Drunk Love (2002)✦✧; There Will Be Blood (2007)✦✧; The Master (2012)✧

Other Notable Film(s): Hard Eight (1996); Inherent Vice (2014)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
Nicolas Roeg
Director, Walkabout
When he made his directorial debut in 1970, Nicolas Roeg was already a 23-year veteran of the British film industry, starting out in 1947 as an editing apprentice and working his way up to cinematographer twelve years later. He first came to attention as part of the second unit on David Lean's Lawrence of Arabia...
“ Influenced: Steven Soderbergh, Tony Scott, Ridley Scott, Christopher Nolan, François Ozon, Danny Boyle

Greats: Don't Look Now (1973)✦; The Man Who Fell to Earth (1976)✦; Bad Timing: A Sensual Obsession (1980)✖

Other Notable Film(s): Performance [w/Donald Cammell] (1970)✦; Walkabout (1971)✦; Eureka (1983); Insignificance (1985); Castaway (1986); Track 29 (1988); The Witches (1990); Cold Heaven (1991); Two Deaths (1995); Puffball (2007) ” - Paul Hamell
“ "Even for the most difficult scenes, and there are difficult scenes in the film, and because Michael Haneke is such a great film-maker - I think a great film-maker is not only being inspired, but how to do it, how to make it as real as possible, knowing that it's not real." ~ Isabelle Huppert

Greats: The Piano Teacher (2001)✦✧; Caché (Hidden) (2005)✦✧; Amour (2012)✧

Give It a Shot: Funny Games (1997)✦; Code Unknown (2000)✦✧

Flops: Funny Games (2007)

Other Notable Film(s): The Seventh Continent (1989); Benny's Video (1992); 71 Fragments of a Chronology of Chance (1994); The Castle (1997); Time of the Wolf (2003)✧; The White Ribbon (2009)✦✧; Happy End (2017) ” - Paul Hamell
Jean Vigo
Writer, L'Atalante
Jean Vigo had bad health since he was a child. Son of anarchist militant Miguel Almareyda, he also never really recovered from his father's mysterious death in jail when he was 12. Abandoned by his mother, he passed from boarding school to boarding school. Aged 23, through meetings with people involved in the movies...
“ "Truly a poet of the cinema, Vigo's early death ended what probably would have been a brilliant career. He made only four films, but they stand as a valuable body of work which reflects a profound, if cynical, humanism and a complex sense of fantasy." ~ William R. Meyer

Only director on this list that didn't reach 30 years of age.

Greats: L'Atalante (1934)✦

Other Notable Film(s): À propos de Nice [doc/short] (1930); Taris [doc/short] (1931); Zero for Conduct (1933)✦ ” - Paul Hamell
James Cameron
Writer, Aliens
James Francis Cameron was born on August 16, 1954 in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada. He moved to the United States in 1971. The son of an engineer, he majored in physics at California State University before switching to English, and eventually dropping out. He then drove a truck to support his screenwriting ambition...
“ "Creating a universe is daunting. I'm glad Jim is doing it - there are only a few people in the world who are nuts enough to. I did it with Star Wars, and now he's trying to challenge that. It's a lot of work. I do believe Jim will take this further out than anyone's ever conceived of." ~ George Lucas

Greats: The Terminator (1984)✦; Aliens (1986)✦; Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)✦; Titanic (1997)✦; Avatar (2009)✦✧

Give It a Shot: The Abyss (1989); True Lies (1994)

Other Notable Film(s): Piranha Part Two: The Spawning (1981); Ghosts of the Abyss [doc] (2003) ” - Paul Hamell
Michael Mann
Producer, Heat
A student of London's International Film School, Michael Mann began his career in the late 70s, writing for TV shows like Starsky and Hutch. He directed his first film, the award-winning prison drama The Jericho Mile, in 1979. He followed that in 1981 with his first theatrical release, Thief starring James Caan as a safe-cracker who falls under the spell of the mob...
“ "No one has done more to uphold, extend, and enrich the film noir genre in recent years than Michael Mann. He is a director and producer, an organizer of TV series, a visionary of modern style who somehow integrates the fluency of Max Ophuls with the iconic poise of the most hip TV commercials. His theatrical movies come years apart, but his work for television has filled the time and been just as vital an creative a part of what he does... By the late nineties, Mann had clearly moved further ahead. Heat, it seems to me, was one of the best-made films of the decade, by which I mean that the need to look and listen closely was constantly rewarded." ~ David Thomson

