Movie Terminology Glossary: PPrints and advertising, the major costs of film distribution.
A standard for tv/video display, dominant in Europe and Australia, which delivers 625 lines of resolution at 50 half-frames per second. See also NTSC and SECAM.
camera about its vertical axis. See also tilt.
As the aspect ratio of movies are rarely the same as the aspect ratio of a television screen, when showing movies on TV it is necessary to make sacrifices. "Pan and Scan" refers to the technique of chopping off strips from one or both sides of the picture when displaying. The areas chopped off are typically changed on a shot-by-shot basis, depending on scene composition. The main advantage of this technique is that it allows detail to be seen, the disadvantage is that shot composition is sometimes destroyed. Contrast with letterboxing.
A certificate issued by the MPAA indicating that a film's content is suitable for viewing by children, but recommends parental guidance. See also PG-13.
On the web: MPAA Ratings Explanation
MPAA on July 1, 1984 to indicate that a movie's content is rated as slightly stronger than a PG certificate. See also R.
On the web: MPAA Ratings Explanation
Movies made by one studio that have been acquired by another. Alternately, any footage shot after production wraps. See also additional photography.
animation where actors are the objects being filmed. The key example is Neighbours.
A camera angle in which the camera views what would be visible from a particular object's position. The abbreviation is often used in a slug line.
A film in which sex is graphically depicted to a large degree. See also XXX.
Work performed on a movie after the end of principal photography. Usually involves editing and visual effects. See also production.
A person overseeing the entire post-production of a project. They report directly to the producer and/or the studio in charge of the feature. Working side by side with the director and editor, the supervisor has the responsibility of finishing the film on time and on budget while satisfying the wants of the director. Post-production supervisors have authority over post-production co-ordinators. Typical duties include: Controlling all activities with vendors such as optical houses, sound facilities, inserts, ADR, reshooting, CGI, score, delivery requirements to domestic and international distributors, legal clearances, preview screenings, color timing, video mastering and budgeting the movie through the completion and delivery.
Arrangements made before the start of filming. This can include script editing, set construction, location scouting, and casting. See also production.
The first official public screening of a movie, marking the opening. The affair is often a gala event attended by the filmmakers, stars, and other celebrities.
Fictional Movie(s): Ed Wood (1994)
series, serial, contrast with sequel.
A presenter is person (often famous or well respected) who introduces a movie or show on screen or via voice-over. Some films include a credit "Presented by", or "presents", which indicates the person is an executive producer as opposed to someone who appears in the film.
The filming of major or significant components of a movie which involve lead actors.
reels. When referring to a particular take on a continuity report, "print" indicates that the take should be developed. See also hold.
The chief of staff of a movie production in all matters save the creative efforts of the director, who is head of the line. A producer is responsible for raising funding, hiring key personnel, and arranging for distributors. See also associate producer, co-producer, executive producer, line producer, Producer's Guild of America.
Factual Movie(s): Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse (1991), Battle Over Citizen Kane, The (1996) (TV)
filmmakers agree to show the products or logo of a particular company, usually in return for payment or other consideration.
Fictional Movie(s): Wayne's World (1992)
In the movie industry, this term refers to the phase of movie making during which principal photography occurs. Popularly, however, "production" means the entire movie project. See also pre-production and post-production.
The person responsible for managing finances during the production.
A person responsible for various odd jobs, which could include such disparate tasks as running errands, stopping traffic, acting as couriers, fetching items from craft service, etc. Tasks and levels of responsibility can vary greatly, depending on the film, the needs of the rest of the team, and the skills of the individuals PA themselves. Production Assistants are often attached to individual actors or filmmakers.
Hays Production Code.
On the web: IMDb Production Companies Section
cast and crew, etc.
An artist responsible for designing the overall visual appearance of a movie.
A person responsible for drawing the storyboards and anything else that needs to be drawn during the production of the movie.
Reporting to the film's producer, this person supervises the budget, hires the crew, approves purchase orders & time cards, and generally makes sure all departments are doing their respective jobs within the parameters of the budget.
production schedule. Includes dope sheets, continuity reports, and call sheets, as well as extensive notes regarding on-set happenings, activities of the cast and crew, and explanations of unexpected events. See also lined script.
production managers. See also production report.
set. They are responsible for the process of recording all sync dialog and sync sound effects in a scene. The Production Sound Mixer has a number of duties: selection and operation of the microphones, and recording equipment used on the set, directing the boom operator, combining the sound of multiple microphones used to capture dialog and effects on a set, recording sound ambiance and room tone for all scenes, and wild track that will aid the editor and sound mixer in matching the different sound takes in a scene for smooth sound transitions.
studio or cinema employee that operates a projector.
reel of a movie on a screen, either for a screening or a back projection.
A person who supplies actors with the correct lines from the script if they forget.
Factual Movie(s): Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse (1991)
actor touches or uses on the set; e.g. phones, guns, cutlery, etc. Movie animals and all food styling (food seen or eaten on set/screen) also fall into this domain. See also property assistant and set dresser.
Responsible for the placement and maintenance of props on a set.
The person responsible for buying, acquiring, and/or manufacturing any props needed for a production. The property master is responsible for all aspects of prop use on the set and, in conjunction with the script supervisor, for maintaining set continuity. Contrast with set dresser.
Makeup that requires gluing additions (prosthetic appliances) made of a material such as latex or gelatin to an actors skin. May be applied by someone other than the designer. See also squib.
The section of a production's crew responsible for promoting a movie. Individual positions within in this department include: unit publicist, publicity assistant, and stills photographer.
Person employed by a studio to conceive and oversee the publicity campaign that opens a movie. In many cases, this person never even appears on the set -- especially if the movie is a pickup and didn't have a releasing studio at the time it was produced. In other cases, this person is frequently on the set and directly supervises the efforts of the unit publicist.
crew with expertise in fire or explosions.