Greats: Manhunter (1986)✖; The Last of the Mohicans (1992)✖; Heat (1995)✦; The Insider (1999)✦

Give It a Shot: Ali (2001)✧; Collateral (2004)✧; Public Enemies (2009)✧

Caution: Miami Vice (2006)✧

Other Notable Film(s): The Jericho Mile [TV movie] (1979); Thief (1981); The Keep (1983); L.A. Takedown [TV movie] (1989); Blackhat (2015) ” - Paul Hamell
David Cronenberg
Director, The Fly
David Cronenberg, also known as the King of Venereal Horror or the Baron of Blood, was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1943. His father was a journalist, and his mother was a piano player. After showing an inclination for literature at an early age (he wrote and published eerie short stories, thus following his father's path) and for music (playing classical guitar until he was 12)...
“ "Horror for Cronenberg is not a game or a meal ticket; it is, rather, the natural expression for one of the best directors working today. For Cronenberg's subject is the intensity of human frailty and decay: in short, the boy and its many accelerated mutations, whether out of disease, anger, dread, or hope. These are not easy films to take. But how can horror be easy? Anyone born and reckoning on dying needs to confront Cronenberg." ~ David Thomson

Greats: The Fly (1986)✦; A History of Violence (2005)✖✧; Eastern Promises (2007)✧

Give It a Shot: The Dead Zone (1983); Videodrome (1983)✦; Crash (1996)✦; A Dangerous Method (2011)✧

Other Notable Film(s): They Came from Within (1975); Rabid (1977); Fast Company (1979); The Brood (1979); Scanners (1981); Dead Ringers (1988)✦; Naked Lunch (1991)✖; M. Butterfly (1993); eXistenZ (1999); Spider (2002)✧; Cosmopolis (2012)✧; Maps to the Stars (2014) ” - Paul Hamell
Oliver Stone
Director, Platoon
Oliver Stone has become known as a master of controversial subjects and a legendary film maker. His films are filled with a variety of film angles and styles, he pushes his actors to give Oscar-worthy performances, and despite his failures, has always returned to success. William Oliver Stone was born in New York City...
“ Director that focuses on political and war issues. All his films have a dark approach on presenting the story.

Greats: Platoon (1986)✖; Salvador (1986); Wall Street (1987); Talk Radio (1988); Born on the Fourth of July (1989); JFK (1991)✦

Give It a Shot: The Doors (1991); Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps (2010)

Caution: Natural Born Killers (1994)✖; Any Given Sunday (1999); W. (2008)

Flops: Alexander (2004)

Other Notable Film(s): The Hand (1981); Heaven & Earth (1993); Nixon (1995); U Turn (1997); Comandante [doc] (2003); World Trade Center (2006); South of the Border [doc] (2009); Savages (2012); Snowden (2016) ” - Paul Hamell
Norman Jewison
Producer, The Hurricane
Norman Frederick Jewison was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, to Dorothy Irene (Weaver) and Percy Joseph Jewison, who managed a post office and a convenience store. His mother was an English immigrant, and his father was of English and Ulster-Scots descent. Jewison got his BA at Victoria College, University of Toronto...
“ Has the ability to direct many genres such as musicals, comedies, and dramas.

Greats: In the Heat of the Night (1967)✖; Fiddler on the Roof (1970); Moonstruck (1987)

Give It a Shot: Jesus Christ Superstar (1973); ...and justice for all. (1979); A Soldier's Story (1984)

Caution: The Hurricane (1999)

Other Notable Film(s): The Thrill of It All (1963); Send Me No Flowers (1964); The Cincinnati Kid (1965); The Russians Are Coming the Russians Are Coming (1966); The Thomas Crown Affair (1968); Rollerball (1975); F.I.S.T (1978); Best Friends (1982); Agnes of God (1985); In Country (1989); Other People's Money (1991); Only You (1994); Bogus (1996); The Statement (2003) ” - Paul Hamell
Abbas Kiarostami
Abbas Kiarostami was born in Tehran, Iran, in 1940. He graduated from university with a degree in fine arts before starting work as a graphic designer. He then joined the Center for Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults, where he started a film section, and this started his career as a filmmaker at the age of 30...
“ Cinema begins with D.W. Griffith and ends with Abbas Kiarostami." ~ Jean-Luc Godard

Other Notable Film(s): Where is the Friend's Home? (1987)✦; Homework (1989)✖; Close-Up (1990)✦; Life, and Nothing More... (1992)✦; Through the Olive Trees (1994)✦; Taste of Cherry (1997)✦; The Wind Will Carry Us (1999)✦; Ten (2002)✦✧; Five Dedicated to Ozu (2003)✧; Shirin (2008); Certified Copy (2010)✧; Like Someone in Love (2012)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
William Friedkin
Director, The Exorcist
Friedkin's mother was an operating room nurse. His father was a merchant seaman, semi-pro softball player and ultimately sold clothes in a men's discount chain. Ultimately, his father never earned more than $50/week in his whole life and died indigent. Eventually young Will became infatuated with Orson Welles after seeing Citizen Kane...
“ Greats: The French Connection (1970)✦; The Exorcist (1973)✦

Caution: Bug (2006)✧; Killer Joe (2012)☒

Other Notable Film(s): The Boys in the Band (1970); Sorcerer (1977); The Brink's Job (1978); Cruising (1980); Deal of the Century (1983); To Live and Die in L.A. (1985); Rampage (1987); The Guardian (1990); Blue Chips (1994); Jade (1995); 12 Angry Men [TV movie] (1997); Rules of Engagement (2000); The Hunted (2003) ” - Paul Hamell
Don Siegel
Director, Dirty Harry
Don Siegel was educated at Cambridge University, England. In Hollywood from the mid-'30s, he began his career as an editor and second unit director. In 1945 he directed two shorts (Hitler Lives and Star in the Night) which both won Academy Awards. His first feature as a director was 1946's The Verdict...
“ "Siegel's style does not encompass the demonic distortions of Fuller's, Aldrich's, Losey's, and, to a lesser extent, Karlson's. Siegel declines to implicate the world at large in the anarchic causes of his heroes. Nor does he adjust his compositions to their psychological quirks. The moral architecture of his universe is never undermined by the editing, however frenzied. Nevertheless, the final car chase in The Lineup and the final shoot-up in Madigan are among the most stunning displays of action montage in the history of the American cinema." ~ Andrew Sarris

Influenced: Clint Eastwood

Green: Dirty Harry (1971)✦

Give It a Shot: Escape from Alcatraz (1979)

Caution: Two Mules for Sister Sara (1970)

Other Notable Film(s): The Verdict (1946); The Big Steal (1949); Riot in Cell Block 11 (1954); Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956)✦; The Lineup (1958); Flaming Star (1960); Hell Is for Heroes (1962); The Killers (1964)✖; Madigan (1968); Coogan's Bluff (1968); Death of a Gunfighter [Co-director] (1969); The Beguiled (1971); Charley Varrick (1973)✖; The Black Windmill (1974); The Shootist (1976); Telefon (1977); Rough Cut (1980); Jinxed! (1982) ” - Paul Hamell
Mike Nichols
Director, Closer
He, along with the other members of the "Compass Players" including Elaine May, Paul Sills, Byrne Piven, Joyce Hiller Piven and Edward Asner helped start the famed "Second City Improv" company. They used the games taught to them by fellow cast mate, Paul Sills 's mother, Viola Spolin...
“ It's Nichols's style—he walks that edge of really going as far as he can without falling over the cliff, into disbelief. It's not caricature. That's the highest compliment for satire. ~ Dustin Hoffman

Greats: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966)✦; The Graduate (1967)✦

Give It a Shot: Working Girl (1988)

Caution: Carnal Knowledge (1971); The Birdcage (1996); Charlie Wilson's War (2007)

Other Notable Film(s): Catch-22 (1970); The Day of the Dolphin (1973); The Fortune (1975)✖; Silkwood (1983); Heartburn (1986); Biloxi Blues (1988); Postcards from the Edge (1990); Regarding Henry (1991); Wolf (1994); Primary Colors (1998); What Planet Are You From? (2000); Angels in America [TV] (2003)✧; Closer (2004)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
Sydney Pollack
Director, Tootsie
Sydney Pollack was an Academy Award-winning director, producer, actor, writer and public figure, who directed and produced over 40 films. Sydney Irwin Pollack was born July 1, 1934 in Lafayette, Indiana, USA, to Rebecca (Miller), a homemaker, and David Pollack, a professional boxer turned pharmacist...
“ Greats: They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969)✖; Tootsie (1982)✦

Caution: Out of Africa (1985)✦; The Interpreter (2005)

Other Notable Film(s): The Slender Thread (1965); This Property Is Condemned (1966); The Scalphunters (1968); Castle Keep (1969); Jeremiah Johnson (1972)✖; The Way We Were (1973)✖; The Yakuza (1974); Three Days of the Condor (1975); Bobby Deerfield (1977); The Electric Horseman (1979); Absence of Malice (1981); Havana (1990); The Firm (1993); Sabrina (1995); Random Hearts (1999) ” - Paul Hamell
Erich von Stroheim
Erich von Stroheim was born Erich Oswald Stroheim in 1885, in Vienna, Austria, to Johanna (Bondy), from Prague, and Benno Stroheim, a hatmaker from Gliwice, Poland. His family was Jewish. After spending some time working in his father's hat factory, he emigrated to America around 1909. Working in various jobs he arrived in Hollywood in 1914 and got work in D.W...
“ "In my opinion, there were only two directors in Hollywood who made films without regard to box-office success: Von Stroheim and myself." ~ Fritz Lang

Other Notable Film(s): Blind Husbands (1919); Foolish Wives (1922)✦; Greed (1924)✦; The Merry Widow (1925); The Wedding March (1928)✦; Queen Kelly (1929)✖ ” - Paul Hamell
Louis Malle
Louis Malle, the descendant of a French nobleman who made a fortune in beet sugar during the Napoleonic Wars, created films that explored life and its meaning. Malle's family discouraged his early interest in film but, in 1950, allowed him to enter the Institute of Advanced Cinematographic Studies in Paris...
“ "As the cresting new wave battered at the restrictions of conventional narrative technique, Malle created a personal style, sexual and emotional which was to sustain him while flashier colleagues failed. Of the new wave survivors, he is the most old-fashioned, the most erotic, and arguably, the most widely successful... If Truffaut turned into the René Clair of the new French cinema, Malle may yet become its Max Ophüls." ~ John Baxter

Other Notable Film(s): The Silent World [doc/co-director] (1956); The Lovers (1958)✖; Elevator to the Gallows (1958); Zazie dans le métro (1960); A Very Private Affair (1962); The Fire Within (1963)✖; Viva Maria! (1965); The Thief of Paris (1967); Murmur of the Heart (1971); Lacombe, Lucien (1974)✦; Black Moon (1975); Atlantic City, USA (1980)✖; My Dinner with Andre (1981)✖; Crackers (1984); Alamo Bay (1985); Au Revoir Les Enfants (1987)✦; May Fools (1990); Damage (1992); Vanya on 42nd Street (1994) ” - Paul Hamell
Brian De Palma
Director, Scarface
Brian De Palma is the son of a surgeon. He studied physics but at the same time felt his dedication for the movies and made some short films. After seven independent productions he had his first success with Sisters and his voyeuristic style. Restlessly he worked on big projects with the script writers Paul Schrader...
“ "De Palma deserves more honor as a director. Consider also these titles: Sisters, Blow Out, The Fury, Dressed to Kill, Carrie, Scarface, Wise Guys, Casualties of War, Carlito's Way, Mission: Impossible. Yes, there are a few failures along the way (Snake Eyes, Mission to Mars, The Bonfire of the Vanities), but look at the range here, and reflect that these movies contain treasure for those who admire the craft as well as the story, who sense the glee with which De Palma manipulates images and characters for the simple joy of being good at it. It's not just that he sometimes works in the style of Hitchcock, but that he has the nerve to." ~ Roger Ebert

Influenced: Quentin Tarantino

Greats: Blow Out (1981)✦; Scarface (1983)✦; The Untouchables (1987); Carlito's Way (1993)✖

Give It a Shot: Carrie (1976)✦; Mission: Impossible (1996)

Caution: Snake Eyes (1998); The Black Dahlia (2006)

Flops: Body Double (1984)

Other Notable Film(s): Greetings (1968); Hi, Mom! (1970); Sisters (1973); Phantom of the Paradise (1974)✖; Obsession (1976); The Fury (1978); Home Movies (1980); Dressed to Kill (1980); Wise Guys (1986); Casualties of War (1989); The Bonfire of the Vanities (1990); Raising Cain (1992); Mission to Mars (2000)✧; Femme Fatale (2002)✧; Redacted (2007); Passion (2013) ” - Paul Hamell
Hayao Miyazaki
Director, Spirited Away
Hayao Miyazaki is a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter, animator, author, and manga artist. Through a career that has spanned five decades, Miyazaki has attained international acclaim as a masterful storyteller and as a maker of anime feature films and, along with Isao Takahata, co-founded Studio Ghibli...
“ "I love his films. I study his films. I watch his films when I'm looking for inspiration." - John Lasseter

The Walt Disney of Japan could possibly be the greatest animated director of all-time.

Greats: My Neighbor Totoro (1988)✦; Spirited Away (2001)✦✧

Give It a Shot: Ponyo (2008)✧

Other Notable Film(s): Lupin the Third: The Castle of Cagliostro (1979); Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984); Castle in the Sky (1986); Kiki's Delivery Service (1989); Porco Rosso (1992); Princess Mononoke (1997)✦; Howl's Moving Castle (2004)✧; The Wind Rises (2013)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
Robert Zemeckis
A whiz-kid with special effects, Robert is from the Spielberg camp of film-making (Steven Spielberg produced many of his films). Usually working with writing partner Bob Gale, Robert's earlier films show he has a talent for zany comedy (Romancing the Stone, 1941) and special effect vehicles (Who Framed Roger Rabbit and Back to the Future)...
“ "No other contemporary director has used special effects to more dramatic and narrative purpose." ~ David Thomson

Greats: Back to the Future (1985)✦; Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988)✖; Forrest Gump (1994)✦

Give It a Shot: Back to the Future Part II (1989); Cast Away (2000)✧; Flight (2012)✧

Caution: Back to the Future Part III (1990); What Lies Beneath (2000); Beowulf (2007)

Flops: A Christmas Carol (2009)

Other Notable Film(s): I Wanna Hold Your Hand (1978); Used Cars (1980); Romancing the Stone (1984); Death Becomes Her (1992); Contact (1997)✖; The Polar Express (2004)✧; The Walk (2015) ” - Paul Hamell
“ "It is hard to get on a London bus or listen to the people at the next table in a cafeteria without thinking of Mike Leigh. Like other wholly original artists, he has staked out his own territory. Leigh's London is as distinctive as Fellini's Rome or Ozu's Tokyo." ~ Ian Buruma

Give It a Shot: Naked (1993)✦

Other Notable Film(s): Bleak Moments (1972); Meantime (1983)✖; High Hopes (1988); Life Is Sweet (1990); Secrets & Lies (1996)✦; Career Girls (1997); Topsy-Turvy (1999)✦; All or Nothing (2002)✧; Vera Drake (2004)✧; Happy-Go-Lucky (2008)✧; Another Year (2010)✧; Mr. Turner (2014)✧ ” - Paul Hamell
David Fincher
Director, Fight Club
David Fincher was born in 1962 in Denver, Colorado, and was raised in Marin County, California. When he was 18 years old he went to work for John Korty at Korty Films in Mill Valley. He subsequently worked at ILM (Industrial Light and Magic) from 1981-1983. Fincher left ILM to direct TV commercials and music videos after signing with N...
“ One of the most promising film directors that has been making great movies in the past two decades.

Greats: Se7en (1995)✦; Fight Club (1999)✦; The Social Network (2010)✧; The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011)✧; Gone Girl (2014)✧

Give It a Shot: Alien³ (1992); The Game (1997); Panic Room (2002); Zodiac (2007)✦✧; The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008)✧ ” - Paul Hamell